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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | October 28, 2008


Almond pest management team to receive major award at ESA meeting
A University of California team that developed a successful insect pest management program for almond growers, leading to significant pesticide reduction, will be honored at the Entomological Society of America annual meeting, Nov.
New treatments in chest medicine presented at CHEST 2008
New therapies for pulmonary, sleep, and critical care medicine will be presented at CHEST 2008.
Stanford researchers: Global warming is killing frogs and salamanders in Yellowstone Park
The amphibians need the ponds for their young to hatch, but high temperatures and drought are drying up the water.
New intranasal influenza vaccine triggers robust immunity with significantly less antigen
A single administration of a novel, nasally delivered influenza vaccine elicited immune responses in ferrets that were more than 20 times higher than those generated by two injections of the currently approved vaccines, according to a study by NanoBio Corporation.
Methylmercury warning
Recent studies hint that exposure to the toxic chemicals, such as methylmercury can cause harm at levels previously considered safe.
Gene against bacterial attack unravelled
Dutch researcher Joost Wiersinga from AMC Medical Center in Amsterdam has unravelled a genetic defense mechanism against the lethal bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallei.
Scripps Florida scientists awarded $1.5M to fight major water and food parasites
The National Institutes of Health recently awarded a major grant to a consortium of research institutions, including Scripps Florida, to develop novel drug targets for amebiasis and giardiasis, two major water- and food-borne illnesses caused by microscopic parasites.
Scientists identify cell changes leading to impaired 'artificial kidney' function
Molecular targets identified by a Spanish research team may hold the key to freedom for some sufferers of kidney disease.
European biodiversity and ecosystem scientists merge and gear up for long-term research
Measures to tackle the human impact on biodiversity require long-term research and collaboration between many countries working with common goals and frameworks.
Researchers apply systems biology and glycomics to study human inflammatory diseases
An innovative systems biology approach to understanding the carbohydrate structures in cells is leading to new ways to understand how inflammatory illnesses and cardiovascular disease develop in humans.
Anti-seizure drug could be fatal
New research presented at CHEST 2008 shows that patients treated for their prolonged seizures with the sedative propofol may be at high risk for complications and even death.
Iowa State researcher develops new treatment method for canine eye diseases
An Iowa State University researcher is exploring a new method of getting medicine to the eyes of infected dogs that is more effective and reliable than using eye drops.
Eastman Dental Center awarded $1.6 million to find ways to prevent cavities
The National Institutes of Health has awarded Eastman Dental Center's Hyun (Michel) Koo, D.D.S, Ph.D., $1.6 million to continue his work on preventing dental caries, the single most prevalent and costly oral infectious disease in the US.
Statin use associated with reduction in prostate specific antigen levels
Use of cholesterol-lowering statins is associated with a statistically significant decline in prostate specific antigen levels, according to a report in the Oct.
New book guides readers through the defense acquisition process
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce the publication of an important new book,
Kalyon wins Thomas Baron Award in Fluid-Particle Systems
Dr. Dilhan Kalyon, professor of chemical engineering and director of the Highly Filled Materials Institute at Stevens Institute of Technology, has won the AIChE's Thomas Baron Award in Fluid-Particle Systems.
3-substituted indolones as novel therapeutic compounds for neurodegenerative conditions
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and ALS affect millions of individuals every year.
Pay for performance has improved blood pressure monitoring and reduced health inequalities
Pay for performance has substantially improved blood pressure monitoring and control in England, and the difference in monitoring levels between the most and least deprived areas has all but disappeared.
US nicotine addiction reaches 15-year high
New research presented at CHEST 2008 shows that nicotine dependence has reached a 15-year high, with nearly 75 percent of people currently seeking tobacco-dependence treatment categorized as highly nicotine dependent.
CHEST 2008: New research related to tobacco use
New research related to tobacco use in the United States shows that US troops in Iraq abuse tobacco twice the national average.
CHEST 2008: New asthma and allergy research
New asthma and allergy research will be presented CHEST 2008.
