Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2008
Tumor suppressor genes speed up and slow down aging in engineered mouse
Mayo Clinic researchers have developed an animal model that can test the function of two prominent tumor suppressor genes, p16 and p19, in the aging process.

International Diabetes Federation grant supports study to prevent type 2 diabetes in India
The International Diabetes Federation BRIDGES translational research grant program will fund a lifestyle intervention trial that seeks to reduce the risk of for people developing type 2 diabetes in Chennai, India.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2008
Stories on the following topics are from the US Department of Energy: navigation, electronics, biology and energy.

New research shows overheating newborns can increase the risk of SIDS
New research at the University of Calgary shows that smoking while pregnant, as well as thermal stress, can lead to an increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

IEEE-USA-supported Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act signed into law
Legislation that IEEE-USA has long supported protecting people from discrimination in employment and health insurance based on genetic information was recently signed into law.

Unexpected results from study in mice may open new strategy against Alzheimer's disease
Interrupting a signaling pathway in certain immune system cells in laboratory mice had the opposite effect researchers expected but opened the possibility of a new approach to treating Alzheimer's disease, according to an article in the journal Nature Medicine.

7 outstanding young gastroenterologists receive AGA Foundation 2008 Research Scholars Award
The Foundation for Digestive Health and Nutrition has announced the 2008 American Gastroenterological Association Foundation Research Scholars.

Sophisticated soil analysis for improved land use
Researchers investigated different components of variation in soil at diverse scales ranging from the nanoscale to entire biomes in order to improve predictions of soil processes.

Smoking during pregnancy increases risk of SIDS
A new study provides the most direct evidence that there exists a causal link between smoking during pregnancy and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

MIT develops a 'paper towel' for oil spills
A mat of nanowires with the touch and feel of paper could be an important new tool in the cleanup of oil and other organic pollutants, MIT researchers and colleagues report in the May 30 online issue of Nature Nanotechnology.

Advil or Excedrin? New model helps predict product choices
In today's world, consumers face a dizzying array of product choices.

Forest canopies help determine natural fertilization rates
In this week's issue of Science, a team of researchers from the United States and Sweden report on a newly identified factor that controls the natural input of new nitrogen into boreal forest ecosystems.

Look before you leap: New study examines self-control
Reckless decision-making can lead to dire consequences when it comes to food, credit cards, or savings.

Access to electronic medical records significantly increases efficiency of emergency care
A new study led by Paul Sierzenski, M.D., R.D.M.S., of Christiana Care Health System, Wilmington, Del., discusses the benefits gained from providing health care workers with immediate access to patient medical records during a mass casualty incident.

Bikini-clad women make men impatient
Images of sexy women tend to whet men's sexual appetite.

Rivaroxaban phase III pivotal data presented at EFORT annual meeting
Results from a pivotal Phase III clinical trial presented today demonstrate that rivaroxaban, an oral, once-daily, investigational anticoagulant medication, was superior in preventing venous blood clots in patients who underwent total knee replacement surgery.

Caltech astrophysicist wins 1 of first Kavli Prizes
Quasars -- now known to be compact halos of matter that surround the massive black holes of distant galaxies -- were once thought to be stars in our own galaxy.

Largest ever acoustics meeting is next month from June 30 to July 4, in Paris, France
There is only one place this summer where the tiger's roar will meet birdsongs; where the voice of the banjo and clarinet will be heard next door to advanced sonar systems.

New text highlights role of microorganisms in alternative energy development
As the demand for and price of oil and other sources of energy continues to rise scientists are increasingly looking for abundant, cost-effective alternative sources of energy.

All bets are off: Office pools lead to unhappiness
Office pools for the NCAA basketball tournament or Oscar contests are fun, right?

Does fishing on drifting fish aggregation devices endanger the survival of tropical tuna?
An IRD team studying tropical tuna fisheries aimed to establish if the use of drifting fish aggregation devices, a technique employed increasingly for industrial-scale tuna fishery, could act as just such an ecological trap for these species.

Young adults at risk: 13.7 million lack health insurance coverage
The number of uninsured young adults in the United States rose to 13.7 million in 2006, from 13.3 million in 2005.

Self-assembled viruses
Korean researchers have made an artificial virus, which they have been able to use to transport both genes and drugs into the interior of cancer cells.

UNC health researchers explore how to take interactive video games to the next level
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health has received a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to explore how interactive digital games could be better designed to improve players' health.

Even low levels of air pollution may pose stroke risk
Short-term exposure to low levels of particulate air pollution may increase the risk of stroke or mini-stroke, according to findings that suggest current exposure standards could be insufficient to protect the public.

NYP/Columbia physician-scientists present at ASCO 44th annual meeting
Physician-scientists from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center will present their latest research findings at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting in Chicago, May 30 to June 3.

George Mason University releases study on informed trading prior to analyst downgrades
A new study from George Mason University reveals that not only are there abnormally high levels of short-selling of NASDAQ stocks prior to the public release of analyst downgrades, but evidence suggests that the short-sellers are informed traders.

Leeds medics solve an ancient riddle -- and offer new tool for diagnosis
A puzzling medical condition, identified more than 2,000 years ago by Hippocrates, has finally been explained by researchers at the University of Leeds.

How about dessert?
People with highly developed emotional sensibilities are better at making product choices, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

MBL awards journalism fellowships
Sixteen science writers and editors have been awarded prestigious Science Journalism Fellowships from the MBL (Marine Biological Laboratory), an internationally known biomedical and environmental research and educational center located in the village of Woods Hole, Mass., on Cape Cod.

