Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 30, 2008
Experts uncover weakness in Internet security
Independent security researchers in California and researchers at the Centrum Wiskunde and Informatica in the Netherlands, EPFL in Switzerland, and Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands have found a weakness in the Internet digital certificate infrastructure that allows attackers to forge certificates that are fully trusted by all commonly used web browsers.

Also in the Dec. 30 JNCI
The Dec. 30 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute also includes a study that may explain why cisplatin causes hearing loss while oxaliplatin does not, a study on the relationship between insulin levels and postmenopausal breast cancer risk and a study suggesting that an antibody-based prognostic test approved by the US Food and Drug Administration may not recognize all breast cancer subtypes.

Religion may have evolved because of its ability to help people exercise self-control
A study by a University of Miami psychologist reveals that religion facilitates the exercise of self-control and attainment of long-term goals.

Errors involving medications common in outpatient cancer treatment
Seven percent of adults and 19 percent of children taking chemotherapy drugs in outpatient clinics or at home were given the wrong dose or experienced other mistakes involving their medications, according to a new study led by Kathleen E.

BMC, Boston University School of Medicine dermatologist named 1 of America's Top Doctors
Boston resident Barbara Gilchrest, M.D., a member of the Division of Dermatology at Boston Medical Center and professor and chairman-emeritus of the Department of Dermatology at the Boston University School of Medicine, was recently named one of America's Top Doctors by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.

Nuanced case for outsourcing by automakers, according to new Management Insights
Automakers who favor the flexibility and price savings of outsourcing production must weigh carefully the product life cycle implications of sacrificing in-house manufacturing, according to the Management Insights feature in the current issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Potential therapy for congenital muscular dystrophy
Current research suggests laminin, a protein that helps cells stick together, may lead to enhanced muscle repair in muscular dystrophy.

Few DNA repair genes maintain association with cancer in field synopsis
Variants of numerous DNA repair genes initially appeared to be statistically significantly associated with cancer risk in epidemiological studies.

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology
This release contains tips from the American Journal of Pathology, official journal of the American Society for Investigative Pathology.

Safe new therapy for genetic heart disease
A new clinical trial suggests that long-term use of candesartan, a drug currently used to treat hypertension, may significantly reduce the symptoms of genetic heart disease.

Risk takers, drug abusers driven by decreased ability to process dopamine
For risk-takers and impulsive people, New Year's resolutions often include being more careful, spending more frugally and cutting back on dangerous behavior, such as drug use.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Dec. 31 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience:

BMC, Boston University School of Medicine cardiologist named 1 of America's Top Doctors
Wellesley resident Gary Balady, M.D., a cardiologist in the Division of Medicine at Boston Medical Center and professor of medicine at the Boston University School of Medicine was recently named one of America's Top Doctors by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.

Soybean database will help breeders engineer better-performing plants
Soybean farmers soon will be one step closer to better drought-tolerant soybean varieties.

A happy new year for penguins
The Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society announced today that its efforts to protect a wildlife-rich coastal region in South America have paid off in the form of a new coastal marine park recently signed into law by the Government of Argentina.

Johns Hopkins scientists pull protein's tail to curtail cancer
When researchers look inside human cancer cells for the whereabouts of an important tumor-suppressor, they often catch the protein playing hooky, lolling around in cellular broth instead of muscling its way out to the cells' membranes and foiling cancer growth.

NTU undergrad is first Singapore champion of an internationally acclaimed engineering competition
Nanyang Technological University undergraduate Liu Shiyu has the honor of becoming the first student from Singapore to win the top prize in a global competition that pitted engineering students and young professionals from around the world.

Young blood fights cancer
Replacing old blood with new increases the odds for survival, Tel Aviv University researchers find.

Tel Aviv University's Cohn Institute awarded new Minerva Center for the Humanities
Following a competition among the major centers of higher education in Israel, Tel Aviv University's Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas has been selected to establish the newest Minerva Center for the Humanities.

Gold nanoparticles for controlled drug delivery
Using tiny gold particles and infrared light, MIT researchers have developed a drug-delivery system that allows multiple drugs to be released in a controlled fashion.

Vitamins C and E and beta carotene again fail to reduce cancer risk in randomized controlled trial
Women who took beta carotene or vitamin C or E or a combination of the supplements had a similar risk of cancer as women who did not take the supplements, according to data from a randomized controlled trial in the Dec.

Researchers prove food safety to help commercialize irradiation technology
Michigan State University researchers are helping a technology startup company improve the safety of leafy greens and other foods as more consumers seek to eat fresh and healthy.

Education practices influence women engineer shortage, MU study finds
As the need for engineering professionals grows, educators and industry leaders are increasingly concerned with how to attract women to a traditional male career.

Study links molecule to muscle maturation, muscle cancer
Ohio State University cancer researchers have discovered that a molecule implicated in leukemia is also important in muscle repair and rhabdomyosarcoma, a cancer caused proliferating immature muscle cells.

Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center link blood sugar to normal cognitive aging
Maintaining blood sugar levels, even in the absence of disease, may be an important strategy for preserving cognitive health, suggests a study published by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.
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