Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2008
Miracle leaves that may help protect against liver damage
Sea buckthorn berries are well known for their cholesterol busting properties, but scientists in India say that its leaves are also rich in antioxidants and may help ward off liver disease, according to new research due to be published in the Society of Chemical Industry's Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

New study shows positive role physical therapists play in lymphedema diagnois and treatment
A recent study shows that pre-operative assessments of patients with breast cancer by physical therapists allow for early diagnosis and successful treatment of lymphedema.

Earth's sediments record a falling sky
A new publication by the Geological Society of America illustrates the sedimentary record of meteorite impacts on Earth.

Lone asylum seeking children have experienced high levels of war trauma and need better care
Lone asylum seeking children are more likely to have experienced high levels of war trauma, combat and torture than those who arrive in a country with adult carers, according to a new study looking at the mental health of asylum seeking children in the UK.

Europeans unite to tap early universe for secrets of fundamental physic
The future of fundamental physics research lies in observing the early universe and developing models that explain the new data obtained.

Is Indy chasing a fake?
Two well-known crystal skulls, held in the British Museum and the Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., did not come from ancient Mexico as was once thought.

New research forces U-turn in population migration theory
Research led by the University of Leeds has discovered genetic evidence that overturns existing theories about human migration into Island Southeast Asia (covering the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysian Borneo) taking the timeline back by nearly 10,000 years.

U-M scientists remove thousands of aspens to glimpse forest's future
Armed with chainsaws and pry bars, University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues recently hastened the end for nearly 7,000 mature aspen and birch trees in a large-scale, long-term experiment to glimpse the Great Lakes region's future forests.

Arctic explorer delivers unique snow-depth data for CryoSat
Following a formidable 106-day trek across the Arctic, which ended with the two Arctic Arc expedition members relying on Envisat images to guide them safely through disintegrating sea-ice, intrepid polar explorer Alain Hubert recently visited ESA to handover a unique set of snow-depth measurements.

New alliance builds low carbon future
The UK's drive towards a sustainable built environment received a significant boost today with the launch of a new partnership between the University of East Anglia and the Building Research Establishment.

Public schools as good as private schools in raising math scores, study says
Students in public schools learn as much or more math between kindergarten and fifth grade as similar students in private schools, according to a new University of Illinois study of multi-year, longitudinal data on nearly 10,000 students.

A superorganism in trouble
In a time of global warming and catastrophic failure of bee colonies around the world, the new book,

Cold Spring Harbor scientists reveal a protein's role in enabling AIDS virus to reproduce
A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has discovered new details about how a simian strain of the AIDS virus replicates.

Remote-control health
With search engine companies establishing online personal health records for their users and surgeons on the brink of making robotic surgery routine, it makes sense to have a remote medical care system that can support nursing staff, care managers and other health care workers.

Blood cholesterol levels predict risk of heart disease due to hormone therapy
A new analysis of a subgroup of participants in the Women's Health Initiative hormone therapy clinical trials suggests that healthy, post-menopausal women whose blood cholesterol levels are normal or lower are not at increased, short-term risk for heart attack when taking hormone therapy.

Biotechnology vs. sustainability: What do students think?
In a Sustainable Agriculture course at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls, students were asked to agree or disagree with 17 statements related to sustainable agriculture and biotechnology during the first class session and again during the last session.

Scopus announces launch of the user-friendly Scopus Journal Analyzer
Scopus, the world's largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, today announced the launch of the Scopus Journal Analyzer.

Raising a stop sign to human traffic
Trade in people is not a new phenomenon, but the modern manifestation of slavery, according to US researchers.

Managing computer fraud
Shalini Kesar, a computer scientist at Southern Utah University in Cedar City, has devised an antifraud strategy for business.

Failed HIV drug gets second chance with addition of gold nanoparticles
Researchers at North Carolina State University have discovered that adding tiny bits of gold to a failed HIV drug rekindle the drug's ability to stop the virus from invading the body's immune system.

Monitoring blood flow helps improve prostate biopsies, Jefferson researchers report
Using a special ultrasound technique to spot areas of blood flow in the prostate gland may substantially reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies, according to a new study by urologists and radiologists at the Jefferson Prostate Diagnostic Center and the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson in Philadelphia.

Novel toxin receptor discovered for ulcer-causing stomach pathogen
Helicobacter pylori is one tough bug. It can survive in the human stomach, a zone with a pH somewhere between that of lemon juice and battery acid.

Findings released from 1 of the largest percutaneous coronary intervention trials ever
A study led by Gregg W. Stone, M.D., professor of medicine at Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian and chairman of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation, has shown that heart attack patients who were administered the direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin during primary angioplasty had a reduced rate of adverse clinical events, a lower rate of major bleeding, and a lower mortality rate than those who were treated with a regimen of heparin and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors.

Hypoxia training suppresses harmful cardiac nitric oxide production during heart attack
Ischemic heart disease is the leading killer in the United States and other developed nations, yet clinically effective, noninvasive therapies to prevent ischemic damage of the heart remain elusive.

UCLA researchers identify leukemia stem cells
Stem cell researchers at UCLA have identified a type of leukemia stem cell and uncovered the molecular and genetic mechanisms that cause a normal blood stem cells to become cancerous.

Let there be light
Researchers from the Peninsula Medical School in Cornwall, UK, have modified a photodynamic therapy treatment that combines a topically applied cream with visible light to destroy cancer cells while leaving surrounding tissue unharmed.

Glowing films developed by UC San Diego chemists reveal traces of explosives
New spray-on films developed by UC San Diego chemists will be the basis of portable devices that can quickly reveal trace amounts of nitrogen-based explosives.

Arc collision zones center of much activity
The Geological Society of America announces a new publication focusing on the sedimentary record in arc settings and arc collision zones, including their relationship to tectonic events, geomorphology, and climate feedback.

Origin of cells for connective tissues of skull and face challenged
With improved resolution, tissue-specific molecular markers and precise timing, University of Oregon biologist James A.

Male painters exposed to fertility damaging chemicals
Men working as painters and decorators who are exposed to glycol ethers are more likely to have poor semen quality, according to research carried out by scientists from the Universities of Sheffield and Manchester.

Video games can make us creative if spark is right
Video games that energize players and induce a positive mood could also enhance creativity, according to media researchers.

Journal of Ultrasound In Medicine features bioeffects consensus report
The April 2008 issue of the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine includes an important special feature, the

Scientists announce top 10 new species, issue SOS
The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and an international committee of taxonomists -- scientists responsible for species exploration and classification -- today announce the top 10 new species described in 2007.

Al Gore and Tom Stoppard among 2008 Dan David Prize Winners at TAU
The seven 2008 Dan David Prize laureates, including Al Gore and Sir Tom Stoppard, were recognized for their impact on the world at a ceremony held May 19 at Tel Aviv University.

Pittsburgh scientists find protein may be key to new therapies for elevated triglycerides
Diabetes researchers at the John G. Rangos Sr. Research Center at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC have identified a potential target for the development of new therapies to treat hypertriglyceridemia, a lipid disorder commonly seen in people who are obese and diabetic.
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