Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 22, 2008
A new relationship between brain derived neurotrophic factor and inflammatory signaling
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine, the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia/University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine have shown that the development of epilepsy in adult rats is linked to functional changes in the expression of alpha 1 containing GABA-A receptors.

New way of inhibiting cell cycle shows promise
A new anti-cancer compound that works by blocking a part of the cell's machinery that is crucial for cell division has shown promising results in a phase I clinical trial in patients who have failed to respond to other treatments.

FSU scientific computing department hosts international conference
Researchers from all over the world will gather at Florida State University for a major international conference that focuses on predicting the properties of materials and finding new ways to improve these properties.

Been there, done that: Brain mechanism predicts ability to generalize
A new study reveals how the brain can connect discrete but overlapping experiences to provide a rich integrated history that extends far beyond individually experienced events and may help to direct future choices.

Novel treatments and current clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease therapies show promise
The past 25 years have seen an explosion of scientific investigations into the basic neurobiology of Alzheimer's disease.

Streamlining brain signals for speed and efficacy
Life exists at the edge of chaos, where small changes can have striking and unanticipated effects, and major stimuli may go unheard.

Effective anti-tobacco ads should either scare or disgust viewers, MU study reveals
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers examined the effects of two types of content commonly used in anti-tobacco ads -- tobacco health threats that evoke fear and disturbing or disgusting images.

Collegiate Inventors Competition recognizes top student inventors
The National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation today announced the 2008 finalists of its Collegiate Inventors Competition.

Michael A'Hearn wins 2008 Kuiper Prize
Astronomer Michael A'Hearn has won the 2008 Kuiper Prize in recognition of his seminal contributions to, and leadership of, the study of comets.

Memories selectively, safely erased in mice
New and old memories have been selectively and safely removed from mice by scientists.

Gene mutation in worms key to alcohol tolerance
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that a genetic mutation in worms could further understanding of alcoholism in humans.

New study suggests that high-dose hormone treatment might reduce risk for PTSD
Cortisol helps our bodies cope with stress, but what about its effects on the brain?

Nitrous oxide emissions respond differently to no-till depending on the soil type
The practice of no-till has gained in popularity as it creates a soil less prone to erosion and more rich in organic matter, but a new study raises questions about its influence on net greenhouse gas emissions.

Developing depression after a heart attack increases one's risk of death or readmission
In a new study scheduled for publication in the Oct.

Memoirs of a qubit: Hybrid memory solves key problem for quantum computing
An international team of scientists has performed the ultimate miniaturization of computer memory: storing information inside the nucleus of an atom.

Different psychosocial factors predict adoption, maintenance of physical activity program
A new study by researchers at the Miriam Hospital offers some new insight into the role of social and environmental influences on physical activity behaviors.

Yale journal finds nanomaterials may have large environmental footprint
Environmental gains derived from the use of nanomaterials may be offset in part by the process used to manufacture them, according to research published in a special issue of the Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Google grant to researchers aims at climate-connected disease
Columbia University's International Research Institute for Climate and Society has received $900,000 from Google.org to improve the use of climate information to predict disease outbreaks in East Africa.

Cattle fed distiller's grains maintain flavor and tenderness of beef
The availability and use of wet distiller's grains in beef finishing diets continues to increase as the ethanol industry expands, and some Texas AgriLife Research scientists are trying to determine if that will affect consumers' meat purchases.

Gene expression pattern predicts response in advanced bowel cancer
Research has shown for the first time that identifying patterns of gene expression can be used to predict response to treatment in patients with advanced metastatic colorectal cancer.

Scientists find new genes linked to lung cancer
Working as part of a multi-institutional collaboration, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Unraveling the genetic picture of lung cancer
A study seeking possible cancer genes elucidated the mutations and the genetic pathways activated in the most common form of lung cancer -- lung adenocarcinoma -- and could lead to improved diagnosis and treatment, said the director of the Baylor College of Medicine Human Genome Sequencing Center that played a major role in the project led by the National Human Genome Research Institute.

Childhood environmental health
Children are exposed to a wide range of environmental threats that can affect their health and development early in life, throughout their youth and into adulthood.

Bevacizumab better than gold standard imaging at detecting tumors
Scientists have developed a new imaging agent that can be used in scanning for tumors, and which gives a much clearer and more precise image than existing methods.

Reducing CEOs' option-based compensation decreases risky investments
A recent University of Missouri study provides evidence that decreasing stock option-based compensation of chief executive officers after companies' earnings restatements results in a decrease of risky investments and improved profitability.

Norhealth leads the way for public health information systems
Norhealth is an interactive web-based health information system that has created a knowledge base for health promotion and prevention strategies in Norway.

Staying Sharp in New York City
Brain health will be the focus of the Staying Sharp session on Oct.

How eating fruit and vegetables can improve cancer patients' response to chemotherapy
The leading cause of death in all cancer patients continues to be the resistance of tumor cells to chemotherapy, a form of treatment in which chemicals are used to kill cells.

