Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 23, 2008
Why does Gecko, a chinese traditional medicine, have anti-tumor effects?
Gecko is a chinese traditional medicine. It has definite effect on malignant tumor, especially on digestive system tumor.

What is the energy consuming style in chronic severe hepatitis B patient normality?
The research group studied the disturbed homeostasis of energy, Carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in chronic severe viral hepatitis B patients.

Methylation levels key to glioblastoma survival
A new study analyzing gene expression among patients with glioblastomas has found that not all of the common, deadly brain tumors appear the same upon closer examination.

Seniors with vocal problems want treatment but aren't getting it
The breathy, hoarse voice of senior citizens is often thought to be a normal sign of aging.

Does gastrointestinal endoscopists suffer from procedure-related musculoskeletal symptoms?
Muscle and joint pains are common complaints among individuals whose job requires repetitive isometric maneuvers.

New research to help dogs with cancer may benefit people
A new study jointly conducted by Oregon State University College of Veterinary Medicine and the Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute may one day help not only our canine friends with cancer, but also people with the human form of the disease.

Observational study suggests hormone therapy safe for postmenopausal BRCA mutation carriers
The use of hormone therapy was associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women who carry BRCA mutations, according to a case-control study published online Sept.

The natural history of 'healthy-HCV carriers'
The aim of the study was to determine factors associated with fibrosis progression in HCV-infected patients without significant initial pathological lesions.

Stevens awarded $1M for advanced biofuels research
Stevens Institute of Technology has been awarded $1 million from the US Department of Energy to support research and development into biomass conversion technologies.

Immunohistochemical localization of Glutathione-S-transferase-pi in human colorectal polyps
Glutathione-S-transferase-pi is expressed highly in neoplasm and could be regarded as a tumor marker.

A novel attempt of gene therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus
There are considerable endocrine cells in gastrointestinal tracts. These cells may be the potential and ideal target cells in gene therapy of type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Intraperitoneal metastasis after spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma
Rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma is a life-threatening complication. Peritoneal metastasis after spontaneous rupture of HCC was seldom noted.

The dietary supplement genistein can undermine breast cancer treatment
Women taking aromatase inhibitors to treat breast cancer or prevent its recurrence should think twice before also taking a soy-based dietary supplement, researchers report.

NC State researchers get to root of parasite genome
North Carolina State University scientists and colleagues have completed the genome sequence and genetic map of one of the world's most common and destructive plant parasites -- Meloidogyne hapla, a microscopic, soil-dwelling worm known more commonly as the northern root-knot nematode.

No longer an issue of black and white?
The color of a person's skin, more than a person's race, is becoming a key cause of racism, according to a new book Racism in the 21st Century co-written and edited by Ronald Hall, associate professor of social work at Michigan State University.

A look to the future
Investigators from the Regenstrief Institute have led a demonstration of how health information exchange technologies developed and tested regionally can be used to securely share patient information across the nation during an emergency.

Study findings help EMS respond to cardiac arrest emergencies more safely and efficiently
When cardiac arrest patients cannot successfully be resuscitated by emergency medical services in the field, lifesaving attempts to race them to a nearby hospital via ambulance often prove to be futile.

Study: When/if to start hormones for prostate cancer patients whose PSA rises after radiation
A new Fox Chase Cancer Center study suggests men with early stage prostate cancer treated with radiation therapy should begin hormone therapy immediately if their PSA level rises quickly and doubles within six months at any time after treatment.

New study looks to define evangelicals and how they affect polling
The way the evangelical movement is defined has profound implications for where evangelicals fit into the political spectrum, according to a study by sociologists at Rice University and the University of Texas-Austin.

Seniors not seeking treatment for common, debilitating swallowing and voice problems
Despite widespread suffering of debilitating swallowing and voice problems among seniors, many are not seeking treatment for these issues, according to new research presented at the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in Chicago, Ill.

