Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 06, 2008
LSUHSC's Lazartigues awarded $1.2 million grant
Dr. Eric Lazartigues, assistant professor of pharmacology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, has been awarded a $1.2 million grant by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

AGU journal highlights -- August 6, 2008
In the issue: Recent African drought heralds drier conditions to come; Is climate change reducing hail over China?; Mapping Venus's winds; Deep evidence shows past and present warming; Climate models may underestimate heat stored in ground; and Soot from ships worse than expected.

94 percent of doctors surveyed are aware of relationship between type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea
Most doctors and diabetes educators are aware of the link between sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes, however little has been done in clinical practice to take the steps needed to diagnose and treat sleep apnea in T2D patients.

Perceived discrimination affects screening rates
Minority men and women who perceived discrimination from their health care providers were less likely to be screened for colorectal or breast cancer, according to a report in the August issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Gastrointestinal bleeding after stroke may increase risk of death
People who have gastrointestinal bleeding after a stroke are more likely to die or become severely disabled than stroke sufferers with no GI bleeding, according to a study published in the Aug.

Researchers develop next-generation antivirus system
Antivirus software on your personal computer could become a thing of the past thanks to a new

Floss your teeth -- on the double!
A recent study published in the Journal of Periodontology, the official publication of the American Academy of Periodontology demonstrates that including flossing as part of one's routine oral care can actually help reduce the amount of gum disease-causing bacteria found in the mouth, therefore contributing to healthy teeth and gums.

Wheezing after early-life antibiotics
Children who are given antibiotics in their first three months often wheeze at 15 months of age.

Water is 'designer fluid' that helps proteins change shape, scientists say
According to new research, old ideas about water behavior are all wet.

Students with food allergies often not prepared
Research from the University of Michigan Health System suggests that many students with food allergies aren't taking the threat of a reaction seriously enough, or are regularly in environments where they could not be properly treated during an emergency.

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev initiates project to eliminate intestinal worms in Ethiopia
A professor at the Faculty of Health Sciences at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev is beginning an intensive program in Ethiopia this August to eradicate intestinal worms which affect as much as 50 percent of the population in Africa.

Jupiter and Saturn full of liquid metal helium
A strange metal brew lies buried deep within giant gaseous planets such as Jupiter and Saturn, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and in London.

New step forward in search for solution to infection puzzle
Scientists at the University of York have helped to reveal more about the way bacteria can attach to human tissues.

Post-partum suicide attempt risks studied
Although maternal suicide after giving birth is a relatively rare occurrence, suicide attempts often have long-lasting effects on the family and the infant.

Study shows clumps and streams of dark matter in inner regions of the Milky Way
Using one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world to simulate the halo of dark matter that envelopes our galaxy, researchers found dense clumps and streams of the mysterious stuff lurking in the inner regions of the halo, in the same neighborhood as our solar system.

Targeted drug therapy found effective in patients with common form of immune-mediated kidney disease
The drug rituximab causes considerable kidney injury healing in patients with membranous nephropathy, a common form of kidney disease, according to a study appearing in the November 2008 issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

UCSB oceanographer awarded prestigious naval oceanographic sciences chair
UC Santa Barbara oceanographer Tommy Dickey is one of two leading scientists nationwide to be awarded a prestigious Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations Chair in Oceanographic Sciences.

Aphids are sentinels of climate change
Aphids are sentinels of climate change, researchers at Rothamsted Research have shown.

New JILA technique reveals hidden properties of ultracold atomic gases
Physicists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado at Boulder, have demonstrated a powerful new technique that reveals hidden properties of ultracold atomic gases.

Scripps research team unravels new cellular repair mechanism
A Scripps Research team has unraveled a new biochemical pathway that triggers a critical repair response to correct errors in the DNA replication process that could otherwise lead to harmful or fatal mutations in cells.

Medicinal marijuana effective for neuropathic pain in HIV
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the impact of smoked medical cannabis, or marijuana, on the neuropathic pain associated with HIV, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine found that reported pain relief was greater with cannabis than with a placebo.

NIST debuts new approach to ad hoc networks for first responders
National Institute of Standards and Technology researchers successfully demonstrated a prototype approach to maintain two-way communications with first responders as they make their way in building fires, and mine and tunnel collapses.

