Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2008
GLAST ready to go!
In a final meeting of scientists, engineers, technicians and officials, NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope received the final

Caloric intake negatively influences healthy adults' sleep patterns
Caloric intake negatively influences sleep patterns in healthy adults.

Worldwide mission to solve iron deficiency
A University of Adelaide researcher will lead an Australian project to help address the world's biggest nutritional deficiency -- lack of iron.

Evening-type college students on early daytime class schedules at a disadvantage
Eveningness is associated with not only later phases of a person's sleep-wake cycle, but also with sleep irregularities, more pronounced sleep restriction during the week, and higher sleep compensation on weekends.

Anti-estrogen drug therapy reduces risk of invasive breast cancer in older women
New analysis of a drug approved for osteoporosis prevention and treatment has provided definitive evidence that the medication is also effective as a breast cancer preventative for certain cancers.

'HiCy' drug regimen reverses ms symptoms in selected patients
A short-term, very-high dose regimen of the immune-suppressing drug cyclophosphamide seems to slow progression of multiple sclerosis in most of a small group of patients studied and may even restore neurological function lost to the disease, Johns Hopkins researchers report.

Cancer was one of the best things to happen to me ... but I worry about the future
For Dan Savage, surviving testicular cancer has been a spur to him making the most of his life and taking more adventurous decisions, and he says, that in retrospect, it was probably one of the best things that has happened to him.

Treatment at an AASM accredited sleep center improves long-term CPAP compliance
Obstructive sleep apnea patients are more likely to comply with continuous positive airway pressure for longer periods of time if they receive their treatment from a sleep center accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

Farmers who plant -- or replant -- after June 20 may see yields drop by half
A costly deadline looms for many growers in the Midwest, as every day of waiting for the weather to cooperate to plant corn and soybeans reduces potential yields.

Experts highlight gaps in knowledge on caring for survivors of teenage and young adult cancers
US and UK experts tell Teenage Cancer Trust's conference that not enough is known about the consequences of surviving cancer and its treatment for those who were diagnosed with the disease as teenagers and young adults.

Decreased total sleep time associated with increased REM sleep during subsequent naps
Decreased nightly total sleep time, even within the normal range, is associated with an increased percentage of REM sleep during subsequent naps.

Fat intake negatively influences the sleep pattern in healthy adults
Total fat intake and dinner fat intake seem to influence negatively the sleep pattern in healthy adults.

Mammography facility characteristics associated with accuracy of screening
Some characteristics of mammography facilities are associated with the accuracy of interpretation of screening mammograms, according to a study published online June 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Arecibo joins global network to create 6,000-mile telescope
On May 22, Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico joined other telescopes in North America, South America, Europe and Africa in simultaneously observing the same targets, simulating a telescope more than 6,800 miles (almost 11,000 kilometers) in diameter.

Study recommends development of standards for pediatric doses in nuclear medicine
Results of a recent survey of 13 pediatric hospitals in North America show a lack of universally applied standards for administering radiopharmaceutical doses to children undergoing nuclear medicine examinations, according to an article in the June issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Researchers untangle quantum quirk
Quantum computing has been hailed as the next leap forward for computers, promising to catapult memory capacity and processing speeds well beyond current limits.

Study shows 3-month-olds are sensitive to emotional cues referring to objects in the world
Scientists have discovered that 3-month-old infants are sensitive to emotional signals that refer to objects in the world.

First national study to examine golf cart-related injuries
The popularity of golf carts has skyrocketed in recent years, and unfortunately so has the number of golf cart-related injuries.

Cost of cancer care climbed between 1991 and 2002, as radiation and chemotherapy increased
The cost of cancer care incurred during the period two months prior to cancer diagnosis and 12 months following diagnosis increased substantially between 1991 and 2002 for elderly patients in the United States, according to a study published online June 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

MU researchers enhancing motion-capture technology to benefit older adults
Researchers at the University of Missouri Center for Eldercare and Rehabilitation Technology are working to help older adults live better lives by developing and evaluating motion-capture technology that monitors the physical functioning of older adults while preserving their privacy.

The symbolic monkey? Token-mediated economic choices in tufted capuchins
From paintings and photographs to coins and credit cards, we are constantly surrounded by symbolic artifacts.

G8+5 science academies call for action on climate change
Today the science academies for the G8+5 countries issued statements urging leaders worldwide to take action on two pressing global challenges.

Hubble's sweeping view of the Coma Galaxy Cluster
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures the magnificent starry population of the Coma Cluster of Galaxies, one of the densest known galaxy collections in the Universe.