How do the choline compounds change when apoptosis occurs?
How the intensity choline compounds change when apoptosis occurs is still confused.

Is the metastatic lymph node ratio can predict the survival rate in gastric cancer patients?
The metastatic lymph node ratio is defined as the ratio of the number of metastatic lymph nodes over the total number of resected lymph nodes.

New tool to assess speech development in infants, toddlers with hearing impairments
The number of hearing impaired infants and toddlers who are successfully aided by technological devices, such as hearing aids and cochlear implants, continues to grow, but there are still unknowns about these children's speaking abilities, according to a Purdue University expert.

'Chemical equator' discovery will aid pollution mapping
Scientists at the University of York have discovered a 'chemical equator' that divides the polluted air of the Northern Hemisphere from the largely uncontaminated atmosphere of the Southern hemisphere.

The aetiology of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in aged patients
The incidence of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) in aged patients has been increasing rapidly over the last years in the Western World.

New book: Americans vote by party, not issues
American voters of today generally cast their ballots based on which political party they most identify with rather than on specific issues, according to a new book co-authored by a Michigan State University political scientist.

New model predicts relapse in early breast cancer patients following endocrine therapy
Researchers have developed and validated a model that predicts relapse in women with stage 2 or 3 breast cancer who have been treated with endocrine therapy prior to surgical removal of the tumor, according to a study published online Sept.

Chronic hepatitis C infection in a patient with bone marrow hypoplasia
Cronic hepatitis C virus infection is associated with multifarious extra-hepatic manifestations; the most described and discussed being mixed cryoglobulinemia which is strongly associated to B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders.

New instrument can quickly examine multiple proteins in a single cancer sample
PResearchers have demonstrated a new instrument that makes it possible to detect and quantify multiple different clinically important proteins in a single tumor sample using conventional staining.

Would patients with a T tube accompany with duodenal-biliary reflux?
A research detected whether patients with a T tube after cholecystectomy and choledochotomy have duodenal-biliary reflux by measuring amounts of radioactivity of T pentaacetic acid in the bile.

What is the risk factor for severe clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea?
Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea is the most common cause of health-care-associated diarrhea resulting in a spectrum of disease severity ranging from asymptomatic carriage to severe entero-colitis and death.

America's smallest dinosaur uncovered
An unusual breed of dinosaur that was the size of a chicken, ran on two legs and scoured the ancient forest floor for termites is the smallest dinosaur species found in North America, according to a University of Calgary researcher who analyzed bones found during the excavation of an ancient bone bed near Red Deer, Alberta, in 2002.

Interleukin Genetics and Geisinger to collaborate
Interleukin Genetics, Inc., and Geisinger Health System announced a research collaboration to explore the role of genetics in obesity.

Hormone therapy before radiation seed implants for prostate cancer
Men over 70 years of age with early-stage prostate cancer have 20 percent higher mortality if they are treated first with hormone therapy before being treated with radiation seed implants, compared to men who are treated with brachytherapy alone, according to the largest cohort study of its kind presented Sept.

Strong leaders who punish freeloaders and cheats can benefit society: UBC research
A strong leader who punishes cheats and freeloaders can increase the cooperation and riches enjoyed by the rest of the group, according to psychology and economics research at the University of British Columbia, Sheffield Hallam University and the University of Kent.

Hospital residents report patient-handoff problems common, can lead to patient harm
A significant percentage of resident physicians report that patient handoffs -- transfer of responsibility for a hospitalized patient from one resident to another -- contributed to incidents in which harm was done to patients.

A new therapeutic option for human hepatocyte cancer
A group from Germany found that using H-1 parvovirus infection and chemotherapeutic treatment can enhance the cytotoxic effect of anti-cancer agents.

Better best before dates
Advances in sensing technology will help to reduce the wastage from 'farm to fork' that's contributing to the UK's £10 billion food wastage bill, according to the UK's Sensors & Instrumentation Knowledge Transfer Network.