I can, automatically, become just like you
No one likes to be excluded from a group: exclusion can decrease mood, reduce self-esteem and feelings of belonging, and even ultimately lead to negative behavior (e.g., the shootings at Virginia Tech).

Researchers report periodontal disease independently predicts new onset diabetes
Periodontal disease may be an independent predictor of incident type 2 diabetes, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.

NIST, UMBI host October conference to spur bioscience innovation
The National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute will co-sponsor an international conference on

Study finds connections between genetics, brain activity and preference
A team of researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital has used brain imaging, genetics and experimental psychology techniques to identify a connection between brain reward circuitry, a behavioral measurement of preference and a gene variant that appears to influence both.

Grant supports emerging field of massive data analysis and visual analytics
The Georgia Institute of Technology has received a five-year, $3 million grant to lead and coordinate a new initiative that will develop foundational research in massive data analysis and visual analytics.

Rochester physicist's quantum-'uncollapse' hypothesis verified
In 2006, Andrew Jordan, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Rochester, together with Alexander Korotkov at the University of California, Riverside, spelled out how to exploit a quantum quirk to accomplish a feat long thought impossible, and this week a research team at the University of California at Santa Barbara has tested the theory, proving it correct.

Yale researchers uncover West Nile's targets
Screening the entire human genome, a team headed by Yale University scientists have identified several hundred genes that impact West Nile virus infection.

Stretchable silicon camera next step to artificial retina
By combining stretchable optoelectronics and biologically inspired design, scientists have created a remarkable imaging device, with a layout based on the human eye.

When it comes to abstinence teens, adults aren't speaking the same language
Abstinence can mean different things to adolescents than to adults.

Recipe for cell reprogramming adds protein
Embryonic-like stem cells can be efficiently generated using a natural signaling molecule instead of the virally delivered cancer-causing gene c-Myc.

Exploring paths to confronting the 21st century's energy challenges
Top power engineering graduate students from universities in 17 countries will address the major challenges to providing the affordable and readily available power needed to sustain and improve lifestyles, economies and environments throughout the world.

Researchers unveil vital key to cancer
University of Manchester scientists have uncovered the 3-D structure of Mps1 -- a protein that regulates the number of chromosomes during cell division and thus has an essential role in the prevention of cancer -- which will lead to the design of safer and more effective therapies.

Lack of time on tummy shown to hinder achievement
The American Physical Therapy Association is urging parents and caregivers to ensure that babies get enough

Ortho-McNeil initiates first-of-its-kind skin infection registry
The nation's first, prospective registry of complicated skin and soft tissue infections, known as SSTIR (the Skin and Soft Tissue Infection Hospital Registry), has begun enrolling patients.

Health-care system leaves patients, medicos in the waiting room
The Australian accreditation and registration system for international medical graduates is critically ill, and the country needs to create a better system to support overseas health professionals or it will continue to face doctor shortages, according to an academic from the Australian National University.

Humans' response to risk can be unnecessarily dangerous, finds Tel Aviv University study
Our ancient instincts don't meet the decision-making needs of a modern world.

New technology could lead to camera based on human eye
Digital cameras have transformed the world of photography. Now new technology inspired by the human eye could push the photographic image farther forward by producing improved images with a wider field of view.

Treatment outcomes highlight dangers of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
In a retrospective study of 174 tuberculosis patients treated at National Jewish Health (formerly National Jewish Medical and Research Center), patients with extensively-drug-resistant tuberculosis were almost eight times as likely to die as patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.

Society for Neuroscience 38th Annual Meeting
Media registration is now open for the Society for Neuroscience 38th Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., November 15-19, 2008.

Iowa Corn Promotion Board, NJIT to license breakthrough, safe bio-plastic alternative
The Iowa Corn Promotion Board, NJIT and University of Sao Paulo today announced a joint agreement for licensing four pending patents on a safe, building block chemical derived from corn known as isosorbide to chemists.

Smithsonian hosts tropical extinction debate in Panama
The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute will host the workshop

Drs. Brann and Mahesh co-edit journal issue on estrogen action in the brain
Estrogen's action in the brain is the focus of a special August issue of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology co-edited by Dr.

