Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 27, 2008
Foldable and stretchable, silicon circuits conform to many shapes
Scientists have developed a new form of stretchable silicon integrated circuit that can wrap around complex shapes such as spheres, body parts and aircraft wings, and can operate during stretching, compressing, folding and other types of extreme mechanical deformations, without a reduction in electrical performance.

A new method to identify mutated genes in human diseases
Researchers from the University of Turin, Italy and the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands, have devised a new method that may help the medical community to determine the genetic basis of many common diseases.

Yale study shows weight bias is as prevalent as racial discrimination
Discrimination against overweight people is as common as racial discrimination, according to a Yale analysis.

Effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs in first-episode
Second-generation drugs, introduced over a decade ago, are purported to be more effective and less likely to induce motor side-effects, such as stiffness and tremors, than first-generation drugs.

Is graphene the new silicon?
Research results from University of Maryland physicists show that graphene, a new material that combines aspects of semiconductors and metals, could be a leading candidate to replace silicon in applications ranging from high-speed computer chips to biochemical sensors.

Keeping sanitation in the international spotlight
2.6 billion people worldwide do not have access to even the most basic toilet.

Risks of increased access to over-the-counter medicines may outweigh benefits
The risks of increasing people's access to over-the-counter medicines may outweigh the benefits, warn experts in this week's BMJ.

Mayo Clinic finds retired NFL players at increased risk for heart problems
Mayo data showed that 82 percent of NFL players under age 50 had abnormal narrowing and blockages in arteries, compared to the general population of the same age.

NIDCR celebrates 60th anniversary
The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, one of the National Institutes of Health, is celebrating its 60th anniversary with three special symposia during the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research, convening here today at the Hilton Anatole Hotel.

Rutgers physicist earns prestigious Sloan Foundation Research Fellowship
Rutgers physicist Kristjan Haule has won a prestigious Alfred P.

Actual use of asthma medications contradicts guidelines
A study has found only 16 percent of the 352,082 Australians who filled a prescription for asthma preventer medications for the first time during the period July 2004 to June 2005, went on to use them regularly.

Eminent scientists to lecture in Dallas
During the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research, convening this week at the Hilton Anatole Hotel in Dallas, several eminent scientists will be part of the Distinguished Lecture Series.

Once-daily basal insulin glargine vs. thrice-daily prandial
The use of insulin glargine, (a single injection of daily insulin) is as effective at controlling blood sugar for people with diabetes as insulin lispro, which has to be injected up to three times a day

Americans living longer, enjoying greater health and prosperity, but important disparities remain
A unique, new federal report highlights important health and economic gains for older Americans, but describes a number of areas where improvements have not been shared equally.

Family study bolsters link between pesticides and Parkinson's
For the first time, the association between Parkinson's disease and exposure to pesticides has been shown in patients with the neurological disorder compared with their unaffected relatives, according to a study in the online open access journal BMC Neurology.

Small desert beetle found to engineer ecosystems
The catastrophic action a tiny beetle is wreaking on the deteriorating Chihuahuan desert will be revealed in the April edition of the Royal Entomological Society's Ecological Entomology journal.

Relaxation training may improve control of hard-to-treat systolic hypertension
Adding the relaxation response, a stress-management approach, to other lifestyle interventions may significantly improve treatment of the type of hypertension most common in the elderly.

Scholarship named in honor of UCR plant physiologist
UC Riverside plant physiologist Charles W. Coggins, whose research on citrus considerably extended the fruits' fresh market season, has been honored by California Citrus Mutual, a trade organization, with the establishment of a scholarship named after him.

Increased knowledge about global warming leads to apathy, study shows
The more you know the less you care -- at least that seems to be the case with global warming.

Scientists find a key culprit in stroke brain cell damage
Researchers have identified a key player in the killing of brain cells after a stroke or a seizure.

PTSD associated with more, longer hospitalizations
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with more hospitalizations, longer hospitalizations and greater mental healthcare utilization in urban primary care patients.

Arbor Vita rapid H5N1 flu diagnostic presented at ICEID meeting
Preliminary research from the Department of Respiratory Disease Research at the Naval Health Research Center suggests that a rapid antigen assay test developed by Arbor Vita Corporation shows promise for the detection of the H5NI virus in humans.

