Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 27, 2009
Discovery of tuberculosis bacterium enzyme paves way for new TB drugs
A team of University of Maryland scientists has paved the way for the development of new drug therapies to combat active and asymptomatic (latent) tuberculosis infections by characterizing the unique structure and mechanism of an enzyme in M. tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes the disease.

New test may predict breast cancer metastasis
Researchers at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center have identified a new marker for breast cancer metastasis called TMEM, for Tumor Microenvironment of Metastasis.

NYU Langone Medical Center's Mary S. Mittelman, D.P.H. receives first Global Award for
Alzheimer's Disease International and the Fondation Mederic Alzheimer today presented the first global award for psychosocial research in Alzheimer's and dementia to Mary Mittelman, D.P.H. of NYU Langone Medical Center.

Quails get super fit by simply eating omega-3 diet
Semi-palmated sandpipers migrate over thousands of miles, but how do they build up for the ultramarathon?

Living longer on less: The new economic (in)security of seniors in Massachusetts
A new report,

Penn biologists demonstrate that size matters ... in snail shells
A team of biologists at the University of Pennsylvania has completed a research study begun in 1915 and determined that a snail making its home in the northwest Atlantic Ocean has experienced a dramatic increase in the size of its shell during less than a century, providing a clear illustration of how fast and effectively change can occur.

Research plane Polar 5 on Arctic campaign
The research aircraft Polar 5 belongs to the Alfred Wegener Institute.

NYU School of Medicine awards 3 biomedical researchers
The NYU School of Medicine Biotechnology Study Center will recognize three outstanding pioneers in the field of biotechnology next month at its annual awards symposium.

A 'sound' publication wins award
The Naval Research Laboratory today named the recipients of its prestigious 2008 Alan Berman Research Publication Award.

Scientific abstracts -- 2009 Annual Assembly, American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Hospice and palliative medicine investigators presented preliminary research findings at paper sessions held during the Annual Assembly of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, in collaboration with the Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association, on March 25-28, 2009, at the Austin Convention Center in Austin, Texas.

ASH and HVO partner to launch hematology program in Peru
Following the success of a program established in Uganda last year, the American Society of Hematology and Health Volunteers Overseas have again partnered to launch a new hematology program together with the Peruvian Social Security Health System, Empresa De Seguros De Salud.

Fireflies and jellyfish help illuminate quest for cause of infertility
Genes taken from fireflies and jellyfish are literally shedding light on possible causes of infertility and autoimmune diseases in humans.

Study probes the economic impact of undiagnosed celiac disease
This study demonstrates an economic benefit to the diagnosis of celiac disease in a national managed-care population in the United States.

Common fragrance ingredients in shampoos and conditioners are frequent causes of eczema
Considerably more people than previously believed are allergic to the most common fragrance ingredient used in shampoos, conditioners and soap.

MIT: 'Alarming' use of energy in modern manufacturing methods
Modern manufacturing methods are spectacularly inefficient in their use of energy and materials, according to a detailed MIT analysis of the energy use of 20 major manufacturing processes.

'Growing' solid science through diversity at University of Miami
Two assistant professors from the Division of Meteorology and Physical Oceanography at UM's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Paquita Zuidema and Lisa Beal, have been granted funding as part of the first-ever

Living long, living well
How does inflammation, brought on by stress, affect aging? What can we do to avert the looming public health and economic crisis of an epidemic of neurologic diseases caused by a rapidly expanding elderly population?

Risk of death at 5 years is lower, but bleeding risk slightly higher
Long-term follow-up of the International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial has shown that patients whose aneurysms are coiled rather than clipped are less likely to die within five years.

Team approach appears to work best for insect colonies
Ants and bees have long been recognized as tireless workers, but now new research suggests they behave like model citizens too.

A splice of life
In a new study this week in Nature, researchers at Brandeis University and the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology for the first time shed light on a crucial step in the complex process by which human genetic information is transmitted to action in the human cell and frequently at which point genetic disease develops in humans.

Difference in fat storage may explain lower rate of liver disease in African-Americans
Where different ethnic groups store fat in their bodies may account for differences in the likelihood they'll develop insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Crabs' memory of pain confirmed by Queen's academic
New research published by a Queen's University Belfast academic has shown that crabs not only suffer pain but that they retain a memory of it.

Statistical road safety
A forthcoming research paper in the International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications explains how eighteenth century mathematics could improve road safety in today's busy cities.

2 innovative University of Texas at Austin biologists become HHMI Early Career Scientists
Developmental biologist John Wallingford and evolutionary biologist Dan Bolnick join 50 of the nation's best early career science faculty to focus on their boldest and potentially transformative research ideas with support from a new initiative from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

Targeting oxidized cysteine through diet could reduce inflammation and lower disease risk
High levels of oxidized cysteine in the blood drive white blood cells to send out inflammatory messages, providing a direct link between a key marker of oxidative stress and inflammation.

High dosage brachytherapy obtains excellent results in head and neck tumors
High-dosage perioperative brachytherapy (applied within the surgical process) obtains excellent results in the treatment of head and neck tumors, at the same time as reducing the period of radiation.

US and Portugal sign agreement for climate research collaboration
The United States signed an agreement with Portugal today to launch the installation of a portable climate observatory on Graciosa Island in the Azores.
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