Consumers and plastic surgeons say economy is cutting into cosmetic procedures
The results of consumer and plastic surgeon polls are being release in conjunction with Plastic Surgery 2008, the annual scientific meeting of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons at McCormick Place in Chicago Oct.
Improved poverty analysis
In areas of extreme poverty it is often difficult to determine the standard of living.
Climate change expert to discuss grim global warming predictions
On the day Americans elect a new president, one of the nation's leading climate change experts will speak at the University of Houston and outline the daunting global warming challenges awaiting the next administration.
CHEST 2008: Featured abstracts
The following CHEST 2008 news briefs highlight some of the biggest pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine news coming out of this year's annual meeting.
New pulmonary hypertension research presented at CHEST 2008
New research related to pulmonary hypertension will be presented at CHEST 2008.
Credit crisis could mean bleak future for the NHS, warns expert
At best the NHS might expect no real growth in funding from 2011, warns John Appleby, chief economist at the King's Fund, on bmj.com today.
Octogenarians can be good candidates for heart surgery
Patients 80 years and older who are in overall good health are perfectly able to withstand open-heart surgery, according to the latest study of Dr.
Bipolar disorder involves a lower quality of both mental and physical life
A study carried out in the UGR shows that a higher use of addictive substances such as alcohol and tobacco, the long-term secondary effects of the pharmacological treatment and a more sedentary way of life could influence the poorer quality of life of such patients The researchers analyzed 108 patients with bipolar disorder in order to carry out this work, with a comparative group made up of 1,210 persons from a general population sample.
3.4 million deaths averted through GAVI-funded immunization programs
3.4 million deaths will be averted in the world's poorest countries through immunization funded by the GAVI Alliance between 2000 and 2008, according to new data released by the World Health Organization.
Geisinger research: Anti-malarial drug prevents diabetes in arthritis patients
New Geisinger research sheds light on how an antimalarial drug may prevent the onset of diabetes in some high risk patients.
Bridging public and private research on bioinformatics and proteomics
The European BioAlpine Convention 2008, an international event organised by the trinational Transalpine Biocluster -- Rhône-Alpes (France), Piemonte (Italy) and Western Switzerland -- will bring together researchers and professionals from academia and industry in order to present and discuss the most recent findings in the fields of bioinformatics and proteomics.
New cardiology research presented at CHEST 2008
New cardiology research will be presented CHEST 2008. Studies highlight pulmonary hypertension, high blood pressure, and more.
Highly specialized, minimally invasive surgery for lung cancer allows patient to go home sooner
Minimally invasive surgery for lung cancer called video-assisted thoracic surgery or VATS is a relatively new procedure performed almost exclusively at academic centers.
Psychological study reveals that red enhances men's attraction to women
A groundbreaking study by two University of Rochester psychologists to be published online Oct.
NASA-enhanced dust storm predictions to aid health community
NASA satellite data can improve forecasts of dust storms in the American Southwest in ways that can benefit public health managers.
Abducted children: Conventional photos alone don't aid the search
People's ability to recognise abducted children is impaired when they view a photo of a smiling, clean child, but come into contact with the same child whose appearance is very different because he or she is upset, crying, dishevelled or unkempt.
Scientists probe Antarctic glaciers for clues to past and future sea level
Scientists believe the barely observed Aurora Subglacial Basin, which lies in East Antarctica, could represent the weak underbelly of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, the largest remaining body of ice on Earth, holding clues about how Earth's climate changed in the past and how future climate change will affect global sea level.
Study rules out inbreeding as cause of amphibian deformities
Although research has linked inbreeding with elevated rates of deformity in a wide variety of animals, a new study finds it plays no part in the high incidence of malformation among salamanders.
Elderly fare better when included in decisions on treatment trade-offs
Halting a medication that treats one ailment because it may worsen another is a treatment trade-off decision that elderly patients with multiple medical conditions would rather take part in, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
New research about chronic lung disease presented at CHEST 2008
New research about chronic lung diseases will be presented CHEST 2008.
