Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2008
Announcing the launch of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, OASPA
The Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, announces its official launch today in conjunction with an OA Day celebration hosted by the Wellcome Trust in London.

New data examine stents and bypass surgery in patients with 3VD and LMD
Newly reported data presented at the 20th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation from the SYNTAX clinical trial reveal similar safety and efficacy outcomes when the use of a drug-eluting stent is compared to heart bypass surgery in patients with left main disease.

Black patients with chronic pain less likely to have obesity assessed
Researchers from the University of Michigan Health System have found that black patients with chronic pain were less likely to have their weight or body mass index recorded, even though they are at higher risk for having obesity when compared with their white counterparts.

Study finds high mortality of endangered loggerhead sea turtles in Baja California
Along the southern coast of Baja California, Mexico, scientists have been counting the carcasses of endangered sea turtles for a decade as part of an effort to assess and eliminate threats to loggerhead sea turtle populations.

Research says singling out sheep will save 1.3 million from lameness
New research from the University of Warwick published today in the journal BMC Veterinary Research suggests that a simple cheap individual approach to the care of sheep could slash the incidence of lameness in sheep saving 1.3 million sheep from lameness in the UK alone.

Weather woes emphasize need for SSPEED
How we handle them will be the primary topic of discussion when Rice University hosts the Severe Storm Prediction and Global Climate Impact in the Gulf Coast Conference Oct.

Equipping tomorrow's leaders in nuclear medicine technology -- today
SNM's Technologist Section recently announced the selection of 15 nuclear medicine technologists to participate in the second annual SNMTS/IBA Molecular Leadership Academy Oct.

To reduce costs of medical care, pay for procedures that are known to work
Authors of an article in the Oct. 15 Journal of the American Medical Association are available to provide details on

Steroids aid recovery from pneumonia, UT Southwestern researchers say
Adding corticosteroids to traditional antimicrobial therapy might help people with pneumonia recover more quickly than with antibiotics alone, UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have found.

New cherry dispersible antimalarial tablet could improve survival of children in endemic countries
A new sweetened, cherry-flavored dispersible antimalarial tablet is as effective as the crushed, currently used variety, which needs to be crushed before administration to small children, resulting in a bitter taste.

Stress tests to confirm need for cardiac stent not occurring in most patients, new study finds
UCSF researchers investigating the appropriate use of procedures to open narrowed coronary arteries -- such as angioplasty and stenting -- found that less than half of Medicare patients had documented noninvasive stress testing prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention, or PCI, the clinical name for such procedures.

As sticky as a gecko ... but 10 times stronger!
The gecko's amazing ability to stick to surfaces and walk up walls has inspired many researchers to manufacture materials that mimic the special surface of a gecko's foot.

Why sufferers from Alzheimer's disease might have lower blood pressure
A new study, published in Bioscience Hypotheses, a recently launched Elsevier journal, proposes that some people suffering from Alzheimer's disease experience a reduction in their high blood pressure because of cognitive decline.

Northerners' hands up to 3 times dirtier than those living in the South
The further north you go, the more likely you are to have fecal bacteria on your hands, especially if you are a man, according to a preliminary study conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

NJIT professor's research suggests changes in underwater data communications
An NJIT professor, who has discovered new communication channels in underwater environments and invented a technique to communicate data through these channels, will be honored later this month by the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.

Plant-eating predator to fight superweed is not magic bullet
Plans to introduce plant-eating predators to fight a superweed spreading throughout Britain should not be seen as a

Design of a compound that stabilizes the main natural suppressor of tumors
An interdisciplinary team of researchers, headed by Ernest Giralt at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) and Javier de Mendoza at the Institut Català d'Investigació Química (ICIQ, Tarragona), have discovered a substance with the capacity to maintain protein p53 stable even when it presents certain mutations that promote the appearance of cancer.

Single-pixel camera has multiple futures
A terahertz version of the single-pixel camera developed by Rice University researchers could lead to breakthrough technologies in security, telecom, signal processing and medicine.

Innovations in Pediatric Medicine CME conference brings together national pediatrics experts
In the last decade, biomedical and research breakthroughs, notably in genetics and stem cells, have helped transform the care of children, improving diagnosis and treatment for numerous diseases.

Facebook is 'social glue' for university freshers
The first few weeks at university can be a difficult time for freshers as they attempt to settle in to their new academic and social life.

Vitamin B does not slow cognitive decline in Alzheimer's
A clinical trial led by Paul S. Aisen, M.D., professor of neurosciences at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, showed that high-dose vitamin B supplements did not slow the rate of cognitive decline in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease.

Researchers uncover world's oldest fossil impression of a flying insect
While paleontologists may scour remote, exotic places in search of prehistoric specimens, Tufts researchers have found what they believe to be the world's oldest whole-body fossil impression of a flying insect in a wooded field behind a strip mall in North Attleboro, Mass.

Efavirenz-based initial therapies associated with better outcomes in HIV-infected adults
A study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that HIV-infected patients taking the antiretroviral drug efavirenz were more likely to adhere to treatment and less likely to experience virologic failure and death compared to patients taking nevirapine.