Tesofensine can produce weight loss twice that of currently approved obesity drugs
Tesofensine can produce weight loss twice that of currently approved obesity drugs, and should be studied in phase III trials.

Mediator in communication between neurons and muscle cells found
A missing piece of the puzzle of how neurons and muscle cells establish lifelong communication has been found by researchers who suspect this piece may be mutated and/or attacked in muscular dystrophy.

ICSU launches new program to understand the human impact on Earth's life-support systems
The global scientific community has approved a new international research program designed to understand the relationship between humans and the ecosystems that provide essential life-supporting services.

UIC researchers developing new drug class to combat Alzheimer's
The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received a four-year, $1.87 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue research into discovering a new drug class that will treat Alzheimer's disease.

Biologists discover gene behind 'plant sex mystery'
Collaboration between Leicester and South Korean scientists explains plants' 'double fertilization' process.

NIAID scientists to speak on range of infectious disease topics at major scientific meeting
Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., will speak during the opening session of ICAAC/IDSA 2008.

Researchers show how to 'stamp' nanodevices with rubber molds
By manipulating the way tiny droplets of fluid dry, Cornell researchers have created an innovative way to make and pattern nanoscale wires and other devices that ordinarily can be made only with expensive lithographic tools.

Why binge drinking is bad for your bones
Studies in recent years have demonstrated that binge drinking can decrease bone mass and bone strength, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.

Caltech geobiologists discover unique 'magnetic death star' fossil
An international team of scientists has discovered microscopic, magnetic fossils resembling spears and spindles, unlike anything previously seen, among sediment layers deposited during an ancient global-warming event along the Atlantic coastal plain of the United States.

Forget about it: Inducible and selective erasure of memories in mice
Targeted memory erasure is no longer limited to the realm of science fiction.

Seeing a brain as it learns to see
A brain isn't born fully organized. It builds its abilities through experience, making physical connections between neurons and organizing circuits to store and retrieve information in milliseconds for years afterwards.

Researchers propose new ultrasound screening criteria for diagnosing polycystic kidney disease
Modification of the current screening criteria are needed for diagnosing patients with autosomal dominant polycystic disease, according to a study appearing in the January 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

The great crash of 2008
National Institute Economic Review -- No. 206 October 2008 special issue published today looks at the evolution of the current financial crisis.

AngioChem's ANG1005 demonstrates preliminary clinical safety and tolerability in brain cancers
The challenge in treating most brain disorders is overcoming the difficulty of delivering drugs across the blood-brain barrier.

Jefferson doctor named transplant surgeon of the year
The Delaware Valley Chapter of the American Liver Foundation recently named Cataldo Doria, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University and director of the Division of Transplantation at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital,

Spanish scientists confirm the existence of electric activity in Titan
The study, in which have participated researchers from the Universities of Granada and Valencia, has been recently published in the journal Icarus The scientific community considers that there is a higher probability that organic molecules precursors to life could form in those planets or satellites which have an atmosphere with electric storms.

Landmark genomic study of lung cancer published in Nature
Scientists today announced the results of the largest genomic study to date of lung adenocarcinoma, the most common form of lung cancer.

New hope for multiple sclerosis sufferers
A drug which was developed in Cambridge and initially designed to treat a form of leukemia has also proven effective against combating the debilitating neurological disease multiple sclerosis.

Could brain abnormality predict drug addiction?
Scientists at the University of Nottingham are to use MRI technology to discover whether abnormalities in the decision-making part of the brain could make some people more likely to become addicted to drugs.

Case Western Reserve University researcher improves LCDs with 3-D nanoimaging process
Charles Rosenblatt, professor of physics and macromolecular science at Case Western Reserve University, and his research group have developed a method of 3-D optical imaging of anisotropic fluids such liquid crystals, with volumetric resolution one thousand times smaller than existing techniques.

National Jewish Health researchers evaluating treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier
Researchers at National Jewish Health are testing an investigational treatment to learn if poking holes in the lungs of emphysema patients can immediately help them breathe more easily.

Scientists unwrap the elements of life
Researchers at Newcastle University have taken a step forward in our understanding of how the fundamental building blocks of life are put together.

Field-hospital-on-a-chip project awarded to nanoengineer from UC San Diego
With a $1.6 million grant from the US Office of Naval Research, UC San Diego NanoEngineering professor Joseph Wang will lead a project to create a

Mapping a clan of mobile selfish genes
Alu retrotransposons are gradually changing human DNA by making copies of themselves and

Adult liver transplant eligibility criteria
Dr. Karen Kroeker is looking for change in liver eligibility criteria.

International Council for Science launches major research program on natural disasters
In response to the urgent need to reduce the impacts of natural disasters, the International Council for Science has launched a new, 10-year, international research program designed to address the gaps in the knowledge and methods that are preventing the effective application of science to averting disasters and reducing risk.

