Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 07, 2008
Canadian astronomers on hunt for meteor
Astronomers from The University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, have captured rare video of a meteor falling to Earth.

Journalism created initial awareness of nation's history, MU study finds
The study revealed that 19th century American journalism was significantly influential in shaping the nation's early history.

Computers explain why pears may become brown during commercial storage
Internal browning of pears stored under low oxygen conditions is related to restricted gas exchange inside the fruit, according to a study published March 7 in the open-access journal PLoS Computational Biology.

Newly defined signaling pathway could mean better biofuel sources
A newly defined biochemical pathway in plants may provide the scientific tools to design plants that will yield larger quantities of alternative transportation fuels than currently can be produced, according to Purdue University researchers.

Antarctica's coldest, darkest season draws Montana State University researchers
John Priscu of Montana State University and his team of researchers are in Antarctica during a different time of year than normal.

Stratospheric ozone chemistry plays an important role for atmospheric airflow patterns
Interactions between the stratospheric ozone chemistry and atmospheric air flow lead to significant changes of airflow patterns from the ground up to the stratosphere.

Moderate alcohol consumption in middle age can lower cardiac risk
Previous studies have pointed out the benefits of moderate alcohol consumption as a factor in lowering cardiovascular risk.

Case Western Reserve University researchers identify colorectal cancer gene
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researchers published a study in the March 7 issue of The American Journal of Human Genetics identifying the hereditary components of colorectal cancer.

Language of a fly proves surprising
A group of researchers has developed a novel way to view the world through the eyes of a common fly and partially decode the insect's reactions to changes in the world around it.

New TB test means quicker and easier diagnosis for patients
A new blood test could enable doctors to rule out tuberculosis infection within days rather than weeks, according to a new study published this week in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

New study reveals profound impact of our unconscious on reaching goals
Whether you are a habitual list maker, or you prefer to keep your tasks in your head, everyone pursues their goals in this ever changing, chaotic environment.

Certain factors influence entrepreneurial climate, MU study finds
A professor at the University of Missouri found entrepreneurial climate is directly associated with entrepreneurs' perceptions of fair treatment, level of local patronage, and the availability of business networks and high-speed internet.

Trading on social responsibility
Two of the leading lights in the academic world of international management recently revealed their inner thoughts on a wide range of economics, business and social issues in the European Journal of International Management from Inderscience Publishers.

Lombardi Cancer Center's Toretsky awarded prestigious Burroughs Wellcome Fund Award
Jeffrey A. Toretsky, M.D., a pediatric oncology physician and researcher at Georgetown University's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center has received a prestigious Clinical Scientist Award in Translational Research from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund.

WMAP reveals neutrinos, end of dark ages, first second of universe
NASA released this week five years of data collected by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe that refines our understanding of the universe and its development.

Dr. Mei receives 2008 Mathilde Solowey Lecture Award in Neurosciences
Dr. Lin Mei, chief of developmental neurobiology at the Medical College of Georgia and Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar in Neuroscience, has received the 2008 Mathilde Solowey Lecture Award in Neurosciences.

GLAST spacecraft arrives in Florida to prepare for launch
NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope, or GLAST, arrived Tuesday at the Astrotech payload processing facility near the Kennedy Space Center to begin final preparations for launch.

Human, animal vaccine development goal of hepatitis E virus research
Two NIH grants will enable Virginia Tech researchers to learn more about the molecular mechanisms of hepatitis E virus replication and pathogenesis by using pigs and chickens as animal model systems.

LSTM to lead $30 million research program into malaria in pregnancy
The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has received a $30 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to improve the control and treatment of malaria in pregnancy in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

Center for Science Writings presents A Force of Nature: The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford
The Center for Science Writings at Stevens Institute of Technology presents,

Assembly technique for tiny wires may eventually help detect cancer and other diseases
Bottom-up manufacturing may hold the key to production of tiny medical devices capable of testing for multiple molecules like viruses or cancer markers, according to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State researchers.

Curing addiction with cannabis medicines
Smokers trying to quit in the future could do it with the help of cannabis based medicines, according to research from The University of Nottingham.

New stem cell technique improves genetic alteration
UC-Irvine researchers have discovered a dramatically improved method for genetically manipulating human embryonic stem cells, making it easier for scientists to study and potentially treat thousands of disorders ranging from Huntington's disease to muscular dystrophy and diabetes.

Allergic response tied to lipid molecules in cell membrane
A team of Penn State University researchers is the first to demonstrate that lipid molecules in cell membranes participate in mammals' reactions to allergens in a living cell.

LASIK patients report more than 95 percent satisfaction rate worldwide
Worldwide, an average 95.4 percent of LASIK patients are satisfied with their new vision, according to the first review of the world body of scientific literature, the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery announced today.

Skewered pumpkins
A team of researchers headed by J. Fraser Stoddart and Jeffrey I.

On a 'roll': MIT researchers devise new cell-sorting system
Capitalizing on a cell's ability to roll along a surface, MIT researchers have developed a simple, inexpensive system to sort different kinds of cells -- a process that could result in low-cost tools to test for diseases such as cancer, even in remote locations.

An efficient response in primary care would reduce the use of hospitals by elderly people
Hospitalization rates could be reduced in more than 50 percent of cases of diabetic ketoacidosis, digestive hemorrhage and chronic bronchitis.

Burroughs Wellcome Fund grants $9.75 million towards translational researchers
BWF has named 13 translational researchers as the 2008 recipients of its Clinical Scientist Awards in Translational Research.

Teenage girls aren't the only ones who tan indoors -- older adults do so as well
Think you won't run into grandparents at your local tanning salon?

New findings about the brain lead to treatment for eating disturbances
The discovery of the brain's so-called melanocortin system and its central role in controlling appetite has paved the way for entirely new possibilities for treating obesity and anorexia.

Purdue leads center to simulate behavior of micro-electromechanical systems
The National Nuclear Security Administration has awarded a $17 million cooperative agreement for a research center at Purdue University's Discovery Park to develop advanced simulations for commercial and defense applications, Purdue officials announced Friday.

Seeing through the dark
Astronomers have measured the distribution of mass inside a dark filament in a molecular cloud with an amazing level of detail and to great depth.

One small step for man, one giant leap for advertising
First advert to be broadcast into space.

Major EPA enforcement effort on nano-pesticide applauded
A major decision by the Environmental Protection Agency to fine California technology company IOGEAR more than $200,000 for selling unregistered nano-pesticides is being applauded by David Rejeski, the director of the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies.

Scientists believe photograph depicts wolverine in California
US Forest Service scientists believe an Oregon State University graduate student working on a cooperative project with the agency's Pacific Southwest Research station on the Tahoe National Forest has photographed a wolverine, an animal whose presence has not been confirmed in California since the 1920s.

New bacteria contaminate hairspray
Scientists in Japan have discovered a new species of bacteria that can live in hairspray, according to the results of a study published in the March issue of the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology.

$17 million grant supports predictive science and supernovae research
By simulating and studying supernovae, a new center at the University of Michigan aims to advance predictive science.

Typical North American diet is deficient in omega-3 fatty acids
New research from the Child & Family Research Institute shows the typical North American diet of eating lots of meat and not much fish is deficient in omega-3 fatty acids and this may pose a risk to infant neurological development.
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