Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 04, 2009
NRL astronomers selected for NASA's Lunar Science Institute
NASA has selected seven academic and research teams as initial members of the agency's Lunar Science Institute, and Naval Research Laboratory researchers will play a substantial role on one of the teams.

Summer burning may be option for pasture maintenance
The greater duration of heat in a summer-prescribed burn provides more effective management of encroaching woody or cactus species on rangeland, a Texas AgriLife Research scientist said.

New 'smart' homes for dementia sufferers
Within five years innovative

The best solution for health in the occupied Palestinian territory is a sovereign Palestinian state
Developing the ailing health system in the occupied Palestinian territory will be near-impossible under military occupation.

Mortality risk greater for elderly women who nap daily
A new study appearing in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society has found that older women who reported taking daily naps had a significantly greater risk of dying.

Daisyphone, virtual cocoon and 'Smart' house at London science conference
A Daisyphone, Virtual Cocoon and a

High blood pressure linked to earlier death among African-American breast cancer patients
A study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, has shown that hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a predictor of mortality among breast cancer patients, especially those who are African-American, and that hypertension accounts for approximately 30 percent of the survival disparity between African-American and white breast cancer patients.

Taking the pulse of our planet
The USA-National Phenology Network, a consortium of government, academic and citizen-scientists, is launching a new national program built on volunteer observations of flowering, fruiting and other seasonal events.

Elsevier announces launch of Osteopathic Family Physician
Elsevier, world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the July 2009 launch of a new peer-reviewed medical journal in partnership with the American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians, Osteopathic Family Physician.

SNM heads to Toronto for 56th Annual Meeting
SNM recently received a warm greeting as it prepares to head north to Canada for its 56th Annual Meeting for nuclear medicine and molecular imaging.

Hazardous conditions in the home health-care setting may put frail and elderly at risk
A large-scale study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health has identified the type and frequency of hazardous conditions found in the home health-care setting.

Rituximab reduces kidney inflammation in patients with lupus
Treatment with the targeted drug rituximab can significantly benefit some patients with severe lupus nephritis who do not respond to conventional therapy, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

A snapshot of the ailing health landscape in the occupied Palestinian territory
In the first paper in the Lancet series on Health in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, written by Dr.

Depression increases risk for heart disease more than genetics or environment
A history of major depression increases the risk of heart disease over and above any genetic risks common to depression and heart disease, according to researchers at the School of Medicine and the VA.

Palestinians lack basic human security
People living in the occupied Palestinian territory lack the basic security that would allow them to be healthy and flourish as a society.

Cats' eye diseases genetically linked to diseases in humans
About one in 3,500 people are affected with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a disease of the retina's visual cells that eventually leads to blindness.

RNA research strategy for Europe takes shape
Research into RNA, a molecule found in every cell of our bodies, could lead to remarkable advances in the treatment of diseases such as cancer and diabetes, a meeting organized by the European Science Foundation was told.

Computer-aided system effectively detects and measures pneumothoraces in chest trauma patients
A new computer-aided method used with MDCT to detect and measure pneumothoraces in trauma patients helps physicians make quicker and more accurate decisions in busy emergency room settings, according to a study performed at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Mass.

Surviving lung cancer
A growing trend in the field of radiation oncology doubles a person's chances of surviving early-stage lung cancer, while making treatments easier for patients to bear by cutting the sessions from 35 by convential radiation to only a handful using a new technique called stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Broadband wireless research gets 'green' light
Australia's biggest collaboration with China on wireless communications research will focus on making the next generation of wireless networks more environmentally friendly.

Novel veterinary procedure detecting life-threatening injuries touted
The incidence of pneumothorax, or collapsed lung, among dogs and cats with blunt and penetrating trauma has been reported to range from 13-50 percent, with mortality rates ranging from 10-18 percent.

Reforming defense department acquisition policy: UM expert
There's no

University of Kansas research finds human emotions hold sway over physical health worldwide
A researcher from the University of Kansas has spearheaded a new investigation into the link between emotions and health.

Northeastern University research shows pride's potential to foster individual success
The age-old question of whether pride is the seventh sin or an adaptive virtue has been answered by two Northeastern University scientists.

GOES-O satellite arrives at KSC for final pre-launch testing
The latest Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite developed by NASA for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, called GOES-O, arrived this morning by a C17 military cargo aircraft at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility from the manufacturing plant in El Segundo, Calif.

The urgent health struggle of mothers and children in the occupied Palestinian territory
Maternal and child health in the occupied Palestinian territory faces challenges that are common to many low-income and middle-income countries, such as poverty, poor nutrition and an overburdened public-health system, as well as unique challenges of military occupation and continued warlike conditions.

Immune cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis have prematurely aged chromosomes
Telomeres are the structures that cap the ends of a cell's chromosomes.

Patients with severe asthma benefit from antibody injection
Mepolizumab works by blocking the production of eosinophils. By preventing their production, researchers were able to improve asthma, reduce the need for prednisone and really show that eosinophils are important in causing asthma symptoms in these patients.