Scientists detect cosmic 'dark flow' across billions of light years
Using data from NASA's Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe, scientists have identified an unexpected motion in distant galaxy clusters.

Saving lives more efficiently: Cardiac arrest study may help EMS and ERs
A new study shows that a single standard guideline could help emergency medical crews and ER teams determine which cardiac arrest victims might benefit from a trip to the hospital, while at the same time reducing futile efforts on patients who have no chance of surviving a cardiac arrest.

Looking past the 'down low:' New research
The general public and popular media in the US have focused too much on moral issues surrounding black bisexual men who do not disclose their same-sex behaviors to female lovers, otherwise known as men

New lights on the pathogenic mechanisms of liver cirrhosis with ascites
The concept of altered intestinal permeability is important and has been implicated in a number of pathological situations.

Rare genetic disorder gives clues to autism, epilepsy, mental retardation
Studying a rare genetic disorder called tuberous sclerosis complex, researchers have uncovered a possible cause of some neurodevelopmental disorders: structural abnormalities in neurons.

£2 million study to reveal workings of dementia genes
University of Manchester scientists are to investigate the biological causes of the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's, thanks to a prestigious £1.9 million senior fellowship award from the Medical Research Council.

$12.5M National Science Foundation grant to fund UTeachEngineering program for educators
The University of Texas at Austin's Cockrell School of Engineering, College of Natural Sciences and College of Education have been awarded $12.5 million by the National Science Foundation to prepare educators to teach engineering to Texas high-school students.

Medicare HMO costs may prevent cancer patient clinical trial participation
According to a study from the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, newly diagnosed cancer patients age 65 and older who are enrolled in Medicare's Health Maintenance Organization plans may be unlikely to participate in clinical trials because the plan requires patients to pay both a deductible and 20 percent of the treatment cost.

University of Miami receives grant from National Center on Minority and Health Disparities
El Centro, at the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies, has received a $225,000 grant by its sponsor, the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health.

Exciting new companies at NJIT's small biz incubator get 100K in grants
The New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology has awarded almost $100,000 as part of its SBIR bridge grant program to two start-up companies based in NJIT's high technology business incubator.

Step right up, let the computer look at your face and tell you your age
Like an age-guesser at a carnival, computer software being developed at the University of Illinois can fairly accurately estimate a person's age.

Case report: Duodenal perforation caused by an ingested toothbrush handle
Authors reported a rare case of duodenal perforation caused by an ingested 12 cm-long toothbrush handle.

New Web site helps doctors and prostate cancer patients make better treatment choices
Doctors have created a free online computer tool, the CaP Calculator, that provides cancer specialists access to the latest prostate cancer research and helps them better individualize each patient's treatment options, according to a study presented in a scientific session on Sep.

Case report: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with gastric infiltration
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common histologic subtype of the non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

Answering the question: Who should have surgery for sleep apnea?
Even as more and more people in the United States are diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, there remains a disconnect as to who can benefit from corrective surgery.

Un-total recall: Amnesics remember grammar, but not meaning of new sentences
These results support the idea that there are two components of language function- one for content and another for structure.

New tool helps physicians tailor hormone therapy for high-risk prostate cancer patients
Using one of the largest databases of prostate cancer outcomes in the United States, Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers have developed a prediction tool that uses a patient's clinical information to estimate the benefit of adding androgen deprivation therapy of various durations to radiation therapy.

Ulcerative colitis accompany with strongyloides stercoralis infection
In this case report from Israel, a patient with long-standing ulcerative colitis who experienced a seeming exacerbation of disease after receiving steroid treatment for unrelated disorder is described.

Photonic crystal biosensors detect protein-DNA interactions
Scientists at the University of Illinois have developed a new class of disposable, microplate-based optical biosensors capable of detecting protein-DNA interactions.

