Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 05, 2008
Fractional dose of scarce meningitis vaccine may be effective in outbreak control
One fifth of the standard dose of a commonly used meningitis vaccine may be as effective as using the full dose.

Scientists design a technique to differentiate between original and bootleg CDs
The system, developed in the Department of Optics, is also valid for DVDs.

Cave's climate clues show ancient empires declined during dry spell
The decline of the Roman and Byzantine Empires in the Eastern Mediterranean more than 1,400 years ago may have been driven by unfavorable climate changes.

Nobel Prize presentation ceremony for Yoichiro Nambu
Yoichiro Nambu, the Harry Pratt Judson Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in the University of Chicago Department of Physics and the Enrico Fermi Institute, will be presented with the medal and diploma for the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics by Jonas Hafstrom, Ambassador of Sweden to the United States, in a ceremony on Wed., Dec.

Scientists create tough ceramic that mimics mother of pearl
Biomimicry -- technological innovation inspired by nature -- is one of the hottest ideas in science but has yet to yield many practical advances.

50 years of hairy-cell leukemia research to be observed
In 1958, Ohio State University cancer researcher Dr. Bertha Bouroncle first identified a deadly disease now known as hairy-cell leukemia, a once fatal disease that can now be effectively treated.

Secondhand smoke raises odds of fertility problems in women
If you need another reason to quit smoking, consider that it may diminish your chances of being a parent or grandparent.

£250M to create new wave of scientists and engineers for Britain
The biggest ever investment in training the scientists and engineers Britain needs for its future was announced today (Dec.

Intervention in infants with cystic fibrosis key to slowing progression
Early detection of lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF), combined with aggressive treatment in infants, may be the key to controlling the progression of the disease, according to a recent study.

Some blood-system stem cells reproduce more slowly than expected
Investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital have found a subpopulation of hematopoietic stem cells, the source of all blood and immune system cells, that reproduce much more slowly than previously anticipated.

UC Davis researchers exploring gene therapy to fight AIDS
The apparent success of a case in which German doctors cured a man of AIDS using a bone marrow transplant comes as no surprise to Gerhard Bauer, a UC Davis stem cell researcher.

Forecasting the future of brain tumor research
Researchers and students from St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center and Arizona State University's Math Department are applying weather forecast technology to model and track the growth patterns of brain tumors.

New research reports on interventions that may alter the course of epilepsy diagnosis and management
New studies presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the American Epilepsy Society will preview interventions that may alter the course of epilepsy diagnosis and management to improve the care of people living with this common neurological condition.

UCLA signs historic memorandum with pediatric institution in Tokyo
As part of a new initiative to create partnerships with pediatric research institutions around the globe, Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA has signed a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Pediatrics at Tokyo's Jikei University School of Medicine.

REGiMMUNE to present GvHD data at the 50th ASH Annual Meeting
REGiMMUNE Corporation, a privately held biopharmaceutical company focused on developing technologies and products for immune disorders, will present preclinical data on the company's potential therapeutic treatment for graft-versus-host disease at the American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting.

Maintaining the brain's wiring in aging and disease
Researchers at the Babraham Institute near Cambridge, supported by the Alzheimer's Research Trust and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, have discovered that the brain's circuitry survives longer than previously thought in diseases of ageing such as Alzheimer's disease.

NRL's P-3 aircraft support project to study tropical cyclones
The Naval Research Laboratory has been hunting for tropical cyclones as part of a multi-national study to observe and predict the potential impacts of Pacific tropical cyclones.

Mathematician Frank Morgan continues manifolds research
The National Science Foundation has announced the award of a three-year $145,445 grant to Frank Morgan, the Webster Atwell '21 Professor of Mathematics at Williams College.

Mutant proteins result in infectious prion disease in mice
A worldwide group of scientists, including Christina J. Sigurdson, D.V.M., Ph.D., assistant professor of pathology at the UCSD School of Medicine, has created an infectious prion disease in a mouse model, in a step that may help unravel the mystery of this progressive disease that affects the nervous system in humans and animals.

Stowers Institute's Linheng Li Lab expands understanding of bone marrow stem cell niche
The Stowers Institute's Linheng Li Lab has identified the precise location of the bone marrow stem cell niche.

Kent State nursing experts instrumental in the future of nursing
Two Kent State nursing professors are collaborating on a project that will help prepare nursing students for 21st century practice.

Experimental networking research
Jeannie Albrecht, assistant professor of computer science at Williams College, and other faculty from large research universities including University of Massachusetts, Duke, Princeton and Stanford, are working on prototypes to expand the security, manageability and versatility of networking systems.

50 reasons people give for believing in a god
Award-winning journalist, columnist and science teacher Guy P. Harrison skeptically analyzes popular justifications for religious belief in his new book,

Children's National convenes first childhood obesity symposium
On Tuesday, Nov. 25, 2008, the Obesity Institute at Children's National Medical Center gathered experts from many disciplines to share ideas, failures and successes, and the future promise of prevention and intervention strategies to fight childhood obesity, both in the District of Columbia and nationwide.

M. D. Anderson to hold first international conference on inflammatory breast cancer
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center will hold the first international inflammatory breast cancer conference on Dec.

Elsevier announces winners of 3rd Annual Scopus Young Indian Scientist Award
Elsevier, the world's leading publisher of scientific information, announced today the winners of the third annual Scopus Young Indian Scientist Award.

Stowers Institute's Workman Lab discovers novel histone demethylase protein complex
The Stowers Institute's Workman Lab has discovered a novel histone demethylase protein complex characterized in work published today in Molecular Cell.

Transporting juvenile salmon hinders adult migration
Scientists have discovered that management efforts intended to assist migrations of salmon and steelhead trout can have unintended consequences for fish populations.

Report offers options for negotiators seeking to craft critical accord on forests and climate change
The Center for International Forestry Research today released a comprehensive analysis clarifying major challenges and offering an assortment of options that could help negotiators reach a global agreement on reducing carbon emissions tied to forest destruction and degradation.

Double threat: Deadly lung disease also linked to heart attacks
Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are three times as likely to experience severe coronary events -- including heart attacks -- than people without the disease, according to a recent study that analyzed the risk of cardiovascular disease in nearly 1,000 patients with IPF and more than 3,500 matched controls.

University of Minnesota Humphrey Institute to hold discussion the integrity of Minnesota's elections
The University of Minnesota Humphrey Institute's Center for the Study of Politics and Governance will host a conference on the fairness and credibility of Minnesota's elections 9:30-11:45 a.m., Wednesday, Dec.

AAAS announces top science books for children and teens
In time for holiday shopping, AAAS has announced 19 finalists in the annual AAAS/Subaru SB&F Prize for Excellence in Science Books, which include science books for young children up to young adults.

Stowers Institute's Baumann Lab identifies key step in maturation pathway of telomerase
The Stowers Institute's Baumann Lab has discovered an important step in the maturation pathway of telomerase, the enzyme that replenishes the sequences that are lost at chromosome ends with every cell division.

Models and methods for information organization
Brent Heeringa, assistant professor of computer science at Williams College, has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant in the amount $200,063 for his work on
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