Being overweight worsens osteoarthritis
Being fat increases the risk of primary joint replacement in osteoarthritis.

Staying cool under stress: Arizona State University researchers investigate strategies
Researchers at Arizona State University show that having a more flexible approach to resolving an acute conflict interaction results in more frustration and anger.

Assembling cells into artificial 3-D microtissues, including a tiny gland
UC Berkeley chemists have developed a way to assemble cells into 3-D microtissues and even tiny glands, much like snapping together toy building blocks to make a simple machine.

Algae could fuel cars and jobs
The production of biodiesel from algae could reduce greenhouse gas emissions, help to address future fuel shortages and create jobs in rural Australia.

200,000 rice mutants available worldwide for scientific investigation
Researchers have estimated the number of different rice mutants needed to have a mutant for every gene as somewhere between 180,698 and 460,000.

Younger breast cancer patients have greater chance of recurrence
Breast cancer patients 35 years old and younger have higher rates of their cancer returning after treatment than older women patients with the same stage of cancer, and their risk of recurrence is greatly impacted by the type of treatment they received, according to a March 1 study in the International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology.

Perceived barriers prevent Mexican-American students from pursuing education, MU researcher finds
Only 57 percent of Mexican-American students graduate from high school, and 11 percent receive college degrees, according to the U.S.

Sonohysterography is an alternative diagnostic tool for women with adenomyosis
Sonohysterography, a simple ultrasound technique commonly used to evaluate the uterine cavity, improves the diagnostic capability of transvaginal ultrasound in detecting adenomyosis (a common benign condition of the uterus that causes dysmenorrhea, abnormal vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain), according to a study performed at the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pa.

70 percent of drug-addicted men admit they consume drugs to increase their sexual pleasure
A study carried out at the University of Granada has analyzed the connection between drug consumption and sexual performance by means of a survey of 120 drug addict participants.

Immune reaction to metal debris leads to early failure of joint implants
Researchers at Rush University Medical Center have identified a key immunological defense reaction to the metals in joint replacement devices, leading to loosening of the components and early failure.

Experts examine causes, treatment and prevention of glaucoma
Although scientists know progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and their axons is the primary cause of glaucoma, researchers have yet to identify a way to stop or prevent the degeneration.

Is one diet as good as another? U of I study says no and tells you why
Any diet will do? Not if you want to lose fat instead of muscle.

Study finds injectable birth control causes significant weight gain and changes in body mass
Women using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, commonly known as the birth control shot, gained an average of 11 pounds and increased their body fat by 3.4 percent over three years, according to researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch

New database important resource in caring for dialysis patients
A nationwide database called the Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS) includes detailed information on a wide range of health factors in US dialysis patients and provides a valuable new resource for improving dialysis outcomes, according to a report in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Antibody key to treating variant CJD, scientists find
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have determined the atomic structure of the

Is the Dead Sea dying?
The water levels in the Dead Sea are dropping at an alarming rate with serious environmental consequences, according to a study in Naturwissenschaften.

Measuring quality of life in patients with hereditary kidney disease
A commonly used questionnaire that measures quality of life is not sensitive enough to pick up mental and physical problems experienced by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Mountain on Mars may answer big question
The Martian volcano Olympus Mons is about three times the height of Mount Everest, but it's the small details that Rice University professors Patrick McGovern and Julia Morgan are looking at in thinking about whether the Red Planet ever had -- or still supports -- life.

MRI and PET/CT improve cervical cancer patient's chances for optimal treatment
Pretreatment MRI and PET/CT for cervical cancer may direct more women to optimal therapy choices and spare many women potential long-term morbidity and complications of trimodality therapy (surgery followed by chemoradiation), according to a study performed at the Institute for Technology Assessment in Boston, Mass.

The first virtual reality technology to let you see, hear, smell, taste and touch
To date, though, Virtual Reality devices have not been able to stimulate simultaneously all five senses with a high degree of realism.

Biomarkers detected for Chikungunya fever
Three specific biomarkers provide accurate indication of severity of Chikungunya fever, emerging as threat in South-East Asia, Pacific and Europe, according to research conducted in Singapore.

Health is a critical political objective towards peace and justice
A series of comments on the health situation in the occupied Palestinian territory published in the Lancet.

Pure fructose frequently confused with high fructose corn syrup
As researchers continue to examine the role of sweeteners in the diet, it's important that people understand the differences among various ingredients used in scientific studies, according to the Corn Refiners Association.

MIT: 'Nanostitching' could strengthen airplane skins, more
MIT engineers are using carbon nanotubes only billionths of a meter thick to stitch together aerospace materials in work that could make airplane skins and other products some 10 times stronger at a nominal increase in cost.

Kidney disease increases the risk of stroke in patients
Chronic kidney disease increases the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, the most common type of heart arrhythmia, according to a new study by Kaiser Permanente researchers in the current online issue of Circulation.