How to differentiate abdominal tuberculosis from lymphomas?
The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing. Lymphadenopathy is the most common manifestation of abdominal tuberculosis and may be easily confused with lymphomas.

Plant antioxidant may protect against radiation exposure
Resveratrol, the natural antioxidant commonly found in red wine and many plants, may offer protection against radiation exposure, according to a study by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

'Casual' smokers have a greater risk of hazardous drinking and alcohol-use disorders
Smokers are more likely to drink and drink heavily, and heavy smokers also tend to be heavy drinkers.

Scientists develop new, more sensitive nanotechnology test for chemical DNA modifications
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore have developed a novel test to screen for chemical modifications to DNA known as methylation.

UCLA astronomer Andrea Ghez named MacArthur Fellow
UCLA astronomy professor Andrea Ghez, named a MacArthur Fellow, uses novel, ground-based telescopic techniques to identify thousands of new star systems and illuminate the role of supermassive black holes in the evolution of galaxies.

Weight loss surgery may be associated with bone loss
Weight loss surgery may be linked to deficiencies in calcium and vitamin D and bone loss, according to a new study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Severe stress more common among long-term cancer survivors
Long-term survivors of adult cancers are almost twice as likely to report psychological distress severe enough to cause moderate to serious problems functioning in social, work or school situations, compared to the general population, according to a large, national study presented Sept.

New predictive tool can help determine treatment of breast cancer patients
A new predictive measurement, called a PEPI score, could bring good news to many women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer -- a low PEPI (preoperative endocrine prognostic index) score could show that they have little risk of relapse, and can safely avoid chemotherapy after surgery.

New MU study finds value differences within Republican party and similarities between both parties
Hoping to answer the question of which political party has a monopoly on the

Culture greatly shapes young people's drinking habits
Focus groups with young people of legal drinking age in seven countries (Brazil, China, Italy, Nigeria, Russia, South Africa, United Kingdom-Scotland) reveal that a distinct pattern of alcohol consumption is emerging around the world.

Black patients at higher risk for colon polyps
Compared with white patients, black patients undergoing screening colonoscopy have a higher prevalence of colon polyps, according to a study in the Sept.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the September 24 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

New ways to use biomass
Researchers in the US and China have developed a new catalyst that directly converts cellulose, the most common form of biomass, into ethylene glycol, an important intermediate product for chemical industry.

Is mirtazapine and fluoxetine helpful in treating pancreatic cancer?
The treatment of pancreatic cancer remains a great challenge. The majority of patients with pancreatic cancer developed major depression.

Termination-of-resuscitation rules helps ID cardiac arrest patients with small chance of survival
Researchers have validated criteria that are used to identify patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who have little or no chance of survival after resuscitation, according to a study in the Sep.

Flooding might help lower gas emission from wetlands
River floods and storms that send water surging through swamps and marshes near rivers and coastal areas might cut in half the average greenhouse gas emissions from those affected wetlands, according to recent research at Ohio State University.

A promising possibility for the treatment of the esophageal carcinoma
Lithium, an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3 beta ) activity, has been linked to reduced tumor incidence.

Honey effective in killing bacteria that cause chronic sinusitis
Honey is very effective in killing bacteria in all its forms, especially the drug-resistant biofilms that make treating chronic rhinosinusitis difficult, according to research presented during the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in Chicago, Ill.

The neuropeptide Y system is linked to a more severe form of alcohol dependence
Prior animal research showed an association between the neuropeptide Y (NPY) pathway and its three receptor genes and alcohol dependence, alcohol withdrawal and cocaine use.

Is Bcl-2 protein a major obstacle in treating colorectal carcinoma?
Colorectal carcinoma is a major health problem. A research group from Germany investigated the role of anti-apoptotic proteins for CRC cells.

Epstein-Barr virus predicts outcome in nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Researchers in Hong Kong report that testing patient blood for DNA from Epstein-Barr virus during treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma effectively predicts clinical outcome.