American Association for Dental Research holds 37th annual meeting
From April 2-5, 2008, thousands of dental research scientists, students, and educators from across the country will convene in Dallas, Texas, as the American Association for Dental Research holds its 37th Annual Meeting & Exhibition at the Hilton Anatole Hotel.

Winners of 2008 Tyler Environmental Prize announced
Two scientists who drew important links between local and global ecosystems -- a prescient explorer of nitrogen's wide-ranging impacts, and a central figure in the rise of international ecology -- will share the 2008 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement.

Genetic test improves artificial fertilization
Polar body diagnosis can make artificial fertilization more successful, according to Katrin and Hans van der Ven and Markus Montag of Bonn University Clinic, writing in the current edition of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.

Saving cancer patients' skin
Targeted cancer drugs can have such disfiguring dermatologic side effects, some patients are embarrassed to be seen in public and hide at home.

Too many women still dying from breast cancer, says charity
Thousands of women die from breast cancer each year because current treatments are not always effective and in some cases fail to stem the disease, warns Breast Cancer Campaign today.

Hidden tragedy of under reported neonatal mortality
In Northern Vietnam, neonatal mortality is almost four times higher than the official figure according to a report published today in the open access journal BMC International Health and Human Rights.

UCLA researchers examine human embryonic stem cell genome
Stem cell researchers from UCLA used a high resolution technique to examine the genome, or total DNA content, of a pair of human embryonic stem cell lines and found that while both lines could form neurons, the lines had differences in the numbers of certain genes that could control such things as individual traits and disease susceptibility.

Are you what you eat? New study of body weight change says maybe not
If identical twins eat and exercise equally, must they have the same body weight?

Cells from the Research Institute of the MUHC on the road to China
To fund an innovative Quebec-Chinese research initiative, the Ministère du Développement économique, de l'Innovation et de l'Exportation from Quebec recently awarded a grant of $150,000 to Dr.

National recognition for top scientist
Joining the ranks of Australia's most esteemed scientists is Professor Patrick Tam from the Children's Medical Research Institute, who has just been elected as a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science.

Women's health-related scientific findings presented by University of Pittsburgh researchers
The clinical and basic science research findings of nearly two dozen studies, including new work on doctor-patient communication regarding addiction and on maternal risk factors for preterm birth, are being presented by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh-affiliated Magee-Womens Research Institute at the 55th annual meeting of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation.

Armed beetles find a mate, whatever their size
One species of armed beetle is proving that size doesn't necessarily matter when it comes to finding a mate.

Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder or social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder; it starts early in life and can lead to depression and substance abuse in adulthood.

Can you rescue a rainforest? The answer may be yes
Half a century after most of Costa Rica's rainforests were cut down, researchers from the Boyce Thompson Institute took on a project that many thought was impossible -- restoring a tropical rainforest ecosystem.

Under the sea
For the first time scientists have mapped the layers of once molten rock that lie beneath the edges of the Atlantic Ocean and measure over eight miles thick in some locations.

Scientists find that squid beak is both hard and soft, a material that engineers want to copy
How did nature make the squid's beak super hard and sharp -- allowing it, without harm to its soft body -- to capture its prey?

Dental scientists convene in Dallas
Did you know that teledentistry can help provide orthodontic treatment to disadvantaged children?

Dr. Tracy Rupp wins the National Sleep Foundation Young Investigator Award
Dr. Tracy Rupp has won the 2008 National Sleep Foundation Young Investigator Award in the basic research category.

SUNY researcher issued patent for virtual telemicroscope
Scientists at SUNY Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn and Peking University in Beijing were awarded a United States patent for their virtual telemicroscope.

Rates of rare mutations soar 3 to 4 times higher in schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia have high rates of rare genetic deletions and duplications that likely disrupt the developing brain.

Largest ever analysis of DES data demonstrates safety, efficacy in on-and-off-label use
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation will present results of the largest meta-analysis to date comparing drug-eluting stents with bare metal stents at the Drug-Eluting Stent Revolution VII meeting tomorrow in Chicago.

