Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 29, 2008
Liquid water found flowing on Mars? Not yet
Liquid water has not been found on the Martian surface within the last decade after all, according to new research.

Study identifies reasons patients referred late to nephrologists
Some patients with kidney disease aren't referred to kidney specialists in time to delay disease progression and improve their prognosis for a variety of reasons, according to researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues.

From 2-D pictures to 3 dimensions
Your pictures of the Grand Canyon, Times Square or other destinations may be pretty good, but wouldn't it be nice to show them off in three dimensions?

Of mice and men ... and kidney stones
Kidney stones are very common -- and painful -- in men.

NHLBI issues first US von Willebrand Disease clinical practice guidelines
NHLBI today issued the first clinical guidelines in the United States for the diagnosis and management of von Willebrand Disease, the most common inherited bleeding disorder.

Lumping different countries together -- why the 2008 EPI is of limited use
For countries without their own environmental monitoring systems, the Environmental Performance Index can be useful for working out where there is a need for action in environmental policy making.

Novel mechanism found that may boost impaired function of leukemia protein
A new study led by researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center reports on a novel mechanism that can enhance the function of a protein that is frequently impaired in patients with acute forms of leukemia.

A screening strategy using zebrafish targets genes that protect against hearing loss
In a study published on Feb. 29 in the open-access journal PLoS Genetics, researchers have developed a research method that relies on a zebrafish's lateral line to quickly screen for genes and chemical compounds that protect against hearing loss from some medications.

Mouse study: Real-time imaging device may improve surgery for congenital colon disease
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center are developing a spectral imaging system that could result in shorter operating times for infants undergoing surgery for Hirschsprung's disease, according to a mouse study reported in the Journal of Biophotonics.

Zebrafish provide useful screening tool for genes, drugs that protect against hearing loss
Scientists have developed a research method that relies on a zebrafish's lateral line -- the faint line running down each side of a fish that enables it to sense its surroundings -- to quickly screen for genes and chemical compounds that protect against hearing loss from some medications.

UD's Bobev receives NSF Early Career Award for research on novel compounds of rare Earth metals
Svilen Bobev, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry, has received the National Science Foundation's prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award.

TU Delft tests windmill for seawater desalination
A traditional windmill which drives a pump: that is the simple concept behind the combination of windmill/reverse osmosis developed by the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands.

Mayo researchers look for explanation behind high incidence of diabetes among Asian Indians
The incidence of type 2 diabetes is rising, especially in urbanized parts of the world where sedentary lifestyles and obesity abound.

Airborne bacteria may play large role in precipitation
An MSU professor and his colleagues have found evidence suggesting that airborne bacteria are globally distributed in the atmosphere and may play a large role in the cycle of precipitation.

Large source of nitrate, a potential water contaminant, found in near-surface desert soils
A University of California, Riverside-led study has found that soils under desert pavement have an unusually high concentration of nitrate, a type of salt, close to the surface.

Certain vitamin supplements may increase lung cancer risk, especially in smokers
Vitamin supplements do not protect against lung cancer, according to a study of more than 77,000 vitamin users.

New commission on health-care disparities lauded by American College of Physicians
Noting that its Board of Regents last month added

Last large piece of ATLAS detector lowered underground
Today, researchers in the US ATLAS collaboration joined colleagues around the world to celebrate a pivotal landmark in the construction of the Large Hadron Collider -- the lowering of the final piece of the ATLAS particle detector into the underground collision hall at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.

Kaiser Permanente study shows 1 in 3 women has pelvic floor disorder
Appearing in Obstetrics and Gynecology, the study surveyed 4,000 women (25- to 84-years-old) in English and Spanish, making it the widest research to date from the general community.

NYU College of Nursing researcher awarded $4.1M grant to study nurses' work decisions
New York University College of Nursing, has received an eight-year, $4.1 million year grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to study newly licensed registered nurses in order to track changes in their careers.

When couples face the diagnosis of cancer, women carry a larger emotional burden than men
In a couple where one of the partners is diagnosed with cancer, women are more consistently and severely distressed than men, regardless of whether they are the person with the disease or the healthy partner.