OHSU Cancer Institute researchers study breathing during radiation
Oregon Health & Science University researchers have determined exactly how much breathing affects prostate movement during radiation treatment.

Worlds in collision
Two planets in orbit around a mature sun-like star recently suffered a violent collision, astronomers at UCLA, Tennessee State University and the California Institute of Technology report in the premier journal of astronomy and astrophysics.

Why contrast-enhanced ultrasound better than intraoperative ultrasound?
Intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) is an important tool in the fields of surgery for liver tumors.

Popular COPD treatment increases risk for cardiac events, cardiac death
New research out of Wake Forest University School of Medicine shows that use of the most commonly prescribed once-a-day treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease for longer than one month increases the risk of cardiovascular death, heart attack or stroke by more than 50 percent.

Racial disparities decline for cancer in Missouri
Cancer death rates in the United States are highest among African Americans, but a new report shows that in Missouri the disparity in cancer incidence and death between African Americans and whites is declining.

Smart alarm clock for mobile phones
Research conducted in two Finnish universities, Tampere University of Technology and the University of Helsinki, resulted in the development of a brand-new technology for screening and even diagnosing sleep disorders.

The effect of Curcuma wenyujin on human HepG2 cancer cell
Nowadays in China, the essential oil of Curcuma wenyujin has been used as injection to cure paediatric disease such as acute upper respiratory infection, viral myocarditis and acute pneumonia.

Isoflavone dietary supplement improves the functioning of the arteries in stroke patients
A dietary supplement containing isoflavone -- a chemical found in soybeans, chickpeas, legumes and clovers -- can improve artery function in stroke patients according to new research published online in Europe's leading cardiology journal, the European Heart Journal on Wednesday Sept.

2 UCSF scientists recognized for transformative research
Two UCSF scientists are among the 31 nationwide who have received 2008 New Innovator Awards from the National Institutes of Health.

FSU joins coalition working to improve nation's power grid
Florida State University's Center for Advanced Power Systems has joined a prominent national coalition that seeks to transform the nation's electric power systems.

Cutting edge discussion on age-related hearing loss
Leading experts in the study of hair cells and hearing loss will discuss state-of-the art developments in determining the genetic and environmental factors that cause age-related hearing impairment at the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in Chicago, Ill.

Melting ice under pressure
The deep interior of Neptune, Uranus and Earth may contain some solid ice.

Prolonged effects of a warming anomaly on grasslands
Professors Yiqi Luo, Linda Wallace and Rebecca Sherry in the Department of Botany and MIcrobiology co-authored a paper with colleagues Jay Arnone and Paul Verburge at the Desert Research Institute; Dale Johnson from the University of Nevada at Reno; David Chimel from the National Center for Atmospheric Research; and others to report their findings on the long-term effects of warming anomaly on grassland productivity and ecosystem carbon cycling.

MU researcher helps Texans remember former president LBJ
The Vietnamese War, civil rights and segregation struggles, and an unruly economy - former US President Lyndon B.

A novel technique for detection tumor lymphangiogenesis
Tumor lymphangiogenesis is the processes of creating new lymph vessels within and surrounding tumours.

Jefferson scientists deliver toxic genes to effectively kill pancreatic cancer cells
Investigators at the Department of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University and the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson, has achieved a substantial

Estimated 3 million injecting drug users worldwide could be HIV positive
New research suggests there could be 3 million injecting drug users worldwide who are HIV positive; and that the number of countries reporting injecting drug use has increased over the last decade.

A promising endoscopic technique for rectal carcinoids
This study compared between a ligation device with three dimensional ultrasonography and EMR-L alone for rectal carcinoids.

Common COPD medications linked with increased risk of CV death, heart attack
The use of inhaled anticholinergic agents (medications that help reduce bronchospasm) by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with a significantly increased risk of heart attack, stroke of cardiovascular death, according to a meta-analysis of randomized trials published in the Sep.

