Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 12, 2008
American Cancer Society recognizes international tobacco control leaders
The American Cancer Society announced today the winners of the 2009 Luther L.

Planet formation could lie in stellar storms rather than gravitational instability
New research suggests that turbulence plays a critical role in creating ripe conditions for the birth of planets.

Mid-season flu immunization rates are too low
A new survey of approximately 4,000 American adults reveals that fewer than one-third (29.6 percent) have been vaccinated against the flu this season.

Astronomers dissect a supermassive black hole with natural magnifying glasses
Combining a double natural

Researchers identify new region of the magnetosphere
A detailed analysis of the measurements of five different satellites has revealed the existence of the warm plasma cloak, a new region of the magnetosphere, which is the invisible shield of magnetic fields and electrically charged particles that surround and protect Earth from the onslaught of the solar wind.

China and Germany: Working together for the good of the coasts
During his trip to Europe, Dr. Lu Yongxiang, deputy president of the National People's Congress of China and President of the Chinese Academy of Science, visited the GKSS research center in Geesthacht on Dec.

Adelaide to be world photonics leader thanks to $28 million funding
The University of Adelaide is poised to become a world leader in photonics and advanced sensing technologies thanks to a major funding injection of $28.8 million from the Australian Government.

Patient management: Quality of life and beyond
Breast cancer is a multifaceted disease requiring creative solutions for diagnosis, quality of life management and adjuvant therapies.

Dwarf crocodiles split into three species
A team from the Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics at the American Museum of Natural History discovered that the African dwarf crocodile -- once thought to be two subspecies -- is genetically three distinct species.

UC Davis researchers discover new mechanism for attentional control in the human brain
A study by UC Davis researchers appearing today in the journal Science reports the discovery of a new mechanism of attention in the human brain.

Inaugural Back of the Envelope Awards fund creative health research
After inviting its public-health faculty to submit ideas -- literally on the back of a standard letter envelope -- the University of Alabama at Birmingham saw 19 researchers respond.

EPSRC Science and Innovation Awards 2008
EPSRC Science and Innovation Awards 2008 five-year grants totalling £20 million ($29.8 million) will be given to Bath, Imperial, London School of Economics, Edinburgh, Exeter, Heriot-Watt, Lancaster, Manchester and Strathclyde Universities as a result of the EPSRC 2008 Science and Innovation Awards.

Parkinson's disease can affect more than just the body
Parkinson's disease affects 6.3 million people worldwide. While the disease is recognized for its profound effects on movement, up to 40 percent of Parkinson's disease patients also develop changes in thought, behavior and judgment.

Springer looks ahead to the Future City
Marking the year that the proportion of the global population living in cities reached 50 percent, Springer is launching

On the trail of polar lows
Scientists from the GKSS Research Center in Geesthacht have developed a mathematical method that enables a reconstruction of the occurrence of small-scale polar storms -- so-called polar lows -- in the North Atlantic.

Astrophysicists recreate stars in the lab
Astronomers are recruiting the physics laboratory to unravel the high energy processes involved in formation of stars and other critical processes within the universe.

An essay proves that vegetation could recover in the ski resort of Sierra Nevada
Researchers from the University of Granada have managed to grow in laboratory two indigenous bushy species, with which they will try to preserve the biodiversity in the National Park of Sierra Nevada.

Stanford researchers predict heat waves and crop losses in California
Global warming will likely put enormous strain on California's water supply and energy systems and have a devastating impact on certain crops.

Discovery could improve the lives of premature babies
Scientists funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council have identified a potential new avenue for altering lung development in the embryo which may help to improve the outcome for very premature babies.

The hottest white dwarf in its class
A team of German and American astronomers present far-ultraviolet observations of white dwarf KPD 0005+5106 and reveal that it is among the hottest stars ever known with a temperature of 200,000 K at its surface.

USGS Science Picks
This edition of USGS Science Picks invites you to join our scientists and learn more about climate change, floods, volcanoes, ground water and more at the AGU Conference in California.

Malaria Journal supplement evaluates steps toward elimination
There are hurdles to clear before malaria elimination can be achieved.

Biomarkers: What can they tell us
As cancer researchers move away from the general use of chemotherapy and into more targeted approaches, scientists are working to discover effective ways to measure response and risk.

Ireland Cancer Center researcher finds most triple-negative breast cancers express muc-1 target
Research out of the Ireland Cancer Center of University Hospitals Case Medical Center has found that the vast majority of triple negative breast cancers express the MUC-1 target.

