Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 30, 2009
Household chemicals may be linked to infertility
Researchers at the UCLA School of Public Health have found the first evidence that perfluorinated chemicals -- chemicals that are widely used in everyday items such as food packaging, pesticides, clothing, upholstery, carpets and personal care products -- may be associated with infertility in women.

UT Southwestern researchers disrupt biochemical system involved in cancer, degenerative disease
Screening a chemical library of 200,000 compounds, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified two new classes that can be used to study and possibly manipulate a cellular pathway involved in many types of cancer and degenerative diseases.

Study finds that in vitro fertilization plancentation may differ from normal plancentation
A study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine shows that there are distinct differences in protein detection between IVF and spontaneous pregnancies in the first half of gestation.

Teaching an old drug new tricks
A century-old drug that failed in its original intent to treat tuberculosis but has worked well as an anti-leprosy medicine now holds new promise as a potential therapy for multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases.

Ocean islands fuel productivity and carbon sequestration through natural iron fertilization
An experiment to study the effects of naturally deposited iron in the Southern Ocean has supplied a key piece of the puzzle surrounding iron's role in locking atmospheric carbon dioxide in the ocean.

Grasso leads technical team's response to HHS HIV/AIDS Bureau announcement
Dr. S. Vincent Grasso, a member of the Stevens Healthcare Information Technology Management Advisory Board was selected to lead the technical team on a $5-million dollar grant application to develop a HIPAA compliant, web-based data entry and reporting platform.

U of T technique put to use to test clean up of contaminated groundwater
Cleaning up the dangerous contaminants -- dry-cleaning fluids, solvents and petroleum hydrocarbons -- found in underground water presents one of the most urgent challenges facing environmental science.

Study confirms persistence of diversity problems in academic medicine
A survey study believed to be one of the first efforts to put hard numbers around long-held beliefs about diversity in medical school faculties has affirmed that awareness and sensitivity to racial and ethnic diversity are believed by most faculty to be poor and even poorer among faculty who are members of underrepresented minorities.

The paradox of temptation
Does the mere availability of something tempting weaken the will to resist?

Circumpolar researchers to study indigenous teen resilience
The University of Alaska Fairbanks, along with five other universities, will examine success stories from Alakanuk and other circumpolar communities using a $1.094 million International Polar Year grant from the National Science Foundation.

UC San Diego engineers develop novel method for accelerated bone growth
Engineers at the University of California at San Diego have come up with a way to help accelerate bone growth through the use of nanotubes and stem cells.

Intervention method reduces binge drinking
Brief but personal intervention reduces drinking among risky college drinkers, according to a research study at the University of Texas School of Public Health.

Sociologist says this month's family murder-suicides only 'the tip of the iceberg'
A family sociologist at the University at Buffalo says this month's murder-suicides involving a family of four in Ohio and a family of five in California may be

Observers of first dates can predict outcome, study shows
When it comes to assessing the romantic playing field, men and women were shown to be equally good at gauging men's interest during an Indiana University study involving speed dating -- and equally bad at judging women's interest.

Study of Iraq veterans' traumatic brain injuries to be conducted by UB researchers
To meet the needs of veterans with traumatic brain injury, the VA's Health Services Research and Development Unit is funding a $1.4 million, four-year study of Iraq and Afghanistan-era veterans, headed by University at Buffalo researchers at the Buffalo VA Medical Center.

Automated screening process may eventually reduce additional breast cancer surgeries
A team of researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and the Moores UCSD Cancer Center have developed a rapid, automated image screening process to distinguish breast cancer cells from normal cells.

Aggressive surgery and targeted radiotherapy successfully treat rare form of childhood brain cancer
Aggressive surgery followed by targeted radiotherapy is the optimal means by which a rare form of childhood brain cancer should be treated, conclude the authors of an article published online first and in the March issue of the Lancet Oncology.

Symposium at UH will address how to put 'sustainability' into practice
Sustainability, a concept once discussed only in scientific or eco-centric circles, has entered the vernacular, yet how to apply or achieve sustainability remains elusive.

Physics, math provide clues to unraveling cancer
Biology exists in a physical world. That's a fact cancer researchers are beginning to recognize as they look to include concepts of physics and mathematics in their efforts to understand how cancer develops -- and how to stop it.

The American Academy of Periodontology issues statement on periodontal treatment during pregnancy
In response to recent research findings, the American Academy of Periodontology has released a statement on periodontal treatment during pregnancy.

Lovejoy and Laurance, BBVA Foundation award in ecology
The Ecology and Conservation Biology Award in this inaugural edition of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards is shared by biologists Thomas E.

Mesh-like network of arteries adjusts to restore blood flow to stroke-injured brain
A grid of small arteries at the surface of the brain redirects flow and widens at critical points to restore blood supply to tissue starved of nutrients and oxygen following a stroke, a study published this week has found.

