Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 16, 2008
NIST tool helps Internet master top-level domains
At the request of a worldwide Internet organization, a computer scientist at NIST developed an algorithm that may guide applicants in proposing new

Weather, waves and wireless: Super strength signalling
Leicester scientist explains how radio waves traveling over the sea can have enhanced signal strengths.

Item! Candidates are buying your vote
A daring new article in the Journal of Political Economy creates a theoretical voting system where, in addition to the already accepted campaign promises, votes can be bought and sold free of stigma.

NYU Langone Medical Center's tip sheet to the 44th annual meeting of ASCO
The following news tips are based on abstracts or poster presentations at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology to be held in Chicago, Ill., May 30-June 3, 2008.

200 leading experts to attend NJIT's Fifth Annual Math Conference set for May 19-21, 2008, in Newark
New Jersey Institute of Technology will host May 19-21, 2008, more than 200 leading experts for the 5th Annual Frontiers in Applied and Computational Mathematics Conference, an unusual three-day event featuring leading researchers who will discuss the latest news and research findings in their fields.

Disabling mouse enzyme increases fertility
Changing the sugars attached to a hormone produced in the pituitary gland increased fertility levels in mice nearly 50 percent, a research group at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Drug fends off kidney cancer progression
New data from an international, multi-center Phase III clinical trial has found that the experimental targeted therapy everolimus (RAD001) significantly delays cancer progression in patients with metastatic kidney cancer whose disease had worsened on other treatments.

Emergency links: NIST identifies 'sweet spot' for radios in tunnels
Researchers at NIST have confirmed that underground tunnels -- generally a difficult setting for radios -- can have a frequency

How did that chain letter get to my inbox?
Everyone who has an e-mail account has probably received a forwarded chain letter promising good luck if the message is forwarded on to others -- or terrible misfortune if it isn't.

IEEE Fellow first woman to receive highest award in engineering profession
Dr. Kristina M. Johnson, provost and senior vice president for Academic Affairs at Johns Hopkins University, recently received the John Fritz Medal from the American Association of Engineering Societies.

Scientists identified earthquake faults in Sichuan, China
Only last summer research published by earth scientists in the international journal Tectonics concluded that geological faults in the Sichuan Basin, China,

Experts tackle shipment issues for beneficial radiation sources
Delays and denials of shipments involving regulated radioactive materials used in medicine and industry are of growing concern to safety and industry experts.

Scientists on trail of way to predict NF1 tumor growth and associated malignant tumors
Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have identified proteins that could be biological markers of non-cancerous nerve tumors called Neurofibromatosis 1, which can change to a highly aggressive cancer called malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.

Precision control of movement in robots
A research team from the Department of Electricity and Electronics at the University of the Basque Country's Faculty of Science and Technology in Leioa, led by Victor Etxebarria, is investigating the characteristics of various types of materials for their use in the generation and measurement of precise movements.

Breaking news: Study revives Olympic prospects for amputee sprinter
Based on Rice and MIT findings, the Court of Arbitration for Sports in Lausanne, Switzerland, has ruled that Pistorius is eligible to participate in International Association of Athletics Federations sanctioned competitions.

British dignitaries to honor Sen. Domenici's dedication to scientific collaboration
Her Majesty's Consul Kevin Lynch and Science Consul Dr. May Akrawi will be in New Mexico honoring Senator Domenici's commitment to UK/US scientific collaboration with Professor Peter Littlewood and Dr.

Novel enzyme inhibitor paves way for new cancer drug
Wistar Institute scientists have developed a new type of enzyme inhibitor capable of blocking a biochemical pathway that plays a key role in cancer development.

Sulfur in marine archaeological shipwrecks -- the 'hull story' gives a sour aftertaste
Sulfur in marine archaeological shipwrecks -- the

ACP says major system reforms needed to improve the state of primary care medicine in the US
Declaring that

Ancient deep-sea coral reefs off southeastern US serve as underwater 'islands' in the Gulf stream
Largely unexplored deep-sea coral reefs, some perhaps hundreds of thousands of years old, off the coast of the southeastern US are not only larger than expected but also home to commercially valuable fish populations and many newly discovered and unusual species.

