Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 24, 2008
ORNL scientists develop high-performance steel for possible use in ITER fusion project
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the US ITER Project Office, which is housed at ORNL, have developed a new cast stainless steel that is 70 percent stronger than comparable steels and is being evaluated for use in the huge shield modules required by the ITER fusion device.

UC San Diego to lead Neuroscience Information Framework
The University of California, San Diego School of Medicine has received a contract from the National Institutes of Health to enhance and maintain the Neuroscience Information Framework -- a dynamic inventory of web-based neurosciences data, resources, and tools that scientists and students can access via any computer connected to the Internet.

St. Baldrick's Foundation announces $330,000 funding of scholar at Case Western Reserve
St. Baldrick's Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to raising money for childhood cancer research, awarded $330,000 to fund Alex Huang, M.D., Ph.D., of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine as a St.

New test promises quicker, more accurate evaluation for cystic fibrosis patients
Researchers at National Jewish Health have identified a simple gene-based blood test that more accurately and quickly measures cystic fibrosis patients' response to therapy than current tests.

Boston Medical Center researchers educating chief residents about addiction
Researchers from Boston Medical Center have found that education on addiction is inadequate during medical training, resulting in suboptimal medical care for those at risk.

Bumblebees learn the sweet smell of foraging success
Bumblebees use flower scent to guide their nest-mates to good food sources, according to scientists from Queen Mary, University of London.

MedImmune to present abstracts on RSV and influenza at 48th Annual ICAAC/46th Annual IDSA Meeting
MedImmune announced today it will present nine abstracts at the 48th Annual Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy/46th Annual Meeting of Infectious Disease Society of America.

Alcohol: A life sentence
Every year, almost 4000 babies in Germany are born with alcohol-related defects.

156th Acoustical Society of America Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami
Are green schools acoustically sound? How do dolphins and whales hear underwater?

New study shows drinking your vegetables may be a solution to bridging the vegetable gap
Making vegetable juice a daily habit could be a small step that can lead to big changes in meeting daily vegetable recommendations, according to a new study being presented by researchers from the University of California-Davis this week at the American Dietetic Association annual conference.

Cold virus found to manipulate genes
Sneezing, runny nose and chills? You might blame the human rhinovirus, which causes 30 to 50 percent of common colds.

Project examines urban dwellers' vulnerability to heat in face of climate changes
With the mounting effects of climate change and half the world's population now living in urban areas, the potential for the increasing frequency and severity of heat waves is cause for grave concern, says Arizona State University researcher.

New molecules with many branches will help unleash potential of nanotechnology
Materials science and the pharmaceutical industry could soon be revolutionized by emerging nanotechnologies based on designer molecules with long complex tree-and branch structures.

GUMC researcher to receive 'Pioneer for Persons with Disabilities Award' from HHS
The US Department of Health and Human Services has selected Phyllis R.

Even mild sleep apnea increases cardiovascular risk
People with even minimally symptomatic obstructive sleep apnea may be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease because of impaired endothelial function and increased arterial stiffness, according to a study from the Oxford Center for Respiratory Medicine in the UK.

First comprehensive genomic study of common cold reveals new treatment targets
Results from the first comprehensive study of the human body's response to the common cold virus confirm that an over-response of the immune system, and not the rhinovirus itself, results in symptoms.

Phony friends? Rejected people better able to spot fake smiles
All of us have

Depression may increase exacerbations, hospitalizations in COPD
It is well known that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease frequently suffer from depression and anxiety, but according to new research, depression and anxiety may actually cause increased hospitalizations and exacerbations.

Operate a piano pedal with the mouth
The Heidelberg researcher Dr.-Ing. RĂ¼diger Rupp has developed a method with which a pianist can operate the right pedal of a concert grand wirelessly -- a first in the world.

NYU Courant's Naor wins Packard Foundation fellowship
Assaf Naor, an associate professor at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, has been named a recipient of a 2008 Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering.

61st Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics
From the collapse of star-forming clouds to the flow of the molten Earth's core, from the combustion of gasoline in your car engine to the coursing blood in your veins, from the aerodynamics of flight to the concentration of microscopic animals in the ocean, many of nature's most fascinating phenomena are forms of fluid flow.

Study will examine how children with Down syndrome learn
Researchers at the University of Denver Morgridge College of Education are conducting a groundbreaking study that will compare two early literacy intervention approaches to educating young children with Down syndrome.

Meyskens honored with AACR-Prevent Cancer Foundation award
Frank L. Meyskens, Jr., M.D., one of the

Newly-discovered mechanism can explain the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
Researchers from Uppsala University have discovered a mechanism that silences several genes in a chromosome domain.

Toxic bile damages the liver
Researchers at the Heidelberg University Hospital have discovered a new genetic disease that can lead to severe liver damage.

New perspectives on technological innovation for poverty reduction and development
While entrepreneurship and technological innovation have been critical to economic growth in the world's wealthy countries, developing nations have had mixed results in replicating this success.

University of Western Ontario cameras capture 'fireball'
For the second time this year, the University of Western Ontario Meteor Group has captured incredibly rare video footage of a meteor falling to Earth.

Informs presents 12 new fellows awards
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences today announced 12 new recipients of the annual INFORMS Fellows Award.

GOCE launch delayed until 2009
The Russian authorities responsible for the Rockot launcher that shall carry ESA's GOCE Earth Explorer satellite into orbit have completed the investigation of a failure in the guidance and navigation system of the launcher's Upper Stage.

Youth from poor neighborhoods 4 times more likely to attempt suicide
Youth in their late teens who live in poor neighborhoods are four times more likely to attempt suicide than peers who live in more affluent neighborhoods, according to a new study from Canada's Universite de Montreal and Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center, as well as Tufts University in the US.

Making a difference in minority health
University of Pittsburgh faculty will address the successes and challenges of reducing health disparities at the American Public Health Association's annual meeting in San Diego.
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