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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | November 07, 2008

Rosalind Franklin Society board meeting to focus on women in science
The Board of Directors of the Rosalind Franklin Society will be meeting next week at the New York Academy of Medicine.
New equation provides more accurate estimates of kidney function
A newly developed equation produces more accurate estimates of the glomerular filtration rate, a key indicator of kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease, according to research being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Penn.
Cost of treating colorectal cancer can vary by thousands per patient
The cost of treating colorectal cancer varies widely, with newer, life-extending therapies sometimes costing tens of thousands of dollars more than older agents, according to a study led by a team of researchers in the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Overnight hemodialysis dramatically improves survival
For hemodialysis patients, undergoing dialysis for eight hours overnight, three times weekly, reduces the risk of death by nearly 80 percent, compared to conventional, four-hour dialysis, according to research being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pa.
U of Minnesota researchers uncover surprising effects of climate patterns in ancient China
University of Minnesota geology and geophysics researchers, along with their colleagues from China, have uncovered surprising effects of climate patterns on social upheaval and the fall of dynasties in ancient China.
Behavioral therapy helps overcome depression in kidney disease patients on dialysis
Depression is common among individuals on dialysis for kidney disease, but behavioral therapy can significantly improve their quality of life, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pa.
Impact of reform measures on nephrology practice and patient care explained
The end-stage renal disease Medicare reform measures recently passed by Congress represent the most significant ESRD reforms in decades.
UO to head expansion of special education technical assistance center
The University of Oregon's College of Education will spearhead an $8 million, five-year, multi-institutional program designed to foster positive behavior in the nation's schools.
Yale report cites emerging carbon finance market
Climate change is an unprecedented global problem and an emerging carbon finance market will play a critical role in addressing it, asserts a newly published Yale report.
Due to atherosclerosis, stents are not beneficial for patients with narrow kidney arteries
Using stents to open up kidney arteries is commonly done in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease, but the procedure provides no benefit, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pa.
Students eat more whole grains when it's gradually added to school lunch
Elementary school students will eat more whole grains when healthier bread products are gradually introduced into their school lunches, a new University of Minnesota study shows.
TU/e awarded for knowledge transfer to solar energy industry
Ph.D. graduate Bram Hoex and research group Plasma & Materials Processing of Eindhoven University of Technology have been awarded the Leverhulme Technology Transfer Award 2008.
A pool of distant galaxies -- the deepest ultraviolet image of the universe yet
Anyone who has wondered what it might be like to dive into a pool of millions of distant galaxies of different shapes and colors, will enjoy the latest image released by ESO.
Experts discuss effects of chronic kidney disease on women's sexual health
Chronic kidney disease exacts a significant toll on a woman's sexuality and gynecologic health.
Even plants benefit from outsourcing
The answer to successful revegetation of native flora is in sourcing genetically diverse seed not necessarily relying on remnant local native vegetation to provide seed.
ACC/AHA guidelines break new ground in adult congenital heart disease
To assist cardiologists in making everyday clinical decisions for this challenging group of patients, and in knowing when to refer patients to specialists with expertise in congenital heart disease, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association have jointly released a comprehensive set of practice guidelines on the management of adults with congenital heart disease.
Bullies may enjoy seeing others in pain
Unusually aggressive youth may actually enjoy inflicting pain on others, research using brain scans at the University of Chicago shows.
Overfishing threatens European bluefin tuna
Bluefin tuna disappeared from Danish waters in the 1960s. Now the species could become depleted throughout the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean, according to analyses by the Technical University of Denmark and University of New Hampshire.
Economic incentives for analysts play role in determining street earnings
In a new study, a University of Missouri researcher found that analysts' self-interests often influence the value of street earnings, which makes street earnings less useful for predicting future earnings of high-growth stocks.
Maternal and fetal outcomes in kidney donors are similar to non-donors
When a woman contemplates donating a kidney, she need not worry about any potential health risks it might pose to a future pregnancy, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Penn.
Study assesses potential health complications for obese kidney donors
Individuals who are obese face certain risks when donating their kidneys, but their kidney function remains strong one year later, according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pa.
Presentations at AHA expand on clinical utility of deCODE's DNA-based tests
Several presentations by deCODE genetics at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2008 being held at the New Orleans Convention Center from Nov.
Forgotten, but not gone: Leprosy still present in the US
Long believed to be a disease of biblical times, leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease, continues to be seen in the United States.
