Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 04, 2008
CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
The CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium features the latest findings in laboratory, translational and clinical breast cancer research.

Lung airway cells activate vitamin D and increase immune response
Essential to good health, vitamin D requires activation to function properly in the body.

Folic acid, B vitamins do not appear to affect cancer risk
A daily supplementation combination that included folic acid and vitamin B6 and B12 had no significant effect on the overall risk of cancer, including breast cancer, among women at high risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study in the Nov.

Response rates to antidepressants differ among English- and Spanish-speaking Hispanics
In the first-ever study of its kind, Spanish-speaking Hispanics took longer to respond to medication for depression and were less likely to go into remission than English-speaking Hispanics.

A new weapon in the fight against obesity and diabetes
A study appearing Nov. 5 in the journal Cell Metabolism demonstrates that a synthetic new chemical entity protects against diet-induced obesity, improves glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and enhances exercise endurance by enhancing fat utilization in certain target tissues.

Mayo Clinic study finds risk of sudden cardiac death highest early after attack
People who survive a heart attack face the greatest risk of dying from sudden cardiac death during the first month after leaving the hospital, according to a long-term community study by Mayo Clinic researchers of nearly 3,000 heart attack survivors.

'Junk' DNA proves functional
In a paper published in Genome Research on Nov. 4, scientists at the Genome Institute of Singapore report that what was previously believed to be

Extended treatment with combination medication for opioid-addicted youths shows benefit
Adolescents addicted to opioids who received continuing treatment with the combination medication buprenorphine-naloxone had lower rates of testing positive or reporting use of opioids compared to youths who went through a short-term detoxification program using the same medication, according to a study in the Nov.

Study finds ADHD affects motor skills of boys more than girls
New research published in Neurology found that ADHD affects the motor skills of boys more than girls.

Just scratching the surface: New technique maps nanomaterials as they grow
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a measurement technique that will help scientists and companies map nanomaterials as they grow.

Research shows raised incidence of psychoses among migrant groups
Researchers examining the occurrence of psychoses among migrant groups have shown a raised incidence for all black and ethnic minority subgroups compared with white British counterparts, and reveal that the risk of psychoses for first and second generations varies by ethnicity.

Hip resurfacing is not for everyone
Hip resurfacing is often seen as a modern alternative to the more conventional total hip replacement, but new data from a study led by Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, suggest that a patient's age and gender are key to the operation's success.

Apelin hormone injections powerfully lower blood sugar
By injecting a hormone produced by fat and other tissues into mice, researchers report in the November Cell Metabolism that they significantly lowered blood sugar levels in normal and obese mice.

Consumer not ready for tailor-made nutrition
In the near future, it will be possible to customize the food we eat to individual needs, based on the genetic profile of the individual.

An anti-frailty pill for seniors?
Researchers at the University of Virginia Health System report that a daily single oral dose of an investigational drug, MK-677, increased muscle mass in the arms and legs of healthy older adults without serious side effects, suggesting that it may prove safe and effective in reducing age-related frailty.

Penn scientists map molecular regulation of fat-cell genetics
A research team led by Mitchell Lazar, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Institute for Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, has used state-of-the-art genetic technology to map thousands of positions where a molecular

Wide variability in rheumatoid arthritis drug suggests alternative dosing should be considered
Methotrexate is commonly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and is suggested as the

Coral reefs found growing in cold, deep ocean
Imagine descending in a submarine to the ice-cold, ink-black depths of the ocean, 800 meters under the surface of the Atlantic.

Risk of sudden cardiac death appears increased within 30 days of heart attack
The risk of sudden cardiac death following a heart attack has declined significantly in the past 30 years, although patients appear to be at elevated risk for sudden cardiac death for the first month after having a heart attack, after which time their risk decreases unless they develop heart failure, according to a study in the Nov.

Boston Medical Center Receives Grant from Avon Foundation
Boston Medical Center has received a one-year grant for $50,000 from the Avon Foundation to support the Child Witness to Violence Project a counseling, advocacy and outreach program that focuses on young children who are bystanders to community and domestic violence.

Medicaid policies vary widely for rheumatoid arthritis drugs
Patients with inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis now have many more treatment options than in the past, including biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.

Genetic disorder sheds light on enzyme's role in bone metabolism
Pycnodysostosis, a condition from which the painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec suffered, is a genetic disease characterized by short stature.

Penn scientists show how body determines optimal amount of germ-fighting B cells
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine can now explain how the body determines whether there are enough mature B-cells in the blood stream at any one time.

Research shows that time invested in practicing pays off for young musicians
A Harvard-based study published in the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE, led by Drs.

