Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 02, 2008
Do we need alcohol prevention programs for 'tweens?'
Much research has been conducted on the problems caused by alcohol abuse for both adults and teenagers.

Lack of sleep can provoke sleepwalking
Sleepwalkers are advised to keep a regular bedtime to avoid unwanted evening strolls, according to research from the Université de Montréal.

Models look good when predicting climate change
The accuracy of computer models that predict climate change over the coming decades has been the subject of debate.

Sudden 'ecosystem flips' imperil world's poorest regions, say water experts
Modern agriculture and land-use practices may lead to major disruptions of the world's water flows, with potentially sudden and dire consequences for regions least able to cope with them researchers at the Stockholm University-affiliated Stockholm Resilience Centre and McGill University have warned.

Feta cheese made from raw milk has natural anti-food-poisoning properties
Eating Feta cheese made from raw milk in small seaside tavernas when you are on holiday in Greece could be a good way to combat food poisoning, according to researchers speaking Thursday, April 3, 2008, at the Society for General Microbiology's 162nd meeting being held this week at the Edinburgh International Conference Center.

Huge virulence gene superfamily responsible for devastating plant diseases
A research team from the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech has identified an enormous superfamily of pathogen genes involved in the infection of plants.

Laurel wilt of redbay and sassafras: Will avocados be next?
Scientists with the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station, Iowa State University, and the Florida Division of Forestry have provided the first description of a fungus responsible for the wilt of redbay trees along the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida.

Jules Verne ATV given 'go' for docking
Jules Verne was today formally cleared to proceed with the first ISS docking attempt, scheduled for April 3, 2008, at 16:41 CEST.

Drexel School of Public Health awarded $14M NIH grant for autism research
The Drexel University School of Public Health was awarded an Autism Centers of Excellence grant from the National Institutes of Health for more than $14,300,000 to examine risk factors and the development of Autism Spectrum Disorders in expectant mothers and their babies.

Genetic variations raise lung cancer risk for smokers and ex-smokers
Two common inherited genetic variations are associated with increased risk of lung cancer for smokers and former smokers, a research team led by scientists at the University of Texas M.

Patients prefer to challenge nurses rather than doctors on safety issues
Patients prefer to challenge nurses rather than doctors about safety issues related to their care, reveals research in the journal Quality and Safety in Health Care.

Black hole found in enigmatic Omega Centauri
Omega Centauri has been known as an unusual globular cluster for a long time.

Natural trans fats have health benefits, University of Alberta study shows
Contrary to popular opinion, not all trans fats are bad for you.

NYU physics part of $6.25 million US Department of Defense grant for nanotechnology research
A consortium of researchers that includes New York University Physics Professor Andrew Kent has received a $6.25 million nanotechnology grant from the US Department of Defense to design and develop nano-magnetic materials and devices, including more efficient computers and cell phones.

Better care for dementia patients through new funding
With Australia's aging population, diseases like dementia are on the rise.

AADR to present prestigious awards and recognitions
part of the Opening Ceremonies of its 37th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, convening today at the Hilton Anatole Hotel, the American Association for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and recognitions.

Cornell University to lead broad global partnership to combat wheat rust disease
Cornell University today announced a $26.8 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to launch a broad-based global partnership to combat a deadly wheat disease that poses an enormous threat to global food security.

5th Annual World Health Care Congress April 21-23, Washington, D.C.
Health-care industry CEOs join 1,800 senior-level executives for three-day forum featuring the latest trends in the business of health care, ranging from advances in new technologies to strategies for payers and providers.

Peter J. McGuire, M.B., B.Ch., is awarded the 2008-2009 Genzyme/ACMGF Clinical Genetics Fellowship
Peter J. McGuire, M.B., B.Ch., of Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York was honored as the 2008-2009 recipient of the Genzyme/ACMGF Clinical Genetics Fellowship in Biochemical Genetics at the ACMG 2008 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Ariz.

