Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 03, 2008
Certain HIV treatment less effective when used with anti-TB therapy
Patients receiving rifampicin-based anti-tuberculosis therapy are more likely to experience virological failure when starting nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy, an HIV treatment that is widely used in developing countries because of lower cost, than when starting efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy, according to a study in the Aug.

Growth hormone treatment for HIV patients improves abdominal fat, but worsens glucose level
For human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with treatment-related abdominal obesity and growth hormone deficiency, receiving low-dose growth hormone resulted in improvement in fat and blood pressure measurements but worsened glucose levels, according to a study in the Aug.

World's smallest snake found in Barbados
The world's smallest species of snake has been discovered on the Caribbean island of Barbados.

International panel updates treatment guidelines for HIV infection
An evaluation of recent data has led to an update in the guidelines and recommendations for antiretroviral treatment of adult human immunodeficiency virus infection, according to an article in the Aug.

Bulging prison system called massive intervention in American family life
The mammoth increase in the United States' prison population since the 1970s is having profound demographic consequences that disproportionately affect black males.

Homeownership in disadvantaged neighborhoods linked to increased political participation
Homeowners in disadvantaged neighborhoods are more likely to vote than renters and those who own homes in more privileged communities, according to research to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Data mining detects signs of Lou Gehrig's disease in gene carriers long before symptoms appear
Inspired by the use of microarray chips that look for gene combinations, psychologists are using

Toxic drugs, toxic system: Sociologist predicts drug disasters
Americans are likely to be exposed to unacceptable side effects of FDA-approved drugs such as Vioxx in the future because of fatal flaws in the way new drugs are tested and marketed, according to research to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Sociologists explore 'emotional labor' of black professionals in the workplace
Black professionals make extra efforts in the workplace to fulfill what they believe are the expectations of their white colleagues, according to research to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Highly active antiretroviral therapy of similar benefit for HIV-infected injection drug users
Contrary to the belief that HIV-infected injection drug users receive less benefit from highly active antiretroviral therapy, new research finds little difference in the survival rate between IDUs and non-IDUs after 4-5 years of receiving HAART, according to a study in the Aug.

Sleep apnea a stand-alone mortality risk
An independent link between sleep apnea and mortality has been discovered by a group of Australian researchers, suggesting the prevention and treatment of this condition should be a higher priority for government bodies working to improve community health.

Growth hormone reduces abdominal fat, cardiovascular risk in HIV patients on antiviral therapy
Low-dose growth hormone treatment reduced abdominal fat deposits and improved blood pressure and triglyceride levels in a group of patients with HIV lipodystrophy -- a condition involving the redistribution of fat and other metabolic changes in patients receiving combination drug therapy for HIV infection -- but growth hormone treatment also appeared to increase blood glucose levels, particularly in those already exhibiting glucose intolerance.
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