Topical treatment for cold sores achieves efficacy of oral drugs; represents paradigm shift
Scientists at NanoBio Corp. have demonstrated for the first time in humans that a novel topical treatment for cold sores (herpes labialis), NB-001, speeds healing of lesions as effectively as the leading oral systemic drugs but without safety or toxicity concerns.
Racial and ethnic disparities detected in patient experiences
A study surveying patients in more than 1,500 physician practices has found racial and ethnic disparities in patient experiences, with minority patients having worse experiences than white patients.
Also in the Oct. 28 JNCI
The Oct. 28 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute also features a study on the frequency of skewed X inactivation in women with breast or ovarian cancer or BRCA gene mutations, validation of a quality of life questionnaire, survey results describing treatment patterns of US patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, and an analysis of a genetic locus associated with both nicotine dependence and lung cancer risk.
New book includes advances in the science and practice of transfusion and transplantation
Transfusion science, a discipline of biomedicine concerned with preventing the transmission of diseases associated with blood transfusion and tissue transplantation, has made significant progress in recent years.
A need for improved efficiency in nanomanufacturing
New research shows that environmental gains derived from the use of nanomaterials may be offset in part by the processes used to manufacture them.
New lung transplantation research presented at CHEST 2008
New research related to lung transplantation will be presented at CHEST 2008.
Elections study: Voters like fresh faces at polling places
A new study shows counties can boost voters' trust in elections by making an investment in the human side of elections by recruiting new poll workers.
Silicon optical fiber made practical
Scientists at Clemson University for the first time have been able to make a practical optical fiber with a silicon core, according to a new paper published in the current issue of the Optical Society's open-access journal, Optics Express.
Arctic sea ice thinning at record rate
The thickness of sea ice in large parts of the Arctic declined by as much as 19 percent last winter compared to the previous five winters, according to data from ESA's Envisat satellite.
Scientist clears hurdles for muscular dystrophy therapy
Boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy will lose the ability to walk by their teens and typically die before the age of 30.
North American environmental commission launches trinational vaquita conservation plan
Tri-national cooperation key to rescuing the vaquita, a small porpoise exclusively found in the Upper Gulf of California, currently the planet's most-endangered marine mammal.
Improved rodent trials can speed cancer drug development
Better design of rodent trials could reduce the cost and time required for cancer drug development, according to a commentary in the Oct.
Media coverage of lung cancer is increasing, and increasingly negative, new report shows
CancerCare today announced that despite an overall increase in news reporting on lung cancer, the overall tone of lung cancer media coverage has become significantly more negative.
New topical approach to treating nail fungus circumvents problems with current therapy
A novel topical therapy for nail fungus, NB-002, has demonstrated a new topical approach to healing nail fungus by penetrating skin pores and diffusing through the skin that surrounds the entire nail plate, according to a study conducted by NanoBio Corporation.
First results from hospital trials testing
The first stage of the US Department of Defense-funded clinical trials exploring the role of hospital touch surfaces in the transmission of infectious pathogens has been completed.
Videoconferencing more confusing for decision-makers than face-to-face meetings
Although videoconferencing has become a billion-dollar substitute for flying business people to meetings, it leaves distant participants less likely to make sound judgments about speakers being viewed over a screen, according to a study published in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may also lower PSA, but whether they cut cancer risk is still not known
Popular cholesterol-busting drugs -- statins -- appear to lower men's PSA values along with their cholesterol levels, according to researchers in the Duke Prostate Center and the Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Like rest of society, doctors implicitly favor whites over blacks
In the first large study to explore possible unconscious bias among physicians, researchers have found that doctors mirror the attitudes of the majority in society and implicitly favor whites over blacks.
A high-fat diet could promote the development of Alzheimer's
A team of Université Laval researchers has shown that the main neurological markers for Alzheimer's disease are exacerbated in the brains of mice fed a diet rich in animal fat and poor in omega-3s.
New cell division mechanism discovered
A novel cell division mechanism has been discovered in a microorganism that thrives in hot acid.
