Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 23, 2008
Treating gum disease linked to lower medical costs for patients with diabetes
A new report suggests that treating gum disease in patients who have diabetes with procedures such as cleanings and periodontal scaling is linked to 10 to 12 percent lower medical costs per month.

Reduction in antibody gene rearrangement in B cells related to type 1 diabetes, lupus
A research team led by Nina Luning Prak, M.D., Ph.D, assistant professor in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, has discovered that a B-cell editing process may go awry in people with certain types of autoimmune diseases.

Psychiatric patients have greater usage of mental health services in insurance parity health plans
Following a psychiatric discharge, Medicare patients in insurance plans that provide equal cost sharing for mental health services have higher use of those services compared to patients in plans that require greater cost sharing, according to a study in the Dec.

Reality Coalition applauds FDA
The Reality Coalition -- a group of experts and organizations on overweight and obesity -- applauds the US Food and Drug Administration's efforts to recall and warn consumers about dietary supplements that claim to provide weight loss and contain undeclared, active pharmaceutical ingredients.

What is the effect of fluoxetine on mast cell?
A research group from China investigated the effects of Fluoxetine hydrochloride on depression-induced changes of mast cell morphology and protease-1 expression in rats.

Electronic methods potentially secure for sending blank ballots overseas
Electronic technologies could be deployed immediately and reliably to augment slower postal mail for distributing ballots to US citizens living abroad, but using telephone, e-mail and the Web to transmit completed ballots still faces significant, unresolved issues, according a new report released today.

Needle/syringe programs and opioid substitution therapy should be widely available in prisons
Prisons should have needle and syringe programs, opioid substitution therapy and other preventive measures in place to prevent HIV transmission between inmates.

Rudolf's kin more than just Santa's ride
Better known as reindeer during the holiday season, caribou are also central to the health and vitality of the Far North.

In many fungi, reproductive spores are remarkably aerodynamic
The reproductive spores of many species of fungi have evolved remarkably drag-minimizing shapes, according to new research by mycologists and applied mathematicians at Harvard University.

Longer sleep duration associated with lower incidence of calcification in coronary arteries
Participants in a study who slept on average an hour longer per night than other participants had an associated lower incidence of coronary artery calcification, which is thought to be a predictor of future heart disease, according to a study in the Dec.

A breakthrough in diagnosis of enteric lesions
A research group from China evaluated the feasibility of the computer-aided screening diagnosis for enteric lesions in the capsule endoscopy.

Rockefeller University's Center for Clinical and Translational Science funds 18 new pilot studies
The Rockefeller University Center for Clinical and Translational Science has awarded 18 grants to university investigators in its third annual pilot-project grant program.

Excessive police violence evident in emergency care cases, say US doctors
Excessive police violence is evident in the types of injury and trauma emergency care doctors are treating in the US, indicates research published in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Enhancing solar cells with nanoparticles
Deriving plentiful electricity from sunlight at a modest cost is a challenge with immense implications for energy, technology and climate policy.

UT Public Health researchers find link to severe Staph infections
Researchers at the University of Texas School of Public Health recently described studies that support the link between the severity of community-acquired antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections and the Panton Valentine leukocidin.

Maternal health problems in Myanmar widespread
The maternal health care issues facing women in eastern Myanmar (formerly Burma) are widespread and underreported, according to surveys by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

What is the mechanism of the chronic radiation enteritis?
Radiotherapy in pelvic or abdominal area is a critical dose-limiting organ for intestine.

UC Davis discovery offers hope for treating kidney cancer
Kidney cancer is typically without symptoms until it has spread to other organs, when it is also the most difficult to treat.

Engineers: Efficient organic LEDs a step toward better lights
For those who love

Honey bees on cocaine dance more, changing ideas about the insect brain
In a study that challenges current ideas about the insect brain, researchers have found that honey bees on cocaine tend to exaggerate.

Honeybees succumb to cocaine's allure
Cocaine is highly addictive for humans and no insects have been shown to experience the same pleasure from the drug.

Vitamin D deficiency associated with greater rates of Cesarean sections
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center found that pregnant women who are vitamin D deficient are also at an increased risk for delivering a baby by Cesarean section as compared to pregnant women who are not vitamin D deficient.

Clinical pharmacists can reduce drug costs
Clinical pharmacy services can significantly reduce the cost of prescription drugs and save money elsewhere in the health care system, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Skipping sleep may signal problems for coronary arteries
One extra hour of sleep per night appears to decrease the risk of coronary artery calcification, an early step down the path to cardiovascular disease.

