Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 25, 2008
Limits on futures trading could boost gas prices, expert says
Proposals to reign in wallet-draining gasoline prices by curbing speculation in oil markets would likely increase costs at the pump instead of trimming them, a University of Illinois economist says.

Antimicrobial sutures reduce infections in brain shunt surgery, study finds
A new trial conducted by faculty at the University at Buffalo has shown that using antimicrobial sutures to secure the shunt and close the wound significantly reduces the number of shunt infections arising during the first six months after surgery.

ASGE issues guidelines on the role of endoscopy in the bariatric surgery patient
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has issued guidelines on the role of endoscopy in the bariatric surgery patient.

Second Life a first for UH department of health and human performance
The University of Houston department of health and human performance is expanding into the virtual world of Second Life thanks to grants from the UH Faculty Development Initiative Program and the Network Culture Project of the University of Southern California-Annenberg School for Communication.

'Green' potato health risk can be eliminated by cutting away affected area
Green in potatoes may be a sign that the potato may potentially contain a naturally occurring toxin, Glycoalkaloid but health risks can be reduced by cutting away the affected part which is enough to eliminate most of the GAs according to a review in the latest issue of SCI's Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

An Ikerbasque researcher disentangles the strange behavior of qubits
The study shows that certain quantum jumps are prohibited between the two levels of a qubit superconductor.

COROT's new find orbits Sun-like star
A team of European scientists working with COROT have discovered an exoplanet orbiting a star slightly more massive than the Sun.

Confidence a key to recent economic initiatives, U. of I. expert says
Restoring confidence in the sputtering US economy is at the heart of recent moves to shore up the nation's lagging financial and housing markets, a University of Illinois economist says.

Scientists search for answers from the carbon in the clouds
For scientists looking at climate change, a large area of uncertainty has to do with the effects of airborne particles -- such as carbon-laden soot -- but new technology is now helping researchers unveil secrets about the life cycles of atmospheric aerosols.

Naumann, Rosenberg win Best Paper Award at ECOOP conference
Stevens computer science professor David Naumann and Ph.D. candidate Stan Rosenberg won the Distinguished Paper Award at the European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming.

Penn researchers demonstrate a flexible, 1-step assembly of nanoscale structures
Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have created a one-step, repeatable method for the production of functional nanoscale patterns or motifs with adjustable features, size and shape using a single master

New study spotlights National Institutes of Health grant outcomes for clinical research
Although the need to translate basic science discoveries into the clinical arena is widely acknowledged, a new study by researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin, in Milwaukee, and National Institutes of Health identified reasons why clinical science grant applications receive less positive peer reviews than basic science grant applications to the NIH.

Experts to provide peek of Smithsonian soils exhibit
A three-person panel of experts will discuss the new

Colonial heritage metaphors used in US military conflicts
In the latest issue of American Anthropologist, Stephen W. Silliman explores the reinterpretation of

American Cancer Society receives $8.5M contribution
The American Cancer Society, the nation's largest voluntary health organization, has received a gift of $8.5 million from a single anonymous donor.

Women's access to credit affects efficiency in rural households
Rural households in which women are not able to meet their needs for capital do not produce as much as they could.

NIDDK publishes a strategic plan for research into benign prostate disease
For the first time, a strategic plan for research into benign prostate disease, based on the latest scientific knowledge, has been published by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Heart researchers receive grant to study asthma
A University of Iowa team has received a three-year, $750,000 grant from the Strategic Program for Asthma Research, known as SPAR, to see if an enzyme known to play a role in heart failure might also affect smooth muscle cells in the airway and thus play a role in asthma.

Uncertain future for elephants of Thailand
Worries over the future of Thailand' s famous elephants have emerged following an investigation by a University of Manchester team.

Rising energy, food prices major threats to wetlands as farmers eye new areas for crops
Resisting pressures to convert wetlands for agriculture, bio-fuels and hydro-electricity is vital to avoid destroying ecosystems that provide a suite of services essential to humanity, including safe, steady local water supplies, preserving biodiversity and the large-scale capture and storage of climate warming greenhouse gases, according 700 leading world experts concluding a week-long meeting in Cuiaba, Brazil.

Anti-HIV therapy boosts life expectancy more than 13 years
HIV patients taking a cocktail of drugs called combination antiretroviral therapy have seen a 13-year boost in life expectancy, according to a new study.

Mustard -- hot stuff for natural pest control
Researchers, growers and Industry specialists from 22 countries are sharing the latest research into the use of Brassica species, such as mustard, radish, or rapeseed, to manage soil-borne pests and weeds -- a technique known as biofumigation.

Researchers disprove long-standing belief about HIV treatment
Researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have disproved a long-standing clinical belief that the hepatitis C virus slows or stunts the immune system's ability to restore itself after HIV patients are treated with a combination of drugs known as the

Princeton scientists spy an electron dance
A team of scientists led by researchers from Princeton University has discovered a new way that electrons behave in materials.

The lightness of electrons in a twisting metal crystal
A team of researchers at Princeton University's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center has observed electrons moving through a crystal of bismuth metal behaving like light.

Plasma DNA level is a reliable marker of recurrent esophageal cancer, study finds
New research published in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows elevated plasma DNA is a reliable marker of recurrent esophageal cancer.

Overweight elderly Americans contribute to financial burdens of the US health care system
The extra Medicare cost associated with overweight elderly people could place a significant burden on taxpayers.

Wealth does not dictate concern for the environment
Citizens of poorer nations are just as concerned about environmental quality as their counterparts in rich nations. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to