Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 10, 2008
UCSB center helps land $24M national center to study environmental impacts of nanotechnology
The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at the University of California at Santa Barbara helped to win the new University of California Center for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, a five-year, $24 million center co-funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Environmental Protection Agency to study the environmental impacts of nanotechnology.

Fitness in a changing world
The stickleback fish, Gasterosteus aculeatus, is one of the most thoroughly studied organisms in the wild, and has been a particularly useful model for understanding variation in physiology, behavior, life history and morphology caused by different ecological situations in the wild.

Americans and the economy: Angry feelings, fear exceeds terrorism risk
In the first three days of the country's economic meltdown that began Sept.

Using electrons to treat organic seeds
Sales of organic products are booming: Consumers want their food to be untainted.

ASU Mars instrument gets new lease on life as NASA extends Mars Odyssey mission
NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft is heading for a new orbit around the Red Planet, and the change will give ASU's Thermal Emission Imaging System, a multi-band heat-sensing camera, greater sensitivity for mapping Martian minerals.

Young stellar objects: The source of gas emission around Herbig Ae/Be stars
This week, Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing new high-resolution observations of the gas component surrounding six young stars with the AMBER/VLTI instrument.

Smart production
Metal sheets are getting thinner and stronger all the time, and new production processes are called for.

'The Superorganism' national book launch to feature authors and adventures
Arizona State University and its School of Life Sciences will host an evening that highlights the beauty, elegance and strangeness of insect societies featuring Pulitzer Prize winning authors and scientists Bert Hölldobler and Edward O.

Is CT-colonoscopy a valuable tool to detect colorectal cancer?
Fecal occult blood test is a world-wide spread screening test for colorectal cancer.

Can genetic information be controlled by light?
Researchers at Kiel University have succeeded in showing that DNA strands differ in their light sensitivity depending on their base sequences.

A new alternative in treating short bowel syndrome
Short bowel syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by diarrhea, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, malabsorption, and progressive malnutrition related to a wide resection of the small intestine.

A link between mitochondria and tumor formation in stem cells
Researchers report on a previously unknown relationship between stem cell potency and the metabolic rate of their mitochondria -- a cell's energy makers.

Gene hunt in dyslexia
Letters are warped, syllables left out -- about four percent of the German population are dyslexics.

Recommendations for children's exercise lacking say experts
Researchers from the Peninsula Medical School in Plymouth, UK, have carried out research that suggests the one hour of moderate exercise a day recommended to children from health experts may not be enough to tackle the rising problem of childhood obesity.

Simplifying data management for farmers
Hiring temporary workers and machines for the harvest, sending soil samples to the laboratory for analysis, ordering seed: Farming today involves a great deal of administrative work.

Astronomers get best view yet of infant stars at feeding time
Astronomers have used ESO's Very Large Telescope Interferometer to conduct the first high resolution survey that combines spectroscopy and interferometry on intermediate-mass infant stars.

Boston Medical Center receives $5.8m grant
Boston Medical Center has received a $5,807,469 grant over five years from the National Institute on Aging to fund the Boston Claude D.

Transparency in politics can lead to greater corruption
Why are some countries more prone to political corruption? Viviana Stechina from Uppsala University, Sweden, has investigated why corruption among the political elite was more extensive in Argentina than in Chile during the 1990s.

The risk factors of abdominal venous thrombosis
A research group in India estimate the prevalence of inherited and acquired thrombophilic risk factors in patients with abdominal venous thrombosis and compare the risk factor profiles between Budd-Chiari syndromes and splanchnic vein thrombosis.

A new explosive
A research team led by David E. Chavez at Los Alamos National Laboratory has now developed a novel tetranitrate ester, which is solid at room temperature, is a highly powerful explosive, and can be melt-cast into the desired shape.

Making waves
The American Institute of Mathematics announces that Soundararajan and Roman Holowinsky have proven a significant version of the quantum unique ergodicity conjecture.

On the trail of a targeted therapy for blood cancers
Indiana University School of Medicine researchers are focusing on a family of blood proteins that they hope holds a key to decreasing the toxic effects of chemotherapy in children and adults.

PhysTEC addressing physics teacher shortage
US schools are struggling with severe shortages of physics teachers.

Landmark study unlocks stem cell, DNA secrets to speed therapies
In a groundbreaking study led by an eminent molecular biologist at Florida State University, researchers have discovered that as embryonic stem cells turn into different cell types, there are dramatic corresponding changes to the order in which DNA is replicated and reorganized.

NIH scientists discover crucial control in long-lasting immunity
NIH scientists have identified a protein that links two key types of white blood cells, T and B cells, letting them interact in a way that is crucial to establishing long-lasting immunity after an infection.

How to differentiate macro-regenerative nodules from hepato-carcinoma?
Macro-regenerative nodules that is regenerative nodules larger than 5 mm, are occasionally found in cirrhotic liver and were previously considered as precancerous lesions.

Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists
Yale scientists have created nanowire sensors coupled with simple microprocessor electronics that are both sensitive and specific enough to be used for point-of-care disease detection, according to a report in Nano Letters.