Indigenous peoples hardest hit by climate change describe impacts
Indigenous peoples have contributed the least to world greenhouse gas emissions and have the smallest ecological footprints on Earth.

Alcohol and malt liquor availability and promotion higher in African American inner cities
It appears that living in a poor neighborhood with a high concentration of African Americans is associated with greater alcohol availability and promotion -- especially malt liquor -- according to a recent study by University of Minnesota researchers.

Software tackles production line machine 'cyclic jitters'
NIST engineers have created a software program to help avoid the network timing glitches called

SNM congratulates NOPR and its supporting organizations on successful conclusion of project
SNM congratulates the Academy of Molecular Imaging, the American College of Radiology and ACR Imaging Network on the recent release of significant data from the National Oncologic PET Registry that dramatically illustrate the effectiveness of positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of cancer.

Is DNA repair a substitute for sex?
The bdelloid rotifer has thrived over millions of years of evolution apparently without the benefits of sexual recombination.

The influence of the irrelevant
Attractive women plus cool cars equal brisk sales for auto dealers as men snap up those cars, prompted -- or so advertising theory goes -- by the association.

Autism Speaks collaborates on grant with the Allen Institute for Brain Science and autism expert
The collaborative grant will allow scientists to examine molecular markers of genetic activity in the brain of patients with autism, providing insight into the biological causes that underlie the disorder.

Bones mend faster without marrow
A new study suggests that removing bone marrow from fractured or broken bone could encourage new bone growth and speed up recovery.

Experiments point to new treatments for PKD
A family of small molecules called CFTR inhibitors show promising effects in slowing the progression of polycystic kidney disease, the most common genetic disease of the kidneys, according to preliminary research reported in the July 2008 issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

NIST shows on-card fingerprint match is secure, speedy
A fingerprint identification technology for use in Personal Identification Verification cards that offers improved protection from identity theft meets the standardized accuracy criteria for federal identification cards according to NIST researchers.

Promising new nanotechnology for spinal cord injury
A spinal cord injury often leads to paralysis because the damaged nerve fibers can't grow past scar tissue around the injury.

Studies' message to women: Keep your cool
Whether you are running for president or looking for a clerical job, you cannot afford to get angry if you are a woman, Yale University psychologist Victoria Brescoll has found.

Researchers ID gene linked to lung cancer
Researchers at Johns Hopkins, as part of a large, multi-institutional study, have found one gene variant that is linked to an increased risk of lung cancer.

Overweight kids have fewer cavities, new study shows
Contrary to conventional wisdom, overweight children have fewer cavities and healthier teeth compared to their normal weight peers.

Food writer wins prestigious ACS journalism award
Harold McGee, Ph.D., has been chosen to receive the 2008 Grady-Stack Award for Interpreting Chemistry for the Public, a prestigious journalism honor given by the American Chemical Society.

Working memory has limited 'slots'
A new study by researchers at UC-Davis shows how our very short-term

New formula for combating the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide
The cost of treating wastewater contaminated with nitrogen could be lowered in future.

1 year after Solomon Islands, scientists learn barrier to earthquakes weaker than expected
On the one year anniversary of a devastating earthquake and tsunami in the Solomon Islands that killed 52 people, scientists are revising their understanding of the potential for similar giant earthquakes in other parts of the globe.

Study finds that discrimination varies by gender and race
Men are more likely to tolerate discrimination than women, however both sexes tend to accept prejudice against poorly educated immigrants and Arab-American airplane travelers, according to a study by the USC-Caltech Center for the Study of Law and Politics.

A coffee with your doughnut could protect against Alzheimer's disease
A daily dose of caffeine blocks the disruptive effects of high cholesterol that scientists have linked to Alzheimer's disease.

National Science Board names 2008 Public Service Award winners
The National Science Board today announced its 2008 Public Service Award Winners: the Bayer Corp. and SAE International.

ACP encourages adults to document health care decisions in advance
The American College of Physicians is participating in National Healthcare Decisions Day.

