Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 04, 2008
Research by Case Western Reserve University, VA earns cover of prestigious science publication
Jeffrey R. Capadona, associate investigator at the VA's Advanced Platform Technology Center, and Christoph Weder and Stuart Rowan, professors of macromolecular science and engineering at the Case School of Engineering, and their colleagues have unveiled a method for developing mechanically-reinforced polymer nanocomposites.

January GEOLOGY Media Highlights
Topics include: seismic threat to the Dalmation Islands; Caribbean coral tracks, long-term changes in hurricane activity, and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation; fish DNA as a dating tool for topographic evolution; why terrestrial subduction is one-sided; evolution of atmospheric carbon dioxide on Snowball Earth; measuring magmatic water content and triggering of super-eruptions; modeling weathering profiles on Mars and implications for the planet's aqueous history; Barnes Ice Cap changes on Canada's Baffin Island; and blue diamond phosphorescence.

Takeda submits new drug application for alogliptin (syr-322) in the US
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (Takeda) announced today that Takeda Global Research & Development Center Inc. submitted a New Drug Application to the US Food and Drug Administration for alogliptin (development code: SYR-322), a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Study tracks sexual behavior of newly homeless youth
Newly homeless youth are likelier to engage in risky sexual behavior if they stay in nonfamily settings -- such as friends' homes, abandoned buildings or the streets -- because they lack supervision and social support.

Osteoarthritis risk linked to finger length ratio
People whose index finger is shorter than their ring finger are at higher risk of osteoarthritis, a new University of Nottingham study has found.

Heart patients find education programs lead to better health
Older women heart patients benefit from educational programs as a supplement to clinical care to help significantly lower cardiac symptoms, lose weight and increase physical activity, a new study shows.

New route for heredity bypasses DNA
A group of scientists in Princeton's Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology has uncovered a new biological mechanism that could provide a clearer window into a cell's inner workings.

Contact lenses purchased over Internet may place individuals at risk for harmful eyecare practices
Purchasing contact lenses online may save consumers time, but the process could cause more problems in the long run, according to a new study reported in the January issue of Optometry: Journal of the American Optometric Association.

100 percent of people carry at least 1 type of pesticide
A study carried out by the Department of Radiology and Physical Medicine at the University of Granada found that all subjects analyzed carried at least one kind of persistent organic compound, substances internationally classified as potentially harmful to one's health.

amfAR announces inaugural Mathilde Krim Fellowship Awards for AIDS research
amfAR, the Foundation for AIDS Research, has announced that it will award more than $1 million in the inaugural round of Mathilde Krim Fellowships in Basic Biomedical Research.

LSU and Ohio State battle on football field, collaborate in research field
LSU and Ohio State University will battle for the BCS National College Football Championship in the Superdome early next week, but if the game was held in the Louisiana wetlands instead, the entire field would disappear before halftime.

How to imbue products with symbolic meaning
Many people pay silly money to wear a particular logo or a designer brand.

Surviving childhood cancer -- the success story
A diagnosis of childhood cancer 50 years ago meant almost certain death.

Experimental Biology and Medicine announces expansion into Asia, opens new office
The editor-in-chief of Experimental Biology and Medicine has delineated a plan for expansion of the journal and enhancement of the activities of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine into Asia.

Assembling the jigsaw puzzle of drug addiction
Using an integrative meta-analysis approach, researchers from the Center for Bioinformatics at Peking University in Beijing have assembled the most comprehensive gene atlas underlying drug addiction and identified five molecular pathways common to four different addictive drugs.

Strength training of neck muscles relieves chronic pain
A new study found that specific strength training exercises led to significant prolonged relief of neck muscle pain, while general fitness training resulted in only a small amount of pain reduction.

January American Naturalist highlights
The following are highlights of the January issue of American Naturalist.

Exercise program improves symptoms in arthritis patients
A new study evaluated the effects of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program, formerly called People with Arthritis Can Exercise to promote managing arthritis through exercise.

Researchers uncover key trigger for potent cancer-fighting marine product
An unexpected discovery in marine biomedical laboratories at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego has led to new, key information about the fundamental biological processes inside a marine organism that creates a natural product currently being tested to treat cancer in humans.

Jan. 16 public seminar on space science in Tallahassee, Fla.
In its next installment of

UC San Diego begins trading greenhouse gas credits on Chicago Climate Exchange
The University of California, San Diego has become the first campus on the West Coast to join the Chicago Climate Exchange, North America's only voluntary, legally binding trading system to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

Food for thought: delivering the promise of food processing
Humans have transformed raw ingredients into food since prehistoric times.

Worth a thousand words: Hopkins researchers paint picture of cancer-promoting culprit
They say that a picture can be worth a thousand words.
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