Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 11, 2008
Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients benefit from use of USFNA of lymph nodes
Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the lymph nodes is a safe, useful, and minimally invasive procedure for diagnosing metastatic disease in patients who are undergoing preoperative staging for breast cancer, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Rhode Island Hospital/Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University in Providence, R.I.

Cycling more intelligently
Cycling is fun -- if you can find the right tread.

With annual deaths from malaria on the rise: Scientists ask 'where is all the money going?'
A new study in the April issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, asks the question

Stem cells offer cartilage repair hope for arthritis sufferers
Research being presented April 11 at the UK National Stem Cell Network Annual Science Meeting in Edinburgh could offer hope that bone stem cells may be harnessed to repair the damaged cartilage that is one of the main symptoms of osteoarthritis.

A diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer doesn't always mean cancer spread
Triple-negative breast cancers are a heterogeneous group and may not always be associated with lymph node spread, a new study shows.

Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center presents at National Conference on Child Health Psychology
Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center staff will present on the following topics at the 2008 National Conference on Child Health Psychology April 10-12 in Miami:

Lung transplants in cystic fibrosis patients with life-threatening bacteria sparks debate at ISHLT
During Wednesday's Satellite Symposium 3:

CT useful and effective when diagnosing patients with large bowel obstruction
The use of CT is highly effective in confirming large bowel obstruction and identifying the site and cause of obstruction, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the University of South Manchester in Manchester, UK.

Landon Foundation-AACR INNOVATOR Awards
Reinforcing its commitment to supporting high-quality cancer research, the Kirk A. and Dorothy P.

Keep boys and girls together, TAU research suggests
More girls in the classroom is better for both genders.

Human mind product of chaotic evolutionary path, NYU psychology professor concludes in new book
The human mind, far from being a highly efficient computer, is in fact the product of a bumpy evolutionary path, serving as a marvelous storage facility but operating as a shaky retrieval system, concludes New York University's Gary Marcus in his new book

MRI changes breast cancer treatment choice; increases time to treatment
More than a quarter of breast cancer patients who had an MRI examination before their initial surgical treatment had their treatment change, according to a study out of Yale University School of Medicine.

National hospice study reveals gaps in service
More than a third of Americans now die under the care of a hospice service, a huge increase from just a decade ago and a major advance in end-of-life care.

Screening mammography in elderly patients beneficial
Although guidelines keep changing regarding screening mammography in elderly patients, those older than 70 years old continue to benefit from this exam, showing that with frequent mammograms breast cancers can be found sooner, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Jacobi Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, in Bronx, N.Y.

Scientists compiled 20th century temperature data in Spain as evidence of climatic change
Climatic change has given rise to such a relevant debate that the need of proving, with truthful and reliable data, the existence of a rise in temperature, has become essential.

More safety for cell phone batteries
Fraunhofer researchers will be presenting a novel lithium-ion battery at Hannover Messe on April 21-25.

Geologists discover new way of estimating size and frequency of meteorite impacts
Scientists have developed a new way of determining the size and frequency of meteorites that have collided with Earth.

Researchers find disparities in depression among older Hispanics in US
Older Puerto Ricans have higher rates of depression than other Hispanics living in the United States, according to a new study by researchers at Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research.

Nervous system for structures
Technical structures will soon have their own nervous system. Developers and users expect this to bring greater safety, maintenance activities only when required, and a more efficient use of material and energy.

Tourist information wherever you are
Would you like instant access to information on the buildings and scenery you see on your travels?

Major surgery no longer needed for the removal of uterine fibroids
The treatment of uterine fibroids with 3T MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is safe, noninvasive and effective, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, N.Y.

MRI 'best' for looking at breast cancer and more
The use of MRI is effective in differentiating the blood supply to medial and lateral breast tumors, which is important in treatment planning and prognosis according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Miami in Miami, Fla., and the Rabin Medical Center in Petah Tikva, Israel.

Patient exposure to radiation significantly lower when using new cardiac CT technique
A new cardiac CT technique, prospective gated 64-channel cardiac CT, has a significantly lower radiation dose and produces CT coronary angiograms with better image quality when compared with the standard retrospective ECG gating, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Washington in Redmond, Wash.

ESF conference probes water's mysterious interactions at molecular level
Some of the most challenging problems in science concern the behavior of the most commonplace compound on the planet's surface -- water.