Most patients do not undergo recommended test to confirm need for elective angioplasty
A majority of Medicare patients with stable coronary artery disease who underwent an elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI; procedure such as angioplasty or stenting to open narrowed coronary arteries) did not have a recommended stress test performed to confirm the necessity of the procedure, according to a study in the Oct.

UCLA issues new report on Prop. 36
The effectiveness of substance abuse treatment provided under voter-approved Proposition 36, which calls for treatment instead of jail for nonviolent offenders, is being undermined by budget cuts, people not completing treatment, and increased arrests for drug and property crimes.

Being altruistic may make you attractive
Displays of altruism or selflessness towards others can be sexually attractive in a mate.

New comet discovered in Canada
Canadian comet discovery made using wide-field telescope at the University of Calgary's Rothney Astrophysical Observatory.

IOF calls on European citizens to stand tall and speak out for their bones
The International Osteoporosis Foundation kicked off World Osteoporosis Day events today in Brussels.

New insight into Bloom's syndrome
Two independent papers in the Oct. 15 issue of G&D detail the discovery of a previously unidentified fourth component of the Bloom's syndrome complex.

3 JHU researchers elected to Institute of Medicine
Three Johns Hopkins University researchers have been elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine.

Biomarkers for identifying infant infections
Current diagnostic tests for infection in premature infants can be slow and nonspecific, but researchers have now identified potential biomarkers in the blood that can rapidly identify both the onset of infection and type of microbe.

UCLA study finds that searching the Internet increases brain function
UCLA scientists have found that for computer-savvy middle-aged older adults, searching the Internet triggers key centers in the brain that control decision-making and complex reasoning.

Tribendimidine shows promise against intestinal worms
Researchers have reported positive results from a safety and efficacy study pertaining to tribendimidine, a broad-based treatment for intestinal worm infections.

Lessening medication for atrial fibrillation does not reduce side effects
Reducing how often a patient receives amiodarone, a medication used for suppressing atrial fibrillation (irregular heart beat) but which causes side effects, did not decrease the overall amount of amiodarone-related and heart disease related side effects, but did increase the rate of atrial fibrillation recurrence and the risk of death from all causes and cardiovascular hospitalizations, according to a study in the Oct.

Free treatment still too costly for Buruli ulcer patients
Researchers have found that the fight against Buruli ulcer, a tropical skin disease, has hit a bump in Central Cameroon.

Academy participates in project to discover drugs, biofuels in tropical seas
National Institutes of Health has awarded $4 million to a group of Philippine and American scientists, including the Academy of Natural Sciences, to aid in the discovery of new molecules and biofuels technology from marine mollusks for development in the Philippines.

Why do women get more cavities than men?
Reproduction pressures and rising fertility explain why women suffered a more rapid decline in dental health than did men as humans transitioned from hunter-and-gatherers to farmers and more sedentary pursuits, says a University of Oregon anthropologist.

Earliest known human TB found in 9,000-year-old skeletons
The discovery of the earliest known cases of human tuberculosis in bones found submerged off the coast of Israel shows that the disease is 3000 years older than previously thought.

Salk researcher Terry Sejnowski elected to Institute of Medicine
Terry Sejnowski, Ph.D., professor and head of the Computational Neurobiology Laboratory at the Salk Institute has been elected to the Institute of Medicine, the IOM has announced.

Model predicts a system's remaining life and links info to inventory decisions
Research presented at the INFORMS Annual Meeting describes an easier and more accurate method to predict the degradation and remaining useful life of mechanical and electronic equipment, while significantly improving maintenance operations and spare parts logistics.

Landmark study links sleep, memory problems in elderly African-Americans
A landmark study led by North Carolina State University researchers shows that African-American seniors who have trouble falling asleep are at higher risk of having memory problems -- raising the possibility that identifying and treating sleep difficulties in the elderly may help preserve their cognitive functioning.

US-led, international AGAP team poised to probe 1 of Antarctica's last unexplored places
A US-led, multinational team of scientists from six nations will pierce the mysteries of one of the globe's last major unexplored places this month.

Resveratrol, red wine compound linked to health, also found in dark chocolate and cocoa
Resveratrol, the antioxidant compound found in red wine, has been found in dark chocolate and cocoa powder.

Larger labs report kidney function routinely
Labs that conduct the highest number of routine blood tests are more likely than others to report estimated glomerular filtration rate, an important measure of kidney function that can identify early kidney disease, according to a survey funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Researchers continue to find genes for type 1 diabetes
Genetics researchers have identified two novel gene locations that raise the risk of type 1 diabetes.

Columbia to award 2008 Horwitz Prize to Arthur Horwich & Ulrich Hartl for cellular protein folding
Columbia will award the 2008 Horwitz Prize to noted biologists Ulrich Hartl and Arthur Horwich for their work in expanding fundamental understanding of protein folding, and its role in Alzheimer's and other life-threatening diseases.