Silencing a protein could kill T-Cells, reverse leukemia
Blocking the signals from a protein that activates cells in the immune system could help kill cells that cause a rare form of blood cancer, according to physicists and oncologists who combined computer modeling and molecular biology in their discovery.

NC State study shows limits of using 'war on terror' to promote government policies
A new study from North Carolina State University shows that there are definite limits on the government's use of the

Gene find sheds light on motor neuron diseases like ALS
Scientists have identified a gene in mice that plays a central role in the proper development of one of the nerve cells that goes bad in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease, and some other diseases that affect our motor neurons.

A special issue on advances in new generation Internet architecture research
The latest special issue of Science in China Series F: Information Science focuses on the preliminary findings in exploring the fundamental issues of new generation Internet architecture.

Earlier global warming produced a whole new form of life
Researchers from McGill University, along with colleagues from the California Institute of Technology, the Curie Institute in Paris, Princeton University and other institutions, have unearthed crystalline magnetic fossils of a previously unknown species of microorganism that lived at the boundary of the Paleocene and Eocene epochs, some 55 million years ago.

Seeing red -- in the number 7
Hypnosis can induce synaesthetic experiences -- where one sense triggers the involuntary use of another according to a new study in Psychological Science.

Scientists develop drug delivery system for brain cancers, other diseases
Scientists have developed a new drug delivery system that is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier to reach and kill cancer cells in the brain.

UCSB study finds physical strength, fighting ability revealed in human faces
For our ancestors, misjudging the physical strength of a would-be opponent might have resulted in painful -- and potentially deadly -- defeat.

U of MN study shows link between gene variations and cancer survival
Scientific research shows that certain genes can influence a person's likelihood to contract particular diseases, cancer for example.

Scientists unlock secret of death protein's activation
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a previously undetected trigger point on a naturally occurring

Trauma deaths decline at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center after King-Drew Medical Center's closure
Urban hospital's closure boosts trauma volume by 54 percent at neighboring medical center, but trauma deaths decline, LA BioMed study finds.

Large-scale genetic study sheds new light on lung cancer
NHGRI-supported research team publishes results of large-scale genomic study of the most common form of lung cancer.

Cold water corals conference to be held in Woods Hole
On Oct. 24, 2008, scientists from North America and Europe will meet at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to develop the first coherent plan for studying and conserving cold-water corals in the Atlantic Ocean.

Chandrayaan-1 successfully launched -- next stop: The moon
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to the Moon, was successfully launched earlier this morning from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India.

The Marine Mammal Center begins new leptospirosis study in California
The Marine Mammal Center has seen an increase in leptospirosis cases in sea lions this year.

Greenhouse gas auction revenues can help cut Md. electric use significantly, says study
Maryland officials can reduce electricity use in the state significantly by investing revenues from the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative cap-and-trade auctions in energy efficiency programs, says a new study from a University of Maryland-led research team.

UK teen suicide rates on the decline
Suicide rates in those aged 10-19 in the UK declined by 28 percent in the seven year period from 1997-2003, shows a study published today in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Which grass is greener? Study to select Northeast grasses that can power the bioenergy era
A field of fuel dreams: Cornell bioenergy plant experts are learning which field grasses are the best candidates for

JDRF to provide $1M in funding to SmartCells, Inc.
The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation and SmartCells, Inc. today announced a partnership to advance SmartCells' SmartInsulin for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Overweight mums have chubby bubs
University of New South Wales research has highlighted a link between childhood obesity and a mother's diet before and during pregnancy.

Denser, more powerful computer chips possible with plasmonic lenses that 'fly'
UC Berkeley engineers are reporting a new way of creating computer chips that could revitalize optical lithography, a patterning technique that dominates modern integrated circuits manufacturing.

New research could save lives and millions of dollars
The Hunter Medical Research Institute Stroke Research Group has developed a system to fast track stroke treatment which could benefit thousands of Australian stroke patients and save millions of dollars annually.

Study shows how antibiotic sets up road block to kill bacteria
Scientists have taken a critical step toward the development of new and more effective antibacterial drugs by identifying exactly how a specific antibiotic sets up a road block that halts bacterial growth.

British scientists go cloud-hopping in the Pacific to improve climate predictions
A 20-strong -team of cloud and climate experts from the UK's National Center for Atmospheric Science will today set off for Chile to investigate how massive swathes of clouds that hang over the Pacific are affecting climate and weather all round the world, including the UK.

NOAA and NSF commission national study of ocean acidification
The first comprehensive national study of how carbon dioxide emissions absorbed into the oceans may be altering fisheries, marine mammals, coral reefs, and other natural resources has been commissioned by NOAA and the National Science Foundation.

Helmholtz funds cohort study
The Helmholtz Association will invest around €20 million over the next five years to put together a large-scale, long-term cohort study.
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