Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 23, 2009
Elsevier to launch over 600 health science e-Book titles on ScienceDirect
Elsevier, the world's leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announced today that over 600 medical, veterinary medicine and health professions book titles will be launched in Health Science eBook Collections in April 2009 on ScienceDirect, its online scientific research platform.

Research identifies in-flight emergencies
Fainting is the most common in-flight medical emergency. Research recently published in BioMed Central's open access journal Critical Care details the number, type and frequency of medical emergencies on board two airlines.

Scientists use lasers to measure changes to tropical forests
New technology deployed on airplanes is helping scientists quantify landscape-scale changes occurring to Big Island tropical forests from non-native plants and other environmental factors that affect carbon sequestration.

Crib-side studies help struggling newborns go home without feeding tubes
A new strategy developed in the Neonatal and Infant Feeding Disorders Program at Nationwide Children's Hospital is helping premature infants and other newborns with severe swallowing difficulties learn to feed on their own.

Blocking toxic effects could make clot-buster safer
The drug tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) can break up the blood clots that cause strokes and heart attacks, but it can also loosen the blood-brain barrier and generate inflammation in the brain.

NAU research ties tree mortality trends to climate warming
Global warming is speeding up the mortality of trees, and Northern Arizona University is providing some of the data to prove it.

Professor's history of modern meteorology receives major honor
A Florida State University researcher whose 2008 book detailed the modern history of meteorology is garnering international acclaim for her work from those who know the topic best.

Feeling your words: Hearing with your face
The movement of facial skin and muscles around the mouth plays an important role not only in the way the sounds of speech are made, but also in the way they are heard according to a study by scientists at Haskins Laboratories, a Yale-affiliated research laboratory.

UTSA receives $1.2 million gift from Kleberg Foundation
Officials with the University of Texas at San Antonio today announced receipt of a $1.2 million gift from the Robert J.

Telemedicine can dramatically improve child sexual assault examinations in rural areas
The use of telemedicine can dramatically improve the quality of child sexual assault examinations in rural communities where rates of abuse and neglect are highest -- sometimes more than double the statewide rate -- a study published in the January issue of the medical journal Pediatrics has found.

How natural oils can be hydrogenated without making unhealthy trans fats
To prolong the shelf life of foods, manufacturers often add hydrogen to natural oils, a process called hydrogenation.

C1XS catches first glimpse of X-ray from the moon
The C1XS X-ray camera, jointly developed by the UK's STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and the Indian Space Research Organization, has successfully detected its first X-ray signature from the moon.

Experts discuss challenges in integrative approaches to science
With the global challenges that face mankind and the environment, there is a growing sense among leaders in science, public policy, business and education that new, more integrative approaches to science are needed.

Only about one of ten unemployed workers obtain COBRA coverage
As unemployment rates reach the highest levels in 16 years, a new analysis from the Commonwealth Fund finds that few laid-off workers -- only 9 percent -- took up coverage under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act in 2006.

Far-reaching genetics topics to be addressed: 2009 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting, March 25-29
The American College of Medical Genetics will hold its 16th Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting from Wed., March 25 through Sun., March 29, 2009 at the Tampa Convention Center.

IAU releases milestone book and movie celebrating the telescope
One of the International Astronomical Union's contributions to the International Year of Astronomy 2009 is the new book and movie

New book plants seed for biodiverse food production
A Northern Arizona University political science professor is working with Southern African farmers studying their agricultural expertise and exposing trade agreements that could threaten the world's food supply.

Tension in the nanoworld
Infrared light visualizes nanoscale strain fields.

Cancer-causing gene discovery suggests new therapies
Scientists have discovered a novel way by which a much-studied cancer-promoting gene accelerates the disease.

Oklahoma State University researchers make breakthrough against poxviruses
A major breakthrough by structural biologists at Oklahoma State University may be the first step towards a pharmaceutical medication for smallpox and the emerging human monkeypox.

Research elucidates way lungs fight bacteria and prevent infection
Airway epithelial cells initiate an immune response to inhaled bacteria by signaling for white blood cells to move from the bloodstream into the lungs and airway to fight potential infection.

Video games linked to poor relationships with friends, family
The study of young adults connected video games to poor relationships with peers and with parents -- measured by things like time, trust, support and affection.

A crystal clear view of chalk formation
Chalk crystallizes differently from the way we once thought it did.

Director of Berman Institute comments on FDA Approval of first human embryonic stem cell trial
The report today that the FDA has approved the first human clinical trial of an embryonic stem cell-based intervention raises important ethical considerations.

Nurses with a second degree could impact workforce
As the United States continues to experience a nursing shortage that is expected to grow to one million nurses by 2016, a new research study highlights a pool of potential candidates who could alleviate the shortage in an economical way.

UCI behind world's first embryonic stem cell study in humans
A therapy developed at UC Irvine that made paralyzed rats walk again will become the world's first embryonic stem cell treatment tested in humans.

Gene's past could improve the future of rice
In an effort to improve rice varieties, a Purdue University researcher was part of a team that traced the evolutionary history of domesticated rice by using a process that focuses on one gene.

More accurate FEMA flood maps could help avoid significant damages and losses
Significant loss of life, destroyed property and businesses, and repairs to infrastructure could be avoided by replacing Federal Emergency Management Agency flood maps with ones that contain high-accuracy and high-resolution land surface elevation data, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Plasmonic whispering gallery microcavity paves the way to future nanolasers
The principle behind whispering galleries -- where words spoken softly beneath a domed ceiling or in a vault can be clearly heard on the opposite side of the chamber -- has been used to achieve what could prove to be a significant breakthrough in the miniaturization of lasers.

Children with inflammatory bowel disease have surprisingly high folate levels, study finds
Children with newly diagnosed cases of inflammatory bowel disease have higher concentrations of folate in their blood than individuals without IBD, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco and UC Berkeley.

ARDS mortality is unchanged since 1994
Mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has not fallen since 1994, according to a comprehensive review of major studies that assessed ARDS deaths.

Sleep disordered breathing and obesity: independent effects, causes
Two studies found that obesity and sleep disordered breathing are independently linked to insulin resistance and liver disease -- and that either alone is a cause for concern, but together, they equal a one-two hit to some of the most important metabolic pathways in the body.
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