FEBS Letters Structured Digital Abstracts experiment
FEBS Letters, one of the leading journals for short reports in molecular biosciences, announced today an exciting new enhancement to the journal article: Structured Digital Abstracts.

Evidence lacking on health benefits of drinking lots of water
A recent look at what is known about the health effects of drinking water reveals that most supposed benefits are not backed by solid evidence.

Symposium to explore role nanoparticles may play in disease
Two Mayo Clinic researchers who study the role nanoparticles may play in hardening of the arteries and in the formation of kidney stones, will lead a symposium on how these super-small particles may affect the body's physiology.

CO2 emission reduction assumptions overly optimistic, says study
Reducing global emissions of carbon dioxide this century is going to be more challenging than society has been led to believe, according to a new research commentary article appearing April 3 in Nature.

New fish has a face even Dale Chihuly could love
A fish that would rather crawl into crevices than swim, and that may be able to see in the same way that humans do, could represent an entirely unknown family of fishes, says a University of Washington fish expert.

Households with kids with autism likely to earn less
New research suggests that the average household with children with autism not only spends thousands of dollars toward educational, behavioral and health care expenses each year, but also suffers from a lesser-known cost that hits them up front -- a sizeable chunk of missed household income, perhaps as much as $6,200 annually.

Knowing doctor's financial interests doesn't deter clinical trial participants
A patient's willingness to participate in a clinical trial may be unaffected by the disclosure of a researcher's financial interests in the study, unless the amount of money a researcher stands to earn depends on the results of the trial, according to a new study by researchers at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, Wake Forest University, and the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics.

Female vets at risk of miscarriage from anesthetic gases and pesticides
Female vets run twice the risk of miscarriage as a result of exposure to anesthetic gases and pesticides, suggests a study published ahead of print in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Nanosized technology has supersized effect on tumors
Anyone facing chemotherapy would welcome an advance promising to dramatically reduce their dose of these often harsh drugs.

Harold Mooney wins prestigious Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement
Harold Mooney has been awarded the 2008 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement for his work in helping to transform ecology into a global discipline.

Ayurvedic nightshade deadly for dengue mosquito
Mosquitoes responsible for spreading disease are increasingly becoming resistant to synthetic insecticides.

Alberta physiologist earns top national honor for spinal cord research
Dr. Richard Stein, a professor emeritus in the University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, has been named the 2007 recipient of the Barbara Turnbull Award for Spinal Cord Research.

Stanford researcher criticizes FDA plans to reduce oversight of off-label drug use
Proposed guidelines from the US Food and Drug Administration would allow companies to market more drugs for unapproved uses and are a step in the wrong direction, said a researcher from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

GBIF seed money awards for 2007-2008
Twelve projects were selected to receive awards totaling 365,000 British pounds from among the 82 proposals received in response to the request that was made public on August 1, 2007.

Answering challenges of life in extreme environments research
Forty-two European experts in the field of life in extreme environments research met on March 18, in the British Antarctic Survey offices in Cambridge to officially kick off the CAREX project.

New and deadly viruses passed through sweet food and domestic animals
Nipah virus is a new and deadly brain and lung disease that emerged from Singapore and Malaysia ten years ago.

David H. Ledbetter, Ph.D., F.A.C.M.G., is the 2008-2009 Luminex/ACMGF Award recipient
David H. Ledbetter, Ph.D., F.A.C.M.G., is the 2008-2009 Luminex/ACMGF Award recipient.

Lack of patient-provider discussion contributes to disparities in use of breast reconstruction
In a new study examining disparities in postmastectomy breast reconstruction, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Mass., concluded that lack of patient-provider discussion may contribute to socioeconomic, age and race-related inconsistencies in the use of breast reconstruction after mastectomy.

Sexual dissatisfaction in postmenopausal women not linked to cardiovascular disease
Although sexual dysfunction in some men is predictive of cardiovascular disease, this association has never been examined in women.