UD chemist Svilen Bobev receives ACA Early Career Award
Svilen Bobev, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Delaware, has been selected to receive the 2009 Margaret C.

New instrument puts new spin on superconductors
The race to understand the latest superconducting iron-arsenic compounds has taken another step forward.

Study finds stroke-prevention surgery safe in growing 80-plus population
New research published in the October issue of Journal of the American College of Surgeons challenges the current opinion that patients in their eighties, who are often deemed

'Himalaya -- Changing Landscapes' photo exhibition draws attention to the impacts of climate change
'The Himalaya -- Changing Landscapes' photo exhibition aims to raise awareness of the impact of climate change and of the new challenges facing the mountain people.

NASA supercomputer shows how dust rings point to exo-Earths
Supercomputer simulations of dusty disks around sunlike stars show that planets nearly as small as Mars can create patterns that future telescopes may be able to detect.

Scripps Oceanography scientists discover cause of weakness in marine animal hybrids
Genetic dysfunction found in crustaceans holds implications for stem cell research, cloning and agriculture.

Final media alert: 1 week to go before start of EORTC-NCI-AACR cancer symposium
There is just one week to go before the start of the joint European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, US National Cancer Institute and American Association for Cancer Research symposium on molecular targets and cancer therapeutics in Geneva.

Geisinger Medical Center earns prestigious Magnet designation
The American Nurses Credentialing Center has designated Geisinger Medical Center as a Magnet hospital.

World Food Day brings attention to food security around the globe
Food Security: From Local to Global, will be the focus of the Society for Nutrition Education's 2009 annual conference, but this single event is just one small step in fighting world hunger.

Statins may prevent miscarriages
Hospital for Special Surgery researchers have found that statins may be able to prevent miscarriages in women who are suffering from pregnancy complications caused by antiphospholipid syndrome, according to a study in mice.

The American Society of Human Genetics hosts 58th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia
The world's top scientists and clinicians in human genetics will gather in Philadelphia to present their latest research findings at the 58th Annual Meeting of The American Society of Human Genetics, Nov.

Why could ethyl pyruvate attenuate severe acute pancreatitis?
Extracellular high mobility group box 1 was implicated as a late mediator of endotoxin lethality.

Yamanaka eliminates viral vector in stem cell reprogramming
Dr. Yamanaka's laboratory in Kyoto has eliminated the need for a viral vector in the stem cell reprogramming process In a report published this week in Science, they showed the ability to reprogram adult cells into iPS cells without viral integration into the genome which lays to rest concerns that the reprogramming event might be dependent upon viral integration into specific genomic loci that could mediate the genetic switch.

Take advantage of reduced pre-registration rates for the IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis
Convenient online registration to the IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis 2008, at greatly discounted rates, is available only until Oct.

Team led by Livermore scientists helps to resolve long-standing puzzle in climate science
A team led by Livermore scientists has helped reconcile the differences between simulated and observed temperature trends in the tropics.

Governor Doyle announces historic genomic research collaboration
Governor Jim Doyle today announced a historic collaboration between four Wisconsin research institutions to advance personalized health care -- leading to health care that proactively addresses diseases.

Just a numbers game? Making sense of health statistics
Health statistics fill today's information environment, but even most doctors, who must make daily decisions and recommendations based on numerical data, lack the basic statistical literacy they require to make such decisions effectively.

Research shows link between bisphenol A and disease in adults
A research team from the Peninsula Medical School, the University of Exeter, the University of Plymouth and the University of Iowa, have found evidence linking bisphenol A to diabetes and heart disease in adults.

Elevation Biotech and IAVI partner to develop next generation of HIV vaccines
Elevation Biotech, a start-up biotechnology company funded by LIFElab, an agency of the South African Department of Science and Technology, and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, the world's only global nonprofit organization dedicated solely to AIDS vaccine development, have partnered to develop the next generation of AIDS vaccine candidates.

Only some Web sites provide patients with reliable information before having an operation
New research published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons shows unsponsored and professional society Web sites provide significantly higher quality information about common elective surgical procedures compared with commercially sponsored Web sites.

U-M to house leading drug database
The University of Michigan received $5 million from the National Institutes of Health to develop the world's leading resource of high-quality experimental data sets of drug-making compounds that will ultimately take computer-aided drug design to a new level.

Iowa State researchers developing wireless soil sensors to improve farming
Iowa State University researchers are developing wireless soil sensors that could one day help farmers maximize their production while minimizing environmental impacts.

New data resource to advance computer-aided drug design
Advances in information technology have shaped not only how we find or share information, but also how we make new medicines.

US culture derails girl math whizzes
A culture of neglect and, at some age levels, outright social ostracism, is derailing a generation of students, especially girls, deemed the very best in mathematics, according to a new study.

Fat-regenerating 'stem cells' found in mice
Researchers have identified stem cells with the capacity to build fat.

Lost in America: Top math talent
A new study,

What is the relationship between laryngopharyngeal reflux and reflux esophagitis?
The prevalence rate of laryngopharyngeal reflux in studied subjects with reflux esophagitis was 23.9 percent.

Caltech biologists spy on the secret inner life of a cell
The transportation of antibodies from a mother to her newborn child is vital for the development of that child's nascent immune system. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to