Tune-deaf people may hear a sour note unconsciously
People with tune deafness, an auditory processing disorder in which a person with normal hearing has trouble distinguishing notes in a melody, are able to detect a wrong note unconsciously, researchers have found.

Link between migranes and sleep disorders in children
Children with a migraine headache are more likely to have sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea and lack of sleep, than children without a migraine.

Permafrost threatened by rapid retreat of Arctic sea ice, NCAR study finds
The rate of climate warming in the Arctic could more than triple, raising concerns about thawing permafrost and the potential consequences for sensitive ecosystems.

Dartmouth launches network security study
A team of Dartmouth researchers is preparing to launch a project that examines the campus wireless computer traffic in an effort to learn how the network is used and how to best maintain its security.

Shaw Prize goes to Reinhard Genzel
The Shaw Prize in Astronomy for 2008 is awarded to Professor Reinhard Genzel, Director of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, in recognition of his outstanding contribution in demonstrating that the Milky Way contains a supermassive black hole at its center, a result largely obtained with the help of ESO's telescopes.

Gender affects reaction to HIV-prevention materials
Both men and women tend to avoid gender-mismatched HIV-prevention brochures, but women are drawn to gendered over gender-neutral ones.

Cancer-killing viruses influence tumor blood-vessel growth
Viruses genetically designed to kill cancer cells offer a promising strategy for treating incurable brain tumors, but the body often eliminates the viruses before they can eliminate the tumor.

Consistent sleep aids children's performance on auditory attention task
Children who consistently get enough sleep benefit in their performance on an auditory attention task.

New study reveals large scale conservation essential
Overall, the study provides strong new evidence supporting the integration of multiple scales of conservation, including protected areas as well as landscape and seascape level conservation strategies.

Gladstone's Shinya Yamanaka wins prestigious Shaw Prize
Yamanaka shares with cloning pioneers.

A protein sequence associated with Huntington's disease may become life-saving vaccine component
Protective or therapeutic vaccines have to be supplemented with adjuvants, strong facilitators of the immune response.

OSA patients better educated from sleep medicine specialists, accredited sleep centers
Obstructive sleep apnea patients cared for by sleep centers accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and certified sleep medicine specialists receive better education than patients cared for by non-AASM accredited centers and noncertified physicians.

'Addicted' cells provide early cancer diagnosis
Scientists at the Institute of Food Research have detected subtle changes that may make the bowel more vulnerable to tumor development.

The Gerontological Society of America announces 2008 Hartford Pre-Dissertation Award winners
The Gerontological Society of America is pleased to introduce the twenty recipients of the 2008 Hartford Doctoral Fellows Pre-Dissertation Award.

Insured but poorly protected: 25 million adults are underinsured
The number of underinsured adults -- those with health insurance all year, but also very high medical expenses relative to their incomes -- rose by 60 percent between 2003 and 2007, from 16 million to more than 25 million, according to a new Commonwealth Fund study released today as a Health Affairs Web exclusive.

Study: Quick responses to influenza outbreaks reduces illness and death
Influenza outbreaks were shorter and resulted in fewer cases and fewer deaths at long-term care facilities that started residents on preventive antiviral medications within five days of the first case, compared to those that started later, according to a new study in the July 1 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, currently available online.

Complete 'family tree' of all British birds gives clues about which species might be endangered next
A new complete evolutionary

LA BioMed investigator wins Distinguished Educator Award
The Endocrine Society will present Ronald S. Swerdloff, M.D., a chief investigator at LA BioMed, with its Distinguished Educator Award during its annual convention June 15-18 in San Francisco.

Study of guanacos launched in Chile
The Wildlife Conservation Society has launched a study in Chile's Karukinka reserve on Tierra del Fuego to help protect the guanaco -- a wild cousin of the llama that once roamed in vast herds from the Andean Plateau to the steppes of Patagonia.

Essential dental treatment safe for pregnant women, says ADA journal study
Pregnant women can safely undergo essential dental treatment and receive topical and local anesthetics at 13 to 21 weeks gestation, says a study published in the June issue of The Journal of the American Dental Association.

U of M researchers discover gene linked to adult-onset obesity
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have discovered a gene that may provide a clue as to why obesity rates increase with age.

Tamoxifen might be effective in the treatment of Leishmania amazonensis infections
Researchers from the University of São Paulo, Brazil, have shown the efficacy of an alternative drug against Leishmania amazonensis, one of the species that causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in South America.

The ace perceptual skills of tennis pros
Tennis Grand Slam season is upon us once again with the French Open already over, and Wimbledon hot on its heels later in the month.

