Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 26, 2008
Moving new technologies from the lab to the marketplace
Judith Sheft, associate vice president for technology development at New Jersey Institute of Technology, has been awarded funds from the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology to assist faculty researchers with the most promising patentable inventions with funding grants of up to $50,000.

Professor Bernstein delivers his final IEEE Distinguished Visitor Lecture, Orlando, Fla., Dec. 8
Stevens Institute of Technology Professor Lawrence Bernstein will deliver his 18th and final IEEE Distinguished Visitor Lecture to the Orlando Section Chapter of the IEEE Computer Society, on the topic

URI researchers help score knockout punch on birch tree pest
The birch leafminer, an insect pest that regularly disfigures birch trees, has been virtually eradicated in the Northeast.

Mouse model of prion disease mimics diverse symptoms of human disorder
A comprehensive mouse model of inherited prion disease exhibits cognitive, motor and neurophysiological deficits that bear a striking resemblance to the symptoms experienced by patients with the human version of

Shrimp trawling may boost mercury in red snapper, study suggests
Shrimp trawling in the Gulf of Mexico may be raising the level of toxic mercury in juvenile Red Snapper, according to new research from Texas Christian University and Louisiana State University.

Study of oldest turtle fossil
Since the age of dinosaurs, turtles have looked pretty much as they do now with their shells intact, and scientists lacked conclusive evidence to support competing evolutionary theories.

CSHL scientists show how a protein that determines cell polarity prevents breast cancer
A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has found that a protein called Scribble, originally discovered as a cell-shape regulator in fruit flies and worms, is an important regulator of breast cancer.

Secret to workplace happiness? Remember what you love about the job, study urges
Urging employees to rethink their jobs was enough to drop absenteeism by 60 percent and turnover by 75 percent, a new University of Alberta study shows.

Yale researchers enlist a new recruit in battle of the bulge
In the battle against obesity, Yale University researchers may have discovered a new weapon -- a naturally occurring molecule secreted by the gut that makes rats and mice less hungry after fatty meals.

It takes guts to build bone, Columbia scientists discover
Bone growth is controlled in the gut through serotonin, the same naturally present chemical used by the brain to influence mood, appetite and sleep, according to a new discovery.

Study compares strategies for BK virus nephropathy
For kidney transplant recipients with a serious complication called BK virus-associated nephropathy, promptly cutting back on anti-rejection drugs reduces the risk of losing the kidney, according to a report in the November Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

New research sheds light on fly sleep circuit
In a novel study appearing this week in Neuron, Brandeis researchers identify for the first time a specific set of wake-promoting neurons in fruit flies that are analogous to cells in the much more complex sleep circuit in humans.

Doctors and patients should be able to choose local or general anesthetic for carotid surgery
Anesthetists and doctors, in consultation with their patients, should decide which of general or local anesthetic is most appropriate for carotid surgery for each individual case -- as an article published online first and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet shows that there is no definite difference in outcomes using either technique.

Vitamin K linked to insulin resistance in older men
A Tufts University study of 355 nondiabetic elderly men and women found men who took a vitamin K supplement had less progression of insulin resistance over a period of three years compared to men not receiving vitamin K.

Study supports value of advanced CT scans to check for clogged arteries
In a development that researchers say is likely to quell concerns about the value of costly computed tomography scans to diagnose coronary artery blockages, an international team led by researchers at Johns Hopkins reports solid evidence that the newer, more powerful 64-CT scans can easily and correctly identify people with major blood vessel disease and is nearly as accurate as invasive coronary angiography.

Chandramouli and co-authors receive IEEE GLOBECOM 2008 Best Paper Award
A paper co-authored by Stevens Institute of Technology professor Rajarathnam Chandramouli for the IEEE GLOBECOM 2008 Conference, titled

Using water to understand human society, from the industrial revolution to global trade
Water shapes societies, but it is a factor only just beginning to be appreciated by social scientists.

