Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2008
People not always needed to alleviate loneliness
New research at the University of Chicago finds evidence for a clever way that people manage to alleviate the pain of loneliness: They create people in their surroundings to keep them company.

Research pioneer in the developmental origins of psychiatric illness is awarded the Sackler Prize
A leader in recent research on the interaction of genes and environment in the development of psychiatric illness, Avshalom Caspi, Ph.D., of King's College London, has been awarded the Mortimer D.

UD announces William S. Carlson International Polar Year events
The American Geographical Society's Fliers' and Explorers' Globe has been signed by more than 75 of the planet's most-celebrated explorers, and now the historic globe is coming to the University of Delaware for signing, as one of the premier public events in a year-long series highlighting the fourth International Polar Year.

DOE awards supercomputing time to UCSD, SDSC researchers
Scientists from the San Diego Supercomputer Center and other parts of the University of California, San Diego -- conducting research in Parkinson's disease, fusion energy and climate change -- were awarded supercomputing time by the US Department of Energy as part of its 2008 Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment program.

Stem cell research aims to tackle Parkinson's disease
Scientists in Sweden are developing new ways to grow brain cells in the laboratory that could one day be used to treat patients with Parkinson's disease, an international conference of biologists organized by the European Science Foundation was told last week.

European Summit on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Creating incentives for people to make healthy choices in every European country is the difficult task that the 200 delegates of 46 countries and 27 health organizations have undertaken at the European Summit on Cardiovascular Prevention.

Depression and anxiety can double chances of heart ailments
Matters of the mind can affect matters of the heart.

Recovering from a mass extinction
The full recovery of ecological systems, following the most devastating extinction event of all time, took at least 30 million years, according to new research from the University of Bristol.

Cells get sprayed
Japanese researchers have developed a new method to introduce foreign (or synthetic) DNA into cells.

USC advances in application for stem cell research facilities grant
The University of Southern California is one of 12 California institutions moving on to the next round of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine's Major Facilities Grants application process.

Einstein honors Dr. Stanley Nathenson with Marshall S. Horwitz Faculty Prize for Research Excellence
Stanley G. Nathenson, M.D., distinguished professor of microbiology and immunology and of cell biology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, has received the second annual Marshall S.

Weird water: Discovery challenges long-held beliefs about water's special properties
A multi-institutional team was surprised to find a highly simplified model molecule that behaves in much the same way as water, a discovery that upends long-held beliefs about what makes water so special.

American Institute of Physics meeting announcement and highlights
The 2008 American Association of Physics Teachers Winter Meeting begins tomorrow and lasts from Jan.

NHPC tackles escalating health care costs, veterans health, comparative effectiveness research
Join experts from the administration, Congress and academia to discuss evidence-based solutions to the top health policy issues of 2008.

Montana State University lab gives early warnings about biological invaders
A Montana State University lab provides early warnings about biological invaders, serving as producers, home gardeners and Homeland Security.

Europe's Mercury mission swings into action
The European Space Agency signalled the start of a busy period for the planet Mercury, when it signed the contract for industrial development to start for the BepiColombo mission today (Jan.

Combined radiation seed, chemotherapy wafer implants show promise in treating cancerous brain tumors
In the battle against malignant brain tumors, dual implantation of radioactive seeds and chemotherapy wafers following surgery showed promising results in a study led by specialists at the Neuroscience Institute at the University of Cincinnati and University Hospital.

National report calls for more research on health effects of wireless technologies
A new National Research Council report chaired by University of Colorado at Boulder Distinguished Professor Frank Barnes calls for a stronger research effort on the potential health effects of exposure to radio frequency energy tied to the global explosion in wireless technology like cell phones, laptops and hand-held Web-surfing gadgets.

Can hantavirus infection spread among humans?
In connection with last year's epidemic, a research team at Umea University in Sweden has managed for the first time to show that hantavirus exists in human saliva.

Further breakthroughs for breast cancer patients
Researchers at the Tenovus Centre for Cancer Research at Cardiff University have made a breakthrough in breast cancer treatment that could help save the lives of women who become resistant to breast cancer drugs such as tamoxifen.