Computer model improves ultrasound image
Doctors use diagnostic sonography or ultrasound to visualize organs and other internal structures of the human body.

Studies examine treatment for gout and the condition's protective effects
The goal in treating patients with gout is to reduce acute attacks by lowering serum urate levels, which are usually high in this disease.

Drug mimics low-cal diet to ward off weight gain, boost running endurance
A drug designed to specifically hit a protein linked to the life-extending benefits of a meager diet can essentially trick the body into believing food is scarce even when it isn't, suggests a new report in the November Cell Metabolism.

Vitamin B3 reduces Alzheimer's symptoms, lesions
An over-the-counter vitamin in high doses prevented memory loss in mice with Alzheimer's disease, and UC Irvine scientists now are conducting a clinical trial to determine its effect in humans.

Seismic response to natural gas anomalies in crystalline rocks
Continental drilling reveals gas anomalies of CH4, CO2, and He in the deep crystalline rocks, which are correlated to the seismic horizontal component reflectors.

Inaugural Neuroethics Society Meeting, Nov. 13-14 in Washington, D.C.
Rapid research advances have led to speculation that neuroscience may provide tools to boost memory, detect lies and increase intelligence.

Brain recognizes verbal 'oh dear' wave
It seems that our brain can correct speech errors in the same way that it controls other forms of behavior.

Healthy bones program reduces hip fractures by 37 percent
A Kaiser Permanente study of 625,000 men and women over the age of 50 that found proactive measures can reduce hip fracture rates by an average of 37.2 percent and as much as 50 percent among those at risk for osteoporosis and/or hip fractures.

Impact of insulin pump under study
Using an insulin pump to manage diabetes is more convenient than managing the disease with daily insulin injections.

New program to help physicians understand role of DNA-based preventive medicine
American College of Preventive Medicine and Navigenics, Inc. today announced a medical education program designed to improve physicians' understanding of genetic risk factors for disease, the current evidence about the use of genomic tools and technologies to determine risk, and promising practices for utilizing those tools to aid in disease prevention.

Death by hyperdisease
A new ancient DNA study published in PLoS ONE is the first to demonstrate that disease can cause extinction in mammals, supporting the

3-D breakthrough heralds major savings in car coatings sector
Let us spray ... a perfectly matched effect paint. This mantra -- or equivalent cries for help -- echoes in car-repair shops around the world.

Apelin to rescue diabetics
Insulin is the key that allows sugar to penetrate our cells.

The overall channels of the lightning discharges
A new narrowband radio interferometer system has been developed for continuous observation of various processes of a lightning discharge at a time resolution of one microsecond.

Hydrogen tank lighter than battery
Dutch-sponsored researcher Robin Gremaud has shown that an alloy of the metals magnesium, titanium and nickel is excellent at absorbing hydrogen.

NOAA-N prime satellite arrives at Vandenberg for launch
The latest polar-orbiting operational environmental weather satellite developed by NASA for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, called NOAA-N Prime, arrived Tuesday by C-5A military cargo aircraft at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., in preparation for a Feb.

Patient safety and quality of heart care across borders discussed by MEP's
Members of the European Parliament Heart Group meet today with the cardiology profession and associations representing heart patients to discuss measures to guarantee high quality of care across the European Union by raising standards of training and first-class medical practices.

New spaceship force field makes Mars trip possible
According to the international space agencies,

Community support wins 'ghost'
Against a backdrop of stories about Britain's

Biochemistry of human physiology in health and disease is focus of updated clinical text
To intelligently perform laboratory methods in the investigation and diagnosis of disease, a solid understanding of the biochemistry behind the diseases and methods is required.

Maternal obesity can program fetal brain to induce adult-onset obesity
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have found that fetuses of obese mother rats were programmed in utero to develop obesity in adulthood.

The cultural and political consequences of the demographic changes in South Florida
Dr. Thomas Boswell, professor of the department of Geography and Regional Studies at the University of Miami College of Arts and Sciences will present the figures and details of the changes of the Hispanic population in Miami and the analysis of the social, cultural and political implications of this process, during the

Pregnancy disorder signals need to screen for heart disease
High blood pressure experienced during pregnancy could be a woman's earliest warning that she is at risk of developing heart disease -- the number one killer of Canadian women -- says Queen's University professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graeme Smith.

New therapeutic target identified for rheumatoid arthritis
Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery have identified a potential new therapeutic target that could be used to treat inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

DNA provides 'smoking gun' in the case of the missing songbirds
DNA evidence shows conclusively that males from a North American warbler species interbred with females from a related species and took over a large part of the other species' range.
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