Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 26, 2008
University Hospitals Case Medical Center recognized by American Heart Association
University Hospitals Case Medical Center has received the Get With the Guidelines Gold Performance Achievement Award in coronary artery disease, Silver Performance Achievement Award in heart failure, and Bronze Performance Achievement Award for stroke.

AACR hosts Molecular Diagnostics in Cancer Therapeutic Development Meeting
The AACR Molecular Diagnostics in Cancer Therapeutics Development Meeting features the latest findings in laboratory, translational and clinical cancer research.

Stick with simple antibiotics for pneumonia to avoid super bugs, says researcher
Australian hospitals should avoid prescribing expensive broad-spectrum antibiotics for pneumonia to avoid the development of more drug-resistant super bugs, according to a University of Melbourne study.

Uninsured patients receive unpredictable, rationed access to health care
A case study of three health care institutions with different ownership models found that self-pay patients must navigate a system that provides no guarantees medical centers will follow their own policies for providing uncompensated care.

Also in the Aug. 26 JNCI
The Aug. 26 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute features articles on a proposal for a new trial design that could speed drug development, a sea sponge chemical used to kill cancer cells, a new potential mouse model of leukemia development, and the association between mutations in a metabolic gene and the development of familial kidney cancer.

L'Oreal Fellowship win for WEHI's Erika Cretney
WEHI immunologist, Dr. Erika Cretney, has been honored with a L'Oreal Australia For Women in Science Fellowship.

New concepts in contraception
Latest research into dual-purpose contraceptives and non-hormonal contraception will be presented tomorrow at a major scientific conference in Melbourne.

Trouble quitting?: A new Pitt-Carnegie Mellon smoking study may reveal why
A new study from researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University sheds light on why smokers' intentions to quit

ABC-transporters expressed on endothelial cell membranes efflux anti-HIV drugs
Researchers at Tulane University Medical Center in New Orleans have discovered that drug-efflux pumps, belonging to the ATP-binding cassette transporter family, are constitutively expressed on vascular endothelial cells.

Inaugural Kavli Prize ceremony and symposia: Sept. 8-11 (Oslo, Norway)
The inaugural year of the Kavli Prize will be celebrated with a special ceremony that features H.R.H.

Researchers find high levels of toxic metals in herbal medicine products sold online
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have found that one fifth of both US-manufactured and Indian-manufactured Ayurvedic medicines purchased via the Internet contain lead, mercury or arsenic.

OU researchers developing new tool to detect cancer
Early cancer detection can significantly improve survival rates. Current diagnostic tests often fail to detect cancer in the earliest stages and at the same time expose a patient to the harmful effects of radiation.

NASA renames observatory for Fermi, reveals entire gamma-ray sky
NASA's newest observatory, the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope, or GLAST, has begun its mission of exploring the universe in high-energy gamma rays.

Satisfaction and regret after radical prostatectomy procedures studied
Studies have shown that approximately 16 percent of patients with localized prostate cancer regret their treatment choice.

New LIDAR system sees the sky in 3-D
On Aug. 26, EPFL, the Swiss National Science Foundation and Switzerland's National Weather service, MeteoSwiss, will inaugurate a new LIDAR measurement system in Payerne, Switzerland.

NIST Physicist David J. Wineland awarded 2007 National Medal of Science
Physicist David J. Wineland of the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology has been awarded the 2007 National Medal of Science.

'Best hope at sustainable fisheries' short-changed by conservation efforts: UBC researchers
Small scale fisheries produce as much annual catch for human consumption and use less than one-eighth the fuel as their industrial counterparts, but they are dealt a double-whammy by well-intentioned eco-labelling initiatives and ill-conceived fuel subsidies, according to a University of British Columbia study.

Bone parts don't add up to conclusion of Palauan dwarfs
Misinterpreted fragments of leg bones, teeth and brow ridges found in Palau appear to be an archaeologist's undoing, according to researchers at three institutions.

Olive leaf extract can help tackle high blood pressure and cholesterol
Taking 1000 mg of a specific olive leaf extract (EFLA 943) can lower cholesterol and lower blood pressure in patients with mild hypertension (high blood pressure).

Protein misprediction uncovered by new technique
A new bioinformatics tool is capable of identifying and correcting abnormal, incomplete and mispredicted protein annotations in public databases.

