Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 13, 2009
Stainless steel replaces platinum in hydrogen producing microbial electrolysis cells
Platinum is highly desired in jewelry and as a catalyst, but in both cases it is expensive.

Traffic exposure may have a triggering effect on heart attack
Patients who suffer a heart attack are likely to have been exposed to traffic, especially in the hour before the onset of symptoms.

Report on the Arlington Archosaur Site to be presented at GSA meeting
The 43rd annual meeting of the Geological Society of America's South-Central Section will feature a presentation on Tuesday, 17 March, on the Arlington Archosaur Site in North Arlington, Texas, USA.

New method for detecting explosives
A group of researchers in Tennessee and Denmark has discovered a way to sensitively detect explosives based on the physical properties of their vapors.

Quantum dots and nanomaterials: Ingredients for better lighting and more reliable power
Two energy-industry companies are investing in research at Arizona State University's Advanced Photovoltaics Center.

New Madrid fault system may be shutting down
The New Madrid fault system does not behave as earthquake hazard models assume and may be in the process of shutting down, a new study shows.

AJCN study shows moderate alcohol consumption related to stronger bones
The devastating effects of excessive alcohol consumption are undisputable, although some data suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may impart some health benefits.

First successful transvaginal nephrectomy performed using advanced surgical concepts' tri-port
Dr. Rene Sotelo performs the world's first successful live human transvaginal nephrectomy using Advanced Surgical Concepts' unique Tri-port access port.

Is it really only our kidneys that control blood pressure?
The latest issue of Experimental Physiology includes the first-ever published dialogue between experts debating whether the kidney or the brain is to blame for high blood pressure -- a common cause of premature death through heart attacks, strokes and kidney disease.

New tracking tags are providing fish-eye views of ways to manage depressed fisheries
New tracking and observing technologies are giving marine conservationists a fish-eye view of conditions, from overfishing to climate change, that are contributing to declining fish populations, according to a new study.

Performance pay is a good lesson for education, MU expert finds
On Tuesday, President Barack Obama announced a new education reform, calling for a merit-pay system for teachers in hopes of improving student performance.

Black young adults hospitalized for stroke at much higher rate than whites, Hispanics
A new Florida study shows that black young adults are hospitalized for stroke at a rate three times higher than whites and Hispanics, indicating pressing need for early detection and prevention of stroke risk factors among African Americans.

New study shows that one-third shelter youth have been institutionalized
In one of the largest-ever studies of homeless youth in New York City history, researchers at Columbia University's Center for Homelessness Prevention, in partnership with Covenant House -- the city's largest agency serving street youth, offer a stark portrait of youth disconnected from the world of work and education and with intense histories of family violence.

Picky preschoolers: Young children prefer majority opinion
When we are faced with a decision, and we're not sure what to do, usually we'll just go with the majority opinion.

APS applauds Senate passage of FY09 omnibus bill
The American Physical Society is elated that the Senate has approved the FY09 Omnibus Bill, which will allow scientists to continue cutting-edge research that will lead to innovation, job creation and economic growth for the United States.

K-State researchers help Epitopix license the United States' first E. coli O157 vaccine for cattle
Studies by veterinary researchers at Kansas State University, with collaboration from Epitopix LLC, have resulted in the United States' first vaccine against E. coli O157 in beef cattle.

University of Pennsylvania researchers find that the unexpected is a key to human learning
The human brain's sensitivity to unexpected outcomes plays a fundamental role in the ability to adapt and learn new behaviors, according to a new study by a team of psychologists and neuroscientists from the University of Pennsylvania.

Seven recommendations from Aarhus to COP15
More than 1.000 prominent representatives from science, industry, policy and NGO's have been gathered in Aarhus for the international climate conference

Malaria immunity trigger found for multiple mosquito species
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have for the first time identified a molecular pathway that triggers an immune response in multiple mosquito species capable of stopping the development of Plasmodium falciparum -- the parasite that causes malaria in humans.

Iron is involved in prion disease-associated neuronal demise
Imbalance of iron homeostasis is a common feature of prion disease-affected human, mouse and hamster brains, according to a new study by Dr.

Nanocups brim with potential
Researchers at Rice University have created a metamaterial that could light the way toward high-powered optics, ultra-efficient solar cells and even cloaking devices.