Formula discovered for longer plant life
Molecular biologists from Tübingen have discovered how the growth of leaves and the aging process of plants are coordinated.

Is rebamipide enema in treating left-sided ischemic colitis with ulcer effctive?
The aim of this study is to attempt rectal administration of rebamipide in the treatment of ischemic colitis patients with ulcerative lesions, and evaluate its effects.

A new approach to endoscopic treatment of the esophagogastric junction tumors
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction is constantly increasing.

Is electrocautery shovel a safe and feasible tool in laparoscopic operation?
Monopolar electrocautery shovel is a discreteness of laparoscopic instrument, it is often used in simple laparoscopic operation.

Dark chocolate: Half a bar per week to keep at bay the risk of heart attack
Good news for chocolate lovers: 6.7 grams of chocolate per day represent the ideal amount for a protective effect against inflammation and subsequent cardiovascular disease.

Home sleep test for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea deemed reliable
A small, portable device used for the home diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea has been deemed very reliable, according to new research presented at the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in Chicago, Ill.

Students and astronauts use powerful new tool to explore Earth fom space
On Oct. 12, Richard Garriott, a citizen astronaut and son of former astronaut Owen Garriot, takes Windows on Earth software to the International Space Station.

Carbon nanostructures form the future of electronics and optoelectronics
This year's Julius Springer Prize for Applied Physics will be awarded to Phaedon Avouris and Tony Heinz for their pioneering work on the electrical and optical properties of nanoscale carbon materials including carbon nanotubes -- from basic science to exciting applications.

Case report: A mixed rectal tumor and adenocarcinoma
Sarcomatoid carcinomas of the colorectum are rare tumors. Clinically, they are aggressive tumors that metastasize early.

MU expert says presidential debates likely to be as significant as 1960 Kennedy-Nixon debate
With many polls showing presidential candidates Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain in a dead heat, many are predicting that the first presidential debate on Sep.

Lack of large-scale experiments slows progress of environmental restoration
A new study finds that environmental restoration research using large experimental tests has been limited.

Study finds antioxidant deficiency linked to pulmonary hypertension
A recent study shows that a loss of antioxidants in the endothelial cells that line blood vessels in the lungs contributes to the loss of vasodilator effects and, ultimately, to the development of pulmonary hypertension.

NTDs burden in Latin America and the Caribbean may exceed that of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria
According to a new analysis published Sep. 24 in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, neglected tropical diseases as a group may have surpassed HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

What is the best strategy for treating Helicobacter pylori?
The best treatment for Helicobacter pylori is not yet established.

Duke team finds compounds that prevent nerve damage
Duke University Medical Center scientists have made a significant finding that could lead to better drugs for several degenerative diseases including Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease.

How does the microsatellite alterate in metaplasia-dysplasia-adenocarcinoma sequence?
It is estimated that the risk of neoplasia in barrett esophagus, through the intermediate step of dysplastic transformation of the columnar epithelium,is 125-fold higher than in general population.

Low sperm count may be associated with prenatal testosterone excess
Exposure to an excess of sexual steroids, like testosterone, during fetal development may be a potential risk factor for low sperm count and motility, according to a new study accepted for publication in Endocrinology, a journal of the Endocrine Society.

Vitiligo skin disorder could yield clues in fight against melanoma
About 1 million Americans suffer a skin disorder called vitiligo, which causes unsightly white patches on the face, hands and other parts of the body.

Worm genome offers clues to evolution of parasitism
The genome of a humble worm that dines on the microbial organisms covering the carcasses of dead beetles may provide clues to the evolution of parasitic worms, including those that infect humans, say scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Is endoscopic ultrasound a better choice for staging of gastric cancers?
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers. The prognosis of patients with gastric cancer is determined by the tumor extent.