Unusual ultrasonic vocalization patterns in mice may be useful for modeling autism
Scientists have found novel patterns of ultrasonic vocalizations in a genetic mouse model of autism, adding a unique element to the available mouse behaviors that capture components of the human disease, and representing a new step towards identifying causes and better treatments.

'SciVee' science site launches the research community's first 'Postercast' capability
SciVee, a Web 2.0 resource dedicated to the dissemination of scientific research and science-specific research networking, is adding an innovative new video feature called a

Angiotensin inhibitors and receptor blockers linked to lower risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer
The use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers was associated with a reduced risk of basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers in US veterans, researchers report in the Aug.

Ayurvedic medicines sold via Internet may contain lead, mercury or arsenic
An analysis of Ayurvedic medicines (based on a traditional medical system commonly used in India) purchased via the Internet found that one-fifth of these products contain levels of lead, mercury or arsenic that exceed acceptable standards, according to a study in the Aug.

Consumption of nuts, corn or popcorn not associated with increased risk of diverticulosis in men
Contrary to a common recommendation to avoid eating popcorn, nuts and corn to prevent diverticular complications, a large prospective study of men indicates that the consumption of these foods does not increase the risk of diverticulosis or diverticular complications, according to a study in the Aug.

International Diabetes Federation supports study to foster improved control of type 2 diabetes
The International Diabetes Federation BRIDGES translational research grant program will fund a diabetes self-management education study in Dallas.

Fingerprint analysis technique could be used to identify bombmakers
University of Leicester experts have held discussions with military personnel in Afghanistan following the discovery of new technology to identify fingerprints on metal.

ADHD medication VYVANSE now available in 6 dosage strengths at US pharmacies
Shire Limited, the global specialty biopharmaceutical company, announces VYVANSE is available in US pharmacies in three additional dosage strengths, bringing the total dosage strength number to six: 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg, 50 mg, 60 mg and 70 mg.

Summa Health System leaders discuss narrative medicine in new book
Leaders from Summa Health System's Institute for Professionalism Inquiry have released a new book,

Protection zones in the wrong place to prevent coral reef collapse
Conservation zones are in the wrong place to protect vulnerable coral reefs from the effects of global warming, an international team of scientists warned today.

Early trigger for type 1 diabetes found in mice, Stanford scientists report
Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine are shedding light on how type 1 diabetes begins.

Scientists unmask brain's hidden potential
New insights into how the brain compensates for loss of sight suggests the brain is more adaptable than previously recognized.

DOE official cites need for major breakthroughs to cope with climate change
Meeting the world's growing energy demands while minimizing global warming will be one on the biggest challenges humanity has every faced, said Dr.

Prominent German biologist wins EMBO Communication Award
Today, the European Molecular Biology Organization announced that the German evolutionary biologist Axel Meyer from the University of Konstanz, Germany, will receive the 2008 EMBO Award for Communication in the Life Sciences.

Men defy stereotypes in defining masculinity
Men interviewed in a large international study reported that being seen as honorable, self-reliant and respected was more important to their idea of masculinity than being seen as attractive, sexually active or successful with women.

Study of islands reveals surprising extinction results
It's no secret that humans are having a huge impact on the life cycles of plants and animals.

Report suggests allopurinol may lower blood pressure in teens with hypertension
The drug allopurinol, which lowers uric acid levels, appears to reduce blood pressure in adolescents with newly diagnosed hypertension, according to a preliminary report in the Aug.

Utah steps into the heavens
In its latest step to develop an astronomy program, the University of Utah is joining a major international effort to map the heavens as a way to search for giant planets in other solar systems, study expansion of the universe and probe the mysterious dark matter and dark energy that make up most of the universe.

NSF makes award to study path of pollutants to the dinner table
The National Science Foundation has awarded $356,000 to Cindy Lee, environmental chemist and a professor of environmental engineering and earth sciences at Clemson University, to look at how pollutants cycle through fish and other organisms and wind up on the dinner table.

UBC scientist unveils secret of newborn's first words
A new study could explain why

Molecular cubes in the sunlight
A team of Australian and American researchers has developed a catalyst that effectively catalyzes the photooxidation of water.

