Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 14, 2009
Low glycemic breakfast may increase benefits of working out
Individuals trying to shed fat may consider choosing Low Glycemic Index foods eaten prior to when they exercise.

Case Western Reserve University engineers hit pay dirt with clay mixture
A watery, mud-like substance has hit pay dirt for Case Western Reserve University engineering professor David Schiraldi and his research group.

Time record of marine species formation in the Baltic Sea
Four years ago researchers at the University of Gothenburg and Stockholm University discovered a new species of seaweed in the Baltic Sea.

Energy drinks work -- in mysterious ways!
Writing in the latest issue oft he Journal of Physiology, Ed Chambers and colleagues not only show that sugary drinks can significantly boost performance in an endurance event without being ingested, but so can a tasteless carbohydrate -- and they do so in unexpected ways.

MSU researcher develops E. coli vaccine
A Michigan State University researcher has developed a working vaccine for a strain of E. coli that kills 2 million to 3 million children each year in the developing world.

People's misperceptions cloud their understanding of rainy weather forecasts
If Mark Twain were alive today he might rephrase his frequently cited observation about everyone talking about the weather but not doing anything about it to say,

A cure for honey bee colony collapse?
For the first time, scientists have isolated the parasite Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia) from professional apiaries suffering from honey bee colony depopulation syndrome.

Increased symptoms lead mentally disordered to become victims of violence
Contrary to common stereotypes, individuals with major mental disorders are more likely to become victims of violent crimes when they are experiencing an increase in symptoms than they are to commit crime, according to a new study by Brent Teasdale, an assistant professor of criminal justice at Georgia State University.

Tentacles of venom: New study reveals all octopuses are venomous
Once thought to be only the realm of the blue-ringed octopus, researchers have now shown that all octopuses and cuttlefish, and some squid are venomous.

Milton resident receives the Helen B. Spaulding Community Conscience Award
Milton resident Margaret Kelly-Hayes, Ed.D., R.N., FAAN, FAHA, CRRN, is this year's Helen B.

Experimental insulin-like growth factor receptor inhibitor reduced pancreatic cancer growth
Researchers at Amgen are testing a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the activity of insulin-like growth factors (IGF-1 and IGF-2) and appears to reduce pancreatic cancer cells in early testing, according to a report in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Plant gene mapping may lead to better biofuel production
By creating a

Study reports success in treating a rare retinal disorder
Patients with a rare, blinding eye disease saw their vision improve after treatment with drugs to suppress their immune systems, according to researchers at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center.

Next generation nanofilms created -- new research described in AIP's the Journal of Chemical Physics
With the human genome in hand, biochemists have cataloged the 3-D structures of thousands of proteins isolated from living cells.

Signals from stroking have direct route to brain
Nerve signals that tell the brain that we are being slowly stroked on the skin have their own specialized nerve fibers in the skin.

Exercise reduces falls in older people
Exercise programs are an effective option for preventing falls among older people living in the community.

Music reduces stress in heart disease patients
Listening to music may benefit patients who suffer severe stress and anxiety associated with having and undergoing treatment for coronary heart disease.

Where you live may affect your state of mind
Frequent mental distress, defined as having 14 or more days in the previous month when stress, depression and emotional problems were not good, is not evenly distributed across the United States.

Workshop to update standards for metals in pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements
As part of a process to help ensure the protection of the public health, the US Pharmacopeial Convention will hold a

Statins reduce stroke risk by 1/5
A meta-analysis of 24 studies comprising more than 165,000 patients has shown that use of statins is associated with a reduction in stroke risk of around one fifth compared with placebo.

NASA spacecraft show three-dimensional anatomy of a solar storm
Twin NASA spacecraft have provided scientists with their first view of the speed, trajectory, and three-dimensional shape of powerful explosions from the sun known as coronal mass ejections, or CMEs.