Rosalind Franklin Society asks President-elect Obama to appoint a woman as a third co-chair
The Rosalind Franklin Society urges president-elect Obama to appoint a woman scientist as third co-chair of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology in addition to the newly named co-chairs, Harold Varmus and Eric Lander.

NIST guides genetic genealogy labs toward improved accuracy
A lesser known but rapidly growing application of DNA profiling is tracing paternal ancestry.

Cracking a tough nut for the semiconductor industry
Researchers at NIST have developed a method to measure the toughness of the thin insulating films that play a critical role in high-performance integrated circuits, a technique that can help improve the reliability and manufacturability of ICs.

Protein sports drinks proven to give best performance
Sports drinks containing protein are better at improving athletes' performance.

Among older adults, prescription and over-the-counter medications are commonly used together
A survey suggests that nearly half of older adults in the US use prescription and over-the-counter medications together, and that about 4 percent of older adults are potentially at risk of an adverse drug reaction because of an interaction between medications, according to a study in the Dec.

Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience receives Department of Health and Human Services award
The Department of Health and Human Services recently awarded Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience the Medal of Honor for achieving a lifesaving organ donation conversion rate of 75 percent or greater for a sustained 12-month period.

UCSB scientists show how certain vegetables combat cancer
Women should go for the broccoli when the relish tray comes around during holiday celebrations this season.

Molecular events involved in liver regeneration
A research group from Germany investigated if there is a relation between the extent of liver resections and activation of certain molecular processes playing a role in liver regeneration.

IRB Barcelona to coordinate 2 European projects on biomedicine
The IRB Barcelona has been chosen by the European Commission to coordinate two European health research projects, of the VII Framework Program.

Iowa State study finds early family depression has lasting effects on teens, young adults
A new study by researchers from Iowa State's Institute for Social and Behavioral Research on 485 Iowa adolescents over a 10-year period (1991-2001) found that early socioeconomic adversity experienced by children contributes to poor mental health by the time they become teens -- disrupting their successful transition into adulthood.

What is the clinical character of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome?
A research group from South Korea analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome.

Older adults at high risk for drug interactions
At least one in 25 older adults, about 2.2 million people in the United States, take multiple drugs in combinations that can produce a harmful drug-drug interaction, and half of these interactions involve a nonprescription medication.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Dec. 24 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

A new light on tumor immunotherapy for gastric cancer
A research group from China investigated whether bone marrow-derived denritic cells pulsed with tumor lysates induce immunity against gastric cancer ex vivo.

SUNY Downstate researchers find that memory storage molecule preserves complex memories
A molecule known to preserve memories -- PKMzeta -- specifically stores complex, high-quality memories that provide detailed information about an animal's location, fears and actions, but does not control the ability to process or express this information.

Over the counter contraceptive pill will not reduce unplanned pregnancies, says expert
Making the contraceptive pill available without prescription will not reduce unwanted pregnancies, says an expert in an article published on bmj.com today.

Evidence for protective effect of fish oil not conclusive
Fish oil protects against deaths from heart problems, but doesn't provide a clear benefit in heart rhythm problems, according a study published on bmj.com today.

First images from medical beamline at Canadian Light Source
A University of Saskatchewan-led research team at the Canadian Light Source synchrotron has received an early Christmas present.

UT faculty members win American Heart Association awards for advancing research
Faculty members at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston were honored for their work in the fight against heart disease at the 2008 American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

New technique is quantum leap forward in understanding proteins
Proteins drive critical functioning in the cells of everything from bacteria to humans.

Study first to pinpoint why analgesic drugs may be less potent in females than in males
Investigators at Georgia State University's Neuroscience Institute and Center for Behavioral Neuroscience are the first to identify the most likely reason analgesic drug treatment is usually less potent in females than males.

Krumlauf Lab demonstrates modulation of gene expression by protein coding regions
A research team at the Stowers Institute has discovered how the expression of one of the Hox master control genes is regulated in a specific segment of the developing brain.

With mental health insurance, price matters
Brown University professors Amal Trivedi and Vincent Mor have discovered that more patients with mental illness will seek follow-up care after a hospitalization if their co-payments for mental health care are as affordable as for their primary care.

Electromagnetic phantom exorcises specters of metal detector tests
While not as dashing or exciting as its costumed namesake, an electromagnetic

A potential drug for ischemia/reperfusion related liver injury
A research group from Turkey investigated the effects of resveratrol on liver ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.
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