Springer to publish the Cerebellum
Springer and the Society for Research on the Cerebellum will partner to publish the journal the Cerebellum with effect from Volume 7, March 2008.

Femtogram-level chemical measurements now possible, U. of I. team reports
Finding a simple and convenient technique that combines nanoscale structural measurements and chemical identification has been an elusive goal.

Researchers link genetic errors to schizophrenia
A team of researchers at the University of Washington and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories has uncovered genetic errors that may shed light on the causes of schizophrenia.

Keynoters, symposia, workshops highlight dental research meeting
Following is a summary of the keynote presentations, symposia and workshops that will anchor the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research, convening April 2 at the Hilton Anatole Hotel.

Why matter matters in the universe
A new physics discovery explores why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Rectal artemisinins rapidly eliminate malarial parasites
Artemisinin-based suppositories can help

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation announces positive early results for phase 2 clinical trial of VX-770
The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation announced today that VX-770, an oral drug in development that targets a basic defect in CF, showed promising results in an ongoing Phase 2a clinical trial for patients who carry the G551D mutation of CF.

Normal weight obesity: An emerging risk factor for heart and metabolic problems
The researchers defined

U of T research finds glycine could be key to REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
New research out of U of T holds promise for thousands who suffer from REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

Study finds widespread care disparities in Medi-Cal program
In the first external analysis of the California Department of Health Service's Medi-Cal Managed Care program, researchers from the UCLA Department of Family Medicine found widespread health care disparities based on ethnicity, race and language throughout the system, with African-Americans hit disproportionately.

Silicon chips for optical quantum technologies
A team of physicists and engineers has demonstrated exquisite control of single particles of light -- photons -- on a silicon chip to make a major advance towards the long sought after goal of a super-powerful quantum computer.

Self-assembled materials form mini stem cell lab
Northwestern University researchers have discovered a new and unexpected mode of self-assembly involving a polymer (hyaluronic acid) and a small molecule (peptide amphiphiles).

Findings reveal how dengue virus matures, becomes infectious
Biologists at Purdue University have determined why dengue virus particles undergo structural changes as they mature in host cells and how the changes are critical for enabling the virus to infect new host cells.

Being born bottom first is inherited
A baby is twice as likely to be born bottom first if either or both the parents were themselves breech deliveries, according to a study published ahead of print online.

Bridges to the Future: A Vision for Infrastructure in the 21st Century
On Thursday, April 10, the National Science Foundation and Popular Mechanics will co-host a webcast conference to address challenges and solutions driving the future of infrastructure in the United States.

'Wildcat Power Cord' repairs cruciate ligament in dairy cow's knee
An 8-year-old Jersey dairy cow is back at her Kansas farm thanks to a decade of research and an experimental surgery performed at Kansas State University's Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital.

The complexities of genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis revealed
Researchers working in Vietnam have identified a genetic variant that predisposes people to developing a lethal form of tuberculosis, tuberculous meningitis, if they are infected with a strain of TB known as the Beijing strain.

Sniffing out danger
Each human nose encounters hundreds of thousands of scents in its daily travels perched front and center on our face.

Scientists learn what's 'up' with a class of retinal cells in mice
Harvard University researchers have discovered a new type of retinal cell that plays an exclusive and unusual role in mice: detecting upward motion.

Cooperative classrooms lead to better friendships, higher achievement in young adolescents
Students competing for resources in the classroom while discounting each others' success are less likely to earn top grades than students who work together toward goals and share their success, according to an analysis of 80 years of research.

Hope among patients with ALS may take a variety of forms
Sustaining hope in the face of a chronic, debilitating illness such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis should be a goal of palliative care and can take many forms, representing a continuum from focusing on the self to concern for others, as described in a paper published in the April issue of Journal of Palliative Medicine, a peer-reviewed publication of Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

Dramatic developments at Kilauea Volcano: Scientists work to keep public safe and informed
Explosive eruptions and noxious gas emissions at Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii this week have prompted scientists to work around the clock to understand what will happen next and how to keep the public out of harm's way.

Actor-robots 'staff' part of new $5M simulation training center
A new $5 million medical and surgical simulation training center located at the Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center in East Baltimore opened in March.
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