Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 19, 2008
Research pushes back history of crop development 10,000 years
Researchers led by Dr. Robin Allaby of the University of Warwick' have found evidence that genetics supports the idea that the emergence of agriculture in prehistory strated 10,000 years earlier than originally thought and took much longer.

What's the main risk factor of gallstone disease?
Gallstone disease is very common and costly. Preventive strategies are based on the knowledge of GD risk factors.

A new option to ameliorate quality of life of advanced gallbladder carcinoma?
Patients with advanced gallbladder carcinoma face a dismal prognosis, as no effective palliative chemotherapy exists.

Is local anesthetic wound infusion following laparotomy effective for colorectal surgery?
Although suboptimal postoperative pain control is associated with cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal complications, multimodal regimens for analgesia following major colorectal laparotomy provide inadequate pain relief.

Can Taurine be a potent antioxidant drug in the future?
In hepatotoxin induced liver fibrısis, taurine alleviates ultrastructural injury and organelle based transmission electron microscopy findings can successfully reflect the histological results as well as tissue healing in hepatocytes.

Estrogen reduces risk of fracture after menopause
From the end of the 1970s to the late 1990s there was a significant reduction in the incidence of hip and distal forearm fractures among Oslo women in the early phase after menopause.

What is sign for progressive of colorectal carcinoma?
The process of tumor invasion and metastasis is associated with alterations in the functions of several adhesion molecules.

Introducing the next generation of chemical reactors
Unique nanostructures which respond to stimuli, such as pH, heat and light will pave the way for safer, greener and more efficient chemical reactors.

Université de Montréal astrophysicists 'weigh' galaxy's most massive star
Until recently, no scientist had discovered a star of more than 83 solar masses.

National survey finds information tech and business alignment a struggle for American companies
The Society for Information Management has released an important part of its annual survey results, reporting that IT executives continue to identify lack of IT and business alignment as the top concern for companies.

Out of joint
A new diagnostic tool for arthritis developed by Tel Aviv University could stop irreversible damage from setting in.

A novel use of Nigella sativa on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury may occur in variety of clinical settings such as trauma, hepatic pedicle clamping during a liver surgery or liver transplantation.

Pinning down the Milky Way's spin
New, very precise measurements have shown that the rotation of the Milky Way is simpler than previously thought.

What induce local recurrence of rectal carcinoma?
It is well known that local recurrence is the most important prognostic factor of rectal carcinoma.

Life Sciences Discovery Fund advances latest research proposals
Ten Washington State-based life sciences research teams will progress to the interview round in the Life Sciences Discovery Fund's latest grants competition,

FAS honors Raymond Jeanloz with the 2008 Hans Bethe Award
he Federation of American Scientists has chosen Raymond Jeanloz, a professor of geophysics and astronomy at the University of California at Berkeley, as the recipient of the 2008 Hans Bethe Award for

Bats pick up rustling sounds against highway background noise
When bats go hunting by listening for faint rustling sounds made by their quarry on a quiet night they don't have any problems.

What contribute to the biological behaviors of gastric carcinomas?
Tight junction protein participated in the processes of epithelial mesenchymal transformation and mesenchymal epithelial transformation in carcinomas.

Using novel tool, UD researchers dig through cell 'trash' and find treasure
A person's trash can reveal valuable information, as detectives, historians and identity thieves well know.

Global food situation at a crossroads
Declining agricultural productivity and continued growing demand have brought the world food situation to a crossroads.

Fires regenerate African grassland
Natural grass fires are evidently more important for the ecology of savannahs than has previously been assumed.

The effective chemoradiotherapy method for pancreatic cancer
In the present study, the retrospective analysis of chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer was performed, utilizing gemcitabine as a radiation sensitizer administered twice weekly at a dose of 40 mg/m2.

A new combined treatment of biliary cast syndrome
Biliary cast syndrome is rare in nontransplant patients and describes the presence of casts causing obstruction with its resultant sequelae of biliary infection, hepatocyte damage secondary to bile stasis and ductal damage, all contributing to cholangiopathy.

Monitoring exhaled nitric oxide does not help manage asthma
A new study shows that monitoring levels of exhaled nitric oxide in adolescents with asthma and adjusting treatment accordingly does not improve the course of their disease.

Duke medical team finds genetic link between immune and nerve systems
Duke University Medical Center researchers have discovered genetic links between the nervous system and the immune system in a well-studied worm, and the findings could illuminate new approaches to human therapies.

CSHL team traces extensive networks regulating alternative RNA splicing
Two professors at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have succeeded in tracing intricate biochemical networks involving a class of proteins that enable genes to express themselves in specific tissues at particular moments in development.

