Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 2008
Changing dosing, administration of anthrax vaccine reduces side effects
Reducing the number of doses of an anthrax vaccine and changing its administration to intramuscular injection resulted in comparable measures of effectiveness but with fewer adverse events, according to a study in the Oct.

Ecologists allay fears for farmland birds from wind turbines
Wind farms pose less of a threat to farmland birds than previously feared, new research has found.

Study: urban black bears 'live fast, die young'
Black bears that live around urban areas weigh more, get pregnant at a younger age, and are more likely to die violent deaths, according to a study by the Wildlife Conservation Society.

The Prince of Wales outlines concerns about climate change in interview
In an interview published today in Weather, the magazine of the Royal Meteorological Society, His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales talks about his longstanding interest in the weather and its impact on the environment.

Smoking increases depression in women, Australian study reveals
A new Australian study reveals that women who smoke are at greater risk of developing major depressive disorder.

M. D. Anderson awarded nearly $19 million by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center has received nearly $19 million in grants from Susan G.

NCI renews M. D. Anderson core grant; peers bestow outstanding rating
The National Cancer Institute has renewed The University of Texas M.

Land use in the light of climate change
The future use of land space worldwide and of natural resources in the light of climate change is the topic of a high level German-American scientific conference organized by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, and the National Science Foundation, taking place in Berlin this week.

Gender is a relative term in politics, MU study finds
For only the second time in presidential debate history, a female nominee will take the stage to spar with a male opponent.

Mass extinctions and the evolution of dinosaurs
Reporting in Biology Letters, Steve Brusatte, Professor Michael Benton, and colleagues at the University of Bristol show that dinosaurs did not proliferate immediately after they originated, but that their rise was a slow and complicated event, and driven by two mass extinctions.

Glanceable dashboard takes a measure of physician communication
Much like a dashboard gives a good read on how your car is doing, researchers hope they'll soon give physicians a better idea of how they are doing with patients.

Entertainment Software Association Foundation awards grant to FAS for immune attack
The Federation of American Scientists will reach new levels with Immune Attack TM -- the first biologically accurate immunology video game -- through a generous grant awarded by the ESA Foundation.

Study finds young children can develop full-blown OCD
A new study by researchers at the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center has found that children as young as four can develop full-blown obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and often exhibit many of the same OCD characteristics typically seen in older kids.

Broad Institute awarded major grant to bolster epigenomics research
Researchers at the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT have received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to map the epigenomes of a variety of medically important cell types, including human embryonic stem cells.

From mothballs to mobilization: Taking the salt out of sea water
The United Nations estimates that 1.1 billion people across the globe lack access to sustainable, clean drinking water.

Algal biomonitor
A paper published Oct. 1 in the International Journal of Environment and Pollution, explains how a DNA test can be used to detect harmful algal blooms across the globe.

Longer-duration psychotherapy appears more beneficial for treatment of complex mental disorders
Psychodynamic psychotherapy lasting for at least a year is effective and superior to shorter-term therapy for patients with complex mental disorders such as personality and chronic mental disorders, according to a meta-analysis published in the Oct.

Painful heat sensed by 'painless' in flies
Japanese research group led by Prof Makoto Tominaga and Dr.

CU-Boulder space scientists set for second spacecraft flyby of Mercury
NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, which is toting an $8.7 million University of Colorado at Boulder instrument to measure Mercury's wispy atmosphere and blistering surface, will make its second flyby of the mysterious, rocky planet Oct.

Researchers create first model for retina receptors
A team of scientists at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center has created the first genetic research model for a microscopic part of the eye that when missing causes blindness.

News media often do not report potential sources of bias in medical research
An analysis of news media coverage of medical studies indicates that news articles often fail to report pharmaceutical company funding and frequently refer to medications by their brand names, both potential sources of bias, according to a study in the Oct.

The green Sahara, a desert in bloom
Reconstructing the climate of the past is an important tool for scientists to better understand and predict future climate changes that are the result of the present-day global warming.

New genes linked to gout
Researchers have identified two new genes -- and confirmed the role of a third gene -- associated with increased risk of higher levels of uric acid in the blood, which can lead to gout, a common, painful form of arthritis.

