Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 25, 2008
Anthrax cellular entry point uncovered
Anthrax spores enter the cell through something called Mac-1, a receptor that sits on the surface of certain cells, according to a new study.

Earth's soils bear unmistakable footprints of humans
The dirt under our feet is being so changed by humans that it is now appropriate to call this the

Nanowires hold promise for more affordable solar cells
The Department of Engineering Physics at McMaster University, Cleanfield Energy and the Ontario Centers of Excellence have formed a partnership to pursue the commercialization of nanowire technology in the production of more efficient, lower cost solar cells.

Lithium and beryllium no longer 'lack chemistry'
Even though the lightest known metals in the universe, lithium and beryllium, do not bind to one another under normal atmospheric or ambient pressure, an interdisciplinary team of Cornell scientists predicts in the Jan.

Biophysical Society announces new and notable symposium speakers
The Biophysical Society has announced the speakers for the New and Notable Symposium at the Joint Meeting of the Biophysical Society and the International Biophysics Congress Society's Congress in Long Beach, Calif., Feb.

Turning on adult stem cells may help repair bone
The use of a drug to activate stem cells that differentiate into bone appears to cause regeneration of bone tissue and be may be a potential treatment strategy for osteoporosis.

Study examines self-expanding plastic stents in the treatment of benign esophageal conditions
Researchers from Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently examined the use of self-expanding plastic stents in the treatment of benign esophageal disease and found that use of SEPSs resulted in frequent stent migration and few cases of long-term improvement.

Elusive pancreatic progenitor cells found in mice
Researchers in Belgium have significantly advanced the discovery of a pancreatic progenitor cell with the capacity to generate new insulin-producing beta cells.

Significant funding for type 1 diabetes research
Researchers from the Peninsula Medical School in the southwest of England have received funding of $480,000 from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, the world's largest charitable funder of type 1 diabetes research, to study a unique collection of pathology samples from people who died soon after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.

CIHR news: U of S scientists find plant gene that affects stress resistance
A University of Saskatchewan team of scientists funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research has isolated a gene that has never before been identified in helping plants to resist stress.

Excessive overtriage in US trauma centers overwhelming system resources, delaying patient care
Mounting evidence shows community hospitals are transferring more patients to trauma centers, despite their own ability to treat injured patients.

Arecibo astronomers prepare to obtain close images of a near-Earth asteroid
The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, will observe a newly discovered asteroid on Jan.

Great apes endangered by human viruses
The opening of gorillas and chimpanzees reserves for tourism is often portrayed as the key to conserving these endangered great apes.

Hungry mothers risk addiction in their adult children
Babies conceived during a period of famine are at risk of developing addictions later in life, according to new research published in the international journal Addiction.

Controversial theory of Alzheimer's origin funded
Xu's theory, both controversial and praised, involves the start of the disease when molecules of a normal brain cell protein called

ASGE encourages patients to see a physician if they experience symptoms suggestive of GERD
A recent study from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality shows that hospitalizations for disorders caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD rose 103 percent between 1998 and 2005.

ASNTR 15th anniversary meeting to be held May 1-3 in Florida
The American Society for Neural Therapy and Repair 15th Annual Meeting will be held May 1-3, 2008, at the Sheraton Sand Key Resort in Clearwater, Fla.

Breakthrough research turns the tide on water-borne pathogen
Cryptosporidium parvum is a tiny yet insidious waterborne parasite that wreaks havoc worldwide, causing diarrhea and malnutrition in small children in developing countries, and severe disease in AIDS and other immune compromised patients in the developed world.

Amalgam fillings don't affect children's brain development, says study in ADA Journal
Dental amalgam tooth fillings do not adversely affect children's brain development and neurological status, researchers report in the February issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association.

Who are the rising stars in the new generation of chemists?
Where will the solutions to climate change come from? Who will use nanotechnology to change the face of medicine?

Common human viruses threaten endangered great apes
Common human viruses are responsible for outbreaks of respiratory disease that have led to the decline of endangered chimpanzees in the wild, according to a study reported online.

UC Riverside space scientist receives unusual grant from the Department of Energy
Nikolai V. Pogorelov, a space scientist at the University of California-Riverside, has received an unusual grant from the Department of Energy.

Do Jerusalem's Arabs and Jews receive a different quality of medical care?
Every permanent resident of Israel is entitled to basic health insurance, no matter what their nationality, but studies indicate that Arabs residing in Israel tend to have a higher prevalence of diabetes compared to the Jewish population.

Texas Hospital nation's first to use large-scale 'cocoon strategy' against whooping cough
The new Center for Vaccine Awareness and Research at Texas Children's Hospital announced that it will implement the nation's first major

Gates funding to help poor rice farmers
With rice production facing unprecedented pressure, new Gates funding to help poor rice farmers succeed amid climate change and other challenges.

Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa commits 180M to revive farmers' depleted soils
Determined to revive the grossly depleted soils of sub-Saharan Africa, which are a major underlying cause of poverty and hunger, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa today announced a 180 million five-year program to restore the fertility of Africa's soils.

Change for the better back with third edition
Elizabeth Wilde McCormick's best-selling guide to Cognitive Analytic Therapy is published in a third edition today, with even more valuable advice on self-help through practical psychotherapy.

Man-made changes bring about new epoch in Earth's history
Geologists from the University of Leicester propose that humankind has so altered the Earth that it has brought about an end to one epoch of Earth's history and marked the start of a new epoch.

ITRAC on track and bridging gap between academic research and applied discovery
Researchers from the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center are integrating some of the best practices of industry into the strengths of the academic research process to propel the development of innovative cancer treatments from the bench to the bedside.

KAUST announces research partnership with Technische Universit√§t M√ľnchen
KAUST and TUM agree to focus on solar energy, mathematical modeling and high-speed computational science, advanced sensors for industrial applications and carbon sequestration.

Metabolic syndrome affects nearly 1 in 10 US teens
About nine percent of teenagers may have metabolic syndrome, a clustering of risk factors that put them on the path toward heart disease and diabetes in adulthood.

AGU revises position on climate change
A statement newly released by the world's largest scientific society of Earth and space scientists -- the American Geophysical Union, or AGU -- updates the organization's position on climate change: the evidence for it, potential consequences from it, and how to respond to it.

Environmental pollution and diabetes may be linked
Cambridge scientists are advocating additional research into the little understood links between environmental pollution and type 2 diabetes.
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