Ricin's deadly action revealed by glowing probes
A new chemical probe can rapidly detect ricin, a deadly poison with no known antidote that is feared to be a potential weapon for terrorists and cannot quickly be identified with currently available tests.

New and revised limits ensure safety in the workplace
The Senate Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft submitted the annual list of MAK and BAT Values to the Federal Ministry for Labor and Social Affairs at the beginning of July.

Dartmouth awarded NSF grant for new polar sciences, engineering grad program
Dartmouth's Dickey Center for International Understanding, through its Institute for Arctic Studies, has been awarded nearly $3 million by the National Science Foundation through its Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship program.

Fossil and molecular evidence reveals the history of major marine biodiversity hotspots
International experts have described three major marine biodiversity hotspots in the last 50 million years, from the oldest, peaked in southwest Europe and northwest Africa, to the modern Indo-Australian Archipelago hotspot.

HIV expert says 1 step down, 2 more to go in quest to cure AIDS
A Johns Hopkins expert in HIV and how the AIDS virus hides in the body says antiretroviral drugs have stopped HIV from replicating, the first of three key steps needed to rid people of the virus.

Caltech neurobiologists discover individuals who 'hear' movement
Individuals with synesthesia, or cross-activated senses, perceive the world differently from others, with some perceiving numbers or letters as having colors or days of the week as possessing personalities.

Alcohol consumption declining, according to results of new study
Overall alcohol use -- particularly consumption of beer -- is declining in the US, according to a new study published in the August 2008 issue of the American Journal of Medicine.

Hot peppers really do bring the heat
Researchers have found that capsaicin, the active chemical in chili peppers, can induce thermogenesis, the process by which cells convert energy into heat.

Scientists a step closer to producing fuel from bacteria
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have shown how bacteria could be used as a future fuel.

Hormone level may reflect mortality risk among dialysis patients
A new study suggests that monitoring levels of a hormone called fibroblast growth factor 23 may provide information crucial to the treatment of patients with kidney failure.

The Schiavo case
In 1990, Theresa Schiavo, an American citizen, had a cardiac arrest that caused irreversible brain damage which led to a persistent vegetative state diagnosis.

The shape of things to come
Instead of using a flat microchip as the light sensor for their new camera, a team of engineers has developed a sensor that is a flexible mesh of wire-connected pixels.

Gender and culturally tailored interventions help curb STDs in black girls
Black girls who undergo gender and culturally tailored HIV interventions are significantly less likely to contract a sexually transmitted disease according to a study that analyzed the self-reported sexual behavior and condom usage among 439 sexually active black female girls between the ages of 15 and 21.

Skipping atomic-scale stones to study some chemistry basics
New experiments reported this week from JILA in Boulder, Colo., are giving a uniquely detailed look at what happens when gas molecule meets fluid.

Invest in your family's health by budgeting for nutrient-rich foods
Times are tough for many families and schools-- so those food dollars need to work hard by providing plenty of nutrition.

Jeers of peers may affect adolescent adjustment
A University of Cincinnati researcher suggests that the struggles of adolescence can be particularly painful for children who also struggle with obesity.

How chemo kills tumors: research to reduce side effects
University of Manchester researchers are investigating exactly how chemotherapy drugs kill cancerous tumors in a bid to reduce side effects and test the effectiveness of safer new agents.

Quantum chaos unveiled?
A University of Utah study is shedding light on an important, unsolved physics problem: the relationship between chaos theory -- which is based on 300-year-old Newtonian physics -- and the modern theory of quantum mechanics.

Black girls who abuse alcohol less likely to use condoms
Black girls who abuse alcohol are more likely to have unprotected sex despite having participated in interventions that stressed the importance of consistent condom use according to a study by public health researchers.

New implant device remotely monitors heart failure patients at Northwestern Memorial
Chest pain and shortness of breath are common symptoms that send tens of thousands of heart failure (HF) patients into US hospitals each month.

Improved reaction data heat up the biofuels harvest
In a new paper, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have detailed some of the most fundamental processes involved in extracting sugars from biomass.

Comprehensive treatment of extensively drug-resistant TB works, study finds
XDR-TB has been reported in 49 countries throughout the world.
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