Geoffrey R. Norman wins 2008 Karolinska Institutet Prize for Research in Medical Education
Springer editor Geoffrey R. Norman is this year's winner of the Karolinska Institutet Prize for Research in Medical Education.

Extra copies of EGFR gene signal poor prognosis for vulvar cancer
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Service report that women with vulvar carcinoma whose tumors have extra copies of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene are at increased risk of dying from their cancer.

New center will focus environmental debate and produce solutions for action
The Academy of Natural Sciences today announced a new Center for Environmental Policy that will bring together disparate parties in the wide-ranging environmental debate and offer practical solutions for managing the region's natural resources.

Society's lack of food allergies impacts those afflicted with food allergies
Society's lack of knowledge of food allergies can greatly impact those afflicted with food allergies.

Direct recording shows brain signal persists even in dreamless sleep
Neuroscientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have taken one of the first direct looks at one of the human brain's most fundamental

Perinatal Days and International Stillbirth Conference -- Nov.5-7
The 21st Norsk Perinataldager (Norwegian Perinatal Days) will be arranged as a joint conference with the 2008 International Stillbirth Conference from Nov.

Thousands of deaf patients struggling to access basic health care
Thousands of Deaf patients are receiving inadequate healthcare because they are struggling to communicate with healthcare professions, say experts on bmj.com today.

A new 10-year vision for glaucoma
World experts map a new directions for future research and management of the world's second leading cause of blindness.

Study reveals an oily diet for subsurface life
Thousands of feet below the bottom of the sea, off the shores of Santa Barbara, single-celled organisms are busy feasting on oil.

MRI spots DCIS in mice
A new magnetic resonance imaging procedure can detect very early breast cancer in mice, including ductal carcinoma in situ, a precursor to invasive cancer.

Scientists discover why a mother's high-fat diet contributes to obesity in her children
A new article published online in The FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) suggests that pregnant women should think twice about high-fat foods.

Most adults under 50 unlikely need colorectal screening
Young adults without a family history of bowel disease are unlikely to develop adenomas, the colorectal polyps most likely to lead to cancer, according to new research directed by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

Possible cause of antisocial behavior identified
A link between reduced levels of the

Captain Birdseye's robotic nose
The captain can't freeze smelly fish that's past its best -- and Icelandic scientists can now help him out by detecting the levels of stench-making bacteria faster than ever before.

Colon cancer link to obesity uncovered
It has already been proven that obesity is influenced by genetics, and colon cancer is influenced by genetics.

Singapore A*Star and 4 auto industry leaders form consortium
Bosch, Dou Yee, Infineon and Th!nk Global, major players in the global automotive industry, have joined Singapore's Agency for Science, Technology and Research to form the A*STAR Capabilities for Automotive Research consortium to conduct pre-competitive, basic and applied research.

Eureka! How distractions facilitate creative problem-solving
According to psychologists from the University of Toronto and the Radboud University Nijmegen, distractions may be helpful in coming up with creative solutions to a certain problem, but must be followed by a period of conscious thought to ensure that we are aware of those solutions and can apply them.

Canada's shores saved animals from devastating climate change
Scientists have solved part of the mystery of where marine organisms that recovered from the biggest extinction on earth were housed.

An accurate picture of ice loss in Greenland
Researchers from TU Delft joined forces with the Center for Space Research in Austin, Texas, to develop a method for creating an accurate picture of Greenland's shrinking ice cap.

When particles are so small that they seep right through skin
Scientists are finding that particles that are barely there -- tiny objects known as nanoparticles that have found a home in electronics, food containers, sunscreens and a variety of applications -- can breach our most personal protective barrier: the skin.

Surgical treatment provides new option for some colorectal cancer patients
Research out of Wake Forest University School of Medicine suggests that a surgical technique not traditionally used in advanced abdominal cancer may be a viable treatment option for some patients previously thought to be untreatable, offering the real possibility of extending survival for those patients.

International cooperation needed to lower proliferation risks as nuclear energy grows
As more nations pursue nuclear power, the United States and Russia, along with other countries and the International Atomic Energy Agency, should redouble efforts to ensure a reliable supply of nuclear fuel so that countries seeking nuclear energy have less incentive to build their own facilities to enrich uranium and reprocess spent nuclear fuel, says a new report by the US National Academy of Sciences and Russian Academy of Sciences.

