Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2008
Dietary sport supplement shows strong effects in the elderly
Beta-alanine, a dietary supplement widely used by athletes and body builders, has been proven to increase the fitness levels of a group of elderly men and women.

Teacher qualifications more equally distributed across New York City public schools
A new study explores how recent changes in laws and lower-cost routes into teaching affect who teaches and where.

Eliminating most socioeconomic differences in coronary heart disease mortality
Current best practice interventions to reduce classic coronary risk factors, if successfully implemented in high and low income groups, could eliminate most of the socioeconomic differences in coronary heart disease mortality.

Surprisingly, female models have negative effect on men
A leading researcher of media effects on body image at the University of Missouri looked at the effect of male magazines on college-age men.

Researchers find predictive tests and early treatment delay progression of blood cell cancer
Mayo Clinic researchers say they have moved closer to their goal of providing personalized care for a common blood cell cancer.

Gold nanostar shape of the future
Tiny gold stars, smaller than a billionth of a meter, may hold the promise for new approaches to medical diagnoses or testing for environmental contaminants.

Growing problem for veterans: Domestic violence
The increasing number of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder raises the risk of domestic violence and its consequences on families and children in communities across the United States,

Living in the greenest areas narrows health inequalities
The health gap between rich and poor people is much lower in areas with the greenest environments.

5th Annual Global Conference on Stem Cell Therapy to be held Jan. 13-16, 2009, in NYC
The Fifth International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Diseases is a three-day comprehensive program dedicated to the evolving field of cell-based therapies for treating cardiovascular diseases.

Kidney transplantation provides cognitive benefits for patients with kidney disease
Individuals with kidney disease often suffer from cognitive impairment, but kidney transplantation can improve their mental performance, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia.

Evidence found for climate-driven ecological shifts in North Atlantic, says Cornell study
While Earth has experienced numerous changes in climate over the past 65 million years, recent decades have experienced the most significant climate change since the beginning of human civilized societies about 5,000 years ago, says a new Cornell University study.

Wildfires result in loss of forests reserved by Northwest Forest Plan
A team of federal and university scientists recently completed a study and analysis of large-diameter forests and discovered that elevated fire levels in the Pacific Northwest outweighed harvest reductions in the loss of older forests.

Study compares survival following different heart disease treatments in patients with ESRD
For patients with end stage renal disease on dialysis who also must be treated for heart disease, stents provide the best one-year survival compared with other revascularization treatments, but bypass surgery provides the best long-term survival, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia.

San Diego universities, government and industry rally around local Clean-Tech cluster
San Diego professors who are developing technologies that will fuel the continued growth of the region's

UC team virtually rebuilds lost architecture of the Shakers
The Shakers, a religious group that built 19 communities in the United States during the 1800s, had a prolific and distinct architectural construction and design style.

Sunlight has more powerful influence on ocean circulation and climate than North American ice sheets
A study reported in today's issue of Nature disputes a longstanding picture of how ice sheets influence ocean circulation during glacial periods.

Age is not a key factor in cancer survival, but clinical trials exclude older patients
Treat the illness not the age. That's the message to come out of a study of 224 cancer patients aged from 32 to 92.

Proof by computer
New computer tools have the potential to revolutionize the practice of mathematics by providing more-reliable proofs of mathematical results than have ever been possible in the history of humankind.

US executive branch drives foreign policy
A new study examines US foreign policy towards three Middle Eastern states and finds that the executive branch is often the driving force in foreign policy.

Is stuttering in our DNA?
Tel Aviv University scientists are investigating the genetic factors that underlie stuttering.

Cooperation and synergy marks out road ahead for European software research
The need for close cooperation and synergy between all stakeholders in the European software industry and how this is being achieved was the major focus of a three-day event in Rotterdam on

Global warming predicted to hasten carbon release from peat bogs
Billions of tons of carbon sequestered in the world's peat bogs could be released into the atmosphere in the coming decades as a result of global warming, according to a new analysis of the interplay between peat bogs, water tables, and climate change.