Children's Hospital study demonstrates how bone marrow transplant can cure sickle cell disease
A unique approach to bone marrow transplantation pioneered in part by a Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC physician has proven to be the only safe and effective cure for sickle cell disease, according to a new study.
Computer model can predict human behavior and learning
A computer model that can predict how people will complete a controlled task and how the knowledge needed to complete that task develops over time is the product of a group of researchers, led by a professor from Penn State's College of Information Sciences and Technology.
Revised theory suggests carbon dioxide levels already in danger zone
If climate disasters are to be averted, atmospheric carbon dioxide must be reduced below the levels that already exist today, according to a study published in Open Atmospheric Science Journal by a group of 10 scientists from the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
ESF workshop makes major advance in cancer radiotherapy
Radical improvements in outcome for many cancer sufferers are in prospect following one of the most significant advances in radiotherapy since X-rays were first used to treat a tumor in 1904.
Leading US experts on Chin-Am relations to analyze post-election agendas in Beijing Nov. 10
How will the U.S. elections affect the agenda for Chinese-American relations?
People who develop kidney stones are at increased risk for chronic kidney disease
Kidney stones may damage the kidneys and lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a paper being presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Following the leader can be a drag, according to student's research on flapping flags
Graduate student Leif Ristroph found that two or more flexible objects in a flow -- flags flapping in the wind, for example -- experience drag very differently from rigid objects in a similar flow.
Paleontologists doubt 'dinosaur dance floor'
A group of paleontologists visited the northern Arizona wilderness site nicknamed a
Innovations in Pediatric Medicine International Conference brings together pediatrics experts
On Nov. 8 and 9, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of NewYork-Presbyterian and Columbia University Medical Center will host an
Fertility experts present the latest research at reproductive medicine meeting
Leading fertility experts at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center are presenting new research findings at the 64th annual American Society of Reproductive Medicine meeting in San Francisco, Nov.
Yale professor T.P. Ma awarded the Connecticut Medal of Technology
The State of Connecticut's highest honor for technological achievement, the Medal of Technology, was presented this year to Yale professor Tso-Ping Ma for his pioneering work in semiconductors.
'Superbugs' on the rise in Canadian hospitals, new Queen's study shows
Although infection control has been substantially ramped up in Canadian hospitals since the SARS crisis of 2003, the number of resistant bacterial infections post-SARS have multiplied even faster, a new Queen's University study shows.
Interaction between gene variants may alter brain function in schizophrenia
A collaborative study led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital is giving what may be the first look at how interactions between genes underlie a key symptom of schizophrenia, impaired working memory.
It's great! Oops, no it isn't
People are confused because they do not understand the process behind the conflicting results of medical and clinical research.
General anesthesia for hernia surgery in children and risk of later developmental problems
Children under the age of three who had hernia surgery showed almost twice the risk of behavioral or developmental problems later compared to children who had not undergone the surgery.
7 years without a nose
Patients whose nose has been destroyed by a tumor or injury carry a severe psychological and social burden.
Making cars and airplanes cheaper, safer and more efficient
The DFG funds two major instruments to test components made of fiber-reinforced composites.
US physicists urge president-elect Barack Obama to invest in energy efficiency
The American Physical Society, a leading organization of physicists, including 60 Nobel Laureates, today urged president-elect Barack Obama to make investing in energy efficiency a top priority after he takes office in January.
Physicists create BlackMax to search for dimensions in space at the Large Hadron Collider
A team of theoretical and experimental physicists, with participants from Case Western Reserve University, have designed a new black hole simulator called BlackMax to search for evidence that extra dimensions might exist in the universe.
World needs climate emergency backup plan, says expert
In submitted testimony to the British Parliament, climate scientist Ken Caldeira of the Carnegie Institution said that while steep cuts in carbon emissions are essential to stabilizing global climate, there also needs to be a backup plan.
Could vitamin D save us from radiation?
A form of vitamin D could protect us against damage from low levels of radiation according to new research to be published in the International Journal of Low Radiation.
Ecologists use oceanographic data to predict future climate change
Ecologists and oceanographers are attempting to predict the future impacts of climate change by reconstructing the past behavior of Arctic climate and ocean circulation.
Study finds many motorists don't see need to heed speed limits
Research suggests US motorists are growing increasingly cynical about the relevance of speed limits, and a new study indicates many motorists are more likely to think they can drive safely while speeding as long as they won't get caught.
Physical activity and health: Finding the right prescription
We all know physical activity is good for you. But why?

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