Whispering bats are 100 times louder than previously thought
Some echo-locating bats seem to be really quiet, appearing to make echo-locating calls that are no louder than 70 decibel.

Removal of pelvic lymph nodes or radiotherapy cannot be recommended as routine treatments
Two articles published online first and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet show that two common adjuvant treatments for women with early endometrial cancer -- removing the pelvic lymph nodes or external beam radiotherapy -- should not be part of routine care.

New online report on massive jellyfish swarms released
Massive swarms of stinging jellyfish and jellyfish-like animals are transforming many world-class fisheries and tourist destinations into veritable jellytoriums that are intermittently jammed with pulsating, gelatinous creatures.

The medium is the message: Manipulating salmonella in spaceflight curtails infectiousness
ASU scientist Cheryl Nickerson has explored the novel environment of space to investigate the cellular and molecular machinery of virulence.

How my country influences my behavior
Why do I cast my ballot on Election Day, or why do I choose to stay at home instead?

Where do the fattest Germans live?
The population of the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt most often suffers from obesity and has the greatest waist circumference, followed by Brandenburg.

Molecules in the spotlight
A novel X-ray technique allowing the observation of molecular motion on a time scale never reached before has been developed by a team of researchers from EPFL and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland.

Study reveals clues to how we forget over short-term
Theories suggest that we forget when information simply decays from our memory (when too much time has passed) or when we confuse an item with other items that we have previously encountered (also known as temporal confusability).

Institute of Medicine advisory: 'Global Health Priorities for the New Administration'
A new report from the Institute of Medicine,

Ocean fish farming harms wild fish, study says
Farming of fish in ocean cages is fundamentally harmful to wild fish, according to an essay in this week's Conservation Biology.

Argonne Leadership Computing Facility makes it easy to be 'green'
Several innovative steps designed to maximize the efficiency of Argonne's new Blue Gene/P high-performance computer have saved many taxpayer dollars while reducing the laboratory's environmental footprint.

More than just being a sentimental fool: The psychology of nostalgia
Nostalgia has a long history, being viewed initially as a medical disease, then as a psychiatric disease.

Climate-change set-back for acidified rivers
Climate change is hampering the long-term recovery of rivers from the effects of acid rain, as wet weather counteracts improvements, according to a new study by Cardiff University.

'Webcam' from Space: Envisat observing Wilkins Ice Shelf
In light of recent developments that threaten to lead to the break-up of the Wilkins Ice Shelf, ESA is making daily satellite images of the ice shelf available to the public via the

Brain enzyme may play key role in controlling appetite and weight gain
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found that overactivity of a brain enzyme may play a role in preventing weight gain and obesity.

Another fisheries commission throws the science overboard in tuna decision, WWF says
The Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) decision to make only minor reductions in fishing for bigeye and yellowfin tuna does nothing to help stop the demise of these species, World Wildlife Fund said today.

Cost of hatchling turtles' dash for freedom
The first few hundred meters that a newly hatched turtle swims are the most dangerous of its life.

K-State researcher finds correlation between childhood obesity and asthma
A Kansas State University study that found that healthy children with higher levels of body fat and lower levels of physical activity had greater amounts of airway narrowing after exercise.

Leading pharmacologists to meet in Brighton
The latest developments in drug discovery -- including solutions to tackle obesity, the latest on the Northwick Park drug-trial disaster and issues surrounding drugs used in sport and the Olympics -- will be highlighted at a conference in Brighton next week.

New text focuses on formidable opportunistic fungus
Modern medical technologies are repairing the human body in ways never imagined only a few years ago, but they are leaving an increasing population of patients who are newly susceptible to opportunistic pathogens.

Early stage, HER2-positive breast cancer patients at increased risk of recurrence
Early-stage breast cancer patients with HER2 positive tumors one centimeter or smaller are at significant risk of recurrence of their disease, compared to those with early-stage disease who do not express the aggressive protein, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Texas M.

Iowa State Biobased Industry Center studies carbon emissions, other industry issues
Iowa State University's new Biobased Industry Center will support interdisciplinary research of the biorenewables industry and its economic, policy, business, social and workforce issues.

Flame retardants prove ineffective on fresh-cut Christmas trees
This Christmas season, think twice about spending money on a commercial flame retardant for your Christmas tree.

The DFG provides access to additional digital research resources
Whether they are looking for a groundbreaking article in the journal Science, a periodical held by the British Library, a journal published by Cambridge University Press or the art catalogue of a museum in New York, scientists and researchers at German universities and research institutions will soon have access to a much larger and more varied range of digital information sources.
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