Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 26, 2009
MIT: Making waves in the brain
Scientists have studied high-frequency brain waves, known as gamma oscillations, for more than 50 years, believing them crucial to consciousness, attention, learning and memory.

Obesity associated with higher risk for urinary tract infections
As body mass increases, so does a patient's risk of urinary tract infection, according to Baltimore researchers.

Robotic assisted kidney cancer surgery proves to be beneficial to patients
Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers find that outcomes of robotic assisted kidney cancer surgery, when performed by experienced surgeons at high volume centers, prove more beneficial to patients when compared to open surgery.

Cutaneous application of nanoparticles offers hope for treatment of erectile dysfunction
Cutaneous application of nanoparticles may offer a new means of delivering drugs to treat erectile dysfunction, according to findings presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association.

Genome projects launched for three extreme-environment animals
BGI-Shenzhen, in association with other research institutes, has launched three new genome projects that focus on animals living in extreme environments: the polar bear, the emperor penguin, and the Tibetan antelope.

Tadalafil may effectively treat symptoms of BPH-LUTS in addition to erectile dysfunction
Tadalafil may improve lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Mayo Clinic researcher says improved detection of bladder tumors reduces cancer recurrence
Making tumors inside the bladder fluoresce red under blue light allows physicians to more easily find and remove them, substantially reducing the rate at which these cancers come back, says a Mayo Clinic physician who is presenting results of a large, multicenter international clinical trial.

Major statin study reveals several important findings for reducing prostate cancer and disease
Statins, drugs widely prescribed to lower cholesterol, may have protective effects on prostate health.

Adult circumcision reduces risk of HIV transmission without reducing sexual pleasure
Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association show that adult circumcision reduces the risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of coital injury -- without reducing pleasure or causing sexual dysfunction.

Vitamin E, selenium and soy in combination does not prevent prostate cancer
The combination therapy of vitamin E, selenium and soy does not prevent the progression from high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia to prostate cancer, according to the new research presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association.

New topical spray may treat premature ejaculation
PSD502, a new topical spray, is a safe and effective treatment for premature ejaculation.

Gladstone scientists identify key factors in heart cell creation
Scientists at the Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease have identified for the first time key genetic factors that drive the process of generating new heart cells.

Drinking diet soda may reduce the risk of forming kidney stones
Patients with stone disease could benefit from drinking diet soda.

Certain ecologic factors associated with greater risk of bladder cancer
Persons drinking well water (as opposed to public supply) may be at an increased risk of bladder cancer, according to new research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Generics less effective/safe than branded medications in treating LUTS
Men taking generic drugs may be more likely to have less effective results and more adverse events than if they were using branded medications, according to new data from researchers in New York.

Brain works best when cells keep right rhythms, new Stanford studies suggest
New Stanford University research suggests that brain cells need to follow specific rhythms that must be kept for proper brain functioning.

Reading reports involving risk-taking affects financial decision making
An innovative study carried out at the University of Haifa examined factors influencing decisions by investment advisors and accountants, finding that irrelevant substance, such as newspaper articles dealing with unrelated risky decisions, affects financial decision making.

Autologous muscle-derived cells may treat stress urinary incontinence
Researchers have confirmed that transplanting autologous muscle-derived cells into the bladder is safe at a wide range of doses and significantly improves symptoms and quality of life in patients with stress urinary incontinence.

Pizza tossing art unlocks secrets of tiny motors
Monash University scientists have unlocked the physics of the perfect pizza toss and will use it to design the next generation of micro motors thinner that a human hair.

New active surveillance parameters allow for more individualized patient care
Active surveillance may be a viable option for some men, but reclassification of disease risk over time is imperative to ensure outcomes, according to researchers in Toronto, who will present these criteria during the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association.

Scientists discover how to improve immune response to cancer at Princess Margaret Hospital
A team of scientists at The Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research at Princess Margaret Hospital and international collaborators have discovered how to trigger an improved immune response to cancer that could be included in new clinical trials that use a patient's own cells to destroy tumors.

Uterus sparing surgery is a safe and effective treatment for pelvic organ prolapse
Researchers presented data at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association showing that uterus sparing surgery is an effective and safe treatment for women who want to preserve the integrity of vaginal function after pelvic organ prolapse.

Fistula-related morbidity decreased by prompt treatment in Sierra Leone
Extent of fibrosis is the most profound factor in predicting surgical outcomes of genitourinary fistula repair, suggesting that prompt treatment could significantly improve survival.

Men treated for localized prostate cancer could benefit from pomegranate juice consumption
Pomegranate juice may slow the progression of post-treatment prostate cancer recurrence, according to new long-term research results being presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association.

Long-term complications of melamine consumption in children
Children with a history of consuming melamine-contaminated milk powder are at an increased risk of developing kidney stones and other urological complications.

Robotic approach to urothelial cancer of the kidney proves to be beneficial for patients
Robotic trained surgeons at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia presented a new and novel approach to surgically treat urothelial cancer (in the lining of the bladder or kidney) today at the American Urological Association's Annual Meeting.

Lapatinib could be used to treat patients with aggressive inflammatory breast cancer
Lapatinib could be used to treat inflammatory breast cancer, an aggressive from of the disease which represents up to one tenth of malignant breast cancer cases.

Predominant risk factors for first urinary tract infections in college-aged women
Increased sexual activity and alcohol consumption were associated with an increased risk of developing urinary tract infections, and college-aged women experiencing urinary frequency or urgency should seek medical care to treat what may be their first urinary tract infection, according to new research presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association.

Details of bacterial 'injection' system revealed
New details of the composition and structure of a needle-like protein complex on the surface of certain bacteria may help scientists develop new strategies to thwart infection.

American Urological Association/Engineering & Urological Society 2009 -- news tips
The following tips are on abstracts or posters to be presented at the American Urological Association Annual Meeting 2009, April 25-30, or the concurrent Engineering & Urology Society Annual Meeting 2009, April 25, Chicago, Ill.

Statins may exert influence on prostate cancer growth by reducing inflammation
Cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins may reduce inflammation in prostate tumors, possibly hindering cancer growth, according to a study led by investigators in the Duke Prostate Center.

Catching the lightwave: Nano-mechanical sensors 'wired' by photonics
As researchers push towards detection of single molecules, single electron spins and the smallest amounts of mass and movement, Yale researchers have demonstrated silicon-based nanocantilevers, smaller than the wavelength of light, that operate on photonic principles eliminating the need for electric transducers and expensive laser setups.

Increased mortality associated with nocturia
Patients suffering from nocturia, the need to urinate at least twice during the night, may have a significantly increased risk for mortality. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to