Researchers take important steps forward in understanding cause of colon cancer
Scientists investigating a molecule known to play a key role in causing colon cancer have made a series of ground-breaking discoveries that could have major implications for future treatment of the disease.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Oct. 1 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: Spontaneous and evoked release activate different receptors; GluR1 shapes dendritic growth; Amygdala encodes state value on a continuous scale; and CaMKIV overexpression enhances memory.

Walking forum report shows need to expand physical activity in schools
With childhood obesity expanding to epidemic proportions in the United States, educators, researchers and health practitioners are actively seeking to identify effective means of addressing this public-health crisis.

Scripps Research Institute and IAVI launch world's first dedicated HIV neutralizing antibody center
The Scripps Research Institute, one of the world's largest independent, nonprofit biomedical research organizations, and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, the world's only global nonprofit organization focused solely on AIDS vaccine development, today announced the establishment of a new research center dedicated exclusively to solving the most pressing challenge facing AIDS vaccine researchers today.

When cells go bad
When a cell's chromosomes lose their ends, the cell usually kills itself to stem the genetic damage.

Birth size is a marker of susceptibility to breast cancer later in life
Associations between birth size, perhaps as a marker of the pre-natal environment, and subsequent breast cancer risk have been identified before, but the findings from epidemiological studies have been inconsistent.

Study shows 3 genes associated with increased risk of gout
A study has shown that three genes are associated with increased risk of gout.

Depression linked to higher death rates from all causes among elderly with diabetes
In a large group of Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes, depression was linked with a higher death rate from all causes in a two-year study period.

Effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals -- a research strategy
The Marine Board-ESF published its 13th Position Paper, which presents a view from marine mammal specialists on the research needed to assess the effects of anthropogenic sound upon marine mammals.

New book explores the science of happiness
A new book on happiness might surprise some of those hoping to find more of it.

Danish study provides new information on hormone replacement therapy and the risk of heart attacks
The largest study to look at the effects of hormone replacement therapy after the Women's Health Initiative was stopped early, has shown there is no overall increased risk of heart attacks for women taking HRT.

Driving fatalities surge on US presidential election days
Sunnybrook researcher Dr. Donald Redelmeier and Stanford University statistician Robert Tibshirani have found an increased risk of fatal motor vehicle crashes on United States presidential election days.

Immigrant children from poor countries academically outperform those from developed countries
Immigrants who seek a better life in Western countries may not be able to escape the influence of their home country when it comes to their children's academic performance, according to findings from the October issue of the American Sociological Review.

Don't ask, don't tell doesn't work in prenatal care
While obstetrical care providers are doing a good job working with their patients on smoking cessation, they are not doing as well on abuse of other substances that can harm a woman's unborn baby a new study in the journal Patient Education and Counseling found.

Treatment window expanded
Patients can still benefit up to 4.5 hours after a stroke if a drug that dis-solves blood clots in the brain is administered.

Gene variation associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer
Variation of a gene for a protein hormone that is secreted by fat cells is associated with a decreased colorectal cancer risk, according to a study in the Oct.

Caltech scientists find cells coordinate gene activity with FM bursts
How a cell achieves the coordinated control of a number of genes at the same time has long puzzled scientists.

Psychologists show experience may be the best teacher for infants
There's a lot of truth in the old proverb

Nanotech and synbio: Americans don't know what's coming
A groundbreaking poll finds that almost half of US adults have heard nothing about nanotechnology, and nearly nine in 10 Americans say they have heard just a little or nothing at all about the emerging field of synthetic biology, according to a new report released by the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies and Peter D.

LIAI launches new division to look at novel approaches to heart disease and inflammation
While cholesterol-lowering drugs and new technologies have significantly advanced the nation's battle against heart disease, it continues to rank as the No.

During exercise, the human brain shifts into high gear on 'alternative energy'
A study published in the October 2008 print issue of the FASEB Journal, shows the brain, just like muscles, works harder during strenuous exercise and is fueled by lactate, rather than glucose.
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