Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 2008
Winning University of Melbourne Ph.D. research boosts the search for sensitive sensors
Research that could lead to brighter LCD screens, more efficient solar panels, improved biomedical imaging and high-tech security sensors has won the University of Melbourne's Chancellor's Prize for Excellence in Ph.D.

MCG receives $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant for innovative global health research
The Medical College of Georgia announced today that it has received a $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Case Western Reserve receives Ellison Medical Foundation New Scholar in Aging award
Eben Alsberg, Ph.D., assistant professor of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopedic Surgery, has been named a 2008 Ellison Medical Foundation New Scholar in Aging by the Ellison Medical Foundation.

Friendly bacteria reduce hospital infections
A probiotic bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum 299, has been used to out-compete the dangerous bacteria that cause respiratory illness in ventilated patients.

2 Rutgers NJ Collaborative Center for Nursing directors edits research book
Two directors from the New Jersey Collaborative Center for Nursing based at the College of Nursing at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, have edited a book to help nurse leaders and researchers to successfully translate evidence-based research into health policy.

NASA and Ocean Tomo Federal Services LLC sell government patent license
NASA and Ocean Tomo Federal Services LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Ocean Tomo LLC, today announced the first ever sale of a government patent license through a public auction of intellectual property.

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida
Underwater wi-fi, music over the internet, pitch perception in the brain, discovering how whales find their favorite salmon, detecting dangerous swimmers, helping people who have undergone laryngectomy, rhythm and movement disorders, visualizing the sound of musical instruments and finding a possible way to save manatees from collisions with boats: These are a few of the topics that will be covered at the 156th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America next month in Miami, Fla.

Chandrayaan-1 now in lunar transfer trajectory
Yesterday, following a fifth orbit-raising maneuver, the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft successfully settled into a trajectory that will take it to the Moon.

Washington University scientists first to sequence genome of cancer patient
For the first time, scientists have decoded the complete DNA of a cancer patient and traced her disease -- acute myelogenous leukemia -- to its genetic roots.

NIU researchers say nighttime tornadoes are worst nightmare
A new study by Northern Illinois University scientists underscores the danger of nighttime tornadoes and suggests that warning systems that have led to overall declines in tornado death rates might not be adequate for overnight events, which occur most frequently in the nation's mid-South region.

Dead famous: Research says 18th century obituaries sparked modern cult of celebrity
Research by the University of Warwick shows how death gave birth to the modern cult of celebrity as the sudden rise in the popularity of obituaries of unusual people in the 1700s provided people with the 18th century equivalent of a celebrity gossip magazine.

Proteomics study yields clues as to how tuberculosis might be thwarting the immune system
A link between the immune system and the self-cleaning system by which biological cells rid themselves of obsolete or toxic parts may one day yield new weapons in the fight against tuberculosis and other deadly infectious diseases.

Multiple sclerosis progression can be predicted with MRI
A new study published in Journal of Neuroimaging shows that MRI scans used on multiple sclerosis patients to determine if the disease has affected gray matter in the brain can identify those at risk for progression of disability.

Data revelations
Ongoing research to be published in the International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry suggests that there is a huge amount of sensitive data still on redundant computer hard disks.

MIT creates tiny backpacks for cells
MIT engineers have outfitted cells with tiny

Council to salute NJIT wireless communications and signal processing expert
The Research & Development Council of New Jersey will present on Nov.

Skeleton of 12,000-year-old shaman discovered buried with leopard, 50 tortoises and human foot
The skeleton of a 12,000-year-old Natufian Shaman has been discovered in northern Israel by archaeologists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

12 outstanding young scientists named as EMBO Young Investigators
Today, the European Molecular Biology Organization announced the selection of 12 of Europe's most talented young researchers as 2008 beneficiaries of the EMBO Young Investigator Program.

Genetic predictors of esophageal cancer identified
Researchers have identified 11 genotypes that may increase esophageal cancer risk, according to research published in the November issue of Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

DNA chunks, chimps and humans
Researchers have carried out the largest study of differences between human and chimpanzee genomes, identifying regions that have been duplicated or lost during evolution of the two lineages.

Therapy may block expansion of breast cancer cells
Breast cancer stem cells are known to be involved in therapy resistance and the recurrence of cancerous tumors.

Scripps research scientists identify compounds for stem-cell production from adult cells
Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have identified a combination of small molecules that significantly improve the reprogramming of general adult cells into pluripotent stem cells, which can then develop into all cell types.

Pitt research identifies new target in brain for treating schizophrenia
Research from the University of Pittsburgh could expand the options for controlling schizophrenia by identifying a brain region that responds to more than one type of antipsychotic drug.