How evolution learns from past environments to adapt to new environments
The evolution of novel characteristics within organisms can be enhanced when environments change in a systematic manner, according to a new study by Weizmann Institute researchers.

Advice to the new administration: UM foreign and domestic policy guide
Obama will confront an array of challenges as serious as any ever faced by an American president, says Steve Fetter, dean of the University of Maryland School of Public Policy.

Dalmatian bladder stones caused by gene that regulates uric acid in humans
A gene mutation that causes high levels of uric acid in all Dalmatian dogs and bladder stones in some Dalmatians, has been identified by a team of researchers in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California, Davis.

Montana State University researchers find gene that regulates mold's resistance to drugs
Montana State University researchers have found a gene that regulates mold's resistance to ant-imold drugs.

Obscure fungus produces diesel fuel components
A wild fungus has been found to produce a variety of hydrocarbon components of diesel fuel.

Experts discuss problems and solutions to inequities in kidney transplant allocation
Depending on where they live in the United States, patients needing a kidney transplant can wait just one year for a deceased donor's kidney or up to 10 years.

Herpes drug inhibits HIV replication, but with a price
The anti-herpes drug acyclovir can also directly slow down HIV infection by targeting the reverse transcriptase enzyme, researchers report.

Silencing growth inhibitors could help recovery from brain injury
Scientists have successfully regenerated damaged nerves by silence natural growth inhibitors in neurons.

Hormone therapy helps short children grow up
Growth-hormone treatment may significantly increase final height in children diagnosed with short stature, even in cases where the child is not growth-hormone deficient, according to a new study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Brandeis and Smart Balance team up to advance heart-healthy research
Brandeis University has announced a multi-year $1 million sponsored research agreement with Smart Balance Inc. through its wholly owned subsidiary, the maker of Smart Balance buttery spread and other low-fat and fat-free foods that help lower cholesterol through a patented blend of natural vegetable oils.

Minority patients discouraged from cancer screening by negative messages
New behavioral science research published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, found that constantly emphasizing the negative consequences of a lack of cancer screening among minorities can actually make them less likely to go for screening.

The 61st Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society
Ever since the ancient thinker Archimedes shouted

Study shows Sure Start program in England gives benefits to children and their families
The Sure Start Local Programs in England lead to children having better social development and more positive social behavior.

Tiny solar cells built to power microscopic machines
Some of the tiniest solar cells ever built have been successfully tested as a power source for even tinier microscopic machines.

When it comes to sea level changing glaciers, new NASA technique measures up
A NASA-led research team has used satellite data to make the most precise measurements to date of changes in the mass of mountain glaciers in the Gulf of Alaska, a region expected to be a significant contributor to global sea level rise over the next 50-100 years.

The health burden of raising a grandchild
Grandmothers in the early stages of caring for a grandchild are less likely to protect their health than grandmothers the same age not raising children, according to a recent USC Davis School of Gerontology study.

Family problems affect African-American children more than other races
A new study in the Journal of Marital and Family Therapy found that for African-American youth, internalization or externalization of problems depends not on gender but on what is happening within their families.

Experts call for radical new mindset for health policy
The recognition of health as a central economic and societal driving force requires new approaches to how health policy is conducted.

How women can improve their quality of life after breast cancer treatment
Opting for less damaging treatments, staying active and learning about the warning signs of lymphedema: that's how women with breast cancer can avoid developing chronic lymphedema, according to the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care.

When the neighbor's noise makes its way through the walls
Manufacturers of partition walls will possibly have to think further ahead in future than they have up to now: Christoph Kling shows in his dissertation at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt that the repercussion of sound from adjoining walls has previously been taken too little into account, even though it considerably affects the sound absorption capability of some walls.

Pregnancy diabetes doubles the risk of language delay in children
Children born to mothers with pregnancy-related diabetes run twice the risk of language development problems, according to a study conducted at Universite Laval's School of Psychology.