Decline in cigarette smoking offset by increase in cigars, snuff and other tobacco products
While trends in cigarette smoking and sales have declined in the US for the past decade, sales of noncigarette tobacco products have been on the rise.

Also in the June 10 JNCI
Also in the June 10 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute are a study on a possible treatment to reduce chemoresistance in melanoma and an observational study on the possible association between low melatonin and breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women.

Monash researcher receives prestigious Commonwealth Health Minister's award
Professor James Whisstock has received the Commonwealth Health Minister's Award for Excellence in Health and Medical Research.

Perfect vision but blind to light
Mammals have two types of light-sensitive detectors in the retina.

Physical activity -- not just a 'walk in the park'
Scientists reveal that there is little or no relationship between living near green spaces and participation in physical activity.

Engineer develops detergent to promote peripheral nerve healing
A detergent solution developed at the University of Texas at Austin that treats donor nerve grafts to circumvent an immune rejection response has been used to create acellular nerve grafts now used successfully in hospitals around the country.

Use of bright lighting may improve dementia symptoms for elderly persons
The use of daytime bright lighting to improve the circadian rhythm of elderly persons was associated with modest improvement in symptoms of dementia, and the addition of the use of melatonin resulted in improved sleep, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA.

Phase 3 data show efficacy of golimumab in RA patients previously treated with anti-TNF agents
Findings presented for the first time from a novel Phase 3 study showed patients with rheumatoid arthritis were previously treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha agents, experienced significant improvements in signs and symptoms and physical function after receiving every four-week subcutaneous injections of golimumab.

Children with Down Syndrome sleep poorly and have more fragmented sleep
Children with Down Syndrome sleep poorly, with more fragmented sleep and frequent awakenings compared to typically developing children.

Children with bigger neck sizes face an increased risk of a sleep-related breathing disorder
Children with bigger age-adjusted neck sizes may be at increased risk for a sleep-related breathing disorder, as well as increased severity of the disease.

Study finds virginity pledges may help postpone intercourse among youth
Making a virginity pledge may help some young people postpone the start of sexual activity.

Researchers uncover higher prevalence of periodontal disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients
A recent study published in the June issue of the Journal of Periodontology, the official publication of the American Academy of Periodontology, uncovered yet another potential side effect of RA.

Tapping computer science for a more ACCURATE vote
Inspiring campaign rallies. Whistle-stop stump speeches. Intense debates. This year's presidential elections have already exhibited a number of time-honored traditions in American democracy.

Author-physicist Peter Freund has passion for storytelling
Peter Freund packed his book,

Scenes of nature trump technology in reducing low-level stress
Technology can send a man to the moon, help unlock the secrets of DNA and let people around the world easily communicate through the Internet.

Delayed sleep phase syndrome linked to irregular menstrual cycles, premenstrual symptoms in women
Women with delayed sleep phase syndrome are more likely to report irregular menstrual cycles and premenstrual symptoms.

A call for standardized measurement of outcomes in depression treatment
Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University researchers are calling on clinicians to adopt a standardized measurement of outcomes when treating depression.

New research links smoking and body mass index to hearing loss
Smoking and body mass index are risk factors in the development of age-related hearing loss, says one of the largest-ever studies into risk factors for hearing loss -- but alcohol has a protective effect.

Raloxifene reduces risk of invasive estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer
Women who took raloxifene were less likely to develop invasive estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer compared with women who did not, according to data from a randomized controlled trial published online June 10 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

New handbook provides latest safety and health research to professionals
A new two-volume comprehensive book for safety and health professionals,

MLB teams with greater circadian advantage are more likely to succeed
The magnitude of circadian advantage influences the outcome of Major League Baseball games in that teams with greater circadian advantage are more likely to win.

St. John's wort does not appear effective for treating ADHD in children and teens
Children and teens with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder who were treated with the herb St.

Sleep problems linked to obesity, lower quality of life in school-aged children
A research abstract that will be presented on Tuesday at SLEEP 2008, the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies, finds an increased prevalence of sleep problems among school-aged children who are obese and an association between increased weight and lower quality of life.

Children who grind their teeth are more likely to have problems in school, be withdrawn
Tooth grinding has an association with pre-school performance when withdrawn behavior is present.

MIT: European system for cutting CO2 emissions is working well
In a bid to control greenhouse gas emissions linked to climate change, the European Union has been operating the world's first system to limit and to trade carbon dioxide.

New 'Expert Radiology' series fills a gap among available clinical imaging references
Elsevier introduced

CT lung cancer screening no cure-all for smokers
Screening for lung cancer with computed tomography may help reduce lung cancer deaths in current and former smokers, but it won't protect them from other causes of death associated with smoking, according to a new study.