Electron pairs precede high-temperature superconductivity
Like astronomers tweaking images to gain a more detailed glimpse of distant stars, physicists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found ways to sharpen images of the energy spectra in high-temperature superconductors -- materials that carry electrical current effortlessly when cooled below a certain temperature.

Giant simulation could solve mystery of 'dark matter'
The search for a mysterious substance which makes up most of the universe could soon be at an end, according to new research.

Review examines breast cancer prevention strategies in the United States
A new review outlines potential pharmaceutical, dietary, surgical and other approaches to reducing the risk of breast cancer among women in the United States, and examines the evidence for specific recommendations.

Study reveals continued damage from banned obesity drug
Fenfluramine, the appetite suppressant drug banned in the US in 1997 due to fears over its links to heart conditions, has been shown to have serious long-term effects.

Gene variations alter risk of esophageal cancer
Variations in a common gene pathway may affect esophageal cancer risk, a dangerous and rapidly increasing type of cancer, according to research by scientists at the University of Texas M.

Reducing epidemic proportions
Tel Aviv University pioneers a high-tech system to cut hospital-related infections by half.

Study shows pine bark reduces jetlag
A new study published in the journal of Minerva Cardioangiologica reveals Pycnogenol, pine bark extract from the French maritime pine tree, reduces jetlag in passengers by nearly 50 percent.

'No Child' law gets an 'F' from education professor at Illinois
The controversial

Stanford research sheds light on key trigger of embryonic stem cell differentiation
Clusters of mouse embryonic stem cells called embryoid bodies more closely approximate true embryos in organization and structure than previously thought, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Big Lottery to fund scientific research
The University of Liverpool has received £500,000 to develop a treatment for the rare, genetic disease Alkaptonuria.

Protein 'tubules' free avian flu virus from immune recognition
A protein found in the virulent avian influenza virus strain called H5N1 forms tiny tubules in which it

Very cold ice films in laboratory reveal mysteries of universe
The universe is full of water, mostly in the form of very cold ice films deposited on interstellar dust particles, but until recently little was known about the detailed small scale structure.

Alcohol advice needs to play a greater role in sex education for teenagers
When it comes to sexual relationships, 14-16-year-old girls and boys see things very differently, as researchers have discovered.

Rocks could be harnessed to sponge vast amounts of CO2 from air, says study
Scientists say that a type of rock found in the Mideast nation of Oman and other areas around the world could be harnessed to soak up huge quantities of globe-warming carbon dioxide.

Genetic study provides new insights into molecular basis of language development
Scientists have identified the first gene that is associated with a common childhood language disorder, known as specific language impairment.

Risk assessment tool not reliable predictor for some women at high risk of breast cancer
A statistical model commonly used to predict the risk of breast cancer in women was not accurate when used to evaluate women with atypical hyperplasia, according to a new Mayo Clinic study published in the Oct.

Completely novel action of insulin unveiled
A Ph.D. student at Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research has uncovered an important piece in the puzzle of how insulin works, a problem that has plagued researchers for more than 50 years.

State fund advances titanium powder research, 9 other Iowa State projects
A research team led by Iver Anderson is developing a cheaper and better way to make a titanium alloy powder that can be used to manufacture artificial joints.

Researchers describe how chronic inflammation can lead to stomach cancer
A multicenter research team, led by Columbia University Medical Center, has uncovered a major contributor to the cause of stomach cancer -- the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the world.

New HIV-reduction initiative takes to the fields
Education has found its way onto the soccer fields of North Carolina -- in the form of a social experiment that may have all the right ingredients to change the direction of Latino health in the United States.

New evidence strengthens link between cigarette smoke exposure and poor infant health
The damaging effects of smoking and smoke exposure can be seen at any age.

Extreme weather postpones the flowering time of plants
Extreme weather events have a greater effect on flora than previously presumed.

NSF grant to launch undergrads from Case Western Reserve into math and science teaching
The National Science Foundation is funding a new program at Case Western Reserve to prepare 24 high-achieving science and math undergraduates for teaching careers.

Moms' smoking linked to increased risk of birth defects
Instead of relying on self-reporting, researchers measured the levels of cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, in the blood of 500 pregnant women and confirmed earlier findings that showed that babies whose mothers smoked during pregnancy were more than twice as likely to have a cleft palate or lip as those whose mothers didn't.

Mitochondria could be a target for therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease patients
A study in Nature Medicine describes the function and interaction of a critical molecule involved in cell death in Alzheimer's disease patients.

Research conference at UH to focus on US troops' needs, homeland security
As the US armed forces and intelligence community seek out strategies that will give them an edge in battles on multiple fronts, University of Houston researchers are developing innovative techniques and devices to help defend both the troops and the homeland. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to