Marine debris will likely worsen in the 21st century
Current measures to prevent and reduce marine debris are inadequate, and the problem will likely worsen, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council.

Paths to Zero -- Striving Toward a Nuclear-Free World
The Federation of American Scientists will host a symposium to discuss US nuclear weapons policy in the 21st century at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco, on Friday, Sep.

Preventing suicide in low- to middle-income countries
An international study of almost 2,000 people in Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Iran and China has shown that a low-cost strategy to keep in contact with people who have previously attempted suicide, can reduce the risk of subsequent suicides.

Proposed extraction process may have economic, environmental benefits
A researcher from the University of Alberta has proposed an experimental electrical heating process to draw oil from largely untapped deposits, which could yield major rewards for oil production and be more environmentally sound than current extractions processes.

American Physical Society announces Physics, a new, free, online publication
Finding the best in physics now becomes easier with the formal launch of Physics, a new, free, online publication from the American Physical Society.

Type 1 diabetes may result from good genes behaving badly
New research suggests that type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease that develops in children and young adults, may not be due to bad genes but rather to good genes behaving badly.

Future looks bright for interferometry
The PRIMA instrument of the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer recently saw

People with type 2 diabetes can put fatty livers on a diet with moderate exercise
Weekly bouts of moderate aerobic exercise on a bike or treadmill, or a brisk walk, combined with some weightlifting, may cut down levels of fat in the liver by up to 40 percent in people with type 2 diabetes, a study by physical fitness experts at Johns Hopkins shows.

hefA plays an important role in multidrug resistance of Helicobacter pylori
In recent years, the multidrug resistance strains have already been discovered, which are simultaneously resistant to amoxicillin, metronidazole and clarithromycin. about H pylori.

High blood pressure takes big toll on small filtering units of the kidney
Take a kidney out of the body and it still knows how to filter toxins from the blood.

Identification of gene mutations in Down's syndrome-associated acute lympoblastic leukemia
The identification of mutations in the JAK2 gene involved in Down's syndrome-associated acute lymphoblastic leukemia could lead to new drugs to target this form of leukemia.

A new diagnostic tool for colorectal cancers prognosis
BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor expression is aberrantly elevated in most colorectal cancers.

A rare case of inflammatory myoglandular polyp
Inflammatory myoglandular polyp is characterized by inflammatory granulation tissue in the lamina propria, proliferation of smooth muscle, and hyperplastic glands with variable cystic change.

UCLA study of satellite imagery casts doubt on surge's success in Baghdad
By tracking the amount of light emitted by Baghdad neighborhoods at night, a team of UCLA geographers have uncovered fresh evidence that last year's troop surge in Iraq may not have worked as well as billed by the US military.

How to treat steroid-naive ulcerative colits patients efficiently?
Steroid has long been the second line therapy for the induction to remission in ulcerative colits, if remission cannot be achieved by salazosulfapyridine or mesalazine.

Strong association found between prevalence of low white blood count and women of African descent
Researchers found a strong association between women of African descent from the US and Caribbean, who are otherwise healthy, and the prevalence of neutropenia, or low white blood count.

Cells that mediate steroid-resistant asthma identified by scientists at Children's Hospital
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC researchers have identified cells that may play a key role in some forms of steroid-resistant asthma, a complication of the condition that makes treatment even more challenging.

How to prevent liver damage induced by anti-tuberculosis treatment?
Anti-tuberculosis treatment is known to cause liver damage in 4 percent to 11 percent of patients mandating to stop the treatment till the liver enzymes come to normal.

How to prevent halothane hepatitis in Iran?
Halothane is a volatile anesthetic, which was first introduced to clinical practice in 1956.

More convenient and helpful for colitis patients? An absorption enhancer may do
There was a regional difference in the permeability of rabamipide in the intestinal tract.

Is OB glue paste technique ideal to establish nude mouse transplantation model?
OB glue is a biologic glue and has been used widely in surgery.

How to diagnoses and treat biliary rhabdomyosarcoma efficiently?
Biliary rhabdomyosarcoma is an uncommon childhood malignancy. Its presentation may mimic that of a choledochal cyst, the correct diagnosis is frequently made intraoperatively at a planned choledochal cystectomy.

October 2008 Biology of Reproduction highlights
Loss of Dicer1, and mature miRNAs, caused impaired fertility and defects in spermatogenesis in male mice; and culture of mouse embryos from the zygote to the blastocyst stage affects epigenetic modification during development and results in altered expression of the agouti viable yellow allele in mice. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to