Researchers discover gene behind devastating vitamin B12-related disorder
Swiss, British and Canadian researchers have identified the gene responsible for a rare but serious genetic disorder and have simultaneously provided more clues as to how vitamin B12 works in the body.

Emission reduction assumptions for carbon dioxide overly optimistic, study says
Reducing global emissions of carbon dioxide over the coming century will be more challenging than society has been led to believe, according to a research commentary appearing this week in the journal Nature.

Study identifies mechanism underlying multidrug resistance in fungi
A team of researchers has identified a mechanism controlling multidrug resistance in fungi, a discovery that could help advance treatments for opportunistic fungal infections that frequently plague individuals with compromised immunity, such as patients receiving chemotherapy, transplant recipients treated with immunosuppressive drugs, and AIDS patients.

The bombardier beetle, power venom and spray technologies
The bombardier beetle is inspiring designers of engines, drug-delivery devices and fire extinguishers to improve spray technologies, writes Andy McIntosh, from Leeds University, and Novid Beheshti, of Swedish Biomimetics 3000 Ltd., in April's Physics World.

Chemist wins national award for contributions in surface chemistry
Gabor A. Somorjai, Ph.D., has been chosen to receive the 2008 Priestley Medal by the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, for his contributions to the fields of surface science and catalysis for more than 40 years.

Increased risk of myocardial infarction and diabetes in East Germany
More people suffer from overweight, high blood pressure and metabolic disturbances in East Germany than in West Germany.

Carnegie Mellon researchers to curb CO2 emissions
Carnegie Mellon University's Chris T. Hendrickson and H. Scott Matthews along with Alex Carpenter and Heather MacLean of the University of Toronto challenge Canadian officials to take the lead in eliminating dangerous carbon dioxide emissions.

Gypsy moth management made more efficient, cost-effective
A new computer model has been developed that provides land managers with a more efficient and cost-effective approach for controlling gypsy moths and other invasive pests.

Emission reduction assumptions for carbon dioxide overly optimistic, study says
Reducing global emissions of carbon dioxide over the coming century will be more challenging than society has been led to believe, according to a commentary in Nature by a team of scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, the University of Colorado and McGill University.

Seismologist's project uses public's laptops to monitor and predict earthquakes
An idea for monitoring earthquakes that UC Riverside seismologist Elizabeth Cochran came up with two years ago is now being realized, and has the potential to save lives in case an earthquake strikes.

Scientists find genetic factor in stress response variability
Scientists identified gene variants that affect the expression of neuropeptide Y, a molecule that regulates emotional responses and other functions.

Were Assyrian rulers the forefathers of today's CEOs?
Tel Aviv University archaeologists find ancient Jerusalem may be a model for today's corporations.

More solid than solid: A potential hydrogen-storage compound
Researchers at NIST's Center for Neutron Research have demonstrated that a novel class of materials potentially could enable a practical hydrogen fuel tank for cars.

Bon MOT: Innovative atom trap catches highly magnetic atoms
A research team from NIST and the University of Maryland has succeeded in cooling atoms of a rare-earth element, erbium, to within two millionths of a degree of absolute zero using a novel trapping and laser cooling technique. potential applications range from nanoscale sensors to quantum computing.

2008 Signature Genomic Laboratories Travel Award presented
Madhuri R. Hegde, Ph.D., F.A.C.M.G., was honored as the 2008 recipient of the Signature Genomic Laboratories Travel Award at the American College of Medical Genetics 2008 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Ariz.

Book examines clash of capitalism and the environment
The environment will continue to deteriorate so long as capitalism continues to be the modern world's economic engine, argues Gus Speth, dean of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.

Professor Suzanne Cory honored with national citation award
The director of The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, professor Suzanne Cory, is one of the top 10 Australian recipients of the 2008 Thomson Scientific Citation Awards announced at the National Press Club in Canberra.

Childhood mental health problems blight adult working life
Mental health problems in childhood blight adult working life, suggests research published ahead of print in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
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