Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 28, 2008
Crossing scientific boundaries to understand the rejection of drugs
A physicist from the University of Nottingham and a mathematical modeler from The University of Southampton are joining forces in the hope of answering a biological mystery -- how do our bodies reject some of the drugs that are sent to cure us?

AGU journal highlights: Nov. 28, 2008
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Selenium may slow march of AIDS
Increasing the production of naturally occurring proteins that contain selenium in human blood cells slows down multiplication of the AIDS virus, according to biochemists.

Surprise discovery made in cancer research
Many of the cancer drugs currently undergoing clinical trials target IAPs, since if the levels of IAPs are reduced, tumor cells will be destroyed by the body's own self-protecting mechanism or by the chemotherapeutic drugs.

A 'hole' new way
Move over, drills, saws, and jackhammers. Now there's something faster for search-and-rescue missions.

Crops for the future -- new international organization announced
A new international organization dedicated to neglected and underutilized crops will be announced on Sunday, Nov.

Researchers fly a kite for manure recycling
Researchers at North Wyke Research, and Lancaster and Exeter universities, working on a project within the Rural Economy and Land Use Program have come up with an advice system to help farmers recycle manure safely and avoid polluting watercourses.

Organic attitude
Are consumers under too much pressure to be healthy? Has the global financial crisis sidelined the promotion of sustainable food?

Laser deposition welding and milling in a single machine
Improving the productivity of machining processes is one of the basic requirements in every machine-tool engineering specification.

100-meter sprint world record could go as low as 9.48 seconds
During the last century human athletic records have continued tumbling, but are there limits to how fast elite athletes can run?

World AIDS Day offers a reflection on the past, hopeful look to the future
In connection with World AIDS Day 2008, Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, is available to comment on how best to move forward in the fight against HIV/AIDS including the need to improve access to HIV prevention services and routine testing and the next generation of treatment and prevention research currently underway at NIAID.

Laparoscopic approach to retrorectal cyst
Retrorectal cysts are rare benign lesions in the presacral space which are frequently diagnosed in middle-aged females.

Fast food a potential risk factor for Alzheimer's
Mice that were fed a diet rich in fat, sugar and cholesterol for nine months developed a preliminary stage of the morbid irregularities that form in the brains of Alzheimer's patients.

Radiologist's study supports the use of portable ultrasound in developing countries
Of all the current imaging techniques, portable ultrasound has shown the greatest promise in meeting the needs in developing countries such as Ghana because it is transportable, relatively inexpensive and has a wide range of applications.

Good pre-school and home-learning boosts academic development
Attending a high quality pre-school followed by an academically effective primary school gives a significant boost to children's development.

A new light on work-related fatigue
A research group from Tao-Yuan General Hospital of Taiwan, China examined the associations between the objective health indicators and the high need for recovery (NFR) after work.

French scientist wins the Journal of Experimental Biology Outstanding Paper Prize
Audrey Dussutour from Toulouse France has been awarded the Journal of Experimental Biology's Outstanding Paper Prize for her work with nutritionist Steven Simpson on how a few individual ants forage for the collective stomach, listening to the nutritional needs of the entire nest rather than their own stomachs.

Protection from the own immune system
Some 80,000 people in Germany suffer from multiple sclerosis -- their immune system attacks and destroys healthy nerve tissue.
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