American Association for Cancer Research hosts 100th annual meeting
Cutting-edge breakthroughs in molecular targeting, translational cancer research and cancer prevention will take center stage when nearly 17,000 scientists from around the world gather at the Colorado Convention Center, April 18-22, for the AACR 100th Annual Meeting 2009.

1-story masonry building survives strong jolts during UC San Diego seismic tests
A one-story masonry structure survived two days of intense earthquake jolts after engineering researchers at the University of California, San Diego, put it to the test.

Students gather at national collegiate cyber defense competition April 17-19 in San Antonio
Baker College at Flint, Mich. will defend its Alamo Cup title this weekend when it joins seven other teams in San Antonio at the National Collegiate Cyber Defense Competition on April 17-19.

Scaling the wall of deafness
Despite modern medicine, one in 1,000 American babies are born deaf.

Use of pancreatic islets show promise in diabetes research, treatments
The use of pancreatic islets (hormone-producing cells) is increasing in diabetes research and may play an important role in future treatments, according to an article in the April 15 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on diabetes.

Nebraska Mathematics Department receives AMS national award
The Mathematics Department at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has been given the 2009 Award for an Exemplary Program or Achievement in a Mathematics Department.

Biofuels could hasten climate change
A new study finds that it will take more than 75 years for the carbon emissions saved through the use of biofuels to compensate for the carbon lost when biofuel plantations are established on forestlands.

Largemouth bass vulnerability to being caught by anglers a heritable trait
In an experiment spanning over 20 years, researchers at the University of Illinois have found that vulnerability to being caught by anglers is a heritable trait in largemouth bass.

Oral rehydration solution for diarrhea: More research needed on new formulations
Newer polymer-based formulations of oral rehydration solution given to treat diarrhea may offer some benefits over older sugar-salt formulations.

Baby canine teeth: No evidence to support extraction
The practice of extracting baby canine teeth to make way for adult canines that are erupting in the wrong place has no evidential basis, according to a new study by Cochrane researchers.

SNM clinical trials network expands phantom program for evaluating imaging centers
The SNM Clinical Trials Network has announced that a prototype clinical PET oncology imaging simulator -- or

Severe hypoglycemia linked with higher risk of dementia for older adults with diabetes
Having hypoglycemic (low blood sugar level) episodes that are severe enough to require hospitalization are associated with a greater risk of dementia for older adults with type 2 diabetes, according to a study in the April 15 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on diabetes.

Screening patients with diabetes for CAD does not significantly reduce risk of cardiac events
Screening for coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes did not result in a significant reduction in the rate of heart attacks or cardiac death compared to patients who were not screened, according to a study in the April 15 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on diabetes.

Sensoring the World Wide Web
Dr. Kerry Taylor and Amit Parashar of CSIRO's ICT Center are to co-chair the World Wide Web Consortium's Semantic Sensor Network incubator group.

'Natural' nitrogen-fixing bacteria protect soybeans from aphids
An invasion of soybean aphids poses a problem for soybean farmers requiring application of pesticides, but a team of Penn State entomologists thinks a careful choice of nitrogen-fixing bacteria may provide protection against the sucking insects.

Duke physicists see the cosmos in a coffee cup
A Duke University professor and his graduate student have discovered a universal principle that unites the curious interplay of light and shadow on the surface of your morning coffee with the way gravity magnifies and distorts light from distant galaxies.

Surgical gel used to stop bleeding could confuse mammograms
A gel sometimes used during surgery to stop bleeding could cause misleading mammograms.

Rutgers study finds many consumers ignore food product recalls
Despite widespread awareness of recent foodborne illness outbreaks and a sense that the number of food recalls is increasing, about half of Americans say that food recalls have had no impact on their lives.

Eat, drink and be merry?
Fast food and soft drinks may be making children fatter but they also make them happy.

The role of inbreeding in the extinction of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty
The powerful Habsburg dynasty ruled Spain and its empire from 1516 to 1700 but when King Charles II died childless, the male line died out and the French Bourbon dynasty came to power in Spain.