New UGA research on gene sheds light on T cell production
New research, just published by researchers from the University of Georgia, provides the first evidence that a key gene may be crucial to maintaining the production of the thymus and its disease-fighting T cells after an animal's birth.

Unusual use of toys in infancy a clue to later autism
Researchers at the UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute have found that infants later diagnosed with autism exhibited unusual exploration of objects long before being diagnosed.

ERSD, heart disease and African-Americans with hypertensive nephrosclerosis
For most patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the risk of experiencing a cardiovascular related death is greater than the risk of progressing to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

Experts discuss future of public health research on Down syndrome
Down syndrome, the most commonly identified cause of cognitive impairment, occurs in approximately one in 700 births in the United States.

Multiple sclerosis research charges ahead with new mouse model of disease
A new study highlights the role of a charge-switching enzyme in nervous system deficits characteristic of multiple sclerosis and other related neurological illness.

Serial cohabiters less likely than others to marry
A new study in the Journal of Marriage and Family found that serial cohabiters are less likely than single-instance cohabiting unions to result in marriage

BCM neuroscientist receives international Eppendorf-Science award
Memories turned on and off with a flick of a switch -- the idea is the basis for the award winning research of Dr.

Social interactions can alter gene expression in the brain, and vice versa
Our DNA determines a lot about who we are and how we play with others, but recent studies of social animals (birds and bees, among others) show that the interaction between genes and behavior is more of a two-way street than most of us realize.

Unraveling the natural history of the lion using host and virus population genomics
The lion is one of the world's most charismatic carnivores.

Computerized carer lessens dementia load
An artificial intelligence coaching system has been developed that will help carers of older adults with moderate dementia.

Turtles alter nesting dates due to temperature change says ISU researcher
An Iowa State researchers says turtles nesting along the Mississippi River and other areas are altering their nesting dates in response to rising temperatures.

Age, race are among factors that influence carotid-surgery success
Advanced age and race are among the factors that can affect whether a patient dies or suffers a stroke after carotid-artery surgery, a UT Southwestern physician involved in a multicenter study has found.

Dry spells spelled trouble in ancient China
Chinese history is replete with the rise and fall of dynasties, but researchers now have identified a natural phenomenon that may have been the last straw for some of them: A weakening of the summer Asian Monsoons.

Top scientific meeting urges coordinated response to economic and environmental crises
A fix for the economy must address ecological threats, a top international scientific meeting here has urged.

American Dietetic Association releases 2008 nutrition trends survey
Increasing numbers of American adults are aware of the importance of nutrition and physical activity and are taking steps to eat a healthy diet and engage in exercise, according to the American Dietetic Association's nationwide consumer opinion survey, Nutrition and You: Trends 2008.

Migraines associated with lower risk of breast cancer
Women who suffer from migraines may take at least some comfort in a recent, first-of-its-kind study that suggests a history of such headaches is associated with a significantly lower risk of breast cancer.

Study finds racial disparities increasing for cancers unrelated to smoking
A new American Cancer Society study finds that recent progress in closing the gap in overall cancer mortality between African-Americans and whites may be due primarily to smoking-related cancers, and that cancer mortality differences related to screening and treatment may still be increasing.

Study shows testosterone improves sexual well-being in post-menopausal women
An international study showed testosterone, when used with no other hormone therapy, is an effective treatment for low libido in post-menopausal women.

Increased support to families in which both parents earn in OECD countries reduces child mortality
Policies which increase support to families where both parents are earners decrease infant mortality, while those that increase support to traditional male earner/female stays at home families do not.

Repairing DNA damage: Researchers discover critical process in cancer treatment
According to a new study published in the early online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists from the Universite de Montreal and the Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Centre have identified a new biochemical pathway which controls DNA repair.

The beauty machine
Tel Aviv University makes the average face a knockout with a single click.

Zoologists: Sea snakes seek out freshwater to slake thirst
Sea snakes may slither in saltwater, but they sip the sweet stuff.

Ethical risks of the neurosciences
The Neuroethics Society will hold its first annual meeting on Nov.