Study able to predict which cesarean births could cause uterine rupture
A new study shows that by using a sonogram to measure the lower uterine segment thickness, they can predict uterine scar defects in women who had previous cesarean deliveries and anticipate which patients are at risk for subsequent uterine rupture if they have a trial of labor.

New satellite techniques for looking at climate change
More than 200 scientists from around the world have attended the weeklong POLinSAR 2009 workshop hosted at ESRIN, ESA's Earth Observation center in Frascati, Italy.

LSUSHC researchers find potential new target for hypertension treatment
Pharmacology researchers at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans found that a recently identified enzyme in the brain plays a critically important role in the central regulation of blood pressure.

Dr. Ting Yu's research featured in latest issue of Science magazine
An article co-authored by Dr. Ting Yu, an associate professor for the Schaefer School of Engineering & Science at Stevens Institute of Technology, is featured in the most recent edition of Science magazine.

Key to pre-eclampsia may be found in misfolded proteins in the urine
Clues to the cause of pre-eclampsia, a common, but serious hypertension complication of pregnancy that has puzzled doctors and researchers for decades, point to proteins that misfold and aggregate, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Education, daytime hours, and job flexibility most help single moms of preschoolers
What contributes most to a nurturing home environment for 3- to 5-year-old children of single working mothers?

Enzyme with a sugar antenna
Scientists led by Carlo Unverzagt at the University of Bayreuth have successfully used a new strategy to synthesize ribonuclease C, a glycosylated bovine pancreatic enzyme.

FRAX tool now available for use in 12 countries
Clinicians in an increasing number of countries can now take advantage of an important new online tool, FRAX, for the clinical management of osteoporosis.

Stress may hasten the growth of melanoma tumors
For patients with a particularly aggressive form of skin cancer -- malignant melanoma -- stress, including that which comes from simply hearing that diagnosis, might amplify the progression of their disease.

Effectiveness of progesterone in reducing preterm births may be altered by genetic predisposition
March of Dimes will honor new research that may explain why 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate treatments, (17P), prevents preterm births for some women, but not others.

Tin Tin in the land of the measurement scientists
Scientists at the National Physical Laboratory are helping the electronics industry move to using lead-free solder alloys by researching how the potentially damaging

Drug combinations key in treating neurodegenerative diseases
Combining the benefits of multiple drugs in a single pill may hold the key to treating neurodegenerative diseases, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

UCSF receives tentative renewal of major stem cell training grant
UCSF has received tentative approval of a grant from the California Institute for Regeneration Medicine to continue its comprehensive stem cell training program, designed to help cultivate the next generation of stem cell scientists.

Bipolar disorder linked to risk of early death from natural causes
People with bipolar disorder have a higher death rate from natural causes compared to people in the general population of the same age and gender but without mental illness.

Omega-6 PUFAs and risk of cardiovascular disease
A new Science Advisory report from the American Heart Association recommends that omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), as found in vegetable oils, nuts and seeds, are beneficial when part of a heart-healthy eating plan.

Teaching about financial crisis among Gerontology Meeting's highlights
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education, the educational branch of the Gerontological Society of America, will hold its 35th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference Feb.

Vaccines and autism: Many hypotheses, but no correlation
An extensive new review summarizes the many studies refuting the claim of a link between vaccines and autism.

Queen's chemist sheds light on health benefits of garlic
Researchers have widely believed that the organic compound, allicin -- which gives the pungent vegetable its aroma and flavor -- acts as an antioxidant.

Smithsonian scientists receive coveted BBVA Ecology and Conservation Award
Leaders in tropical biology and conservation, William F. Laurance and Thomas E.

Stem cell grant would boost UCI training program
The state today tentatively approved $3.3 million over three years to enhance UC Irvine's stem cell training program, which teaches tomorrow's experts the techniques, ethics and clinical knowledge critical to this fast-growing field.

Stevens receives National Science Foundation grant for cybersecurity scholars
Stevens Institute of Technology has been awarded $850,672 in scholarship money from the National Science Foundation to fund students interested in cybersecurity and committed to working for the federal government.

Sports technology for para-athletes: Closing the gap
Recent developments in Sports Technology seek to close the gap between able-bodied athletes and para-athletes.

Jean Tirole, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge award in economics
The Economics, Finance and Management Award in this inaugural edition of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards has gone to French economist Jean Tirole.

European fusion computer comes to Julich
A new supercomputer will help us to understand the complex physical effects taking place inside the ITER fusion reactor.

Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed
As part of an international consortium of scientists, researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen are analyzing the genes of sorghum, the first plant of African origin whose genome has been sequenced.

'Hot spot' for toxic harmful algal blooms discovered off Washington coast
A part of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, which separates Washington state from Canada's British Columbia, is a potential is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to