ESRC Festival of Social Science 2008
Social science plays an important part in all our lives.

Follow the launch of ATV 'Jules Verne' live from ESA sites across Europe
With ESA's Columbus laboratory successfully attached and operating on the International Space Station, the time has now come for another European milestone mission to leave for the ISS -- that of the first Automated Transfer Vehicle, named

Increased allergen levels in homes linked to asthma
Results from a new national survey demonstrate that elevated allergen levels in the home are associated with asthma symptoms in allergic individuals.

Bart De Strooper receives prestigious $200,000 Alzheimer Prize
Bart De Strooper has received widespread recognition for his work on Alzheimer, both nationally and internationally -- and today he receives the MetLife Foundation's $200,000 Alzheimer Prize.

Customized treatments for sepsis lower treatment time and reduce length of ICU stays
Using a blood test and a decision algorithm, rather than standard hospital protocols, to determine the appropriate length of antibiotic therapy in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock can reduce duration of treatments, shorten ICU stays, and lower hospital costs -- all without adverse effects on patients, according to new research.

Steps towards warship invisibility
Naval warships might look like all-powerful vessels but they are also highly vulnerable to being spotted by the enemy.

Simple screening questionnaire for kidney disease outperforms current clinical practice guidelines
In a community-based study and national survey, a team of public health and medical researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill show that a simple screening questionnaire, SCreening for Occult REnal Disease, is better able to identify patients at risk for CKD than the current National Kidney Foundation clinical practice guidelines, the Kidney Early Evaluation Program.

Children with autism may learn from 'virtual peers'
Northwestern University researchers are developing an intervention using

ATLAS completes world's largest jigsaw puzzle
Today the ATLAS collaboration at CERN celebrates the lowering of its last large detector element.

St. Jude researchers find key step in programmed cell death
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered a dance of proteins that protects certain cells from undergoing apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death.

WPI professor receives NSF CAREER Award for Research at frontiers of wireless networking
Wenjing Lou, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, has received a five-year, $450,000 National Science Foundation CAREER Award.

Last large piece of ATLAS detector lowered underground
Today Brandeis researchers in the US ATLAS collaboration joined colleagues around the world to celebrate a pivotal landmark in the construction of the Large Hadron Collider -- the lowering of the final piece of the ATLAS particle detector into the underground collision hall at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.

Darwin was wrong about the wild origin of the chicken
Charles Darwin maintained that the domesticated chicken derives from the red jungle fowl, but new research from Uppsala University now shows that the wild origins of the chicken are more complicated than that.

March GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
Topics include: imaging of impact strata on Mars' Holden Crater; Eocene-Oligocene conditions leading to the freezing of Antarctica; evidence that liquid water is not responsible for recent changes observed in Martian gullies; new insights into Cretaceous early Albian greenhouse conditions and implications for future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels; new estimates of Earth's copper supply; discovery of large nitrate pools under the Mojave's desert pavement; frequency of magnitude 9 earthquakes; and the pre-Grand Canyon Colorado River.

Biomagnetics developed for use in new breast cancer tests
A team from UCL has developed a new medical device which will make the early detection of breast cancer more cost effective and easier to administer.

Broad range of genetics topics to be discussed at 2008 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting, March 12-16
The American College of Medical Genetics will hold its 15th Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting from March 12-16, 2008 at the Phoenix Convention Center and the Phoenix Hyatt Regency.

Study shows Darwin was wrong about the origins of chickens
A novel genetic study has revealed why chickens have yellow legs, demonstrating that though Charles Darwin was right about many things, his view on the origins of the chicken was not entirely correct.

Learning how to say 'no' to alcohol advertising and peer pressure works for inner-city adolescents
The results of a three-year study of inner-city middle school students by Weill Cornell Medical College researchers appears online in the journal Addictive Behaviors.

ABILIFY approved for acute treatment of bipolar I disorder in patients 10 to 17 years old
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced today that the US FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for ABILIFY for the acute treatment of manic and mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder, with or without psychotic features in pediatric patients 10 to 17 years old.