Golf cart injuries on the rise
As golf carts are used in more settings off the golf course, the number of injuries is rising.

Researchers update risk-of-death charts
Researchers have updated charts that show an American's risk of dying from a given cause over the next ten years, based on age, sex and smoking status.

Psychoanalysts to convene annual meeting June 18-22 in Atlanta
The 97th Annual Meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association will be held at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta from Wednesday, June 18-22, 2008.

Increases in TST Related to CPAP treatment improve cognition in Alzheimer patients with OSA
Increases in total sleep time related to the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure are associated with improvements in cognition in patients with Alzheimer disease.

Testing, radiation testing: Northwestern transistors on space station
Transistors based on a new kind of material created by Northwestern University researchers have been lifted into outer space on the space shuttle Endeavour and attached to the outside of the International Space Station for radiation testing.

UC San Diego physicists reveal secrets of newest form of carbon
Using one of the world's most powerful sources of man-made radiation, physicists from UC San Diego, Columbia University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have uncovered new secrets about the properties of graphene -- a form of pure carbon that may one day replace the silicon in computers, televisions, mobile phones and other common electronic devices.

Northwestern chemist investigates lost reds in Homer painting
Scientific evidence has shown that the sky in Winslow Homer's watercolor

Phase 3 studies show golimumab significantly improved signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis
Findings from two new Phase 3 studies showed that patients receiving every four-week subcutaneous injections of golimumab 50 mg and 100 mg and weekly methotrexate experienced significant improvements in the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis as well as in physical function and disease activity, with some patients achieving remission as measured by Disease Activity Score.

Managing symptoms by mobile phone may revolutionize cancer care for young people
Researchers are harnessing the powers of digital communications technology to help young cancer patients at home manage the side-effects caused by chemotherapy.

For heart failure patients, certain findings on ECG predicts risk of rehospitalization and death
Among patients hospitalized with heart failure, having a longer than normal QRS duration appears to predict a high risk of death or rehospitalization within a few months after discharge, according to a study in the June 11 issue of JAMA.

QBI neuroscientists make Alzheimer's disease advance
Queensland Brain Institute neuroscientists at UQ have discovered a new way to reduce neuronal loss in the brain of a person with Alzheimer's disease.

Insomnia among returning war vets is as severe as patients with chronic insomnia
Insomnia together with post-deployment adjustment disorders among returning war veterans is as severe as patients suffering from chronic insomnia.

Taking a cue from breath fresheners, researcher develops new method for taste testing
Using the same concept behind commercial breath-freshening strips, a Temple University researcher has developed a new, easier method for clinical taste testing, created taste strips similar to breath-freshening strips, but these edible strips contain one of the five basic tastes that are detected by humans -- sweet, sour, salty, bitter and monosodium glutamate, which is also known as umami taste.

Extended driving impairs nocturnal driving performance
Extended driving at night impairs an individual's driving performance, and should, therefore, be limited.

Prevalence of pre-cancerous masses in the colon same in patients in their 40s and 50s
The prevalence of pre-cancerous masses in the colon is the same for average-risk patients who are 40 to 49 years of age and those who are 50 to 59 years of age, according to a study published in the current issue of Gastroenterology.

The forever war on terror: Dilemmas and choices
Sens. John McCain, Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama all presented their plans to fight the

Sleep is poor among hospitalized pediatric patients and their parents
This abstract is one of the first to demonstrate the negative impact of hospitalization on sleep quantity and quality in children and their parents, in particular for younger patients and on the first night of hospitalization.

Prenatal drug exposure linked to sleep problems in children
In the first study across time into late childhood of the effects of prenatal drug exposure on sleep, prenatal drug exposure is associated with greater sleep problems in children.

Common bowel problem linked to chili pepper pain receptor
People with irritable bowel syndrome have a higher than usual number of chili pepper pain receptors, according to a new study published tomorrow.

Unique drug combination may hold the key to reversing type 1 diabetes
A team of Virginia scientists led by Jerry L. Nadler, M.D., are reporting promising results from a study that tested a novel therapy for reversing type 1 diabetes.

The cause of all hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II cases has been established
A major discovery that details the existence of a neuronal specific form of the WNK1 gene, henceforth referred to as the WNK1/HSN2 isoform, was recently completed by the research group of Dr.

A blood substitute's effectiveness and safety addressed in large clinical trial
A blood substitute's effectiveness and safety was addressed in a large Phase III clinical trial by academic and industry researchers.

New research shows room for improvement in health news
Research into the news reporting of complementary and alternative medicine in Australia, has revealed that much of the information the public receives through the media is inaccurate or incomplete.
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