What is the pituitary hormone secretion pattern in cirrhosis patients?
The hepatic encephalopathy is a clinical syndrome characterized by mental status changes in patients with severe hepatic insufficiency.

What is the biological feature of pancreatic adenocarcinoma stem cells?
A team led by Dr. Chun-You Wang from China isolated CD44+CD24+ subpopulation cells which have properties of tumor stem cells.

Trachoma in Ayod county, Sudan: 1 of the most severe burdens documented
The burden of trachoma in Ayod county, one of the most severe ever documented, is a threat to public health in Southern Sudan, according to a recent survey conducted in Jonglei state.

Also in the Sept. 23 JNCI
The Sept. 23 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute also features a report on the effects of reproductive and demographic changes on breast cancer rates in China, an analysis of cause-specific late mortality on five-year survivors of childhood cancer, a study of a genetically engineered anaerobic bacterium that prolongs tumor-free survival in mice with pancreatic cancer, and results from a small study suggesting that Aurora kinase A gene copy number may be useful for early detection of bladder cancer.

Peptide ghrelin may be involved in both alcohol dependence and overeating
Ghrelin is a peptide found mostly in the stomach but also in the brain.

Nanotechnology: The big future of tiny medicine
The symposium will examine the use of nano-and micro-fabrication tools and explore techniques for clinical and basic life sciences research, including the development of drug delivery systems, biosensors and fluidic devices, implantable devices, and tissue scaffolds with applications in medical diagnostics and imaging, treatment of cancer and other degenerative diseases, and in orthopedics and wound repair.

Study finds wide variability in survival after emergency treatment for cardiac arrest
An analysis of emergency medical services-treated cardiac arrest outcomes in 10 areas in North America finds a five-fold difference in survival rates, according to a study in the Sept.

Vascular marker of ovarian cancer identified
Researchers have identified TEM1 as a specific genetic marker for the vascular cells associated with tumor growth, a finding that could aid in diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer.

Side effects of monotherapy with lamivudine
Lamivudine has a high rate of antiviral resistance. Sequential anti-hepatitis B virus treatment is commonly used for lamivudine resistance.

Seabird ammonia emissions contribute to atmospheric acidity
Ammonia emissions from seabirds have been shown to be a significant source of nitrogen in remote coastal ecosystems, contributing to nutrient enrichment (eutrophication) and acidification in ecosystems.

White Mountain Research Station to host climate change conference
The University of California White Mountain Research Station, US Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station and Consortium for Integrated Climate Research in Western Mountains will host a climate change conference Nov.

Breast cancer treatment resistance linked to signaling pathway
Activation of the Src signaling pathway may cause resistance to standard medical treatment in some patients with breast cancer, and inhibition of this pathway holds the potential to overcome that resistance, according to data presented here at the American Association for Cancer Research Molecular Diagnostics in Cancer Therapeutic Development meeting.

Get an ENT to the White House: Experts discuss presidential struggles with otolaryngologic disorders
Even as John McCain and Barack Obama face the wear and tear of the campaign trail, the men who preceded them in the White House might warn of the various ear, nose, and throat ailments that plagued their terms in office.

Ban on betting would boost ailing economy, gambling critic says
Congress should resurrect the nationwide gambling ban that existed through most of the 20th century to help soothe a fragile US economy shaken by the worst credit and financial crisis in decades, a University of Illinois professor and national gambling critic says.

Step back to move forward emotionally, study suggests
When you're upset or depressed, should you analyze your feelings to figure out what's wrong?

NJIT professor publishes new textbook on sales management techniques
A new text for managers with tips on planning, organizing, managing and controlling a firm's sales activities has been written by Rajiv Mehta, Ph.D., a professor in NJIT's School of Management.

Bladder cancer detected via amplified gene in cells found in urine
Counting the copies of a specific gene in cells gathered from a urine sample may provide a simple, noninvasive way to detect bladder cancer, a team led by researchers at The University of Texas M.
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