Capacity building in business research and engagement
It is vital that the UK maintains a strong supply of skilled people to enable the research base, business and society to respond to as yet unforeseen challenges and to identify future opportunities.

ConocoPhillips, Penn State announce energy prize
ConocoPhillips and Penn State have awarded the first ConocoPhillips Energy Prize to David A.

San Diego Supercomputer Center and UCSD announce 'Triton Resource'
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego today announced plans for a unique facility called the Triton Resource, a high-impact, massive data analysis and storage system that will accelerate innovation, collaboration, and discovery through the use of leading-edge research cyberinfrastructure at SDSC.

World's largest household longitudinal study launches
One thing that all Western nations have in common is our ever-evolving societies.

Caltech scientists engineer supersensitive receptor, gain better understanding of dopamine system
Genetically modifying a receptor found on the neurons that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine has given California Institute of Technology researchers a unique glimpse into the workings of the brain's dopamine system -- as well as a new target for treating diseases that result from either too much or too little of this critical neurotransmitter.

More flexible method floated to produce biofuels, electricity
Researchers are proposing a new

Herbicide-resistant grape could revitalize Midwest wine industry
An herbicide that is effective at killing broadleaf weeds in corn, but also annihilated most of the grapes in Illinois and other Midwestern states, may finally have a worthy contender.

UT public health experts discover new information about diabetes' link to tuberculosis
New evidence discovered by researchers at the University of Texas School of Public Health Brownsville Regional Campus shows that patients with type 2 diabetes may be at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis because of a compromised immune system, resulting in life-threatening lung infections that are more difficult to treat.

Blindsight: How brain sees what you do not see
Blindsight is a phenomenon in which patients with damage in the primary visual cortex of the brain can tell where an object is although they claim they cannot see it.

Brown scientist finds coastal dead zones may benefit some species
A Brown ecologist has found that coastal

Vitamin B supplementation did not slow cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer's disease
High-dose vitamin B supplementation for patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease did not slow the rate of cognitive decline, according to a study in the Oct.

12-month ATLANTA trial data show sustained benefit of Catania Stent
Clinical investigators at today's

Study looks at the lives of boys who commit dating violence
A new study sheds light on the lives of teenage boys who abuse their girlfriends.

Lunar prospecting robot to be field tested on Hawaii's Mauna Kea
The cool, rocky slopes of Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano that is Hawaii's highest mountain, will serve as a stand-in for the moon as researchers from Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute, NASA and other organizations test a robot designed for lunar prospecting.

American Cancer Society awards research grants to 116 investigators at 75 institutions nationwide
The American Cancer Society, the largest nongovernment, not-for-profit funding source of cancer research in the United States, has awarded 116 national research and training grants totaling more than $54 million in the first of two grant cycles for 2009.

Milestone influenza publication by Elsevier journal Vaccine
Last month during an influenza conference organized by the European Scientific Working Group on influenza, the Elsevier journal Vaccine released a supplement dedicated to influenza vaccines.

Biotech experts urge industry to work with researchers or risk federal action
The intellectual property system in the United States is broken and must be transformed if it is to foster biotechnological advances and ensure that treatments and cures for diseases reach patients, national and international IP and biotech leaders said today.

Death rate 70 percent lower at top-rated hospitals: HealthGrades annual hospital quality study
Patients have on average a 70 percent lower chance of dying at the nation's top-rated hospitals compared with the lowest-rated hospitals across 17 procedures and conditions analyzed in the eleventh annual HealthGrades Hospital Quality in America Study, issued today by HealthGrades, the leading independent healthcare ratings organization.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

Resveratrol prevents fat accumulation in livers of 'alcoholic' mice
The accumulation of fat in the liver as a result of chronic alcohol consumption could be prevented by consuming resveratrol, according to a new study with mice.

Extreme nature helps scientists design nano materials
Scientists are using designs in nature from extreme environments to overcome the challenges of producing materials on the nanometre scale.

Late-breaking results of clinical trial on therapeutic endovascular cooling reported at TCT 2008
Late-breaking results from the COOL RCN (COOLing to Prevent Radio Contrast Nephropathy in Patients Undergoing Diagnostic or Interventional Catheterization) Trial were presented during the 20th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium, sponsored by the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

The Wireless World: Untethered Opportunities
Everyone is going wireless and NJIT researchers stand at the forefront of that migration.

Biologists, educators recognize excellence in evolution education
The National Association of Biology Teachers will recognize Dr. Randy Moore, a professor of biology at the University of Minnesota, with the 2008 Evolution Education Award during the NABT annual conference to be held Oct.

Penn State receives new NASA astrobiology grant
Developing strategies for finding life on other planets and in extreme environments on Earth will be the focus of Penn State's new astrobiology initiative under a five-year grant from NASA's Astrobiology Institute for

Importance of sex-specific testing shown in anxiety study
An Australian study has flagged an important truth for the medical research community.

Did termites help Katrina destroy New Orleans floodwalls?
A new article in the fall issue of American Entomologist (Vol. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to