Nitric oxide can alter brain function
Research from the Medical Research Council Toxicology Unit at the University of Leicester shows that nitric oxide can change the computational ability of the brain.

Land iguanas under continuing threat on Galapagos archipelago
The Galapagos Islands, which provided impetus and inspiration for Charles Darwin's seminal work,

Molecule shuts down food intake and turns on 'siesta mode'
Researchers have identified a molecule that tells your brain when it's time to push back from the Thanksgiving table.

How the brain senses fatty food
As you gorge on food this holiday season, you might not want to think about the fat content of all the goodies you've indulged in.

New approaches make retinal detachment highly treatable
In a new study in today's issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a leading ophthalmologist at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center writes that a high probability of reattachment and visual improvement is possible by using one of three currently available surgical techniques.

Misleading media coverage of medicine
Media coverage of clinical trials does not contain the elements readers require to make informed decisions.

Source of geysers on Saturn's moon may be underground water
A joint project between Jet Propulsion Lab in California, the University of Central Florida in Orlando and the University of Colorado have shown that Saturn's moon may have underground water which is spewing plumes of water vapor into space through geysers.

Where does the gene activity of youth go? New findings may hold the key
New evidence may explain why it is that we lose not only our youthful looks, but also our youthful pattern of gene activity with age.

Rong Li Lab offers insight into adaptive ability of cells
The Stowers Institute's Rong Li Lab has published findings that shed light on the ability of cells to adapt to disruptions to their basic division machineries -- findings that may help explain how cancer cells elude the body's natural defense mechanisms or chemotherapy treatment.

Stanford/Packard study shows no benefit from drug widely used to prevent premature births
When a pregnant woman goes into early labor, her obstetrician may give her drugs to quiet the woman's uterus and prevent premature birth.

Researchers identify how binge drinking may drive heart disease
As the holidays arrive, a group of researchers has identified the precise mechanisms by which binge drinking contributes to clogs in arteries that lead to heart attack and stroke, according to a study published today in the journal Atherosclerosis.

Fear of hypoglycemia a barrier to exercise for type 1 diabetics
According to a new study, published in the November issue of Diabetes Care, a majority of diabetics avoid physical activity because they worry about exercise-induced hypoglycemia and severe consequences including loss of consciousness.

Molecular partnership controls daily rhythms, body metabolism
A research team has discovered a key molecular partnership that coordinates body rhythms and metabolism.

Fate and effects of the drug Tamiflu in the environment
The research council FORMAS, Sweden, has granted 5.9 million SEK to a new research project that will study the environmental fate and effects of the anti-viral drug Tamiflu on the development on influenza resistance.

Stirred, not struck: New riveting process from GKSS
Friction riveting, or FricRiveting, is the name of the new joining process developed by materials researcher Dr.

International workshop aims to boost public engagement work in developing countries
Public engagement practitioners from across the world are to share skills and experiences at an innovative conference to be held in South Africa, organized by the Wellcome Trust.

Revolutionary high-speed 'cloud' software announced by new University of Melbourne start-up
Revolutionary new software which harnesses the power of networked computers to analyze data at high speeds is being developed by new start-up company Manjrasoft Pty.

Arthritis research shows better management more important than new drugs
Although there has been an increase in the number of new arthritis treatments in recent years, the best results will come from more effective use of the drugs we have.

Study: Childhood constipation just as serious as asthma
Family life gets crazy around the holidays, and kids can get out of their bathroom routine.

Baffling chronic pain linked to rewiring of brain
Scientists peered at the brains of people with a baffling chronic pain condition and discovered something surprising.

Plate tectonics started over 4 billion years ago, geochemists report
A new picture of the early Earth is emerging, including the surprising finding that plate tectonics on Earth may have started more than 4 billion years ago -- much earlier than scientists had believed, according to new research by UCLA geochemists reported Nov.