Free workshop on simulation-based engineering and science
The World Technology Evaluation Center, Inc., the nation's leading organization for conducting international technology assessments, has recruited a panel of US experts to study the worldwide advances in simulation-based engineering and science.

Virtual biopsy cuts out need for diagnostic surgery
Technology used to measure body composition in gyms could soon be used to help diagnose cancers without patients going under the knife.

Tiny genetic differences have huge consequences: McGill researchers
A study led by McGill University researchers has demonstrated that small differences between individuals at the DNA level can lead to dramatic differences in the way genes produce proteins.

National study will look at German-made heart pump for children needing heart transplants
Texas Children's Hospital in Houston has been named the national lead center for a 12-hospital, 36-month clinical trial of the German-manufactured pediatric heart pump, Berlin Heart EXCOR pediatric Ventricular Assist Device.

The human brain: Detective of auditory and visual change
The human brain is capable of detecting the slightest visual and auditory changes.

Gene Networks in Animal Development and Evolution Feb. 15 and 16
The National Academy of Sciences' Sackler Colloquium series will hold a meeting on gene regulatory networks.

Public lecture -- 'A New Arctic Ocean: Responding to Marine Access Change at the Top of the World'
This public lecture, by Capt. Lawson Brigham, deputy director of the US Arctic Research Commission, will highlight what the receding sea ice means to trade, tourism and resource use in the once-remote Arctic.

DOE JGI releases soybean genome assembly to enable worldwide bioenergy research efforts
A preliminary assembly and annotation of the soybean genome, Glycine max, has been made available by the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, to the greater scientific community to enable bioenergy research.

The International Year of Astronomy 2009 welcomes the 100th participating country
The organizers of the International Year of Astronomy 2009, the International Astronomical Union and UNESCO, welcomed this week the 100th participating country to the growing ranks of participating countries and organizations for this worldwide astronomy project.

Stevens' Environmental Entrepreneurship Program receives $570,000 from NSF
Stevens Institute of Technology has been awarded a two-year grant of $569,853 from the National Science Foundation.

World-leading journal publishes special issue on UN/GA
The special issue of the journal Environmental Policy and Law is the first report on all documents related to environment and sustainable development discussed in the 62nd session of the UN General Assembly.

Case researcher in RNA biology makes waves by challenging current thinking
In the Jan. 18 issue of Molecular Cell, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher Kristian E.

Symposium on physics education in Baltimore next week
The Second Annual Symposium on Physics Education will take place from 1:45 p.m. to 3:45 p.m. on Tuesday of next week during the 2008 American Association of Physics Teachers Winter Meeting, which takes place Jan.

World's biggest heart model simulated at Université de Montréal
Researchers from the Université de Montréal have used a supercomputer to conduct the largest-ever mathematical simulation of the electrical activity of a human heart -- a 2 billion element model -- to provide new insight into cardiac and other illnesses.

Building the future -- 21st century nano tools to repair the nervous system
Rio Tinto Alcan reinforced its commitment to community involvement today with a $1 million donation to the 'Thinking Ahead Campaign' at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, affiliated with McGill University and the McGill University Health Centre.

Multinationals in emerging China should stick to their own ways of managing
When it comes to breaking into the lucrative Chinese market, foreign multinational retailers should keep largely to their own, time-tested management techniques, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

MNI researchers locate neurological basis of depression following sports concussion
Researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute of McGill University have identified the neurological basis of depression in male athletes with persisting post-concussion symptoms.

Going global -- is the future bright?
The global economy is entering a dramatic, virtual phase of development claims a new book,

Face facts: People don't stand out in crowds
Why is it difficult to spot even familiar faces in a crowd?

Biophysical Society to host discussions on the teaching of evolution and on the energy crisis
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce that it will host two public affairs sessions during its Joint Meeting with the International Biophysics Congress in Long Beach, Calif., Feb.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings Jan. tip sheet
Featured articles from the Jan. issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings include the effects of antioxidant supplements on cancer, guidelines for workplace drug screening and the safety and effectiveness of nasal spray flu vaccine.
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