Research expedition on corals and global warming: Aug. 17-26 in Puerto Rico
Scientists are collecting the spawn of elkhorn corals as part of a research and education project to grow the newborn juvenile corals for distribution to aquaria and to the wild.

Study shows PDE5 inhibitor more effective when used on demand in erectile dysfunction
Nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy is the gold-standard therapy for prostate cancer in men with a life expectancy of 10 years or more.

GLAST Observatory renamed for Fermi, reveals entire gamma-ray sky
The Department of Energy and NASA announced today that the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope has revealed its first all-sky map in gamma rays.

Research examines variations of rare lung disease
University of Cincinnati scientists are conducting a new research study that examines why symptoms of LAM are different in certain subgroups of people with the goal of finding more successful therapies.

Racing cane toads reveals they get cold feet on Southern Australia invasion
Cane toads weren't allowed to compete in the Olympics, but scientists have raced cane toads in the laboratory and calculated that they would not be able to invade Melbourne, Adelaide or Hobart and are unlikely to do well in Perth or Sydney, even with climate change.

'Perfect pitch' in humans far more prevalent than expected
Researchers at the University of Rochester's Eastman School of Music and Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences have developed a unique test for perfect pitch, and have found that perfect pitch is apparently much more common in non-musicians than scientists had expected.

Why do eyelids sag with age? UCLA study answers mystery
Many theories have sought to explain what causes the baggy lower eyelids that come with aging, but UCLA researchers have now found that fat expansion in the eye socket is the primary culprit.

Caesarean babies more likely to develop diabetes
Babies delivered by Caesarean section have a 20 percent higher risk than normal deliveries of developing the most common type of diabetes in childhood, according to a study led by Queen's University Belfast.

History of nonmelanoma skin cancer is associated with increased risk for subsequent malignancies
Individuals with a history of nonmelanoma skin cancer are at increased risk for other cancers, according to a study published in the Aug.

More aortic chest aneurysms being treated with less-invasive stents
An increasing number of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms are being treated with a device called a stent graft, rather than open-chest surgery.

How do galaxies grow?
Astronomers have caught multiple massive galaxies in the act of merging about 4 billion years ago.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Aug. 27 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Medication slows progression of myopia in children
Daily treatment with a medication called pirenzepine can slow the rate of progressive myopia, or nearsightedness, in children, reports a study in the August issue of the Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

High cholesterol levels drop naturally in children on high-fat anti-seizure diet, Hopkins study show
Elevated cholesterol levels return to normal or near normal levels over time in four out of 10 children with uncontrollable epilepsy treated with the high-fat ketogenic diet, according to results of a Johns Hopkins Children's Center study reported in the Journal of Child Neurology.

Global survey highlights need for cancer prevention campaigns to correct misbeliefs
Many people hold mistaken beliefs about what causes cancer, tending to inflate the threat from environmental factors that have relatively little impact while minimizing the hazards of behaviors well established as cancer risk factors, according to the first global survey on the topic.

High levels of uric acid may be associated with high blood pressure
Reducing levels of uric acid in blood lowered blood pressure to normal in most teens in a study designed to investigate a possible link between blood pressure and the chemical, a waste product of the body's normal metabolism, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in a report that appears in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Ecological Society of America criticizes administration's overhaul of the Endangered Species Act
The Ecological Society of America today criticized the Bush administration's Aug.

Bones get mended with high tech glass-of-milk
Scientists at the new Nuclear-Magnetic Resonance unit at the University of Warwick have discovered how a high tech glass of milk is helping bones mend.

Findings challenge common practice regarding glucose control for critically ill patients
An analysis of randomized trials indicates that for critically ill adults, tight glucose control is not associated with a significantly reduced risk of death in the hospital, but is associated with an increased risk of hypoglycemia, calling into question the recommendation by many professional societies for tight glucose control for these patients, according to an article in the Aug.

Toyota USA Foundation awards Lehigh University $317,778 to support environmental literacy programs
Lehigh University has received a $317,778 grant from the Toyota USA Foundation to promote environmental literacy in the nation's middle schools.

Java gives caffeine-naive a boost, too
Females who don't drink coffee can get just as much of a caffeine boost as those who sip it regularly.

Cell removal technique could lead to cheaper drugs
Costly drugs to treat conditions such as cancer and arthritis could be manufactured more cheaply with a new technique developed by scientists.
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