Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 03, 2009
Process controlling T cell growth and production identified
Identifying one of the processes that plays a role in naïve and memory T-cells' growth and production could one day lead to better vaccines and possibly more effective cancer immunotherapy, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital in a report that appears in the current edition of Nature Immunology.

Small molecules might block mutant protein production in Huntington's disease
Molecules that selectively interfere with protein production can stop human cells from making the abnormal molecules that cause Huntington's disease, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to scientists unraveling the causes of muscular dystrophy
Kevin P. Campbell, Ph.D., and Louis M. Kunkel, Ph.D., will share the 2009 March of Dimes Prize for their work identifying genes and proteins that cause muscular dystrophy a disorder in which the muscles progressively degenerate.

Psychiatric problems of fathers may be as important as those of mothers in child outcomes
While the issue of psychiatric problems of mothers affecting children is much discussed, mental health problems of fathers can be just as important for child outcomes.

Personalized treatment for early lung cancer
Cancer vaccines and targeted therapies are beginning to offer new treatment options following surgery for patients with early stages of lung cancer, experts said at the first European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology in Lugano, Switzerland.

Nanotechnology holds promise for STD drug delivery
Yale researchers describe a breakthrough in safe and effective administration of potential antiviral drugs -- small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules that silence genes -- the first step in development of a new kind of treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Women more vulnerable to tobacco carcinogens, new results show
Women may be more vulnerable than men to the cancer-causing effects of smoking tobacco, according to new results reported this week at the European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology, Lugano, Switzerland.

Songbird study from CSHL, CCNY provides concrete measure of biology's impact on culture
A study by scientists from CSHL and CCNY performed among a species of songbirds called zebra finches provides new insights into how genetic background, learning abilities and environmental variation might influence how birds evolve

Narcolepsy is an autoimmune disorder, Stanford researcher says
Ten years ago, Stanford University School of Medicine scientist Emmanuel Mignot, M.D., Ph.D., and his colleagues made headlines when they identified the culprit behind the sleep disorder narcolepsy.

Moving gene therapy forward with mobile DNA
VIB researchers connected to the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in collaboration with colleagues at the Max Delbruck Center in Berlin have developed a new nonviral gene technology approach.

Late motherhood boosts family lifespan
Women who have babies naturally in their 40s or 50s tend to live longer than other women.

Genetic study confirms the immune system's role in narcolepsy
Scientists funded by the National Institutes of Health have identified a gene associated with narcolepsy, a disorder that causes disabling daytime sleepiness, sleep attacks, irresistible bouts of sleep that can strike at any time, and disturbed sleep at night.

Neuroscientists discover long-term potentiation in the olfactory bulb
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researchers are the first to discover a form of synaptic memory in the olfactory bulb, the part of the brain that processes the sense of smell.

CCNY, CSHL biologists find birdsong of isolates reverts to norm over several generations
In an experiment that points to a role for genetics in the development of culture, biologists at the City College of New York and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have discovered that zebra finches raised in isolation will, over several generations, produce a song similar to that sung by the species in the wild.
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