Springer to publish International Journal of Hematology
Springer and the Japanese Society of Hematology announce a new partnership to publish the International Journal of Hematology.

Howe School conference: The Rebirth of Location-Based Services -- the Next Great Idea, May 12
The Howe School of Technology Management at Stevens Institute of Technology and the investment bank of Kaufman Brothers will host the May 12 conference,

Computer simulations point to key molecular basis of cystic fibrosis
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have identified a key molecular mechanism that may account for the development of cystic fibrosis, which about one in 3,000 children are born with in the US every year.

Cancer theory stands the test of time -- rediscovering Boveri a century later
A new and authoritative translation of Theodor Boveri's 1914 monograph

Popular alternative therapy for psoriasis performs no better than placebo
Anecdotal evidence touting the healing power of the Indian spice turmeric for psoriasis received a setback in a prospective study published this month by a leading dermatology journal stating that the low response rate of patients who ingested the active ingredient of the exotic spice was probably a result of the placebo effect.

APA co-sponsors conference on work, stress and health
Experts from around the globe will present findings on the impact of work on employee stress, health and productivity and family relationships.

New study shows low-fat diets more likely to reduce risk of heart disease than low-carb diets
Low-fat diets are more effective in preserving and promoting a healthy cardiovascular system than low-carbohydrate, Atkins'-like diets, according to a new study by researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee.

Survival rates exceed national averages for UCSF heart, liver and lung transplant programs
One-year survival rates for patients receiving heart, liver and lung transplants at UCSF Medical Center exceed national averages at statistically significant levels, according to new data compiled by the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients.

Financial struggles plague families of children with autism
The information that a child has been diagnosed with autism often throws parents into an emotional tailspin.

When the rules of the game are broken: Research studies sports injuries related to illegal activity
A study published in the February issue of Injury Prevention estimates that more than 98,000 sports injuries in US high schools in 2005-2007 were directly related to an action that was ruled illegal activity by a referee, official or disciplinary committee.

Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News reports on advances in miRNA
miRNA research is now one of the most interesting areas in the life science world.

Stakeholders use science to find common ground on wood supply from forests
Northern Arizona University has released a report that identifies the potential volume of wood resources available from more than 2 million acres of Arizona forests, representing the first major agreement among groups typically at odds over the issue of forest thinning.

2008 Ocean Sciences Meeting -- media advisory 2
Press conferences at the 2008 Ocean Sciences Meeting in Orlando, Florida next week (March 2-7) focus on human impacts on coastal ecosystems, ocean acidification, coral reef health, natural carbon sequestration by rivers, environmental effects of fish farming, and iron fertilization of oceans to counter global warming.

New white paper offers options for university implementation of NIH policy
SPARC, Science Commons, and the Association of Research Libraries have jointly released a white paper to help university and medical school administrators ensure their institutions comply with public access requirements that are soon to be a condition of National Institutes of Health funding.

Technology uses live cells to detect food-borne pathogens, toxins
Purdue researchers have developed a new technology that can simultaneously screen thousands of samples of food or water for several dangerous food-borne pathogens in one to two hours.

UT Southwestern researchers investigate predictors for sickle-cell-anemia complications
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have determined that the level, or saturation, of oxygen in blood could be used to identify children with sickle cell anemia who are at an increased risk of stroke.

New study of targeted therapies for breast cancer -- model for global clinical trials
Two targeted medications designed to treat an aggressive form of breast cancer are being tested in a new study involving 8,000 participants in 50 countries across six continents -- a clinical trial that investigators hope will provide a new model for global cancer research.

Story ideas from the Journal of Biological Chemistry
While a current belief is that nicotine receptor upregulation is independent of the receptor type, researchers have now uncovered this is not the case: the transient and prolonged changes in the nicotine levels of smokers each affect a specific receptor subtype.

Genetic factors in smoking also increase risk of chronic bronchitis
Smoking is a known risk factor for respiratory diseases like chronic bronchitis, but genes also play a significant role in its development, according to researchers in Sweden, who studied more than 40,000 Swedish twins to determine the extent to which behavior, environment and genes each play a role ion the development of chronic bronchitis.
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