Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 23, 2008
'Nanonet' circuits closer to making flexible electronics reality
Researchers have overcome a major obstacle in producing transistors from networks of carbon nanotubes, a technology that could make it possible to print circuits on plastic sheets for applications including flexible displays and an electronic skin to cover an entire aircraft to monitor crack formation.

Parasites outweigh predators in Pacific Coast estuaries
In a study of parasites living in three estuaries on the Pacific coast of California and Baja California, researchers have determined that biomass of these parasites exceeds that of top predators, in some cases by more than 20 times.

Could preserving biodiversity reduce disease?
EPA has funded three interdisciplinary teams to explore the links between biodiversity and human health.

Biofilms use chemical weapons
Biofilms develop on any surface that bacteria can attach themselves to.

August 2008 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
GEOLOGY topics include confirmation that East Java's

AGU journal highlights -- July 23, 2008
In this issue: Fire suppression may have reduced carbon storage in western US forests; New tracking method reveals giant volcanic clouds' paths; Frost risks to plants up, and down, in changing climate; Martian mineral layers offer tempting clues; Uruguay River flow responds to climate, land-use changes; Reexamining stratosphere effects on lower-atmosphere warming; How are human-made aerosols changing clouds?; Taking sharper look at key atmospheric region.

'Statins' linked to improved survival in kidney transplant recipients
For patients receiving kidney transplants, treatment with cholesterol-lowering

News briefs from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons
Selected news briefs from the August 2008 issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons and the most widely read plastic surgery journal in the world.

Richard Carlson to receive 2008 N. L. Bowen Award from AGU
Carnegie Institution geochemist Richard Carlson will receive the 2008 Norman L.

NIST trumps the clumps: Making biologic drugs safer
NIST scientists have developed a technique to measure the formation of clumps of proteins in protein-based pharmaceuticals, a major concern because of its impact on quality control and safety in biologic drug manufacturing.

Exercise could be the heart's fountain of youth
According to a study conducted at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Elsevier partners with the International Association for Great Lakes Research
Elsevier, a world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services is pleased to announce the formation of a publishing partnership with the International Association for Great Lakes Research, representing 1,000 members worldwide.

Why eating less can help the environment
An estimated 19 percent of total energy used in the USA is taken up in the production and supply of food.

Polarizing filter allows astronomers to see disks surrounding black holes
For the first time, a team of international researchers has found a way to view the accretion disks surrounding black holes and verify that their true electromagnetic spectra match what astronomers have long predicted they would be.

Licking your wounds: Scientists isolate compound in human saliva that speeds wound healing
A report by scientists from the Netherlands published online in rhe FASEB Journal identifies a compound in human saliva that greatly speeds wound healing.

Hurricane preparedness survey: Worries about drinking water and medical care
A new survey conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security finds the top worries of respondents threatened or hit by Hurricane Katrina are that they would not have enough fresh water to drink (42 percent very worried) and that they would not be able to get needed medical care (41 percent very worried).

Want a reason to love your lower belly fat? It's rich in stem cells
This first-of-its-kind study examines whether fat tissues from different areas of the body vary in stem cell concentration.

Patient privacy assured by electronic censor
Newly developed software will help to allay patients' fears about who has access to their confidential data.

US Secretary of Commerce to moderate forum on innovation at University of Minnesota
US Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez will co-moderate a CEO forum on innovation July 28 at the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management, 321 19th Ave.

Kidneys donated after cardiac death could reduce disparities for black kidney transplant recipients
Kidneys donated after individuals die from cardiovascular causes may be one of the best options for black patients in need of transplants, according to a study appearing in the October 2008 issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

New study finds advanced liver cancer patients live longer by taking anti-cancer drug sorafenib
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York have found that sorafenib (Nexavar) helps patients with advanced liver cancer live about 44 percent longer compared with patients who did not receive the anti-cancer drug.

Scientists suspect omega-3 fatty acids could slow acute wound healing
A recent study shows that popular fish oil supplements have an effect on the healing process of small, acute wounds in human skin.

Soy foods are associated with lower sperm concentrations
Men who eat an average of half a serving of soy food a day have lower concentrations of sperm than men who do not eat soy foods, according to research published online in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal, Human Reproduction, on Thursday, July 24.

Autism's social struggles due to disrupted communication networks in brain
Picking up on innuendo and social cues is a central component of engaging in conversation, but people with autism often struggle to determine another person's intentions in a social interaction.

Landscape study may offer solutions for fire managers
A fire is currently burning through a study area where projections were made about fire behavior about twoyears ago.

How secure is your network? NIST model knows
To help IT managers safeguard valuable information most efficiently, computer scientists at NIST are applying security metrics to computer network pathways to assign a probable risk of attack, calculating the most vulnerable points of attack.

Open access to large-scale drug discovery data
The Wellcome Trust has awarded £4.7 million to EMBL's European Bioinformatics Institute to support the transfer of a large collection of information on the properties and activities of drugs and a large set of drug-like small molecules from publicly listed company Galapagos NV to the public domain.