Syracuse University researchers discover new way to attack some forms of leukemia
What if a way could be found to reprogram cancerous cells back into normal cells?
Brain's 'hate circuit' identified
People who view pictures of someone they hate display activity in distinct areas of the brain that, together, may be thought of as a
New lung cancer research presented at CHEST 2008
New lung cancer research will be presented at CHEST 2008.
Stress affects older adults more than young adults
Life can be stressful, whether you're an individual watching the stock market crash or a commuter stuck in traffic.
UC Riverside scientist to explore how vegetation affects urban heat islands
Darrel Jenerette, a landscape ecologist at the University of California, Riverside, is on a team led by Arizona State University researchers that will be investigating human vulnerability to deadly heat exposure.
Study helps clarify role of soil microbes in global warming
Current models of global climate change predict warmer temperatures will increase the rate that bacteria and other microbes decompose soil organic matter, a scenario that pumps even more heat-trapping carbon into the atmosphere.
Pneumococcal vaccine could prevent numerous deaths, save costs during a flu pandemic, model predicts
A new predictive model shows that vaccinating infants with 7 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine -- the current recommendation--not only saves lives and money during a normal flu season by preventing related bacterial infections; it also would prevent more than 357,000 deaths during an influenza pandemic, while saving $7 billion in costs.
K-State physics lab becoming a frontrunner in ultrafast laser research
The J.R. Macdonald Laboratory at Kansas State University has shifted its research focus to ultrafast laser science.
Neighborhood greenness has long term positive impact on kids' health
In the first study to look at the effect of neighborhood greenness on inner city children's weight over time, researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and the University of Washington report that higher neighborhood greenness is associated with slower increases in children's body mass over a two year period, regardless of residential density.
Study confirms amphibians' ability to predict changes in biodiversity
Biologists have long suspected that amphibians, whose moist permeable skins make them susceptible to slight changes in the environment, might be good bellwethers for impending alterations in biodiversity during rapid climate change.
New sleep medicine research presented at CHEST 2008
New research in sleep medicine will be presented at CHEST 2008.
Temple researchers look for behavioral link between breastfeeding and lower risk of obesity
While breastfeeding has been shown to reduce the risk of childhood obesity, the reason isn't clear.
New critical care research presented at CHEST 2008
New critical care research will be presented at CHEST 2008.
ASU researchers receive NIH awards for studies of malaria and emergent disease
An Arizona State University research team headed by School of Life Sciences Associate Professor Ananias Escalante will share in more than $6.3 million in awards from the National Institutes of Health for three related studies.
Majority of voters say election outcome will make a great deal of difference on key issues
Harvard School of Public Health and Harris Interactive conducted a new survey focused on whether voters believe the results of this presidential election will make
Mounting evidence shows health benefits of grape polyphenols
A growing body of research data suggests that consuming foods rich in polyphenols from grapes, including red wine, helps reduce the risk of heart disease, according to a review article in the November issue of Nutrition Research.
'Old blood' linked to infection
New research presented at CHEST 2008 found that patients who received transfusions with blood stored for 29 days or more were twice as likely to suffer from nosocomial infections, including pneumonia, upper respiratory infections and sepsis, with the oldest blood being associated with the most infections.
Green neighborhoods may reduce childhood obesity
Childhood obesity can lead to type 2 diabetes, asthma, hypertension, sleep apnea and emotional distress.
NJIT professor finds engineering technique to identify disease-causing genes
Scientists believe that complex diseases such as schizophrenia, major depression and cancer are not caused by one, but a multitude of dysfunctional genes.
Penn researchers find key to Sonic hedgehog control of brain development
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers have discovered how the expression of the Sonic hedgehog gene is regulated during brain development and how mutations that alter this process cause brain malformations.
CHEST 2008: New research in pediatric chest medicine
New research in pediatric chest medicine will be presented at CHEST 2008.
T.rex 'followed its nose' while hunting
Scientists at the University of Calgary and the Royal Tyrrell Museum are providing new insight into the sense of smell of carnivorous dinosaurs and primitive birds in a research paper published in the British journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

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