Visualizing asthma-causing immune cells at work
Immune cells known as eosinophils have a central role in causing asthma.

New protocol to help in testimony of child victims
Psychology professor Mireille Cyr has adapted an interview protocol from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development that will enable child victims of sexual abuse to provide better testimony in Quebec courts.

Joslin researcher named first winner of the Manpei Suzuki International Prize for Diabetes Research
Joslin Diabetes Center today announced that C. Ronald Kahn, M.D., head of the Joslin Section on Obesity and Hormone Action and the Mary K.

Dalmatian bladder stones caused by gene that regulates uric acid in humans
A gene mutation in Dalmatian dogs causing high levels of uric acid that can lead to bladder stones has been identified by a team of researchers in the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of California, Davis.

Australia leads world first global effort to improve diagnosis of genetic disorders
An Australian-led global initiative to improve the diagnosis of genetic disorders and reduce errors in the reporting of genetic variations has been published today in the prestigious scientific journal Science.

Impulse control area in brain affected in teens with genetic vulnerability for alcoholism
A new study suggests that genetic factors influence size variations in a certain region of the brain, which could in turn be partly responsible for increased susceptibility to alcohol dependence.

Robots show that brain activity is linked to time as well as space
Humanoid robots have been used to show that that functional hierarchy in the brain is linked to time as well as space.

6,000km trip to reveal clues to ancient migration
Two Durham University scientists are to play a key part in a 6000km trip following the migration route of ancient Pacific cultures.

New advancements in the use of adult, embryonic stem cells for tissue regeneration
A major issue in the development of regenerative medicine is the cell sources used to rebuild damaged tissues.

15-state Southern obesity summit to focus on deadly epidemic
Summit attendees will come from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia.

UC Davis researchers discover Achilles' heel in pancreatic cancer
UC Davis Cancer Center researchers have discovered a metabolic deficiency in pancreatic cancer cells that can be used to slow the progress of the deadliest of all cancers.

Melanin production discovered in fat tissue
A two-year study conducted by researchers at George Mason University, INOVA Fairfax Hospital and the National Cancer Institute may open the door to new therapies for combating chronic diseases associated with obesity, a condition that affected more than 33 percent of American adults in 2005-06 according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Discovery of molecular switch wins Eppendorf/Science prize
Dr. Mauro Costa-Mattioli has been awarded the 2008 International Grand Prize in Neurobiology by the journal Science and Eppendorf AG.

HJF nursing specialist wins prestigious Celina Field Cargiver Award
Christine M. Rupprecht, M.S.N., R.N., nursing specialist for the Army's Regional Anesthesia & Pain Management Initiative at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, has won the prestigious Celina Field Caregiver Award by the National Pain Foundation.

Mobile services creation wins ITEA gold Achievement Award 2008
The LOMS project has won the 2008 gold Achievement Award for its outstanding contribution to the program of ITEA 2 -- the EUREKA Software-Intensive Systems and Services Cluster.

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 6, 2008
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Ecologists use oceanographic data to predict future climate change
Earth scientists are attempting to predict the future impacts of climate change by reconstructing the past behavior of Arctic climate and ocean circulation.

XDR-TB: Deadlier and more mysterious than ever
New research has found that extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis is increasingly common and more deadly than previously known.

Expert recommends town councils to design low-allergy impact green spaces
Promoting the diversity of plant species, using examples of native flora preferably instead of exotic species or using alternative species are some of the recommendations to reduce the level of allergies provoked by decorative plants Species described as allergen such as cypress trees, privets, plane trees, daisies or grass are commonly used by the administration when it comes to design urban green spaces.

Untangling DNA regulation
MIT biologists have discovered that the organization of DNA's packing material plays a critical role in directing stem cells to become different types of adult cells.

Coping and copulation behavior may help calculate diabetes risk
Researchers use two species of deer mice to study diabetes, and find that males of a calmer and more monogamous species regulate blood sugar better than males of a less calm and less monogamous species when subject to stress. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to