Mangroves save lives in storms, study of 1999 super cyclone finds
A new study of storm-related deaths from a super cyclone that hit the eastern coast of India in 1999 finds that villages shielded from the storm surge by mangrove forests experienced significantly fewer deaths than villages that were less protected.

Toward rational, transparent K-12 funding
A new tool can quickly assess how proposals to consolidate categorical funding might impact individual school districts in California.

Discovery of variations in resistance to sulfadoxine across Africa
Researchers have discovered that malaria parasites in east and west Africa carry different resistance mutations, which suggests that the effectiveness of sulfadoxine as an antimalarial drug may vary across Africa.

Fatty liver disease: The next big thing
New research in the Journal of Physiology connects low aerobic capacity to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease -- and suggests that the resulting liver problems play a crucial step developing obesity-related illnesses.

Farmers relying on roundup lose some of its benefit
Roundup Ready crops have made weed control much easier for farmers, but a new study shows their reliance on the technology may be weakening the herbicide's ability to control weeds.

Etoricoxib provides long lasting pain relief after surgery
Oral etoricoxib is at least as effective as other drugs commonly used for pain relief after surgery.

Spit, anyone?
Mark Nicas has given some of his best years to spittle.

R U learning?
A pilot study is testing the effectiveness of using text messaging as a medium for delivering HIV-prevention education.

NC State develops new test method to measure stored heat in firefighter suits
For decades, researchers have evaluated the thermal performance of protective clothing worn by firefighters.

Minimizing the spread of deadly Hendra virus
CSIRO Livestock Industries' scientists working at the Australian Animal Health Laboratory, in Geelong Victoria, have made a major breakthrough in better understanding how Hendra spreads from infected horses to other horses and humans.

Georgetown University Medical Center presents 'Targeted Therapy for Childhood Cancer'
The Georgetown University Medical Center invites all media to attend the day-long

Decline in greenhouse gas emissions would reduce sea-level rise, save Arctic Sea ice
The threat of global warming can still be greatly diminished if nations cut emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases by 70 percent this century, according to a new analysis.

BIDMC scientists receive creativity awards from Prostate Cancer Foundation
Two projects led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center have received funding from the Prostate Cancer Foundation as part of their 2009 Creativity Awards program, which supports innovative ideas to improve the detection and treatment of prostate cancer.

National Science Board recommends comprehensive federal strategy to transform US energy economy
The National Science Board today released for public review and comment a draft report,

OHSU School of Dentistry finds some orthodontic appliances are more prone to bacteria
OHSU School of Dentistry researchers have found that the majority of patients with self-ligating orthodontic brackets retain fewer bacteria in plaque than patients with elastomeric orthodontic brackets.

I feel like a different person
The results showed that feeling good encouraged the volunteers, both European and Asian, to explore values that are inconsistent with their cultural norms.

Stanford researchers harness nanoparticles to track cancer-cell changes
A new imaging technology could give scientists the ability to simultaneously measure as many as 100 or more distinct features in or on a single cell.

Alzheimer cell death in zebrafish: Demise of neurons observed live for the first time
Alzheimer's disease has reached epidemic proportions in western society. Researchers at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen have now developed the first animal model that directly traces the demise of neurons in the brain, and thereby allows better testing of the action of potential drugs.

Home tooth bleaching slightly reduces enamel strength
New research shows that human teeth lost some enamel hardness after the application of several different products used in the home to whiten teeth.

Study reveals we seek new targets during visual search, not during other visual behaviors
The results indicate that inhibition of return occurs during visual search tasks, but not during other visual tasks.

Paracetamol could improve outcome for stroke patients with a body temperature of 37oC or above
Early treatment with paracetamol could improve functional outcome for stroke patients with a body temperature of 37°C.

Stem cell transplantation helps patients with diabetes become insulin free
The majority of patients with type 1 diabetes who underwent a certain type of stem cell transplantation became insulin free, several for more than three years, with good glycemic control, and also increased C-peptide levels, an indirect measure of beta-cell function, according to a study in the April 15 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on diabetes.

