Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 11, 2008
Greenhouse ocean may downsize fish
The types of algae that support the Bering Sea's extraordinary fisheries are not favored by conditions expected in 2100.

Brown planetary geologists lend expertise to Mercury mission
When NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft makes its historic flyby of Mercury on Monday, Jan.

Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Diseases
Global conference on stem cell therapy for cardiovascular diseases to be held Jan.

Rhode Island Hospital study finds most psychiatric patients have more than 1 diagnosis
A new study by Rhode Island Hospital researchers reports that the majority of 2,300 psychiatry outpatients had more than one disorder when seeking treatment, and more than one-third had at least three disorders.

Stem cells make bone marrow cancer resistant to treatment
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have evidence that cancer stem cells for multiple myeloma share many properties with normal stem cells and have multiple ways of resisting chemotherapy and other treatments.

MESSENGER set for historic Mercury flyby
NASA will return to Mercury for the first time in almost 33 years on Monday, Jan.

More roses blooming at Texas A&M, thanks to Moore
In the world of miniature roses, Ralph S. Moore has been called father, patron saint, and even king.

Half of the people suffering from head injuries fake to receive financial help
A research carried out in the University of Granada among patients suffering from head injuries reveals that four out of 10 patients feign cognitive disorders such as depression, headaches or anxiety.

Snoozing worms help Penn researchers explain the evolution of sleep
Researchers report that the round worm has a sleep-like state, joining most of the animal kingdom in displaying this physiology.

2 different neural pathways regulate loss and regain of consciousness during general anesthesia
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers have answered long-running questions about the way that anesthetics act on the body, by showing that the cellular pathway for emerging from anesthesia is different from the one that drugs take to put patients to sleep during operations.

People with anorexia less likely to be blamed when biology, genetics explained
People given a biological and genetics-based explanation for the causes of anorexia nervosa were less likely to blame people with anorexia for their illness than those given a sociocultural explanation, a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study found.

MIT: Culture influences brain function
People from different cultures use their brains differently to solve the same visual perceptual tasks, MIT researchers and colleagues report in the first brain imaging study of its kind.

New understanding for superconductivity at high temperatures
An international research team has discovered that a magnetic field can interact with the electrons in a superconductor in ways never before observed.

Nucleonics initiates hepatitis B clinical trial with expressed interfering RNA therapeutic
A first-ever human study has begun with an experimental gene silencing therapeutic for hepatitis B infection.

MIT gas sensor is tiny, quick
Engineers at MIT are developing a tiny sensor that could be used to detect minute quantities of hazardous gases, including toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents, much more quickly than current devices.

Washington University, 2 industries, team to clean up mercury emissions
Washington University in St. Louis is partnering with Chrysler LLC and a major Midwest utility company in a project to determine if paint solid residues from automobile manufacturing can reduce emissions of mercury from electric power plants.

Global Environment partners provide additional $20 million to protect endangered habitats
The World Bank and Conservation International signed an agreement for $20 million in new funds, provided by the Global Environment Facility, to protect some of the world's most unique and threatened areas, including island ecosystems and temperate forests.

Researchers create mathematical model of fruit fly eyes
Many researchers have tried to create a mathematical model of how cells pack together to form tissue, but most models have many different complicated factors, and no model is universal.

NOAA proposes federal regulations to protect black abalone
NOAA Fisheries Service published with the Federal Register today a proposed rule to list black abalone, a marine mollusk coveted by fishermen and gourmets alike, as endangered under the Endangered Species Act.

'Don't Call Your Boss an Idiot' to focus on workplace diplomacy
The importance of social skills for career advancement in engineering and related disciplines will be the focus of an unusual afternoon seminar at NJIT on Jan.

High degree of resistance to antibiotics in Arctic birds
In the latest issue of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, Swedish researchers report that birds captured in the hyperboreal tundra, in connection with the tundra expedition

UCLA researchers find cell protein that literally nips HIV in the bud
UCLA researchers have found that a key protein in the body's dendritic cells can stop the virus that causes AIDS from

Ways to improve informed consent are testable, study says
New ways to make sure people are adequately informed about the risks and benefits of taking part in a clinical trial can be field-tested for effectiveness as vigorously as new medical treatments themselves, a study led by a Johns Hopkins bioethicist suggests.

Dissecting the genetic components of adaptation of E. coli to the mouse gut
New insights into the evolutionary mechanisms that facilitate the remarkably fast adaptation of intestinal bacteria within their natural environment are provided in the January issue of PLoS Genetics by researchers from INSERM and INRA at University Paris Descartes.

Uncovering the Achilles' heel of the HIV-1 envelope
New structural details illustrate how a promising class of antibodies may block human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection and reveal valuable clues for design of an effective HIV-1 vaccine.

MIT reports new twist in microRNA biology
MIT scientists have found a new way that DNA can carry out its work that is about as surprising as discovering that a mold used to cast a metal tool can also serve as a tool itself, with two complementary shapes each showing distinct functional roles.

New folic acid seal helps women choose enriched grain foods to help prevent birth defects
To promote consumption of folic acid among childbearing age women, the March of Dimes and Grain Foods Foundation have created a Folic Acid for a Healthy Pregnancy seal that will be featured on select products to help identify grain products, such as white bread, that are folic acid folic acid enriched.
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