Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 26, 2007
Brief intervention helps emergency patients reduce drinking
Asking emergency department patients about their alcohol use and talking with them about how to reduce harmful drinking patterns is an effective way to lower rates of risky drinking in these patients, according to a nationwide collaborative study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Photo-monitoring whale sharks
Up to 20 meters long and weighing as much as 20 tons, its enormous size gives the whale shark its name.

New clinical trial results show how personalized medicine will alter treatment of genetic disorders
In the latest edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, Eric Hoffman, PhD, posits that the results of a clinical trial involving a new treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy provides a proof-of-principle for personalized molecular medicine.

Five young Hebrew University scientists win first competitive EU grants
Five young Hebrew University of Jerusalem scientists have been awarded five-year research grants under the European Union's first competition for outstanding starting independent investigators.

Public access mandate made law
President Bush has signed into law the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2007 (H.R.

Polarization technique focuses limelight
The ability to explore remote worlds in space has been enhanced through a polarization technique that allows the first ever detection of light reflected by extrasolar (exoplanet) planets.

High triglycerides, other cholesterol raise risk of stroke
People with high triglycerides and another type of cholesterol tested but not usually evaluated as part of a person's risk assessment have an increased risk of a certain type of stroke, according to research published in the Dec.

Bevacizumab found to improve survival for patients with advanced breast cancer
Inhibiting the growth of blood vessels that supply tumors slows the progression of metastatic breast cancer according to results of a large clinical trial of Avastin, an antiangiogenic therapy.

Researchers show that fibrosis can be stopped, cured and reversed
University of California, San Diego researchers have proven in animal studies that fibrosis in the liver can be not only stopped, but reversed.

1 person out of every 1,000 has synaesthesia, in which an individual can smell a sound
The research field has grown from grapheme-color synaesthesia to include other forms of synaesthesia in which flavors are evoked by music or words (lexical-gustatory synaesthesia), space structures by time units, colors by music, etc.

How do you know whether you are male or female?
Sex is determined by X chromosome number rather than by the value of the X: autosome ratio in Drosophila.

Stimulating muscles may improve musician's dystonia
Therapy that stimulates the hand muscles may help treat the condition called musician's dystonia, a movement disorder that causes muscles spasms in musicians, according to a study published in the Dec.

Naumann wins best paper award at ACM International Conference
A paper co-authored by David Naumann, associate professor of computer science at Stevens Institute of Technology, was recently named the

New book sheds light on conflicts of politics and science
From stem cell research to needle exchanges to medical marijuana and HIV/AIDS prevention, politics is getting in the way of science, according to a new book by a leading authority on health-care policy and women's health issues at Weill Cornell Medical College.

Fight against hay fever and other allergies helped by new immune system discovery
A mechanism which can lead to hay fever and other allergic reactions, by preventing the immune system from regulating itself properly, has been discovered by scientists.
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