Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 20, 2008
Researchers seek children for a study of antibiotics for a urinary tract disorder
Researchers conducting a study to learn if children with a urinary tract disorder known as vesicoureteral reflux should be treated with an antibiotic for an extended period of time are seeking to enroll more participants.

UC researchers find new ways to regulate genes, reduce heart damage
Keith Jones, Ph.D., a researcher in the department of pharmacology and cell biophysics at the University of Cincinnati, and colleagues are trying to reduce post-heart attack damage by studying the way cells die in the heart -- a process controlled by transcription factors.

American College of Physicians commends MedPAC June 2008 report to Congress
The American College of Physicians today commended the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission for its recognition of the importance of primary care in a well-functioning, health-care delivery system in its June 2008 Report to Congress.

When it comes to female red squirrels, it seems any male will do
Researchers have found that female red squirrels showed high levels of multimale mating and would even mate with males that had similar genetic relatedness, basically mating with their relatives.

Opioids and cannabinoids influence mobility of spermatozoids
A Ph.D. thesis from the University of the Basque Country has concluded that there are opioid and cannabinoid receptors in human sperm and that these influence the mobility of spermatozoid.

National Zoo giant panda pregnancy update
Scientists at the Smithsonian's National Zoo detected a secondary rise in urinary progestin levels in the Zoo's female giant panda Mei Xiang earlier this month.

Study shows that chronic grief activates pleasure areas of the brain
Most of us experience the grief associated with the loss of a loved one at some point in our lives.

Birds migrate earlier, but some may be left behind as the climate warms rapidly
Many birds are arriving earlier each spring as temperatures warm along the East Coast of the United States.

Microscopic 'clutch' puts flagellum in neutral
It has been long been known that bacteria swim by rotating their tail-like structure called the flagellum.

Changes in local health care markets affect national patient safety project
A national patient safety initiative involving major corporate employers and employer health care coalitions may set common goals, but success relies greatly on regional health care players and local market factors for actual implementation, says a recent study.

Reliance on unverifiable observations hinders successful conservation of wildlife species
Researchers from the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest and Rocky Mountain Research Stations examined three cases of biological misunderstandings in which unverifiable, anecdotal observations were accepted as empirical evidence.

Rush University Medical Center experts present latest findings at Movement Disorder Society meeting
Leading neurologists and other clinicians from Rush University Medical Center are presenting new basic and clinical research findings at the Movement Disorder Society's 12th International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders meeting in Chicago, June 22-26.

PTB testing method for finger ring dosemeters has proven its effectiveness
Finger ring dosemeters are used at diverse workplaces having ionizing radiation, e.g. in medicine and industry, in order to check whether the effective dose limt values are adhered to.

Ocean satellite launch critical to Australian science
A new Earth-observing satellite being launched in California today will help guide future Australian ocean and climate science.

Could new discovery about a shape-shifting protein lead to a mighty 'morpheein' bacteria fighter?
A small molecule that locks an essential enzyme in an inactive form could one day form the basis of a new class of unbeatable, species-specific drugs, including antibiotics.

Warning for teens: Teeth and jewelry don't mix
Tel Aviv University study finds that oral tissue piercings fracture teeth and increase dental complications in early adulthood.

Battle of the bulge: Low leptin levels undermine successful weight loss
Obesity puts individuals at increased risk of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes.

Smoking out the mediators of airway damage caused by pollutants
A new study of the effects of chemicals found in pollution and cigarette smoke on guinea pig airways has provided insight into how these chemicals are likely to damage airways in individuals with in smoke-related diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic asthma.

High quality of life in spite of very severe disease
Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis experience an astonishingly high quality of life.

Mental and physical exercise improves genetic mental impairment
Australian scientists have shown that mental and physical exercise can improve coordination and movement problems in Rett syndrome, a devastating genetic brain development disorder that primarily affects females.

'Feeling fat' is worse than being it
The quality of life of adolescents who think they are too fat is worse than for adolescents who really are obese.

Elderly's restless nights helped by ancient martial art
More than half of all older adults complain about having difficulties sleeping.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation awards $2.25M to 5 top young clinical investigators
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation named 5 new Damon Runyon Clinical Investigators at its April 2008 Clinical Investigator Award Committee review.

Treating chronic pain, migraine & muscle spasticity through inhibition of neurotransmitter glutamate
There's a growing body of scientific and clinical evidence that supports the further development of drugs that block the glutamate cascade.

Sexually transmitted disease, urinary tract infections may be bad combination for birth defect
Women who reported having both a sexually transmitted disease and urinary tract infection just before or during early pregnancy were four times more likely to have babies with gastroschisis -- a severe birth defect in which infants are born with their intestines and other internal organs outside the abdomen, University of Utah researchers report in the online British Medical Journal.

Scientifics develop computer software that permits tourists to customize their visits
Through a computer, a mobile or a PDA, users can define their needs, their artistic, cultural and gastronomic preferences, their lifestyle and their favourite hours.

JCI table of contents: June 20, 2008
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published June 20, 2008, in the JCI: Smoking out the mediators of airway damage caused by pollutants; Battle of the bulge: low leptin levels undermine successful weight loss; Overcoming resistance to a cancer drug; How an anticancer drug dampens the immune system; and A prickly problem: hedgehog signaling in the blood vessels of the heart; others.

Record boost for ATV to raise ISS orbit
For the second time since April, ESA's Jules Verne ATV was used to raise the orbit of the International Space Station yesterday.

Family stress and child's temper extremes contribute to anxiety and depression in children
Small children who grow up in a family where the mother has psychological distress, the family is exposed to stress or is lacking social support, are at higher risk of developing anxious and depressive symptoms in early adolescence.

Common cooking spice shows promise in combating diabetes and obesity
Turmeric, an Asian spice found in many curries, has a long history of use in reducing inflammation, healing wounds and relieving pain, but can it prevent diabetes?

University of Minnesota study uncovers the educational benefits of social networking sites
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at the University of Minnesota have discovered the educational benefits of social networking sites such as MySpace and Facebook.

July 2008 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
Geology topics span the globe and beyond, covering southern Africa's diamond kimberlites, sandstones and shales of Scotland; a

Mayo researchers discover how measles virus spreads (in its host)
Measles, one of the most common contagious diseases, has been thought to enter the body through the surface of airways and lungs, like many other major viruses.

New report available on ecosystems and climate change
The US Environmental Protection Agency has released a report that can help reduce the potential impact of climate change on estuaries, forests, wetlands, coral reefs and other sensitive ecosystems.

Charles Taylor awarded Kyoto Prize
McGill University professor emeritus Charles Taylor, one of the most profound intellectuals of our time on spirituality and secularism, has been awarded the 24th annual Kyoto Prize in the category of Arts and Philosophy.

Identification of 5 genes involved in the metastasis of breast tumors to the lung
The identification of five genes involve in the metastasis of breast tumors to the lung is the principal finding of a scientific team made up of two bodies from the University of Navarra, the Applied Medical Research Center and the University Hospital of the University of Navarra.

July 2008 Biology of Reproduction highlights
The July 2008 issue of Biology of Reproduction includes studies on the role of metabolic enzymes and ATP production in sperm function, and polycystic ovary syndrome.

A novel X-ray source could be brightest in the world
The future of high-intensity X-ray science has never been brighter now that scientists at US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have devised a new type of next generation light sources.
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