Calpis' AmealPeptide lowers blood pressure in 2 placebo-controlled trials
Two new clinical trials presented by Calpis Co. Ltd. at the American Society of Hypertension 23rd Annual Scientific Meeting and Exposition in New Orleans show that the milk-derived dietary supplement AmealPeptide reduces blood pressure in hypertensive patients.

New drug combination brings 1-2 punch against acute leukemia
Researchers at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have discovered a drug combination that kills leukemia cells by shutting down their energy source and hastening cell starvation.

New E-health recommendations from ACP aim to improve health care quality, safety, and access
In a new position paper released today, the American College of Physicians says that collaboration among physicians, patients, technology developers, and policymakers must occur if E-health activities like electronic communication between physicians and their patients, remote monitoring of patients, personal and electronic health records, and patients seeking health information online are to transform health care in the US.

Spin control: New technique sorts nanotubes by length
Researchers at NIST have reported a new technique to sort batches of carbon nanotubes by length using high-speed centrifuges.

Fibroids common, but women have options
Small fibroids located just beneath the lining of the uterus (submucosal) are more likely to move to the endometrial cavity after uterine artery embolization but usually don't cause major complications, according to a new study.

Research talent wins national Innovation in Nursing award
Professor Claire Rickard, from Griffith's School of Nursing and Midwifery, has won the Innovation in Nursing category of the HESTA Australian Nursing Awards.

Latest research on GI health presented at DDW 2008
Highlights of new studies include colonoscopies, pancreatic cancer, liver disease, disparities, celiac disease, NSAIDS and imaging.

New study links fate of personal care products to environmental pollution and human health concerns
People's concern in maintaining germ-free homes has led to the widespread use of anti-bacterial soaps and cleaning agents.

Iressa shows promise for treatment of metastatic breast cancer when combined with hormonal therapy
Gefitinib, the once-promising drug formerly approved as a second line treatment for lung cancer, also known as Iressa, enhanced the effectiveness of hormonal therapy for the treatment of specific types of metastatic breast cancer, according to a Phase II clinical trial led by researchers at the University of Texas M.

Improved ion mobility is key to new hydrogen storage compound
A materials scientist at NIST has deciphered the structure of a new class of materials that can store relatively large quantities of hydrogen.

Separation from mom, dad linked with learning trouble in kids
In the wake of divorce, illness, violence and other problems that can unsettle homes, countless young children are liable to experience temporary separations from one or both parents before packing their knapsacks for kindergarten.

UN think tank urges legislators to support 'open source' information technologies, software
United Nations University-MERIT experts yesterday in Geneva urged parliamentarians to support open source software and information technologies as a way to let citizens participate meaningfully in the information society.

TetraQ recognized for toxicology services
TetraQ, the integrated preclinical contract research provider based at the University of Queensland, has attained Good Laboratory Practice recognition for its toxicology services after satisfying rigorous internationally benchmarked criteria.

Bitter orange SRMs: Tools for product analysis/quality
NIST has developed Standard Reference Materials for bitter orange, long used in folk medicine and now increasingly used in herbal weight-loss products.

Daljit Ahluwalia, acclaimed math chair at NJIT, to be honored
Daljit Ahluwalia, the visionary, vibrant and long-time chair of NJIT's department of mathematical sciences, will be honored at 6:30 p.m. on May 19, 2008.

CAPHOSOL relieves oral mucositis and improves quality-of-life in cancer patients
New data show that CAPHOSOL, an advanced electrolyte solution, relieves painful oral mucositis and improves quality of life for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Disorder enables extreme sensitivity in piezoelectric materials
A research team working at NIST has found an explanation for the extreme sensitivity to mechanical pressure or voltage of a special class of solid materials called relaxors.

Biosensor for measuring stress in cells
Reactive oxygen compounds, including the well-known

Researchers expand natural killer cells in cord blood to fight leukemia
Researchers from The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have found a therapy that effectively kills human leukemia cells in mice using natural killer cells from umbilical cord blood.

New method proposed for determining which patients should get treatment for colorectal cancer
A new study being presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in Chicago (Abstract #4020), may change treatment practice in about 25 percent of patients with colon cancer, and is the basis for proposed changes to the way colorectal cancers will be staged.

Strange star stumps astronomers
An obese oddball of a star has left astronomers wondering how it could have formed.

Bone drug could help prevent the spread of breast cancer
Maintaining bone density could be a key to decreasing the spread of cancer in women with locally advanced breast cancer, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
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