Cellulosic biofuel technology will generate low-cost green fuel, says major study
Cellulosic biofuels offer similar, if not lower, costs and very large reductions in greenhouse gas emissions compared to petroleum-derived fuels.

Carnegie Mellon engineers create mobile video service
Carnegie Mellon University Engineering faculty, Priya Narasimhan and Rajeev Gandhi, and their students have created a new, unique large-scale mobile wireless video service designed to enhance sports fans' experience at games.

Politicians can use fear to manipulate the public
A new study in the American Journal of Political Science explores how and when politicians can use fear to manipulate the public into supporting policies they might otherwise oppose.

Older adults control emotions more easily than young adults
A research study found that regulating emotions -- such as reducing negative emotions or inhibiting unwanted thoughts -- is a resource-demanding process that disrupts the ability of young adults to simultaneously or subsequently perform tasks.

UK science policy: Who decides?
The Human Fertilization and Embryology Act becomes law in April 2009.

Stem cells could halt osteoporosis, promote bone growth
While interferon gamma sounds like an outer space weapon, it's actually a hormone produced by our own bodies, and it holds great promise to repair bones affected by osteoporosis.

Cell phone studies: While walking or driving, cell phones increase traffic, pedestrian fatalities
Cell phones are a danger on the road in more ways than one.

Can a computer model prevent a war?
The University of Arizona College of Engineering is receiving $2 million from the US Army for research into computer models of unconventional warfare.

Obsessive symptoms in childhood can multiply the probabilities of an obsessive compulsive disorder
A research group led by Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, the Hospital de Mar at Barcelona and the King's College Institute of Psychiatry, has carried out a first study which connects the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive rituals in childhood with the risk of developing an obsessive-compulsive disorder as adults.

Clean energy investment not on track to avoid climate change
The economic crisis has affected clean energy investments such that their growth is no longer on track avert the worst impacts of climate change, according to leading sector analysts.

Science, L'Oréal Corp. Foundation, UNESCO announce new booklet for young women in science
Science, the L'Oréal Corporate Foundation and UNESCO announced today the release of

Impact specialist to receive Shoemaker Memorial Award at Arizona State
University of Arizona's planetary scientist and impact specialist H. Jay Melosh is this year's recipient of the Eugene Shoemaker Memorial Award presented by the BEYOND Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science at Arizona State University.

Heart hazards of woeful wives
Women in strained marriages are more likely to feel depressed and suffer high blood pressure, obesity and other signs of

'ChemoBrain: How cancer therapies can affect your mind'
While surviving cancer should be an occasion for rejoicing, many people who have undergone the standard or high-dose chemotherapy to defeat the disease unfortunately suffer from a physical and mental ailment known as

Chronic diseases are leading causes of death in OPT
As with many developing nations, the shift in the occupied Palestinian territory (OPT) towards urbanization and Western-style diet, along with decreasing physical activity, has left heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes and cancer as leading causes of death.

Researchers find brain differences between believers and non-believers
Believing in God can help block anxiety and minimize stress, according to new University of Toronto research that shows distinct brain differences between believers and non-believers.

Inappropriate drug prescriptions wasting millions, raising health risks
A recent study in Oregon suggests that drugs designed for treating the most severe mental illnesses are often prescribed at inappropriately low doses and at considerable expense, for use in conditions where their benefit has not been established.

Quantum paradox directly observed -- a milestone in quantum mechanics
In quantum mechanics, a vanguard of physics where science often merges into philosophy, much of our understanding is based on conjecture and probabilities, but a group of researchers in Japan has moved one of the fundamental paradoxes in quantum mechanics into the lab for experimentation and observed some of the

European Multidisciplinary Conference on Thoracic Oncology
This meeting will provide a comprehensive update and a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on the prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment of chest tumors, including results of translational research.

Incidental findings in trauma patients spark concerns for physicians
Nearly one-fifth of trauma patients who undergo CT evaluation have incidental findings, according to a study performed by Columbus Radiology Corp. at Grant Medical Center in Columbus, Ohio.

CRG buys Genomatix' Next Generation Sequencing analysis solution
The Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, Spain purchased the Genomatix Genome Analyzer, as announced today by Genomatix Software GmbH.

A rechargeable lithium battery operation performance model under development for aerospace missions
Global Aerospace Corp. announced today that, in collaboration with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, it is managing a $749,000 Missile Defense Agency contract to develop a prototype, high-fidelity, first principle-based, comprehensive, and user-friendly software model, called Dakota, to predict the long-term behavior of advanced rechargeable Lithium Ion batteries in aerospace applications.

A new soldier in the war on cancer: The blind mole rat
If someone ever calls you a

Unclear regulations obstacle to biological diversity
International environmental law on biological diversity is now being called into question in a dissertation at Uppsala University.

Safeway gives $685,000 to TGen for breast cancer research
Despite a down economy, Safeway Inc. presented a $685,236 check this week for breast cancer research at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen).
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