Radiation beneficial for older breast cancer patients
A breast cancer patient's age alone should not determine whether or not she receives standard breast-conservation treatments, including a lumpectomy and radiation therapy; however, if additional health problems are present, treatments should be individualized based on age and the type of comorbidities, according to a study in the April 1 edition of the International Journal for Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

Mammography plus sonography can help rule out breast cancer in patients with palpable lesions
When mammography and sonography are used together to evaluate palpable breast lesions, they can rule out cancers in most patients, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Baystate Health in Springfield, Mass.

MDCT accurate in detecting stenosis in calcified coronary artery plaque
Multidetector CT angiography can accurately predict the presence of obstructive disease (stenosis) in small and moderate-sized calcified coronary artery plaque, and is even fairly accurate in diagnosing large and heavily calcified CAP, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pa.

Embryonic stem cells could help to overcome immune rejection problems
Tissues derived from embryonic stem cells could help to pacify the immune system and so prevent recipients from rejecting them, the UK National Stem Cell Network Science Meeting will hear today (April 11).

Macadamia nuts can be included in heart healthy diet
Macadamia nuts included in a heart healthy diet reduced low-density cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and should be included among nuts with qualified health claims, according to researchers.

MRI and PET/CT can prevent unnecessary treatment of some cervical cancer patients
MRI and PET/CT can help spare patients with clinically operable cervical cancer from unnecessary high-morbidity treatment, however, pretreatment imaging does not lead to increased survival of these patients, a new study shows.

'Quantum Explorer' awarded top neutron prize
Dr. Radu Coldea of Bristol University has been awarded the B.T.M.

Stem cells and cancer: Scientists investigate a fine balancing act
Speaking today at the UK National Stem Cell Network Annual Science Meeting in Edinburgh, Professor Silvia Marino shows how the mechanisms normally involved in balancing different functions of stem cells may also contribute to cancer.

IOM report on averting crisis in care of older Americans releases April 14
A new report by the Institute of Medicine recommends ways to avert an impending health care crisis as the growing number of older patients increasingly outpaces the number of health care workers with the skills to meet their needs.

Extremely low dose CT coronary angiography shows promise in assessing cardiac function
Extremely low dose CT coronary angiography can be used to measure cardiac function and has the potential for use when other commonly used examinations are limited, a preliminary study indicates.

Underwater microscope helps prevent shellfish poisoning along Gulf Coast of Texas
Through the use of an automated, underwater cell analyzer developed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, researchers and coastal managers were recently able to detect a bloom of harmful marine algae in the Gulf of Mexico and prevent human consumption of tainted shellfish.

New UEA-Cefas alliance launched
In a bid to significantly boost our understanding of the fragile marine environment, the University of East Anglia and the Center for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science are launching a new strategic alliance.

Günter M. Ziegler wins 2008 Communicator Award
Mathematician Günter M. Ziegler is the winner of this year's Communicator Award, granted by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Donors' Association for the Promotion of Sciences and Humanities in Germany.

Can micro-scaffolding help stem cells rebuild the brain after stroke?
Inserting tiny scaffolding into the brain could dramatically reduce damage caused by strokes the UK National Stem Cell Network Annual Science Meeting will hear today.

Prices at the push of a button
Changing the prices on supermarket shelves often involves a lot of running around for the employees.

As close as possible to reality
Supercomputers simulate products and manufacturing processes with-in minutes. In the Computer Aided Robust Design CAROD project, Fraunhofer researchers are developing new methods and software that significantly improve the quality of the virtual components.

New technique in treating patients with liver cancer proves effective
Use of multipolar radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of colorectal liver metastases is effective and has a relatively low recurrence rate, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Charité, Campus Benjamin Franklin in Berlin, Germany.

Personality study shows risk of first depression episode late in life
Even after the age of 70, people prone to feelings of anxiety, worry, distress and insecurity face a risk for a first lifetime episode of clinically significant depression, according to a unique study led by a University of Rochester Medical Center researcher.

New procedure in diagnosing small bowel disorders proves efficient and effective
Sonoenteroclysis, a new sonographic method in evaluating and diagnosing small bowel disorders is an effective alternative to the usual method of barium enteroclysis, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India.

3T MRI plays significant role in detecting prostate cancer, study says
The use of MRI without endorectal coil can detect prostate cancer and provide undistorted images with diagnostic image quality and accurate tumor localization, according to a recent case report conducted by researchers from the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.

Let's focus on solutions
The International Rice Research Institute is calling on the international community -- with particular emphasis on donors -- to start focusing on solutions to what's being described as a

MRI better than MDCT in detecting endoleaks, study says
Contrast-enhanced MR imaging is significantly superior to 16 slice multidetector CT in the detection of endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurisms, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at Ospedale San Giovanni in Bellinzona, Switzerland.
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