Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2008
UNU presents major international symposium on innovative responses to climate change
UNU G8 symposium on Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Time of Climate Change on July 4 will explore the possibilities of a post-oil economy.

UIC researchers make promising finding in severe lung disease
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a novel function for an enzyme that plays a role in the tissue injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome, also known as ARDS.

Heavy birthweight babies twice as likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis
Heavy birthweight female babies are twice as likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis in adulthood as their average birthweight peers, suggests research published ahead of print in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Bee disease a mystery
Scientists are one step closer to understanding the recent demise of billions of honey bees after making an important discovery about the transmission of a common bee virus.

Salk researchers reprogram adult stem cells in their natural environment
In recent years, stem cell researchers have become very adept at manipulating the fate of adult stem cells cultured in the lab.

Complexity of Crohn's disease revealed as 'gene' count tops 30
New research has trebled the number of genetic regions known to be implicated in Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, to over thirty.

NYU, Rutgers study shows how using mental strategies can alter the brain's reward circuitry
The cognitive strategies humans use to regulate emotions can determine both neurological and physiological responses to potential rewards, a team of New York University and Rutgers University neuroscientists has discovered.

New efficiency benchmark for dye-sensitized solar cells
In a paper published online June 29 in the journal Nature Materials, EPFL professor Michael Graetzel, Shaik Zakeeruddin and colleagues from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences have achieved a record light conversion efficiency of 8.2 percent in solvent-free dye-sensitized solar cells.

Pilot study promotes peer review for medicos
Junior medical officers will be aided in their professional development by their peers, as part of a pilot study put together by staff of the medical school at the Australian National University.

UK and US guidelines on kids' physical activity levels need rethinking
UK and US guidelines on how much physical activity children need to boost their health and stave off obesity need to be revised, conclude researchers in a study published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

International team identifies 21 new genetic risk factors for Crohn's disease
An international consortium of Crohn's disease researchers has combined data from three independent studies to identify 21 new genetic variants associated with the inflammatory bowel disorder, bringing the total number of risk factors to 32.

Smoke-free policies are wide-ranging and extremely effective
Smoke-free policies are reducing heart disease related to smoke exposure, the prevalence of smoking in adults and the exposure of both adults and children to secondhand smoke.

Hebrew University develops novel approach for treating mitochondrial disorders
A novel concept for the treatment of mitochondrial disorders using directed enzyme replacement therapy has won for a Hebrew University of Jerusalem doctoral candidate one of this year's Kaye Innovation Awards.

Silencing of molecular 'conversation' may help curb severe allergies
Scientists in Sydney have identified a process, a synergistic encounter between two molecules, that may account for the extreme allergic reactions some people experience.

Doubling of sexually transmitted infections among over-45s in under a decade
Rates of sexually transmitted infections have doubled among the over-45s in less than a decade, reveals research published ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.
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