Engineers crack ceramics production obstacle
Engineers at the University of Leicester have invented a new technique in the manufacture of ceramics that has the potential to save the industry time and costs while reducing wastage.

Bioabsorbable stents show promise
A study published today online in the Lancet presented two-year data for the bioabsorbable everolimus coronary stent.

The sweet spot? UF doctors test targets for Parkinson surgery
In a National Institutes of Health-funded study called the COMPARE Trial, University of Florida doctors compared the two current target areas of deep brain stimulation surgery, or DBS.

Prion discovery gives clue to control of mass gene expression
The discovery of a new yeast prion by UIC biologist Susan Liebman and her associates may provide clues on whether prions, like proteins, can affect mass activation of gene expression.

UC San Diego bioengineering professor trey ideker wins 2009 Overton Prize
University of California, San Diego bioengineering professor Trey Ideker -- a network and systems biology pioneer -- has won the International Society for Computational Biology's Overton Prize.

New research suggests key to happiness is gratitude -- and men may be locked out
Let yourself be grateful -- it's the best way to achieve happiness according to several new studies conducted by Todd Kashdan, associate professor of psychology at George Mason University.

Main federal disaster relief law has fallen behind modern threat levels, NYU professor finds
In new research published in the Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, New York University Professor Mitchell Moss explains that the cornerstone Federal disaster relief legislation, the Robert T.

UCSF Medical Center receives $125 million gift to build new hospital
UCSF Medical Center has received a $125 million gift for its campaign to build a children's, women's specialty and cancer hospital complex at the UCSF Mission Bay campus, near downtown San Francisco.

Caltech students honored for innovative work
A third-year Ph.D. chemistry student at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is the first-ever winner of the newly created Lemelson-Caltech Student Prize.

Fledgling mantle plume may be cause of African volcano's unique lava
Nyiragongo, an active African volcano, possesses lava unlike any other in the world, which may point toward its source being a new mantle plume says a University of Rochester geochemist.

Women opt out of math/science careers because of family demands
Women tend to choose nonmath-intensive fields for their careers -- not because they lack mathematical ability, but because they want flexibility to raise children or prefer less math-intensive fields of science, reports a new Cornell study.

Argonne scientists discover new platinum catalysts for the dehydrogenation of propane
The process to turn propane into industrially necessary propylene has been expensive and environmentally unfriendly.

Researchers discover ways of integrating treatment of traumatized Tibetan refugee monks
The Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights at Boston Medical Center recently treated many of the large number of Tibetan refugee monks who fled violent religious persecution.

Einstein researchers develop novel antibiotics that don't trigger resistance
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is one of medicine's most vexing challenges.

Northwestern Memorial's heart transplant program No. 1 in Illinois, among highest in US
Newly released data from the United Network of Organ Sharing shows that in 2008 Northwestern Memorial Hospital's heart transplant program achieved the largest volumes and top-rated outcomes in Illinois -- a ranking that places the program among the top 20 heart transplant programs nationally.

I on beam experiments for materials
Three new experimental units for conducting materials research are being inaugurated today at the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt.

American College of Surgeons recognizes Mayo hospitals for exemplary outcomes
The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program has recognized Mayo Clinic's Rochester Methodist and Saint Marys hospitals as two of the 26 ACS NSQIP participating hospitals in the United States that have achieved exemplary outcomes for surgical patient care.

Fermilab experiments constrain Higgs mass
The territory where the Higgs boson may be found continues to shrink.

Extremely affordable health innovations at World Health Care Congress, April 14-16, Washington
Companies from around the globe share their innovatins for delivering extremely affordable health innovations, especially in the developing world.

Potential pathway for drug intervention
A newly identified molecular pathway that directs stem cells to produce glial cells yields insights into the neurobiology of Down syndrome and a number of central nervous system disorders characterized by too many glial cells, according to a recent study by researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

Harmonizing biobank research: An achievable world-wide goal
National biobanks play a vital role in modern health research by providing a goldmine of stored human biological samples and data, but they are expensive to run.

Hear about emerging trends in toxicology research
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, will have a major presence at the annual Society of Toxicology meeting in Baltimore, Md.

Epilepsy in the elderly
It is more difficult to recognize and treat epilepsy in old than in young patients.
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