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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 22, 2008


Otho S.A. Sprague Memorial Institute awards Rush nearly $125,000 for new patient-safety project
The Otho S.A. Sprague Memorial Institute has awarded Rush University Medical Center a $124,633 grant to support a first-of-its-kind patient-safety project.
Stroke risk factors may signal faster cognitive decline in elderly
Older Americans with the highest risk of stroke, but those who have never suffered a stroke, also have the highest rate of cognitive decline, researchers reported at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2008.
CSHL scientists discover new details of a gene-regulatory network governing metabolism
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory are in the forefront of efforts to demonstrate how the regulation of genes governs fundamental life processes, including metabolism.
Study finds recidivism no higher among deportable immigrants
One concern motivating a recent crackdown on illegal immigration in some jurisdictions is a fear that immigrants -- particularly illegal immigrants -- increase crime in the community.
What are simple ways to judge the efficacy of 5-fluorouracil in colonic neoplasm?
The outcomes for patients who receive 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy are different.
A rare diagnosis in the operation room: Kidney atrophy due to duplicated colon in an adult
Lower gastrointestinal system duplications are extremely rare entities in the adult.
Study finds spine surgery yields greater benefits over nonsurgical treatments
A research study by orthopedic spine, back and neck surgeon at Rush University Medical Center Dr.
Ulysses mission coming to a natural end
Ulysses, the mission to study the Sun's poles and the influence of our star on surrounding space is coming to an end.
MU research team releases first Missouri Hunger Atlas
More than $1.1 billion a year is spent on public programs in Missouri, yet a new University of Missouri study reports the state has a rising number of people worried about having sufficient amounts of food and coping with hunger.
Argonne scientists peel away layers of dense liquid flow dynamics
Standard microscopy and visible light imaging techniques cannot peer into the dark and murky centers of dense-liquid jets, which has hindered scientists in their quest for a full understanding of liquid breakup in devices such as automobile fuel injectors.
Special coating greatly improves solar cell performance
Current-generation solar cell technologies are too expensive and inefficient for wide-scale commercial applications.
Liverpool to host conference on public history
Liverpool will host a major international conference on public history that will examine areas such as how museums shape our sense of identity and our emotional responses to subjects such as the slave trade.
Genetic town halls to be held in 5 US cities
Town halls will be be held on March 8 in Kansas City, Mo.; April 5 in Phoenix, Ariz.; April 19 in Jackson, Miss.; April 24 in Portland, Ore.; and May 13 in Philadelphia, Pa.
Novel method to reveal drug targets
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute scientists have developed a new large-scale method to identify the interactions between proteins that are a major target for therapeutic intervention.
Bacteria and nanofilters -- the future of clean water technology
Bacteria often get bad press, with those found in water often linked to illness and disease.
New theory sheds light on space enigma
UK and German scientists explain intriguing phenomenon on Saturn's moon.
A strange case of upper obstructive syndrome
Aorto-duodenal fistulae constitute 80 percent of aorto-enteric fistulae, presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
A new theory of small intestinal bacteria overgrowth in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease?
NASH is one type of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and may develop into hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis of liver.
New protein tag enhances view within living cells
The view into the inner world of living cells just got a little brighter and more colorful.
Stroke more prevalent in United States than in Europe
American adults have a higher prevalence of stroke than their European counterparts, due in part to a higher rate of stroke risk factors among Americans and barriers to care in the United States, according to a study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2008.
'Fluorescent' cells give early warning for eye disease
A new metabolic imaging instrument can accurately detect eye disease at a very early stage, by looking for fluorescence caused by metabolic stress, researchers report.
3 newly discovered ERK pathway proteins related to CagA induced disease
CagA, the major virulence factor of type I H. pylori, is closely associated with the development of H. pylori induced diseases, especially gastric cancer.
Natural Products Discovery and Production
This conference will use a cross-disciplinary approach to explore the present and future status of natural products and their prospects for continued commercialization.
May inflammatory bowel disease mimic gynecological disorders in its clinical presentation
Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel disease, may present with cyclical symptoms more commonly associated with gynecological conditions such as endometriosis.
Story ideas from the Journal of Biological Chemistry
Skin color is one of the most visible indicators that helps distinguish human appearance, and a new study provides more detail as to how one protein helps produce this wide palette.
Are tumors causing stricture of bile duct always malignant?
The benign biliary tract tumor makes up only 0.1% of total biliary tract operations and 6% of extrahepatic biliary tract tumors, which included polyps, adenomatoid papilloma and adenoma.
Otho S.A. Sprague Memorial Institute awards Rush $230,000 for childhood obesity prevention
Obesity is one of the greatest health risks for children in the United States and, unfortunately, it's on the rise.
Study: highly involved patients don't always see better health outcomes
Patients who prefer to be highly involved in their treatment don't necessarily have better luck managing chronic health conditions, a study published this week in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine suggests.
Smoking during pregnancy can put mothers and babies at risk
Pregnant women who suffer from the high risk condition pre-eclampsia -- which leads to the death of hundreds of babies every year -- are putting the lives of their unborn children at significantly increased risk if they continue to smoke during pregnancy.
Childhood obesity leads to higher rate of problems during surgery
Add this to the growing list of health challenges faced by obese children: A new study from the University of Michigan Health System finds that obese children are much more likely than normal-weight children to have problems with airway obstruction and other breathing-related functions during surgery.
PNAS paper and its authors honored for scientific excellence
The editors of PNAS have awarded a paper by two Northwestern University researchers the prestigious 2007 Cozzarelli Prize.
Attention! The increased oxidative stress in decompensated cirrhotic patients
Alcoholic liver disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world.
Who found some new mechanisms of HBV virulence?
Despite the existence of safe and efficient vaccines, hepatitis B virus is one of the most deadly viruses in the world, killing about 1.2 million people every year.
University of Sydney researchers find new evidence linking kava to liver damage
A research group from the University of Sydney has found new evidence, using innovative techniques, to support the growing body of literature that indicates kava may have a negative effect on the liver.
Stroke treatment alteplase gives benefits beyond normal 3-hour treatment window (epithet study)
Alteplase -- the only licensed therapy for acute ischemic stroke -- gives benefits in certain patients even when given after the conventional 3-hour treatment window.
Electron filmed for first time ever
Now it is possible to see a movie of an electron.
Donepezil may improve measures of executive function in patients with cadasil vascular dementia
Patients with the cadasil form of vascular dementia may have several measures of their executive function improved by taking donepezil.
A novel hMSH2 gene mutation in colorectal cancer patients?
China has a high incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients but few CRC families have been studied.
Helping back pain sufferers to stay in work
New research to be carried out at the University of Nottingham could have a major impact on the way that people struggling with low back pain are helped to stay in work.
Do patients with inflammatory bowel disease receive optimal care?
Inflammatory bowel disease is a challenging disease. The incidence of IBD has continued to increase in China and the burden is growing.
The structure of resistance
A team of scientists from the University Paris Descartes has solved the structure of two proteins that allow bacteria to gain resistance to multiple types of antibiotics, according to a report in EMBO Reports this month.

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