Media Advisory 3: AGU Fall Meeting
Topics of press conferences in planning include: Revisiting dinosaur extinction; Arctic sea ice loss and methane rise; Abrupt climate change; Peak oil; New observations of Enceladus and Titan; Aerosol Geoengineering -- Feasible?

Professor Luftman and SIM release full results of annual IT industry survey at SIMposium 2008
The current economic crisis is forcing companies to quickly evaluate and modify their business models, but unlike previous economic downtrends, the information technology organizations are not feeling the cuts as quickly as in the past, according to a newly released survey.

Urine protein test detects kidney dysfunction in transplant patients
A noninvasive test that analyzes proteins in the urine can correctly identify patients whose transplanted kidneys are failing, according to a study appearing in the February 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Researchers identify a potentially universal mechanism of aging
Researchers have uncovered what may be a universal cause of aging, one that applies to both single cell organisms such as yeast and multicellular organisms, including mammals.

Scientists at CSHL uncover new RNA processing mechanism and a new class of small RNAs
CSHL scientists report their discoveries of a previously unknown mechanism in the nucleus that processes noncoding RNA molecules to generate what might be a new class of small RNAs.

UNC expands brain imaging study of infants at risk for autism
A study led by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers using brain imaging of infants to examine changes in their brains and behavior that may mark the onset of autistic symptoms is being substantially expanded after receiving an additional $3.25 million in funding.

Fruit fly discovery generates buzz about brain-damaging disorder in children
Johns Hopkins researchers have used fruit flies to gain new insights into a brain-damaging disorder afflicting children.

United Nations University to co-organize ICEGOV2008 in Egypt
The 2nd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, organized by the United Nations University and German University in Cairo, will take place in Cairo, Egypt, Dec 1-4, 2008.

New papers offer insights into process of malarial drug resistance
Two new papers by University of Notre Dame biologist Michael Ferdig offer new insights into the process of malarial drug resistance.

Lab test for allergy scoops national
Scientists who have developed a new technique that can test for up to 5,000 different allergens from just one drop of blood have scooped a prestigious national award which encourages innovation in health care technologies.

Route to obesity passes through tongue
Obesity gradually numbs the taste sensation of rats to sweet foods and drives them to consume larger and ever-sweeter meals, according to neuroscientists.

'The photon force is with us': Harnessing light to drive nanomachines
Science fiction writers have long envisioned sailing a spacecraft by the optical force of the sun's light.

ASGE encouraged by drop in colorectal cancer deaths
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy heralds the recent news of a decline in US cancer deaths and incidence rates, with colorectal cancer among the top three cancers with significant declines.

New national park protects world's rarest gorilla
The Wildlife Conservation Society, the government of Cameroon, and other partners have collaborated to create a new national park to help protect the world's most endangered great ape: the Cross River gorilla.

UCLA researchers create polymer solar cells with higher efficiency levels
Currently solar cells are difficult to handle, expensive to purchase and complicated to install.

Bone formation goes with the gut, study finds
When it comes to remodeling our bones -- an ongoing process of break down and renewal that goes on throughout adulthood -- researchers have new evidence that our guts play a surprisingly important role.

Dancing atoms now understood
In developing a model to explain the motion of atoms in a magnetic field, scientists have overcome a decades-old obstacle to understanding a key component of magnetic resonance.

Eye divergence in children triples risk of mental illness
Children whose eyes are misaligned and point outward are at significantly increased risk of developing mental illness by early adulthood, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published this month in Pediatrics, the official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Parents are the unsung heroes
It's a parent's worst nightmare, a newborn baby going under the knife to repair a heart defect.

Research reveals mechanism linking serotonin with regulation of food intake
Genetic mouse models have provided surprising insight into mechanisms linking serotoninergic compounds with the regulation of feeding behavior and body weight.

Winter brings flu, summer brings bacterial infections
In the same way that winter is commonly known to be the
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