Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 01, 2008
Drivers on cell phones clog traffic
Motorists who talk on cell phones drive slower on the freeway, pass sluggish vehicles less often and take longer to complete their trips, according to a University of Utah study that suggests drivers on cell phones congest traffic.

Ashkenazi ovarian cancer patients with BRCA mutations live longer than those with normal gene
Israeli investigators have found that Ashkenazi Jewish women with ovarian cancer who have mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes lived significantly longer than Ashkenazi Jewish ovarian cancer patients without these mutations.

Religion habit cuts anxiety in women
For many, religious activity changes between childhood and adulthood, and a new study finds this could affect one's mental health.

For women, marital distress means less relief from stress
Here's a novel idea for unwinding after a stressful day at the office: find a happy marriage.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The follow papers are in the next issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

'Swish-and-spit' test accurate for cancer
A morning gargle could someday be more than a breath freshener -- it could spot head and neck cancer, say scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

New study in the journal Sleep finds that catathrenia can be successfully treated with CPAP
Catathrenia, or sleep related groaning, is an uncommon feature of a sleep-related breathing disorder that can be successfully treated with continuous positive airway pressure.

Blacks, Hispanics less likely to get strong pain drugs in emergency rooms
Despite increases in the overall use of opioid drugs to relieve severe pain, black and Hispanic patients remain significantly less likely than whites to receive these pain-relievers in emergency rooms, according to a new national study.

Study: Length of children's sleep duration varies; can influence their weight, behavior
The duration of a child's sleep can vary, depending on the time of day, week and year.

Journal Sleep: A short-term dose of zolpidem is an effective treatment for insomnia
Zolpidem extended-release 12.5 mg, taken three to seven nights per week for up to six months, provided sustained and significant improvements in sleep onset and maintenance, and also improved next-day concentration and morning sleepiness in people with insomnia.

Tonsillectomy significantly improves quality of life in adult and pediatric patients
Tonsillectomies to treat chronic and recurrent tonsillitis substantially improve a patient's quality of live in both children and adults, according to two new studies published as a supplement to the January 2008 issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Testosterone supplementation for older men appears to have limited benefit
Older men with low testosterone levels who received testosterone supplementation increased lean body mass and decreased body fat, but were no stronger and had no improvement in mobility or cognition compared with men who did not use the supplement, according to a study in the Jan.

Undiagnosed OSA patients have altered cardiovascular responses during exercise recovery
People with untreated obstructive sleep apnea have altered cardiovascular responses during recovery from maximal exercise.

Research suggests new treatment suitable for all patients
New research at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center suggests that a three-drug cocktail may one day improve outcomes in patients with glioblastoma multiforme, a type of brain tumor with a dismal prognosis.

Silence may lead to phantom noises misinterpreted as tinnitus
Phantom noises, that mimic ringing in the ears associated with tinnitus, can be experienced by people with normal hearing in quiet situations, according to new research published in the January 2008 edition of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

Preschoolers' nightmares less prevalent, are trait-like and associated with personality
Bad dreams in preschoolers are less prevalent than thought. However, when they do exist, nightmares are trait-like in nature and associated with personality characteristics measured as early as five months.

Study examines genetic defects linked to body abnormalities in patients with childhood cancer
Children with cancer have a higher prevalence of body abnormalities, such as asymmetric lower limbs and curvature of the spine, suggesting that the genetic defect responsible for the abnormality may play a role in the development of cancer, according to a study in the Jan.

Gene variation may elevate risk of liver tumor in patients with cirrhosis
A particular gene variation appears to significantly increase the risk that individuals with cirrhosis of the liver will go on to develop hepatocellular carcinoma, a liver tumor that is the third leading cause of cancer death.

Use of opioids for pain in ERs on the rise, but racial differences in use still exist
In the last 15 years, use of opioid medications to treat patients with pain-related emergency department visits has improved although white patients were more likely to receive opioids than patients of a different race/ethnicity, according to a study in the Jan.
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