Cuts in greenhouse gas emissions would save Arctic ice, reduce sea level rise
The impact of global warming can be greatly diminished if nations cut emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases by 70 percent this century, according to an NCAR-led study.

Climate change makes migrations longer for birds
Bird migrations are likely to get longer according to the first ever study of the potential impacts of climate change on the breeding and winter ranges of migrant birds.

Treating HIV earlier to decrease the risk of death
The results of a North American study, which involved the team of Dr.

New ultrasound-guided biopsy method allows improved diagnosis of endometrial disease
A procedure used in conjunction with a vaginal ultrasound might make it easier to visualize and diagnose diseases in the lining of the uterus, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Findings show insulin -- not genes -- linked to obesity
Researchers have uncovered new evidence suggesting factors other than genes could cause obesity, finding that genetically identical cells store widely differing amounts of fat depending on subtle variations in how cells process insulin.

Homeopathic medicines: Can they help relieve side-effects of cancer therapy?
Drugs and radiotherapy given for cancer can cause unpleasant side effects such as nausea and vomiting, mouth sores, dermatitis and menopausal symptoms.

Researchers study signaling networks that set up genetic code
In a new study, researchers at the University of Illinois have identified and visualized the signaling pathways in protein-RNA complexes that help set the genetic code in all organisms.

Carnegie Mellon's Dana Scott awarded Sobolev Institute Gold Medal
The Russian Academy of Science's Sobolev Institute of Mathematics has awarded its 2009 Gold Medal for Great Contributions to Mathematics to Dana S.

Giving birth: Upright positions shorten first-stage labor
Lying down during the early stages of childbirth may slow progress, according to a new systematic review.

CBT and BT: Some effect against chronic pain
Cognitive behavior therapy and behavior therapy show some effect in helping the disability associated with chronic pain, according to a Cochrane Systematic Review.

Scientists discover way to jumpstart bone's healing process
Rarely will physicians use the word

New tool calculates risk of bleeding in heart attack patients
With eight basic medical facts in hand, doctors can now estimate the risk of bleeding for a patient having a heart attack.

Imagine this: Study suggests power of imagination is more than just a metaphor
The results of a new study show that simply imagining a posture may have effects that are similar to actually assuming the pose, suggesting that our

University awarded £3.5 million ($5.2 million) to transfer research into industry
The University of Liverpool has been awarded £3.5 million ($5.2 million) to improve knowledge transfer capabilities between academic researchers and industrial partners.

Argonne's Leadership Computing Facility working to get more science per watt
Cooling a supercomputer consumes more electricity than is required to run the machine, even machines as powerful as the IBM Blue Gene/P -- called Intrepid -- at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Study confirms 3 Neanderthal sub-groups
The Neanderthals inhabited a vast geographical area extending from Europe to western Asia and the Middle East 30,000 to 100,000 years ago.

Male circumcision reduces HIV risk: No further evidence needed
Three recent African trials support male circumcision for reducing the risk of contracting HIV in heterosexual men.

Using PET/CT imaging, UCLA researchers can tell after a single treatment if chemotherapy is working
Oncologists often have to wait months before they can determine whether a treatment is working.

Heart screening unnecessary in type 2 diabetes patients with no symptoms
Routine screening for coronary artery disease in type 2 diabetes patients with no symptoms of angina or a history of coronary disease is unnecessary and may lead initially to more invasive and costly heart procedures, according to researchers at Yale School of Medicine.

AAPS and FDA announce appointment of research fellow
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists has announced the appointment of Demiana William Faltaos, Ph.D., to the position of Research Fellow at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, where she will begin work this week to develop effective Alzheimer's disease-state models for a 2-year period.

Open access research celebrated
The winners of BioMed Central's 3rd Annual Research Awards were announced at an awards ceremony at London's Barbican Center last week. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to