Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2008
Experts meet on need for new rules to govern world's fragile polar regions
Consideration of international law and policy issues in polar regions is urgently needed as climate change opens the Arctic Ocean to shipping, fishing, and other resource exploitation, and as growing numbers of bioprospectors, researchers and tourists flock to Antarctica, all with potentially serious environmental consequences in these highly fragile ecosystems.

World-first to predict premature birth
Australian researchers and a pathology company have joined forces to develop a world-first computerized system which may reveal a way to predict premature birth with greater accuracy.

Dirty air brings rain -- then again, maybe not
An international team of scientists, headed by Professor Daniel Rosenfeld of the Institute of Earth Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has come up with a surprising finding to the disputed issue of whether air pollution increases or decreases rainfall.

How you spend affects how much you spend: Non-cash purchases found to be higher than cash buys
There is fresh evidence that people spend less when paying cash than using credit, cash-equivalent scrip or gift certificates.

New studies on the Mediterranean diet confirm its effectiveness for chronic disease prevention
It is effective in chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, hypertension or osteoporosis.

New once-weekly diabetes drug formulation gives better blood sugar control than twice-daily regimen
Using a new formulation of the diabetes drug exenatide given once weekly provides better blood sugar (glycemic) control and is much more convenient than the current twice-daily regimen.

How plants fine tune their natural chemical defenses
Even closely related plants produce their own natural chemical cocktails, each set uniquely adapted to the individual plant's specific habitat.

Calculating how breast cancers will respond to tamoxifen
A discovery by Australian scientists could help clinicians decide which women with breast cancer will make good candidates for anti-estrogen therapies, such as tamoxifen, and which will not.

As easy as 1, 2, 3: Number sense correlates with test scores
Knowing how precisely a high school freshman can estimate the number of objects in a group gives you a good idea how well he has done in math as far back as kindergarten.

New once-a-week treatment for type 2 diabetes developed by Mount Sinai researcher
In a study published by the Lancet journal today, Toronto researcher Dr.

A new 'Pyrex' nanoparticle
Researchers in Switzerland have developed a new method to fabricate borosilicate glass nanoparticles.

Rattlesnake-type poisons used by superbug bacteria to beat our defenses
Colonies of hospital superbugs can make poisons similar to those found in rattlesnake venom to attack our bodies' natural defenses, scientists heard today (Mon., Sept.

Living sensor can warn of arsenic pollution
Scientists studying arsenic pollution have discovered a living sensor that can spot contamination.

Milk may help bacteria survive against low levels of antibiotics
Milk may help prevent potentially dangerous bacteria like Staphylococcus from being killed by antibiotics used to treat animals, scientists heard today (Mon., Sept.

World experts in brain plasticity gather in Brisbane
Leading neuroscientists from Australia, China, and the USA will visit the University of Queensland this week to join Queensland Brain Institute neuroscientists in a three-day symposium.
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