US soldiers in high-tuberculosis areas face new epidemic: false positives
US Army service members are increasingly deployed in regions of the world where tuberculosis is rampant, such as Iraq and Afghanistan, and the military now faces a growing medical problem.

Golf prolongs life
Golf can be a good investment for the health, according to a new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet.

Restless legs syndrome can be relieved during day and night by rotigotine skin patches
Use of skin patches containing the drug rotigotine can relieve restless legs syndrome during both the day and night.

Potential therapy discovered for hypophosphatasia, a congenital form of rickets
Researchers at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research, led by José Luis Millán, Ph.D., have demonstrated in mice the first successful use of enzyme replacement therapy to prevent hypophosphatasia, a primary skeletal disease of genetic origin.

Drug may prolong organ life in noncompliant kidney transplant patients
New research from the University of California, San Diego, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, shows that the anti-rejection drug sirolimus may help prolong the clinical benefit of transplanted kidneys and delay rejection, especially in patients who do not regularly take their prescribed medications.

Greater awareness of genetic testing for impaired fetal movement can save babies' lives
New genetic mutations responsible for impaired fetal movement, which leads to a multitude or problems in later life as well as early spontaneous abortion, have been identified by a group of scientists, the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics will hear tomorrow.

Whole milk is effective and cost-effective as oral contrast agent
An item commonly found in many homes -- whole milk -- is just as effective, costs less and is easier on the patient than a diluted barium suspension that is also commonly used as an oral contrast agent in conjunction with CT to examine the gastrointestinal tract, a new study finds.

Living fossils have long- and short-term memory
Robyn Crook from the City University of New York reports that Nautilus, the ancient living ancestors of modern cephalopods, have both long and short-term memory, despite lacking the brain structures that modern cephalopods evolved for long-term memory.

Treatment guidelines lead to four-fold increase in survival rate for cardiac arrest
A new study finds that recent guidelines outlined by the American Heart Association for treatments used by emergency and critical care medical practitioners on cardiac arrest patients has lead to substantial improvements in survival rates.

Brown to host conference on advances in neurotechnology
Leading scientists nationwide explain the latest advances in neurotechnology, the emerging field in which technology such as implants, probes and electrical stimulators repair damage to the central nervous system in humans.

Researchers pinpoint gene mutations responsible for 10 percent of schizophrenia
Scans of the genome of patients with schizophrenia have revealed rare spontaneous copy number mutations that account for at least 10 percent of the non-familial cases of the disease.

Goddard scientists receive Lindsay Award for black hole research
Dr. Joan M. Centrella and Dr. John G. Baker are the 2008 recipients of the John C.

Stretchy spider silks can be springs or rubber
Spider silks are incredibly stretchy, but are they stretchy like elastic or springs?

Research measures movement of nanomaterials in simple model food chain
New research shows that while engineered nanomaterials can be transferred up the lowest levels of the food chain from single celled organisms to higher multicelled ones, the amount transferred was relatively low and there was no evidence of the nanomaterials concentrating in the higher level organisms.

Zero-calorie Aqua-Lyte hydrates as well as leading sports drink
A new study presented at the American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting today, demonstrates that Aqua-Lyte, an all natural, zero-calorie, zero sweetener water beverage, developed by researchers for Scientific Food Solutions LLC, for active persons hydrates as well as a leading sports/electrolyte drink, but does not contain any of the sugars, calories, and artificial ingredients many sports beverages offer consumers.

Saving face with a baby-face? Shape of CEO's face affects public perception
When a corporation has a public relations crisis, the news media splash photos of the company's CEO around the world.

Prevalence of pre-cancerous masses in the colon same in patients in their 40s and 50s
The prevalence of pre-cancerous masses in the colon is the same for average-risk patients who are 40 to 49 years of age and those who are 50 to 59 years of age, reports a new study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association Institute.

Eribulin mesylate demonstrated anti-tumor activity in patients with advanced breast cancer
The investigational chemotherapeutic agent eribulin mesylate (E7389) demonstrated activity in a heavily pretreated population of women with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, according to results of a multi-center Phase II clinical trial.

Jefferson, Ohio State team find gene signature profile for metastasis
Researchers at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson in Philadelphia and Ohio State University Medical Center in Columbus have identified a common signature of tiny, specific pieces of noncoding genetic material known as microRNAs (miRNAs) that may be directly involved in the spread of cancer.

Most caregivers of young children lack basic knowledge of potentially toxic household products
According to a new study, knowledge of potentially toxic household substances among primary caregivers for young children is alarmingly poor.

OHSU Cancer Institute researchers find novel chemo drug helps treat prostate cancer
Men with a certain type of prostate cancer have been shown to respond to a new chemotherapy drug, sagopilone, plus prednisone in an international trial led by Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute researchers.

Yale researchers clear up Alzheimer's plaques in mice
Blocking a common immune system response cleared up plaques associated with Alzheimer's Disease and enabled treated mice to recover some lost memory, Yale University researchers report Friday in the journal Nature Medicine.

Spontaneous mutations rife in nonfamilial schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia from families with no history of the illness were found to harbor eight times more spontaneous mutations -- most in pathways affecting brain development -- than healthy controls.

£1.2M trial to test effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy
A team of researchers, led by Dr Nicola Wiles at the University of Bristol and involving researchers from the Peninsula Medical School in the South West, has been awarded £1.2 million by the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment program for a clinical trial to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for patients with depression who do not respond to treatment with antidepressants.
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