Study suggests human visual system could make powerful computer
Rensselaer professor Mark Changizi has begun to develop a technique to turn our eyes and visual system into a programmable computer.

Toxic chemicals found in common scented laundry products, air fresheners
A University of Washington study of top-selling laundry products and air fresheners found the products emitted dozens of different chemicals.

Durham scientists to tackle CO2 storage in global warming challenge
Scientists at Durham University are working on new ways of storing CO2 emissions underground to help in the fight against global warming.

Slippery customer: A greener antiwear additive for engine oils
Titanium, a protean element with applications from pigments to aerospace alloys, could get a new role as an environmentally friendly additive for automotive oil, thanks to work by materials scientists from Afton Chemical Corporation and NIST.

Study predicts crop-production costs will jump dramatically in 2009
Soaring energy prices will yield sharp increases for corn and soybean production next year, cutting into farmers' profits and stretching already high food costs, according to a new University of Illinois study.

Air quality forecasts for China
With less than a month remaining before the Beijing Olympics, Chinese officials have introduced a series of measures to improve air quality for the Games.

'Dire Predictions' book offers easy guide to global warming science
Global warming, increasing greenhouse gases and melting ice sheets are all dire predictions by the Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, but understanding the scientific assessments, future impacts on our lives, and the things we can do to mitigate the situation is not easy.

Cool! Nanoparticle research points to energy savings
NIST experiments with varying concentrations of nanoparticle additives indicate a major opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of large industrial, commercial, and institutional cooling systems known as chillers.

Nanotech: A regulatory blueprint for the next administration
Nanotechnology will significantly change virtually every facet of the way we live.

Costs of climate change, state-by-state: Billions, says UMD
Climate change will carry a price tag of billions of dollars for a number of US states, says a new series of reports from the University of Maryland's Center for Integrative Environmental Research.

Amazon outflow is found to power ocean capture of carbon dioxide
Nutrients washed out of the Amazon River are powering huge amounts of previously unexpected plant life far out to sea, thus trapping atmospheric carbon dioxide, according to a new study.

Nursing homes a popular option in Taiwan
University of Queensland research has found that the decision to place elderly parents in a nursing home is becoming increasingly acceptable.

Study: Typhoons bury tons of carbon in the oceans
A single typhoon in Taiwan buries as much carbon in the ocean -- in the form of sediment -- as all the other rains in that country all year long combined.

No justification for denying obese patients knee replacements
There is no justification for denying obese patients knee replacement surgery: they benefit almost as much as anyone else from the procedure, concludes a small study published ahead of print in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

NIST membrane model may unlock secrets of early-stage Alzheimer's
Researchers at NIST and three collaborating institutions are using a new laboratory model of the membrane surrounding neurons in the brain to study how a protein long suspected of a role in early-stage Alzheimer's disease actually impairs a neuron's structure and function.

Paying to save tropical forests could be a way to reduce global carbon emissions
Wealthy nations willing to collectively spend about $1 billion annually could prevent the emission of roughly half a billion metric tons of carbon dioxide per year for the next 25 years, new research suggests.

Sex and lifespan linked in worms
In findings published in Nature, scientists have discovered that smaller, but more structurally diverse chemicals are a significant part of a living thing's biology.

Transcending boundaries
From understanding climate change to predicting infectious disease outbreaks to engineering solutions to address disability, scientific research is increasingly crossing the boundaries between disciplines.

New $4.2m UQ medical center to boost rural doctor numbers
The University of Queensland is helping to increase medical support in rural communities through its new $4.2 million advanced clinical training facility.

Study shows parasites outweigh predators
In a study of free-living and parasitic species in three estuaries on the Pacific coast of California and Baja California, a team of researchers from the University of California, Santa Barbara, the United States Geological Survey, and Princeton University has determined that parasite biomass in those habitats exceeds that of top predators, in some cases by a factor of 20.

You're more likely to do sport if you are white, middle class, and middle-aged
The comfortably off, white, and middle-aged are the most likely to participate in sporting activities, reveals a 10 year study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Issue 1 of Energy and Environmental Science published on Web
The first issue of the new interdisciplinary journal, Energy and Environmental Science, is published online today.

Making patients move requires the right exercise advice
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers found that adults with chronic illness who received interventions focused on behavior-changing strategies significantly increased their physical activity levels.

Peter Ell receives SNM's Georg Charles de Hevesy Nuclear Pioneer Award
Peter J. Ell, director of the institute of nuclear medicine and chair of nuclear medicine at the University College London, UK, was awarded the 2008 Georg Charles de Hevesy Nuclear Pioneer Award for his contributions to the nuclear medicine profession.

Rutgers biologist to study worms in Amazon, glaciers
Look out, Indiana Jones. Dan Shain is redefining the term

1 missing gene leads to fruitless mating rituals
Male fruit flies missing a gene for one particular odor receptor become clueless in matters of love, scientists at Duke University Medical Center have discovered.
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